1996 in paleontology

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
            List of years in paleontology           
... 1986 . 1987 . 1988 . 1989 . 1990 . 1991 . 1992 ...
1993 1994 1995 -1996- 1997 1998 1999
... 2000 . 2001 . 2002 . 2003 . 2004 . 2005 . 2006 ...
   In science: 1993 1994 1995 -1996- 1997 1998 1999     
Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Philosophy . Science +...

Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred in the year 1996.

Arthropods[edit]

Newly named crustaceans[edit]

Newly named insects[edit]

Plesiosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Pachycostasaurus

Valid

Cruickshank Martill

Plesiopleurodon

Valid

Carpenter

Thalassiodracon

Valid

Storrs Taylor

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list[6] and Dr. Jeremy Montague's dinosaur genus database.[7]

Name Status Authors Notes Images
"Angaturama'"[8] Junior synonym of Irritator
  • Kellner
  • Campos
Bagaraatan[9] Valid taxon
Deltadromeus[10] Valid taxon
Gasparinisaura[11] Valid taxon
  • Salgado
Irritator[12] Valid taxon
  • Martill
  • Cruickshank
  • Frey
  • Small
  • M. Clarke
Ligabueino[13] Valid taxon
"Jensenosaurus"[14] Junior synonym of Supersaurus

George Olshevsky vide:

  • B. D. Curtice
  • Stadtman
  • L. J. Curtice,
"Luanpingosaurus" Junior synonym of Psittacosaurus

Cheng Zhengwu vide:

  • et al.
"Magulodon"[15] Nomen nudum
  • et al.
Neovenator[16] Valid taxon
  • Hutt
  • Martill
  • Barker
Parvicursor[17] Valid taxon
  • Karhu
  • Rautian
Patagonykus[18] Valid taxon
  • Novas
Pawpawsaurus[19] Valid taxon
  • Lee
Pellegrinisaurus[20] Valid taxon
  • Salgado
Qinlingosaurus[21] Valid taxon
  • Xue
  • Zhang Y. X.
  • Bi
  • Yue
  • Chen D.
Rayososaurus[13] Valid taxon
Shanyangosaurus[21] Valid taxon
  • Xue
  • Zhang Y. X.
  • Bi
  • Yue
  • Chen D.
Siamotyrannus[22] Valid taxon
  • Buffetaut
  • Suteethorn
  • Tong
Sigilmassasaurus[23] Valid taxon
Sinosauropteryx[24] Valid taxon
  • Ji Q.
  • Ji S.

Birds[edit]

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Status Novelty Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Anas marecula [25]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Storrs L. Olson

Pierre Jouventin

Holocene

Amsterdam Island

 French Southern and Antarctic Lands

An Anatidae.

Anhinga fraileyi [26]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Kenneth E. Campbell, jr.

Late Miocene

Huayquerian

 Peru

An Anhingidae.

"Branta" minor [27]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Eugen Kessler

Erika Gal

Late Miocene

MN 9

 Moldova

An Aves Incertae Sedis, it is not an Anatidae.

Copepteryx hexeris [28]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Storrs L. Olson

Yoshikazu Hasegawa

Late Oligocene

Ainoshima Formation

 Japan

A Pelecaniformes, Plotopteridae Howard, 1969, this is the type species of the new genus.

Copepteryx titan [28]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Storrs L. Olson

Yoshikazu Hasegawa

Late Oligocene

Ainoshima Formation

 Japan

A Pelecaniformes, Plotopteridae Howard, 1969.

Eoalulavis hoyasi [29]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

José L. Sanz

Luis M. Chiappe

Bernardo P. Pérez-Moreno

Angela D. Buscaliono

José J. Moratalla

Francisco Ortega

Francisco J. Poyato-Ariza

Early Cretaceous

Neocomian

 Spain:

 Castilla-La Mancha

An Ornithothoraces Chiappe & Calvo, 1994, Enantiornithes. Walker, 1981, this is the type species of the new genus.

Nanantius valifanovi [30]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Evgeny N. Kurochkin

Late Cretaceous

Late Campanian

 Mongolia

An Enantiornithes Walker, 1981, Alexornithidae Brodkorb, 1976, Gobipteryginae Elzanowski, 1974.

Nandayus vorohuensis [31]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Eduardo P. Tonni

Jorge Noriega

Late Pliocene

Orohué Formation

 Argentina

A Psittacidae.

