1995 in the United Kingdom
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|1995 in the United Kingdom:|
|1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Northern Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
|Sport, Television and music|
Events from the year 1995 in the United Kingdom.
- 1 Incumbents
- 2 Events
- 3 Publications
- 4 Births
- 5 Deaths
- 6 References
- 7 See also
- 1 January - South Korean industrial giant Daewoo announces plans to build a new car factory in the United Kingdom within the next few years, costing up to £350million and creating thousands of new jobs. The company will sell its first cars in the United Kingdom later this year.
- 20 January - The first MORI poll of 1995 shows that the Conservative Party have cut Labour's lead in the polls from 39 points to 29.
- 1 February - New domestic electrical appliances must be supplied with an appropriately fused pre-wired plug.
- 7 February - Rumbelows, the electrical goods retailer and former sponsors of the Football League Cup, closes its 311 stores with the loss of more than 3,000 jobs.
- 14 February - Sizewell B nuclear power station, the UK's only commercial pressurised water reactor power station, is first synchronised with the National Grid.
- 15 February - The manufacturing sector has reported its biggest rise in employment since the Conservative government first came to power 16 years ago, although the national unemployment total rose slightly last month, still being in excess of 2,500,000.
- 16 February - Neil Kinnock, former Labour Party leader, resigns from parliament after 25 years to take up his new role as a European Commissioner, sparking a by-election in his Islwyn seat in South Wales. Labour holds onto the seat with new candidate Don Touhig, who gains nearly 70% of the vote.
- 17 February - The famous MG sports car brand, not seen on a volume sports car since 1980, is revived when the Rover Group unveils the new MGF sports car which will go on sale this autumn.
- 26 February - Barings Bank, the UK's oldest merchant bank collapses following $1.4 billion of losses by rogue trader, Nick Leeson.
- 28 February - The Diary of Bridget Jones column first published in The Independent.
- 9 March - The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh visit Northern Ireland for the first time since the IRA and Loyalist ceasefires which came into force last year.
- 20 March - The Queen arrives in Cape Town for the first royal visit to South Africa in nearly 50 years.
- 1 April - Daewoo begins selling cars in the United Kingdom. It offers a two-model range; the Nexia and Espero - updated versions of the 1984 Vauxhall Astra and 1981 Vauxhall Cavalier respectively.
- 4 May - The Conservative government's fortunes continue to decline as the local council elections see them in control of a mere eight councils, while Labour control 155 councils and the Liberal Democrats control 45. The Conservatives now have control of no councils in Wales or Scotland.
- 8 May - The 50th anniversary of VE Day is celebrated across Britain.
- 25 May - Roseanna Cunningham wins the Perth by-election for the Scottish National Party, three months after the seat became vacant with the death of her Conservative predecessor Sir Nicholas Fairbairn three months ago. The Conservative majority has now fallen from 21 seats to 11 in the space of three years since the last general election.
- 9 June - Andrew Richards, a 26-year-old serial sex offender of West Glamorgan, becomes the first person to be convicted of male rape under the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994.
- 22 June - In an attempt to re-assert his authority, John Major resigns as leader of the Conservative Party (but not as prime minister) triggering a leadership election.
- 23 June - The latest MORI opinion poll shows that Conservative support has reached an 18-month high of 32%, but Labour still have a 22-point lead over them.
- 4 July - John Major wins the Conservative Party leadership election, gaining 218 votes to John Redwood's 89.
- 19 July - Unemployment is reported to be on the rise again, though the government denies that it is pointing towards another recession.
- 23 July - War in Bosnia and Herzegovina: British forces sent to Sarajevo to help relieve the Siege of Sarajevo.
- 27 July - The Conservative government's majority is slashed further, to nine seats, as the Liberal Democrats win the Littleborough and Saddleworth seat in Lancashire, two months after it was left vacant by the death of MP Geoffrey Dickens.
- 16 August - Unemployment is now at 2,315,300 - one of the lowest figures recorded in the last four years.
- 26 August - Middlesbrough F.C. move into their new 30,000-seat Riverside Stadium, to replace Ayresome Park which had been their home since 1903. Their new stadium is the largest club stadium to be built in England since the interwar years
- 2 September - Boxer Frank Bruno wins the WBC world heavyweight championship.
- 27 September - The BBC begins regular Digital Audio Broadcasting, from the Crystal Palace transmitting station.
- 7 October - Conservative MP Alan Howarth defects to Labour, cutting the government's majority to seven seats.
- 18 October - Unemployment is now at less than 2,300,000 - its lowest level for more than four years.
- 19 October - Julie Goodyear, who joined the ITV soap opera Coronation Street nearly 30 years ago and has been a regular in the series since 1970, departs from the show.
- 20 October - Vauxhall unveils its new Vectra range of large hatchbacks and saloons. The Vectra, which replaces the Cavalier, will be built in Luton and from next year will also be sold as an estate.
