1996 Giro d'Italia
|Dates||May 18 — June 9|
|Distance||3,990 km (2,479 mi)|
|Winning time||105h 20' 23" (37.875 km/h or 23.534 mph)|
|Winner||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||(Panaria-Vinavil)|
|Second||Enrico Zaina (ITA)||(Carrera Jeans-Tassoni)|
|Third||Abraham Olano (ESP)||(Mapei-GB)|
|Points||Fabrizio Guidi (ITA)||(Scrigno-Blue Storm)|
|Mountains||Mariano Piccoli (ITA)||(Brescialat)|
|Intergiro||Fabrizio Guidi (ITA)||(Scrigno-Blue Storm)|
The 1996 Giro d'Italia was the 79th edition of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. The Giro began on May 18 with a mass-start stage that began and ended in the Greek capital Athens. The race came to a close on June 9 with a mass-start stage that ended in the Italian city of Milan. Eighteen teams entered the race that was won by the Russian Pavel Tonkov of the Panaria-Vinavil team. Second and third were the Italian rider Enrico Zaina and Spanish rider Abraham Olano.
In the race's other classifications, Brescialat rider Mariano Piccoli won the mountains classification and Fabrizio Guidi of the Scrigno-Gaerne team won the points classification and the intergiro classification. Carrera Jeans-Tassoni finished as the winners of the Trofeo Fast Team classification, ranking each of the eighteen teams contesting the race by lowest cumulative time. The other team classification, the Trofeo Super Team classification, where the teams' riders are awarded points for placing within the top twenty in each stage and the points are then totaled for each team was won by Panaria-Vinavil.
A total of 18 teams were invited to participate in the 1996 Giro d'Italia. Each team sent a squad of nine riders, so the Giro began with a peloton of 162 cyclists. Out of the 162 riders that started this edition of the Giro d'Italia, a total of 98 riders made it to the finish in Milan.
The 18 teams that took part in the race were:
Route and Stages
The official race route contained a single individual time trial event. There were a total of five stages that held many high mountains, while there were five hilly stages that contained climbs of lesser degree. The eleven remaining stages were primarily flat.
There were seven stages that started or finished outside of Italy. The first three stages took place completely in the country of Greece before transferring to Italian soil for the race's fourth stage. The Greek capital Athens served as both the start and finish for the race's first stage. The next day's stage began in the began in Eleusis and ended in Naupactus. The Giro's third stage stretched from Missolonghi to Ioannina. The race's fourteenth stage finished in the French city of Briançon, which also served as the start for the next stage. Stage 16 came to an end in the Swiss city of Lausanne, which also was the start for the seventeenth stage.
Of the mass-start stages that contained mountains, four contained summit finishes: stage 7 to Massiccio del Sirino, stage 13 to Prato Nevoso, stage 20 to Passo Pordoi, and stage 21 to Aprica.