Otis bessarabicus [27]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Eugen Kessler

Erika Gal

Late Miocene

MN 9

 Moldova

An Otididae.

Struthio coppensi [32]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Cécile Mourer-Chauviré

Brigitte Senut

Martin Pickford

Pierre Mein

Early Miocene

Karingarab

 Namibia

A Struthionidae.

?Tringa grigorescui [27]

Sp. nov.

Valid

Eugen Kessler

Erika Gal

Middle Miocene

MN 8

 Romania

A Scolopacidae, not sure it is a Tringa.

Vorona berivotrensis [33]

Gen. nov. et Sp. nov.

Valid

Catharine A. Forster

Luis M. Chiappe

David W. Krause

Scott D. Sampson

Late Cretaceous

Campanian, Maevarano Formation

 Madagascar

An Ornithothoraces Chiappe et Calvo, 1994 .

Pterosaurs[edit]

New taxa[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Kepodactylus

Valid

Harris, J.D. Carpenter

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Berglund, R.E.; Goedert J.L. (1996). "A new crab (Brachyura: Cancridae) from Lower Miocene rocks of the Northwestern Olympic Peninsula, Washington". Journal of Paleontology 70 (5): 830–835. JSTOR 1306484. 
  3. ^ Dlussky, G. M. (1996). "Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Burmese amber". Paleontological Journal 30 (4): 449–454. doi:10.1206/3755.2. 
  4. ^ Barden, P.; Grimaldi, D. (2012). "Rediscovery of the bizarre Cretaceous ant Haidomyrmex Dlussky (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with two new species". American Museum Novitates 3755: 1–16. doi:10.1206/3755.2. 
  5. ^ "Location and Geologic Setting," in Pasche and May (2001); page 220.
  6. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  7. ^ Montague, Jeremy. "Dr. Montague's Database". Retrieved 2008-10-29. 
  8. ^ Kellner, A.W.A., D. de A. Campos. 1996. First Early Cretaceous theropod dinosaur from Brazil with comments on Spinosauridae. Neues Jahrbuch Geol. Palaontol. Abhandlungen Stuttgart 199 (2): pp. 151-166.
  9. ^ Osmolska, H. 1996. An unusual theropod dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous Nemegt Formation of Mongolia. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 41 (1): pp. 1-38.
  10. ^ Sereno, P.C., D.B. Dutheil, M. Iarochene, H.C.E. Larsson, G.H. Lyon, P.M. Magwene, C.A. Sidor, D.J. Varricchio, and J.A. Wilson. 1996. Predatory dinosaurs from the Sahara and Late Cretaceous faunal differentiation. Science 272: pp. 986-991.
  11. ^ Coria, R.A. and L. Salgado. 1996. A Basal Iguanodontian (Ornithischia: Ornithopoda) from the Late Cretaceous of South America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 16 (3): pp. 445-457.
  12. ^ Martill, D.M., A.R.I. Cruickshank, E. Frey, P.G. Small, and M. Clarke. 1996. A new crested maniraptoran dinosaur from the Santana Formation (Lower Cretaceous) of Brazil. J. Geol. Soc. London 153 (1): pp. 5-8.
  13. ^ a b Bonaparte, J.F. 1996. Cretaceous tetrapods of Argentina. Münchner Geowissenschaftliche Abhandlungen (A) 30: pp. 73-130.
  14. ^ Olshevsky vide Curtice, B.D., K.L. Stadtman, and L.J. Curtice. 1996. A reassessment of Ultrasauros Macintoshi (Jensen, 1985). The continental Jurassic (M. Morales, ed.). Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 60: pp. 87-95.
  15. ^ Kranz, P.M. 1996. Notes on the Sedimentary Iron Ores of Maryland and their Dinosaurian Fauna. Maryland Geological Survey Special Publication 3: pp. 87-116.
  16. ^ Hutt, S., D.M. Martill, and M.J. Barker. 1996. The first European allosaurid dinosaur (Lower Cretaceous, Wealden Group, England). N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Mh. 10: pp. 635-644.
  17. ^ Karhu, A.A. and A.S. Rautian. 1996. A new family of Maniraptora (Dinosauria: Saurischia) from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia. Paleontological Journal 30 (5): pp. 583-592.
