1997 Bolivarian Games

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
XIII Bolivarian Games
Host city Arequipa, Arequipa
Country  Peru
Nations participating 6
Athletes participating 1710
Events 22 sports
Opening ceremony October 17, 1997 (1997-10-17)
Closing ceremony October 24, 1997 (1997-10-24)
Officially opened by Alberto Fujimori
Torch Lighter Hernán Llerena
Main venue Estadio Monumental de la Universidad Nacional San Agustín
1993 Cochabamba and Santa Cruz 2001 Ambato  >

The XIII Bolivarian Games (Spanish: Juegos Bolivarianos) were a multi-sport event held between October 17–26, 1997, in Arequipa, Peru. The Games were organized by the Bolivarian Sports Organization (ODEBO).

The opening ceremony that took place on October 17, 1997, at the Estadio Monumental de la Universidad Nacional San Agustín in Arequipa, Perú.[1] The Games were officially opened by Peruvian president Alberto Fujimori. Torch lighter was 70 year old former cyclist Hernán Llerena,[1] who won 4 gold medals at the 1947–48 Bolivarian Games and another gold medal at the 1951 Bolivarian Games.[2][3]

Gold medal winners from Ecuador were published by the Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano.[4]

Participation[edit]

About 1710 athletes from 6 countries were reported to participate:[5]

The numbers might include coaches, because other sources publish smaller numbers.[6][7]

Sports[edit]

The following 20 sports (+ 1 exhibition) were explicitly mentioned:[4][6][8]

: Exhibition event.
: The competition was reserved to youth representatives (U-17).[9]

Medal count[edit]

The medal count for these Games is tabulated below.[10] This table is sorted by the number of gold medals earned by each country. The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next, and then the number of bronze medals.

1997 Bolivarian Games Medal Count
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Venezuela 121 110 84 315
2  Colombia 119 93 75 287
3  Peru 50 66 95 211
4  Ecuador 24 37 73 134
5  Bolivia 4 5 24 33
6  Panama 2 5 17 24
Total 320 316 368 1004

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Breves Juegos Bolivarianos (in Spanish), El Universal, October 20, 1997, retrieved January 19, 2013 
  2. ^ Hernán Llerena (in Spanish), Wikipedia, retrieved January 19, 2013 
  3. ^ Gamarra Zorrilla, José, Bolivia Olímpica Capítulos VI al VIII (in Spanish), ANDES Academia del Conocimiento y el Desarrollo "Fernando Diez de Medina", retrieved October 22, 2012 
  4. ^ a b CUADRO DE MEDALLISTAS ECUATORIANOS EN LA HISTORIA DE LOS J. D. B. POR EDICIÓN (in Spanish), Comité Olímpico Ecuatoriano, retrieved October 22, 2012 
  5. ^ Inauguran la villa Bolivariana (in Spanish), explored.com.ec from Hoy, October 15, 1997, retrieved January 19, 2013 
  6. ^ a b Arequipa Capital Bolivariana (in Spanish), explored.com.ec from Hoy, October 16, 1997, retrieved January 20, 2013 
  7. ^ La semana en noticias (in Spanish), El Universal, October 20, 1997, retrieved January 20, 2013 
  8. ^ Contreras, Richard (October 28, 1997), Alarmante retroceso del deporte nacional (in Spanish), El Universal, retrieved January 20, 2013 
  9. ^ La sub 17 se prepara (in Spanish), explored.com.ec from Hoy, September 11, 1997, retrieved January 20, 2013 
  10. ^ RESULTADOS - XIII Juegos Bolivarianos. Arequipa - Perú, 1997 (in Spanish), Comité Organizador de los Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos 2005, retrieved January 16, 2013