1996 Giro d'Italia

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1996 Giro d'Italia
Race details
Dates May 18 — June 9
Stages 22
Distance 3,990 km (2,479 mi)
Winning time 105h 20' 23" (37.875 km/h or 23.534 mph)
Winner  Pavel Tonkov (RUS) (Panaria-Vinavil)
Second  Enrico Zaina (ITA) (Carrera Jeans-Tassoni)
Third  Abraham Olano (ESP) (Mapei-GB)

Points  Fabrizio Guidi (ITA) (Scrigno-Blue Storm)
Mountains  Mariano Piccoli (ITA) (Brescialat)
Intergiro  Fabrizio Guidi (ITA) (Scrigno-Blue Storm)
Team Carrera Jeans-Tassoni
Team Points Panaria-Vinavil

The 1996 Giro d'Italia was the 79th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro began on May 18 with a mass-start stage that began and ended in the Greek capital Athens. The race came to a close on June 9 with a mass-start stage that ended in the Italian city of Milan. Eighteen teams entered the race that was won by the Russian Pavel Tonkov of the Panaria-Vinavil team. Second and third were the Italian rider Enrico Zaina and Spanish rider Abraham Olano.

In the race's other classifications, Brescialat rider Mariano Piccoli won the mountains classification and Fabrizio Guidi of the Scrigno-Gaerne team won the points classification and the intergiro classification. Carrera Jeans-Tassoni finished as the winners of the team classification, ranking each of the eighteen teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time. The other team classification, the team points classification, where the teams' riders are awarded points for placing within the top twenty in each stage and the points are then totaled for each team was won by Panaria-Vinavil.


Eighteen teams were invited by the race organizers to participate in the 1996 edition of the Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, which meant that the race started with a peloton of 162 cyclists. From the riders that began the race, 162 made it to the finish in Milan.[1]

The eighteen teams that took part in the race were:[2]

Route and Stages[edit]

The cityscape of a city.
Athens hosted the start and finish of the first stage, while the race stayed in Greece for another two days before transferring into Italy.

The route for the 1996 Giro d'Italia was unveiled by race director Carmine Castellano on 11 November 1995 in Milan.[3] It contained one time trial event, which was an individual pursuit. There were ten stages containing high mountains, of which four had summit finishes: stage 7, to Massiccio del Sirino;[4] stage 13, to Prato Nevoso;[5] stage 20, to Passo Pordoi;[6] and stage 21, to Aprica.[7] The organizers chose to include one rest day. When compared to the previous year's race, the race was 254 km (158 mi) longer, contained two less individual time trials, and the same amount of stages.

There were seven stages that started or finished outside of Italy.[7] The first three stages took place completely in the country of Greece before transferring to Italian soil for the race's fourth stage.[7] The Greek capital Athens served as both the start and finish for the race's first stage.[7] The next day's stage began in the began in Eleusis and ended in Naupactus.[7] The Giro's third stage stretched from Missolonghi to Ioannina.[7] The race's fourteenth stage finished in the French city of Briançon, which also served as the start for the next stage.[7] Stage 16 came to an end in the Swiss city of Lausanne, which also was the start for the seventeenth stage.[7]

Stage results[7][8]
Stage Date Course Distance Type Winner
1 18 May Athens (Greece) to Athens (Greece) 170 km (106 mi) Plain stage  Silvio Martinello (ITA)
2 19 May Eleusis (Greece) to Naupactus (Greece) 235 km (146 mi) Plain stage  Glenn Magnusson (SWE)
3 20 May Missolonghi (Greece) to Ioannina (Greece) 199 km (124 mi) Plain stage  Giovanni Lombardi (ITA)
21 May Rest day
4 22 May Ostuni to Ostuni 147 km (91 mi) Plain stage  Mario Cipollini (ITA)
5 23 May Metaponto to Crotone 196 km (122 mi) Plain stage  Ángel Edo (ESP)
6 24 May Crotone to Catanzaro 179 km (111 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Pascal Hervé (FRA)
7 25 May Amantea to Massiccio del Sirino 164 km (102 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Davide Rebellin (ITA)
8 26 May Polla to Naples 135 km (84 mi) Plain stage  Mario Cipollini (ITA)
9 27 May Naples to Fiuggi 184 km (114 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Enrico Zaina (ITA)
10 28 May Arezzo to Prato 164 km (102 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Rodolfo Massi (ITA)
11 29 May Prato to Marina di Massa 130 km (81 mi) Plain stage  Mario Cipollini (ITA)
12 30 May Aulla to Loano 195 km (121 mi) Plain stage  Fabiano Fontanelli (ITA)
13 31 May Loano to Prato Nevoso 115 km (71 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Pavel Tonkov (RUS)
14 1 June Sanctuary of Vicoforte to Briançon (France) 202 km (126 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Pascal Richard (SUI)
15 2 June Briançon (France) to Aosta 235 km (146 mi) Plain stage  Gianni Bugno (ITA)
16 3 June Aosta to Lausanne (Switzerland) 180 km (112 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Alexander Gontchenkov (UKR)
17 4 June Lausanne (Switzerland) to Biella 236 km (147 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Nicolaj Bo Larsen (DEN)
18 5 June Meda to Vicenza 216 km (134 mi) Plain stage  Mario Cipollini (ITA)
19 6 June Vicenza to Marostica 62 km (39 mi) Individual time trial  Evgeni Berzin (RUS)
20 7 June Marostica to Passo Pordoi 220 km (137 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Enrico Zaina (ITA)
21 8 June Cavalese to Aprica 250 km (155 mi) Stage with mountain(s)  Ivan Gotti (ITA)
22 9 June Sondrio to Milan 176 km (109 mi) Plain stage  Serguei Outschakov (UKR)
Total 3,990 km (2,479 mi)