|1||18 May||Athens (Greece) to Athens (Greece)||170 km (106 mi)||Plain stage||Silvio Martinello (ITA)|
|2||19 May||Eleusis (Greece) to Naupactus (Greece)||235 km (146 mi)||Plain stage||Glenn Magnusson (SWE)|
|3||20 May||Missolonghi (Greece) to Ioannina (Greece)||199 km (124 mi)||Plain stage||Giovanni Lombardi (ITA)|
|21 May||Rest day|
|4||22 May||Ostuni to Ostuni||147 km (91 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|5||23 May||Metaponto to Crotone||196 km (122 mi)||Plain stage||Ángel Edo (ESP)|
|6||24 May||Crotone to Catanzaro||179 km (111 mi)||Hilly stage||Pascal Hervé (FRA)|
|7||25 May||Amantea to Massiccio del Sirino||164 km (102 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Davide Rebellin (ITA)|
|8||26 May||Polla to Naples||135 km (84 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|9||27 May||Naples to Fiuggi||184 km (114 mi)||Hilly stage||Enrico Zaina (ITA)|
|10||28 May||Arezzo to Prato||164 km (102 mi)||Hilly stage||Rodolfo Massi (ITA)|
|11||29 May||Prato to Marina di Massa||130 km (81 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|12||30 May||Aulla to Loano||195 km (121 mi)||Plain stage||Fabiano Fontanelli (ITA)|
|13||31 May||Loano to Prato Nevoso||115 km (71 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)|
|14||1 June||Sanctuary of Vicoforte to Briançon (France)||202 km (126 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Pascal Richard (SUI)|
|15||2 June||Briançon (France) to Aosta||235 km (146 mi)||Plain stage||Gianni Bugno (ITA)|
|16||3 June||Aosta to Lausanne (Switzerland)||180 km (112 mi)||Hilly stage||Alexander Gontchenkov (UKR)|
|17||4 June||Lausanne (Switzerland) to Biella||236 km (147 mi)||Hilly stage||Nicolaj Bo Larsen (DEN)|
|18||5 June||Meda to Vicenza||216 km (134 mi)||Plain stage||Mario Cipollini (ITA)|
|19||6 June||Vicenza to Marostica||62 km (39 mi)||Individual time trial||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)|
|20||7 June||Marostica to Passo Pordoi||220 km (137 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Enrico Zaina (ITA)|
|21||8 June||Cavalese to Aprica||250 km (155 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)||Ivan Gotti (ITA)|
|22||9 June||Sondrio to Milan||176 km (109 mi)||Plain stage||Serguei Outschakov (UKR)|
|Total||3,990 km (2,479 mi)|
In the 1996 Giro d'Italia, four different jerseys were awarded. For the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage, and allowing time bonuses for the first three finishers on mass-start stages, the leader received a pink jersey. This classification was considered the most important of the Giro d'Italia, and the winner was considered the winner of the Giro.
Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a purple, or cyclamen jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing in the top 15 in a stage. In addition, points could be won in intermediate sprints.
There was also a mountains classification, the leadership of which was marked by a green jersey. In the mountains classifications, points were won by reaching the top of a climb before other cyclists. Each climb was categorized as either first, second, or third category, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The Cima Coppi, the race's highest point of elevation, awarded still more points than the other first-category climbs.
The fourth jersey represented the intergiro classification, which was marked blue jersey. The calculation for the intergiro is similar to that of the general classification, in each stage there is a midway point that the riders pass through a point and where their time is stopped. As the race goes on, their times compiled and the person with the lowest time is the leader of the intergiro classification and wears the blue jersey.
There was also one classification for the teams. The classification was the Trofeo Fast Team. In this classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.
The rows in the following table correspond to the jerseys awarded after that stage was run.
|Denotes the winner of the General classification||Denotes the winner of the Mountains classification|
|Denotes the winner of the Points classification||Denotes the winner of the Intergiro classification|
|1||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||Panaria-Vinavil||105h 20' 23"|
