From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a list of
aviation-related events from 1995:
January [ edit ]
February [ edit ]
August 1 – The
North Atlantic Council authorizes military planning aimed at deterring attacks on the safe areas of Sarajevo, Bihać, and Tuzla in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and threatens the use of NATO air power if the safe areas are threatened or attacked. [1 ] August 3 – A
Taliban-controlled Afghan Air Force MiG-21 forces an Airstan Ilyushin Il-76 carrying cargo to President of Afghanistan Burhanuddin Rabbani to land at Kandahar, Afghanistan. The Taliban will hold the aircraft and the seven Russian men on board for over a year until they escape in the aircraft on August 16, 1996. August 4 – NATO aircraft conduct air strikes against
Croatian Serb air defense radars in Croatia near Udbina airfield and Knin. [1 ] August 9 – While on approach to land at
El Salvador International Airport in San Salvador, El Salvador, during a thunderstorm, Aviateca Flight 901, a Boeing 737-200, crashes into San Vicente volcano, killing all 65 people on board. August 10 – The commanders of
Allied Forces Southern Europe and the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) conclude a memorandum of understanding on the execution of airstrikes in Bosnia and Heregovina. [3 ] August 16 – A
Concorde sets a new speed record for a round-the-world flight. It returns to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, New York, after a journey lasting 31 hours 27 minutes, passing through Toulouse, France; Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Bangkok, Thailand; Guam; Honolulu, Hawaii; and Acapulco, Mexico. [4 ] August 21 –
Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529, an Embraer EMB 120 Brasilia, crashes due to a faulty propeller blade. A post-crash fire kills nine passengers and the captain. August 30 – The
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina, employing aircraft based at Aviano Air Base in Italy and aboard the U.S. Navy aircraft carriers USS and Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) USS in the America (CV-66) Adriatic Sea. NATO aircraft fly 200 sorties during the first 24 hours, including the first combat missions flown by the German since the end of Luftwaffe World War II in Europe in May 1945. During the day, a Bosnian Serb shoulder-fired surface-to-air missile shoots down a French Air Force Dassault Mirage 2000 near Pale, Bosnia and Herzegovina. [3 ] [5 ] Raids will continue until September 14. [6 ]
September [ edit ]
September 1 – The
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ceases airstrikes in Bosnia and Herzegovina as NATO and the United Nations demand that the Bosnian Serbs lift the Siege of Sarajevo, remove their heavy weapons from the heavy weapons exclusion zone around Sarajevo, and make no further moves to endanger the complete security of other United Nations safe areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina. NATO threates to resume air strikes if the Bosnian Serbs do not meet these demands by September 4. September 5 – The Bosnian Serbs having failed to comply with its demands of September 1, NATO resumes air attacks on their positions around Sarajevo and near the Bosnian Serb headquarters at
Pale. During the day, the U.S. Navy 's Grumman F-14 Tomcat fighter is used as an attack aircraft for the first time when an F-14A operating from the aircraft carrier USS in the Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) Adriatic Sea drops two 2,000-pound (907-kg) bombs on Bosnian Serb positions in Bosnia and Herzegovina. [7 ] September 10 – U.S. Air Force
F-15E Strike Eagles and U.S. Navy F/A-18 Hornets employing about a dozen precision-guided bombs and U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcons using Maverick missiles join the U.S. Navy guided-missile cruiser USS , which launches a Normandy (CG-60) BGM-109 Tomahawk cruise missile strike from the central Adriatic Sea, in a night attack on a key Yugoslav air defense radio relay tower at Lisina in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. [8 ] [9 ] September 11 – The
NASA Pathfinder unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) sets an unofficial world altitude record for solar-powered aircraft of 50,000 feet (15,240 meters) during a 12-hour flight from the Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California.