- 22 October - Brilliant!, an exhibition by the Young British Artists group (who also feature heavily in this year’s British Art Show), opens at the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA.
- 25 October - Singer Cliff Richard receives a knighthood.
- 16 November - Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother has a hip replacement operation. At 95, she is believed to be the oldest patient to undergo such surgery.
- 17 November
- 20 November - The Princess of Wales gives a revealing television interview to Martin Bashir on the Panorama show on BBC One. The Princess discusses her adultery, depression and bulimia, her children, the media and the future of the monarchy in candid detail. An estimated 22.78 million watch the broadcast, the all-time record for a UK current affairs programme.
- 24 November - The spy James Bond returns to cinemas six years after the last film was made, for the sixteenth film GoldenEye, with Irish actor Pierce Brosnan playing Bond.
- 28 November - Budget: Chancellor Ken Clarke cuts the basic level of income tax to 24p in the pound.
- 30 November - President of the United States, Bill Clinton visits Northern Ireland.
- 2 December - "Rogue trader" Nick Leeson is jailed for six-and-a-half years in Singapore on a double fraud charge relating to the recent financial collapse of Barings Bank.
- 10 December - Joseph Rotblat wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
- 20 December - The Queen writes to The Prince and Princess of Wales urging them to divorce as soon as possible.
- 29 December - The Conservative majority now stands at a mere five seats following the defection of MP Emma Nicholson to the Liberal Democrats.
- Contingent fee litigation permitted in the Courts of England and Wales.
- 1% of the UK population (some 600,000 people) now have internet access.
- Martin Amis's novel The Information.
- Iain Banks' novel Whit.
- Pat Barker's novel The Ghost Road.
- Nick Hornby's novel High Fidelity.
- Terry Pratchett's Discworld novel Maskerade.
- Philip Pullman's novel Northern Lights.
- Barry Unsworth's novel Morality Play
- January - Kane Haysman, footballer
- 1 January - Adam Campbell, footballer
- 5 January - Tom John, footballer
- 4 January - Adam Webster, footballer
- 7 January - Jessica Judd, runner
- 8 January
- 13 January
- 16 January - Sam Long, footballer
- 18 January
- 20 January - Calum Chambers, footballer
- 21 January - Jennifer Rae Daykin, actress
- 23 January - Clifford Newby-Harris, footballer
- 26 January - Lewis Small, footballer
- 29 January - Germain Burton, cyclist
- 30 January - Jack Laugher, diver
- 1 February - Richard Wisker
- 2 February - Paul Digby, footballer
- 6 February - Jasper Johns, footballer
- 10 February - Harry Finch, cricketer
- 12 February
- Reece Hales, footballer
- 13 February
- 18 February
- 19 February
- 23 February - Rory Elrick, actor
- 26 February - Liam Fairhurst, charity fundraiser (died 2009)
- 1 March - Danny Mullen, footballer
- 2 March - Joe Hanks, footballer
- 4 March - Bill Milner, actor
- 12 March - Forrayah Bass, footballer
- 20 March - Harry Lee, footballer
- 22 March - Dafydd Howells, rugby union player
- 7 April - Will Hughes, footballer
- 9 April - Coll Donaldson, footballer
- 12 April - Harry Middleton, footballer
- 14 April - Alan Frizzell, footballer
- 15 April - Nick Awford, footballer
- 16 April
- 23 April - Callum O'Dowda, footballer
- 25 April - Lewis Hornby, footballer
- 30 April - Drey Wright, footballer
- 2 May - Skye Bennett, actress
- 14 May
- Fox Jackson-Keen, actor, dancer and singer
- 18 May - Craig Sibbald, footballer
- 20 May - Brandon Zibaka, footballer
- 24 May - Prince Joseph Wenzel of Liechtenstein
- 25 May - Jamie Allen, footballer
- June - Arran Fernandez, student
- 5 June
- 8 June - Bessie Cursons, actress
- 12 June - Hannah Starling, diver
- 16 June - Jake Dennis, racing driver
- 17 June - Richie Fallows, squash player
- 22 June - Jack Lynch, footballer
- 23 June - Lauren Aquilina, singer-songwriter
- 29 June - Tyler Harvey, footballer
- 30 June - Declan John, footballer
- 9 July - Georgie Henley, actress
- 12 July - Luke Shaw, footballer
- 14 July - Oliver Harfield, philosopher
- 15 July
- 16 July - Kortney Hause, footballer
- 19 July - Matt Selby, ice hockey player
- 23 July - Faryl Smith, singer
- 26 July
- 28 July - Ben Watton, actor
- 4 August - Chris Sutherland, footballer
- 5 August - Leo Chambers, footballer
- 11 August - Ben Davies, footballer
- 24 August
- 29 August - Shaquille Hunter, footballer
- 31 August - Ceallach Spellman, actor
- 1 September - Dannielle Khan, cyclist
- 5 September - Dominic Sibley, cricketer
- 7 September - George Williams, footballer
- 13 September - Robbie Kay, actor
- 20 September - Kirsty Howard
- 24 September
- 26 September - Hayley Jones, racing cyclist
- 27 September - Ryan Haynes, footballer
- 30 September - Harry Stott, actor
- 5 October - Diego De Girolamo, footballer
- 12 October - Jordan Howe, athlete