Classification Leadership[edit]

A mountain with some roads visible.
The Passo di Gavia was the Cima Coppi for the 1996 Giro d'Italia.

Four different jerseys were worn during the 1996 Giro d'Italia. The leader of the general classification – calculated by adding the stage finish times of each rider, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages – wore a pink jersey. This classification is the most important of the race, and its winner is considered as the winner of the Giro.[9]

For the points classification, which awarded a purple (or cyclamen) jersey to its leader, cyclists were given points for finishing a stage in the top 15; additional points could also be won in intermediate sprints. The green jersey was awarded to the mountains classification leader. In this ranking, points were won by reaching the summit of a climb ahead of other cyclists. Each climb was ranked as either first, second or third category, with more points available for higher category climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded more points than the other first category climbs.[9] The Cima Coppi for this Giro was the Passo di Gavia and was first climbed by the Colombian Hernan Buenahora. The intergiro classification was marked by a blue jersey.[9] The calculation for the intergiro is similar to that of the general classification, in each stage there is a midway point that the riders pass through a point and where their time is stopped. As the race goes on, their times compiled and the person with the lowest time is the leader of the intergiro classification and wears the blue jersey.[9] Although no jersey was awarded, there was also one classification for the teams, in which the stage finish times of the best three cyclists per team were added; the leading team was the one with the lowest total time.[9]

The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
Points classification
Mountains classification
Trofeo Fast Team
1 Silvio Martinello Silvio Martinello Silvio Martinello Fabiano Fontanelli Scrigno-Blue Storm
2 Glenn Magnusson Stefano Zanini
3 Giovanni Lombardi Stefano Zanini Panaria-Vinavil
4 Mario Cipollini Silvio Martinello Silvio Martinello Scrigno-Blue Storm
5 Ángel Edo Panaria-Vinavil
6 Pascal Hervé Pascal Hervé Saeco-AS Juvenes San Marino
7 Davide Rebellin Davide Rebellin Team Polti
8 Mario Cipollini
9 Enrico Zaina
10 Rodolfo Massi Gewiss Playbus
11 Mario Cipollini
12 Fabiano Fontanelli Fabrizio Guidi
13 Pavel Tonkov Pavel Tonkov Silvio Martinello Mariano Piccoli
14 Pascal Richard Fabrizio Guidi Carrera Jeans-Tassoni
15 Gianni Bugno
16 Alexander Gontchenkov
17 Nicolaj Bo Larsen
18 Mario Cipollini
19 Evgeni Berzin Gewiss Playbus
20 Enrico Zaina Abraham Olano Carrera Jeans-Tassoni
21 Ivan Gotti Pavel Tonkov
22 Serguei Outschakov
Final Pavel Tonkov Fabrizio Guidi Mariano Piccoli Carrera Jeans-Tassoni

Final Standings[edit]

  Pink jersey   Denotes the winner of the General classification[1]   Green jersey   Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification[1]
  Purple jersey   Denotes the winner of the Points classification[1]   Blue jersey   Denotes the winner of the Intergiro classification[1]

General classification[edit]

Final general classification (1–10)[1]
Rider Team Time
1  Pavel Tonkov (RUS) Pink jersey Panaria-Vinavil 105h 20' 23"
2  Enrico Zaina (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Tassoni + 2' 43"
3  Abraham Olano (ESP) Mapei-GB + 2' 57"
4  Piotr Ugrumov (LAT) Roslotto-ZG Mobili + 3' 00"
5  Ivan Gotti (ITA) Gewiss Playbus + 3' 36"
6  Davide Rebellin (ITA) Team Polti + 9' 15"
7  Stefano Faustini (ITA) Aki-Gipiemme + 10' 38"
8  Alexandre Shefer (KAZ) Scrigno-Blue Storm + 11' 22"
9  Jean-Cyril Robin (FRA) Festina-Lotus + 12' 54"
10  Evgeni Berzin (RUS) Gewiss Playbus + 14' 41"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[1][10]
Rider Team Points
1  Fabrizio Guidi (ITA) Purple jerseyBlue jersey Scrigno-Blue Storm 235
2  Giovanni Lombardi (ITA) Team Polti 130
3  Enrico Zaina (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Tassoni 120
4  Davide Rebellin (ITA) Team Polti 114
5  Pavel Tonkov (RUS) Pink jersey Panaria-Vinavil 110
6  Abraham Olano (ESP) Mapei-GB 109
7  Fabrizio Bontempi (ITA) Brescialat 108
8  Zbiginiew Spruch (POL) Panaria-Vinavil 99
9  Denis Zanette (ITA) Aki-Gipiemme 96
10  Piotr Ugrumov (LAT) Roslotto-ZG Mobili 88

