1996 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||May 18 — June 9|
|Distance||3,990 km (2,479 mi)|
|Winning time||105h 20' 23" (37.875 km/h or 23.534 mph)|
|Winner||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||(Panaria-Vinavil)|
|Second||Enrico Zaina (ITA)||(Carrera Jeans-Tassoni)|
|Third||Abraham Olano (ESP)||(Mapei-GB)|
|Points||Fabrizio Guidi (ITA)||(Scrigno-Blue Storm)|
|Mountains||Mariano Piccoli (ITA)||(Brescialat)|
|Intergiro||Fabrizio Guidi (ITA)||(Scrigno-Blue Storm)|
The 1996 Giro d'Italia was the 79th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro began on May 18 with a mass-start stage that began and ended in the Greek capital Athens. The race came to a close on June 9 with a mass-start stage that ended in the Italian city of Milan. Eighteen teams entered the race that was won by the Russian Pavel Tonkov of the Panaria-Vinavil team. Second and third were the Italian rider Enrico Zaina and Spanish rider Abraham Olano.
In the race's other classifications, Brescialat rider Mariano Piccoli won the mountains classification and Fabrizio Guidi of the Scrigno-Gaerne team won the points classification and the intergiro classification. Carrera Jeans-Tassoni finished as the winners of the team classification, ranking each of the eighteen teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time. The other team classification, the team points classification, where the teams' riders are awarded points for placing within the top twenty in each stage and the points are then totaled for each team was won by Panaria-Vinavil.
Eighteen teams were invited by the race organizers to participate in the 1996 edition of the Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, which meant that the race started with a peloton of 162 cyclists. From the riders that began the race, 162 made it to the finish in Milan.
The eighteen teams that took part in the race were:
Route and Stages
The route for the 1996 Giro d'Italia was unveiled by race director Carmine Castellano on 11 November 1995 in Milan. It contained one time trial event, which was an individual pursuit. There were ten stages containing high mountains, of which four had summit finishes: stage 7, to Massiccio del Sirino; stage 13, to Prato Nevoso; stage 20, to Passo Pordoi; and stage 21, to Aprica. The organizers chose to include one rest day. When compared to the previous year's race, the race was 254 km (158 mi) longer, contained two less individual time trials, and the same amount of stages.
There were seven stages that started or finished outside of Italy. The first three stages took place completely in the country of Greece before transferring to Italian soil for the race's fourth stage. The Greek capital Athens served as both the start and finish for the race's first stage. The next day's stage began in the began in Eleusis and ended in Naupactus. The Giro's third stage stretched from Missolonghi to Ioannina. The race's fourteenth stage finished in the French city of Briançon, which also served as the start for the next stage. Stage 16 came to an end in the Swiss city of Lausanne, which also was the start for the seventeenth stage.
|1||18 May||Athens (Greece) to Athens (Greece)||170 km (106 mi)||Plain stage||Silvio Martinello (ITA)|
|2||19 May||Eleusis (Greece) to Naupactus (Greece)||235 km (146 mi)||Plain stage||Glenn Magnusson (SWE)|
|3||20 May||Missolonghi (Greece) to Ioannina (Greece)||199 km (124 mi)||Plain stage||Giovanni Lombardi (ITA)|
|21 May||Rest day|
|4||22 May||Ostuni to Ostuni||147 km (91 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|5||23 May||Metaponto to Crotone||196 km (122 mi)||Plain stage||Ángel Edo (ESP)|
|6||24 May||Crotone to Catanzaro||179 km (111 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Pascal Hervé (FRA)|
|7||25 May||Amantea to Massiccio del Sirino||164 km (102 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Davide Rebellin (ITA)|
|8||26 May||Polla to Naples||135 km (84 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|9||27 May||Naples to Fiuggi||184 km (114 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Enrico Zaina (ITA)|
|10||28 May||Arezzo to Prato||164 km (102 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Rodolfo Massi (ITA)|
|11||29 May||Prato to Marina di Massa||130 km (81 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|12||30 May||Aulla to Loano||195 km (121 mi)||Plain stage||Fabiano Fontanelli (ITA)|
|13||31 May||Loano to Prato Nevoso||115 km (71 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)|
|14||1 June||Sanctuary of Vicoforte to Briançon (France)||202 km (126 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Pascal Richard (SUI)|
|15||2 June||Briançon (France) to Aosta||235 km (146 mi)||Plain stage||Gianni Bugno (ITA)|
|16||3 June||Aosta to Lausanne (Switzerland)||180 km (112 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Alexander Gontchenkov (UKR)|
|17||4 June||Lausanne (Switzerland) to Biella||236 km (147 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Nicolaj Bo Larsen (DEN)|
|18||5 June||Meda to Vicenza||216 km (134 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|19||6 June||Vicenza to Marostica||62 km (39 mi)||Individual time trial||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)|
|20||7 June||Marostica to Passo Pordoi||220 km (137 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Enrico Zaina (ITA)|
|21||8 June||Cavalese to Aprica||250 km (155 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Ivan Gotti (ITA)|
|22||9 June||Sondrio to Milan||176 km (109 mi)||Plain stage||Serguei Outschakov (UKR)|
|Total||3,990 km (2,479 mi)|
Four different jerseys were worn during the 1996 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.