- 28 October - Wesley Burns, footballer
- 1 November - Nick D'Aloisio, Australia-born entrepreneur, computer programmer and designer
- 6 November - Bradley Tarbuck, footballer
- 16 November - Rolando Aarons, footballer
- 17 November - Leyci Wightman, actress and dancer
- 22 November - Declan McDaid, footballer
- 29 November - Siobhan-Marie O'Connor, swimmer
- 4 December - Dina Asher Smith, sprinter
- 7 December - Jaanai Gordon, footballer
- 8 December - Jordon Ibe, footballer
- 12 December - Mark O'Hara, footballer
- 16 December - Ryan Gauld, footballer
- 19 December - Elliot Evans, singer
- 24 December - Taryam Boyd, actor
- 27 December - Laurence Belcher, actor
Full date unknown
- 1 January - Fred West, serial killer (born 1941) (suicide by hanging while in custody)
- 7 January - Larry Grayson, comedian and gameshow host (born 1923)
- 8 January - Norrie McCathie, footballer (born 1961)
- 9 January - Peter Cook, English Comedy Actor, Satirist, Writer and Comedian (born 1937)
- 14 January - Alexander Gibson, conductor (born 1926)
- 30 January - Gerald Durrell, naturalist, zookeeper, author and television presenter (born 1925)
- 2 February
- 12 February - Robert Bolt, writer (born 1924)
- 23 February - James Herriot, veterinary surgeon and writer (born 1916)
- 17 March - Ronnie Kray, jailed crime leader (born 1933)
- 23 March - Davie Cooper, footballer (born 1956)
- 4 April - Kenny Everett comic radio/TV presenter (born 1944) (AIDS-related)
- 7 April - Nicholas Ingram, first British citizen to be executed by the electric chair in the United States (born c. 1964)
- 2 May - Michael Hordern, actor (born 1911)
- 15 May - Eric Porter, actor (born 1928)
- 24 May - Harold Wilson, former Prime Minister (born 1916)
- 30 May - Ted Drake, former footballer and football manager (born 1912)
- 24 July - George Rodger, photojournalist (born 1908)
- 3 August - Ida Lupino, actress and director (born 1914)
- 19 August - Johnny Carey, former footballer and football manager (born 1919)
- 25 September - Dave Bowen, former footballer and football manager (born 1928)
- 28 September - Albert Johanneson, South African born, British based footballer (born 1940)
- 9 October - Alec Douglas-Home, former Prime Minister (born 1903)
- 4 November - Paul Eddington, actor (born 1927)
- 16 November - Leah Betts, high profile victim of the drug ecstasy (born 1977)
- 21 November - Wilfred White, equestrian (born 1904)
- 22 December - James Meade, economist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1907)
- [dead link]
- "Poll tracker". BBC News. 2010. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "Faded Memories". Light Straw. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "1995: Queen marks peace in Belfast". BBC News. 9 March 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- Piercy, Nigel. "Daewoo Cars Case". Scribd. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "1995: First man jailed for male rape". BBC News. 9 June 1995. Archived from the original on 7 January 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "Voting Intention in Great Britain: 1976-present". Ipsos MORI. 21 June 2010. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "1995: Major wins Conservative leadership". BBC News. 4 July 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "1995: British forces sent to Sarajevo". BBC News. 23 July 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "How the Government's Majority Disappeared". politics97 (BBC News). 1997. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- Lyall, Sarah (12 November 1995). "Is it art or is it just dead meat?". New York Times. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- Smith, Roberta (23 November 1995). "Some British moderns seeking to shock". New York Times. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
- "1995: Queen mum hip op 'successful'". BBC News. 16 November 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- Gilliland, Ben (16 January 2009). "Science & Discovery". Metro.
- "1995: Diana admits adultery in TV interview". BBC News. 20 November 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "Top 10 Programmes - 1995". BARB. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- "GoldenEye (1995)". MI6. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- "1995: Clinton kindles hope in Northern Ireland". BBC News. 30 November 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "1995: Rogue trader jailed for six years". BBC News. 2 December 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "The Nobel Peace Prize 1995". Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "1995: 'Divorce': Queen to Charles and Diana". BBC News. 20 December 1995. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2008.
- "British Election Panel Study, 1992-97". Centre for Research into Elections and Social Trends. Retrieved 15 February 2012.
- Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 (section 58).