|2||Enrico Zaina (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Tassoni||+ 2' 43"|
|3||Abraham Olano (ESP)||Mapei-GB||+ 2' 57"|
|4||Piotr Ugrumov (LAT)||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||+ 3' 00"|
|5||Ivan Gotti (ITA)||Gewiss Playbus||+ 3' 36"|
|6||Davide Rebellin (ITA)||Team Polti||+ 9' 15"|
|7||Stefano Faustini (ITA)||Aki-Gipiemme||+ 10' 38"|
|8||Alexandre Shefer (KAZ)||Scrigno-Blue Storm||+ 11' 22"|
|9||Jean-Cyril Robin (FRA)||Festina-Lotus||+ 12' 54"|
|10||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)||Gewiss Playbus||+ 14' 41"|
|1||Fabrizio Guidi (ITA)||Scrigno-Blue Storm||235|
|2||Giovanni Lombardi (ITA)||Team Polti||130|
|3||Enrico Zaina (ITA)||Carrera Jeans-Tassoni||120|
|4||Davide Rebellin (ITA)||Team Polti||114|
|5||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||Panaria-Vinavil||110|
|6||Abraham Olano (ESP)||Mapei-GB||109|
|7||Fabrizio Bontempi (ITA)||Brescialat||108|
|8||Zbiginiew Spruch (POL)||Panaria-Vinavil||99|
|9||Denis Zanette (ITA)||Aki-Gipiemme||96|
|10||Piotr Ugrumov (LAT)||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||88|
|1||Mariano Piccoli (ITA)||Brescialat||69|
|2||Pavel Tonkov (RUS)||Panaria-Vinavil||37|
|3||Ivan Gotti (ITA)||Gewiss Playbus||36|
|4||Davide Rebellin (ITA)||Team Polti||33|
|5||Piotr Ugrumov (LAT)||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||29|
|6||Rodolfo Massi (ITA)||Refin-Mobilvetta||28|
|7||Alexander Gontchenkov (UKR)||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||21|
|8||Hernan Buenahora (COL)||Kelme-Artiach||19|
|9||Francesco Casagrande (FRA)||TVM-Farm Frites||16|
|10||Herman Buenahora (ITA)||Saeco-AS Juvenes San Marino||15|
|1||Fabrizio Guidi (ITA)||Scrigno-Blue Storm||59h 36' 45"|
|2||Fabrizio Bontempi (ITA)||Brescialat||+ 15"|
|3||Mauro Bettin (ITA)||Refin-Mobilvetta||+ 1' 37"|
|4||Davide Bramati (ITA)||Scrigno-Blue Storm||+ 2' 13"|
|5||Abraham Olano (ESP)||Mapei-GB||+ 2' 40"|
|6||Evgeni Berzin (RUS)||Gewiss Playbus||+ 2' 46"|
|7||Giovanni Lombardi (ITA)||Team Polti||+ 2' 52"|
|8||Mariano Piccoli (ITA)||Brescialat||+ 2' 54"|
|9||Alexander Gontchenkov (UKR)||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||+ 3' 22"|
|10||Marco Saligari (ITA)||MG Maglificio-Technogym||+ 3' 37"|
Trofeo Fast Team classification
|1||Carrera Jeans-Tassoni||316h 40' 46"|
|2||Mapei-GB||+ 2' 33"|
|3||Gewiss Playbus||+ 8' 21"|
|4||Festina-Lotus||+ 16' 37"|
|5||Team Polti||+ 53' 13"|
|6||Panaria-Vinavil||+ 1h 04' 05"|
|7||Aki-Gipiemme||+ 1h 09' 46"|
|8||Roslotto-ZG Mobili||+ 1h 40' 20"|
|9||MG Maglificio-Technogym||+ 1h 43' 18"|
|10||Brescialat||+ 2h 07' 37"|
Other less well-known classifications, whose leaders did not receive a special jersey, were awarded during the Giro. Other awards included the most combative classification, which was a compilation of points gained for position on crossing intermediate sprints, mountain passes and stage finishes. Italian Fabrizio Guidi won the most combative classification. Teams were given penalty points for minor technical infringements. Riso Scotti-MG Maglificio and Kross-Selle Italia were the most successful in avoiding penalties, and so were both winners of the Fair Play classification.
- "Stage 22 Brief". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. 1996-06-09. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- "Start List for Giro d'Italia". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- "Las 22 Etapas" [The 22 Stages] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 18 May 1996. p. 32. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "La rebelión de los modestos" [Rise of the modest] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 25 May 1996. p. 31. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Olano: la hora de la verdad" [Olano: the moment of truth] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 31 May 1996. p. 45. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Olano, por un segundo" [Olano, for a second] (PDF) (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo. 7 June 1996. p. 42. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
- "Giro d'Italia - 1996". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
- Laura Weislo (2008-05-13). "Giro d'Italia classifications demystified". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 2009-08-27.