September 14 – NATO suspends its air campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina for 72 hours – later extended to 114 hours – to allow the Bosnian Serbs to implement an agreement with NATO requiring them to withdraw their heavy weapons from the Sarajevo exclusion zone in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
September 19 –
Flight attendant Reza Jabari hijacks Kish Air Flight 707, a Tupolev Tu-154M carrying 174 people, during a flight from Tehran, Iran, to Kish Island, Iran, and demands that it fly to Europe. Lacking the fuel to do so, the plane instead lands at the military base at Ovda Airport in Israel, where Jabari is arrested. The airliner 's passengers are flown to Iran the next day. September 20 – The commanders of the
United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) and Allied Forces Southern Europe agree that the resumption of Operation Deliberate Force airstrikes is not necessary, as Bosnian Serbs had complied with the conditions set out by the United Nations. The NATO bombing campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina comes to an end. During the 22-day campaign, NATO aircraft have flown 3,515 sorties against 338 individual targets, losing only one aircraft, with its two-man crew captured. [10 ]
November [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
December 3 –
Cameroon Airlines Flight 3701, a Boeing 737-200, loses power in one engine while on approach to Douala International Airport in Douala, Cameroon, and crashes short of the runway into a mangrove swamp, killing 71 of the 76 people on board and injuring all five survivors. December 6 –
Khabarovsk United Air Group Flight 3949 crashes into Bo-Dzhausa Mountain, Russia, killing all 98 people aboard (including six children). December 7 – An
Air Saint Martin Beechcraft 1900D chartered by the Government of France to return illegal immigrants from French territory to Haiti drifts off course and crashes into a mountain near Bell-Anse, Haiti, while on approach to Port-au-Prince, Haiti, killing all 20 people on board. December 9 –
Idaho National Guard F-4G Phantom IIs finish their tour of duty in Operation Provide Comfort II at Incirlik Air Base, Turkey. It concludes the final U.S. Air Force operational use of the F-4 Phantom II. [11 ] December 12 – The
Bosnian Serbs release two French airmen who on 30 August had become the only North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) personnel captured during NATO 's Operation Deliberate Force bombing campaign when a Bosnian Serb shoulder-fired surface-to-air missile shot down their Dassault-Breguet Mirage 2000 near Pale, Bosnia and Herzegovina. They report that the Bosnian Serbs had treated them well during their captivity. [12 ] [13 ] December 13 – Overloaded and suffering from
icing on its wings, Banat Air Flight 166, a chartered Antonov An-24B, crashes at Sommacampagna, Italy, on takeoff from Verona Airport, Verona, during a snowstorm. All 49 people on board die. December 18 – A badly overloaded
Trans Service Airlift Lockheed L-188C Electra on a special charter flight for UNITA crashes at Cahangula, Angola, on takeoff from Jamba Airport, killing 141 of the 144 people on board and injuring all three survivors. The deadliest aircraft crash of 1995 at the time, its death toll will be exceeded two days later. December 20 – An
American Airlines Boeing 757 operating as Flight 965 crashes on a mountainside near Cali, Colombia, minutes before beginning its landing approach. Four people and a dog on board the aircraft survive, but 159 people die in the deadliest aviation accident of 1995.
First flights [ edit ]
September [ edit ]
October [ edit ]
November [ edit ]
December [ edit ]
Entered service [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d , NATO NATO Handbook: Evolution of the Conflict
^ "NATO Aircraft Provide Close Air Support In The Srebrenica Area" (Press release) (in English,Français). NATO. 11 July 1995.
^ a b Gazzini, Tarcisio (2005). . The changing rules on the use of force in international law Manchester University Press. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-7190-7325-0.
^ Air France Concorde sets round-the-world speed record
^ The Victoria Advocate, 2 September 1995
^ Central Intelligence Agency. (2002). Balkan battlegrounds: a military history of the Yugoslav conflict, 1990-1995. Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Russian and European Analysis, v. 1, page 378
^ Polmar, Norman, "Historic Aircraft: A Premier Fighter," Naval History, April 2012, p. 14.
^ NATO SHIFTS FOCUS OF ITS AIR ATTACKS ON BOSNIAN SERBS
^ Rip, Michael Russell and Hasik, James M. (2002) The Precision Revolution: GPS and the Future of Aerial Warfare. Naval Institute Press, p. 226. ISBN 1-55750-973-5
^ The Balkans Chronology
^ "Operation Provide Comfort II". Globalsecurity.org . Retrieved 10 October 2008.
^ Scott Kraft and Dean E. Murphy (13 December 1995). "Bosnian Serbs Free Downed French Airmen". LA Times . Retrieved 7 December 2012.
^ Tom Hundley (13 December 1995). "2 Downed French Airmen Act Removes Possible Hitch In Signing Of Peace Agreement". The Chicago Tribune . Retrieved 7 December 2012.