  18. ^ Novas, F.E. 1996. Alvarezsauridae, Cretaceous basal birds from Patagonia and Mongolia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 39 (3): pp. 675-702.
  19. ^ Lee, Y.-N. 1996. A new nodosaurid ankylosaur (Dinosauria: Ornithischia) from the Paw Paw Formation (Late Albian) of Texas. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 16 (2): pp. 232-245.
  20. ^ Salgado, L. 1997. Pellegrinisaurus powelli nov. gen. et. sp. (Sauropoda, Titanosauridae) from the Upper Cretaceous of Lago Pellegrini, Northwestern Patagonia, Argentina. Ameghiniana 33 (4): pp. 355-365.
  21. ^ a b Xue, X., Y. Zhang, Y. Bi, L. Yue, and D. Chen. 1996. The development and environmental changes of the Intermontane Basins in the eastern part of Qinling Mountains. Geological Publishing House, Beijing: pp. 1-181.
  22. ^ Buffetaut, E., Suteethorn, V. and Tong, H. 1996. The earliest known tyrannosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of Thailand. Nature 381: 689-691.
  23. ^ Russell, D.A. 1996. Isolated dinosaur bones from the Middle Cretaceous of the Tafilalt, Morocco. Museum Natl. d'Histoire Nat. (Paris) Bull. (ser. 4) 18 (Section C, Nos. 2-3) : pp. 349-402.
  24. ^ Ji, Q. and S.-A. Ji. 1996. On the discovery of the earliest bird fossil in China and the origin of birds. Chinese Geology 233: pp. 30-33.
  25. ^ Storrs L. Olson & Pierre Jouventin (1996). "A New Species of Small Flightless Duck from Amsterdam Island, Southern Indian Ocean (Anatidae: Anas)". The Condor 98 (1): 1–9. doi:10.2307/1369501. 
  26. ^ Kenneth E. Campbell, jr. (1996). "A New Species of Giant Anhinga (Aves: Pelecaniformes: Anhingidae) from the Upper Miocene (Huyquerian) of Amazonian Peru". Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, Contributions in Science 460: 1–9. 
  27. ^ a b c Eugen Kessler & Erika Gal (1996). "New Taxa in the Neogene Bird Fauna from Eastern Paratethys)". Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Studia Biologica 41: 73–79. 
  28. ^ a b Storrs L. Olson & Yoshikazu Hasegawa (1996). "A New Genus and Two New Species of Gigantic Plotopteridae from Japan (Aves: Pelecaniformes)". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 16 (4): 742–751. doi:10.1080/02724634.1996.10011362. 
  29. ^ José L. Sanz, Luis M. Chiappe, Bernardo P. Pérez-Moreno, Angela D. Buscaliono, José J. Moratalla, Francisco Ortega, & Francisco J. Poyato-Ariza (1996). "An Early Cretaceous Bird from Spain and Its Implications for the Evolution of Avian Flight". Nature 382: 442–445. doi:10.1038/382442a0. 
  30. ^ Evgeny N. Kurochkin (1996). "A New Enantiornithid of the Mongolian Late Cretaceous, and a General Appraisal of the Infraclass Enantiornithes". Palaeontological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moskou, Special Isue 1996: 1–60. 
  31. ^ Eduardo P. Tonni & Jorge Noriega (1996). "Uno Nova Especie de Nandayus Bonaparte, 1854. (Aves: Psittaciformes) del Plioceno Tardio de Argentina". Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 69: 97–104. 
  32. ^ Cécile Mourer-Chauviré, Brigitte Senut, Martin Pickford & Pierre Mein (1996). "Le Plus Ancien Représentant de Genre Struthio (Aves, Struthionidae), Struthio coppensi n. sp. du Miocène Inférieur de Namibie". Académie des Sciences, Comptes Rendus, ser. 2A 322 (1): 325–332. 
  33. ^ Catharine A. Forster, Luis M. Chiappe, David W. Krause & Scott D. Sampson (1996). "The First Cretaceous Bird from Madagascar". Nature 382: 532–534. doi:10.1038/382532a0. 

References[edit]

  • Pasch, A. D., K. C. May. 2001. Taphonomy and paleoenvironment of hadrosaur (Dinosauria) from the Matanuska Formation (Turonian) in South-Central Alaska. In: Mesozioc Vertebrate Life. Ed.s Tanke, D. H., Carpenter, K., Skrepnick, M. W. Indiana University Press. Pages 219-236.