For the points classification, which awarded a purple (or cyclamen) jersey to its leader, cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15; additional points could also be won in intermediate sprints. The green jersey was awarded to the mountains classification leader. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Each climb was ranked as either first, second or third category, with more points available for higher category climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded more points than the other first category climbs. The Cima Coppi for this Giro was the Passo di Gavia and was first climbed by the Colombian Hernan Buenahora. The intergiro classification was marked by a blue jersey. The calculation for the intergiro is similar to that of the general classification, in each stage there is a midway point that the riders pass through a point and where their time is stopped. As the race goes on, their times compiled and the person with the lowest time is the leader of the intergiro classification and wears the blue jersey. Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the stage finish times of the best three cyclists per team were added; the leading team was the one with the lowest total time.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
|Denotes the winner of the General classification||Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Points classification||Denotes the winner of the Intergiro classification|
|1||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||Panaria-Vinavil||105h 20' 23"|
|2||Enrico Zaina (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Tassoni||+ 2' 43"|
|3||Abraham Olano (ESP)||Mapei-GB||+ 2' 57"|
|4||Piotr Ugrumov (LAT)||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||+ 3' 00"|
|5||Ivan Gotti (ITA)||Gewiss Playbus||+ 3' 36"|
|6||Davide Rebellin (ITA)||Team Polti||+ 9' 15"|
|7||Stefano Faustini (ITA)||Aki-Gipiemme||+ 10' 38"|
|8||Alexandre Shefer (KAZ)||Scrigno-Blue Storm||+ 11' 22"|
|9||Jean-Cyril Robin (FRA)||Festina-Lotus||+ 12' 54"|
|10||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)||Gewiss Playbus||+ 14' 41"|
|1||Fabrizio Guidi (ITA)||Scrigno-Blue Storm||235|
|2||Giovanni Lombardi (ITA)||Team Polti||130|
|3||Enrico Zaina (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Tassoni||120|
|4||Davide Rebellin (ITA)||Team Polti||114|
|5||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||Panaria-Vinavil||110|
|6||Abraham Olano (ESP)||Mapei-GB||109|
|7||Fabrizio Bontempi (ITA)||Brescialat||108|
|8||Zbiginiew Spruch (POL)||Panaria-Vinavil||99|
|9||Denis Zanette (ITA)||Aki-Gipiemme||96|
|10||Piotr Ugrumov (LAT)||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||88|
|1||Mariano Piccoli (ITA)||Brescialat||69|
|2||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||Panaria-Vinavil||37|
|3||Ivan Gotti (ITA)||Gewiss Playbus||36|
|4||Davide Rebellin (ITA)||Team Polti||33|
|5||Piotr Ugrumov (LAT)||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||29|
|6||Rodolfo Massi (ITA)||Refin-Mobilvetta||28|
|7||Alexander Gontchenkov (UKR)||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||21|
|8||Hernan Buenahora (COL)||Kelme-Artiach||19|
|9||Francesco Casagrande (FRA)||TVM-Farm Frites||16|
|10||Herman Buenahora (ITA)||Saeco-AS Juvenes San Marino||15|
|1||Fabrizio Guidi (ITA)||Scrigno-Blue Storm||59h 36' 45"|
|2||Fabrizio Bontempi (ITA)||Brescialat||+ 15"|
|3||Mauro Bettin (ITA)||Refin-Mobilvetta||+ 1' 37"|
|4||Davide Bramati (ITA)||Scrigno-Blue Storm||+ 2' 13"|
|5||Abraham Olano (ESP)||Mapei-GB||+ 2' 40"|
|6||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)||Gewiss Playbus||+ 2' 46"|
|7||Giovanni Lombardi (ITA)||Team Polti||+ 2' 52"|
|8||Mariano Piccoli (ITA)||Brescialat||+ 2' 54"|
|9||Alexander Gontchenkov (UKR)||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||+ 3' 22"|
|10||Marco Saligari (ITA)||MG Maglificio-Technogym||+ 3' 37"|
|1||Carrera Jeans-Tassoni||316h 40' 46"|
|2||Mapei-GB||+ 2' 33"|
|3||Gewiss Playbus||+ 8' 21"|
|4||Festina-Lotus||+ 16' 37"|
|5||Team Polti||+ 53' 13"|
|6||Panaria-Vinavil||+ 1h 04' 05"|
|7||Aki-Gipiemme||+ 1h 09' 46"|
|8||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||+ 1h 40' 20"|
|9||MG Maglificio-Technogym||+ 1h 43' 18"|
|10||Brescialat||+ 2h 07' 37"|
Team points classification
|3||Saeco-AS Juvenes San Marino||401|
Other less well-known classifications, whose leaders did not receive a special jersey, were awarded during the Giro. Other awards included the most combative classification, which was a compilation of points gained for position on crossing intermediate sprints, mountain passes and stage finishes. Italian Fabrizio Guidi won the most combative classification. Teams were given penalty points for minor technical infringements. Riso Scotti-MG Maglificio and Kross-Selle Italia were the most successful in avoiding penalties, and so were both winners of the Fair Play classification.
- "Stage 22 Brief". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. 1996-06-09. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- "Start List for Giro d'Italia". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- "Dureza final y ausencias" [Final hardness and absences] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 12 November 1995. p. 35. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "La rebelión de los modestos" [Rise of the modest] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 25 May 1996. p. 31. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Olano: la hora de la verdad" [Olano: the moment of truth] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 31 May 1996. p. 45. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Olano, por un segundo" [Olano, for a second] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 7 June 1996. p. 42. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "La última agonía en un escenario para la épica" [The last agony on stage for the epic] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 8 June 1996. p. 32. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Giro d'Italia - 1996". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
- "A Tonkov l'edizione '96 Carrera, titolo a squadre" [A Tonkov edition '96 Carrera, team title] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian) (PCI). 7 May 1997. p. 15. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 April 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2012.