1998 in science

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The year 1998 in science and technology involved many events, some of which are included below.

Astronomy and space exploration[edit]

Computer science[edit]

Geology[edit]

  • February 4 – An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter Scale in northeast Afghanistan kills more than 5,000.
  • March 14 – An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale hits southeastern Iran.
  • May 30 – A 6.6 magnitude earthquake hits northern Afghanistan killing up to 5,000.
  • July 17 – A tsunami triggered by an undersea earthquake destroys 10 villages in Papua New Guinea killing an estimated 1,500, leaving 2,000 more unaccounted for and thousands more homeless.

Mathematics[edit]

Physics[edit]

  • May 11 & 13 – Nuclear testing: The Pokhran-II: India detonates the five nuclear devices in Pokhran Test Range, an Indian Army base.
  • May 28 – Nuclear testing: The Chagai-I: In response to India, Pakistan conducts five underground and simultaneous nuclear weapon-testing experiments in the Chagai Hills, thus becoming the first nuclear weapon state in the Muslim world and the seventh in the world.
  • May 30 – Nuclear testing: The Chagai-II: As part of a tit-for-tat policy, a final plutonium implosion test is carried out in the Kharan Desert.
  • June 5 – Experimental proof is obtained that neutrinos have mass.[4]

Physiology and medicine[edit]

Technology[edit]

Publications[edit]

  • Jacques Heyman – Structural Analysis: A Historical Approach (Cambridge University Press)[12]

Appointments[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Perlmutter, S. et al. (1998-01-01). "Discovery of a supernova explosion at half the age of the Universe". Nature 391 (6662): 51–4. arXiv:astro-ph/9712212. Bibcode:1998Natur.391...51P. doi:10.1038/34124. Retrieved 2011-10-06. 
  2. ^ Riess, Adam G. et al. (September 1998). "Observational Evidence from Supernovae for an Accelerating Universe and a Cosmological Constant". The Astronomical Journal 116 (3): 1009–38. arXiv:astro-ph/9805201. Bibcode:1998AJ....116.1009R. doi:10.1086/300499. Retrieved 2011-10-06. 
  3. ^ Palmer, Jason (2011-10-04). "Nobel physics prize honours accelerating Universe find". BBC News (BBC). Retrieved 2011-10-06. 
  4. ^ "Ghostly particles rule the universe". BBC News. June 5, 1998. 
  5. ^ Wakefield, A.J. et al. (February 28, 1998). "Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children". Lancet 351 (9103): 637–41. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(97)11096-0. PMID 9500320. Retrieved 2 July 2011.  (Retracted)
  6. ^ Goldacre, Ben (2009). "The Media's MMR Hoax". Bad Science. London: Harper Perennial. pp. 290–331. ISBN 978-0-00-728487-0. 
  7. ^ [citation needed]
  8. ^ Homer, Trevor (2006). The Book of Origins. London: Portrait. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-7499-5110-8. 
  9. ^ "World's first hand transplant". BBC. 1998-09-25. Retrieved 2013-01-05. 
  10. ^ Poltorak, Alexander et al. (December 1998). "Defective LPS signaling in C3H/HeJ and C57BL/10ScCr mice: mutations in Tlr4 gene". Science 282 (5396): 2085–8. Bibcode:1998Sci...282.2085P. doi:10.1126/science.282.5396.2085. PMID 9851930. Retrieved 2011-10-06. 
  11. ^ With some small gaps. The C. elegans Sequencing Consortium (1998). "Genome sequence of the nematode C. elegans: A platform for investigating biology". Science 282 (5396): 2012–2018. doi:10.1126/science.282.5396.2012. PMID 9851916. 
  12. ^ ISBN 0-521-62249-2.
  13. ^ "Baroness Susan Greenfield". Royal Institution. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-04.