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountain classification (1–10)[1][10]
Rider Team Points
1  Mariano Piccoli (ITA) Green jersey Brescialat 69
2  Pavel Tonkov (RUS) Pink jersey Panaria-Vinavil 37
3  Ivan Gotti (ITA) Gewiss Playbus 36
4  Davide Rebellin (ITA) Team Polti 33
5  Piotr Ugrumov (LAT) Roslotto-ZG Mobili 29
6  Rodolfo Massi (ITA) Refin-Mobilvetta 28
7  Alexander Gontchenkov (UKR) Roslotto-ZG Mobili 21
8  Hernan Buenahora (COL) Kelme-Artiach 19
9  Francesco Casagrande (FRA) TVM-Farm Frites 16
10  Herman Buenahora (ITA) Saeco-AS Juvenes San Marino 15

Intergiro classification[edit]

Final intergiro classification (1–10)[1][10]
Rider Team Time
1  Fabrizio Guidi (ITA) Blue jerseyPurple jersey Scrigno-Blue Storm 59h 36' 45"
2  Fabrizio Bontempi (ITA) Brescialat + 15"
3  Mauro Bettin (ITA) Refin-Mobilvetta + 1' 37"
4  Davide Bramati (ITA) Scrigno-Blue Storm + 2' 13"
5  Abraham Olano (ESP) Mapei-GB + 2' 40"
6  Evgeni Berzin (RUS) Gewiss Playbus + 2' 46"
7  Giovanni Lombardi (ITA) Team Polti + 2' 52"
8  Mariano Piccoli (ITA) Green jersey Brescialat + 2' 54"
9  Alexander Gontchenkov (UKR) Roslotto-ZG Mobili + 3' 22"
10  Marco Saligari (ITA) MG Maglificio-Technogym + 3' 37"

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[1][10]
Team Time
1 Carrera Jeans-Tassoni 316h 40' 46"
2 Mapei-GB + 2' 33"
3 Gewiss Playbus + 8' 21"
4 Festina-Lotus + 16' 37"
5 Team Polti + 53' 13"
6 Panaria-Vinavil + 1h 04' 05"
7 Aki-Gipiemme + 1h 09' 46"
8 Roslotto-ZG Mobili + 1h 40' 20"
9 MG Maglificio-Technogym + 1h 43' 18"
10 Brescialat + 2h 07' 37"

Team points classification[edit]

Final team points classification (1–10)[1]
Team Points
1 Panaria-Vinavil 468
2 Carrera Jeans-Tassoni 426
3 Saeco-AS Juvenes San Marino 401
4 Team Polti 357
5 Scrigno-Blue Storm 352
6 Aki-Gipiemme 346
7 Team Polti 332
8 Mapei-GB 324
9 Brescialat 285
10 Gewiss Playbus 260

Minor classifications[edit]

Other less well-known classifications, whose leaders did not receive a special jersey, were awarded during the Giro. Other awards included the most combative classification, which was a compilation of points gained for position on crossing intermediate sprints, mountain passes and stage finishes.[9] Italian Fabrizio Guidi won the most combative classification.[1][10] Teams were given penalty points for minor technical infringements.[9] Riso Scotti-MG Maglificio and Kross-Selle Italia were the most successful in avoiding penalties, and so were both winners of the Fair Play classification.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Stage 22 Brief". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. 1996-06-09. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 2012-09-26. 
  2. ^ "Start List for Giro d'Italia". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 2012-09-26. 
  3. ^ "Dureza final y ausencias" [Final hardness and absences] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 12 November 1995. p. 35. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "La rebelión de los modestos" [Rise of the modest] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 25 May 1996. p. 31. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  5. ^ "Olano: la hora de la verdad" [Olano: the moment of truth] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 31 May 1996. p. 45. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  6. ^ "Olano, por un segundo" [Olano, for a second] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 7 June 1996. p. 42. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i "La última agonía en un escenario para la épica" [The last agony on stage for the epic] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 8 June 1996. p. 32. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Giro d'Italia - 1996". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 21 June 2014. Retrieved 2012-09-26. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Laura Weislo (13 May 2008). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Archived from the original on 17 June 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "A Tonkov l'edizione '96 Carrera, titolo a squadre" [A Tonkov edition '96 Carrera, team title] (PDF). l'Unità (in Italian) (PCI). 7 May 1997. p. 15. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 April 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2012.