1999 (Prince album)

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1999
Studio album by Prince
Released October 27, 1982
Recorded 1982
Kiowa Trail Home Studio
(Chanhassen, Minnesota)
Sunset Sound Recorders
(Hollywood, California)
Genre Funk,[1][2] synthpop,[3] soul,[4] Minneapolis sound[5]
Length 70:33
Label Warner Bros.
Producer Prince
Prince chronology
Controversy
(1981)
1999
(1982)
Purple Rain
(1984)
Singles from 1999
  1. "1999"
    Released: September 24, 1982
  2. "Little Red Corvette"
    Released: February 9, 1983
  3. "D.M.S.R."
    Released: 1983 (promo)
  4. "Delirious"
    Released: August 17, 1983
  5. "Automatic"
    Released: 1983
  6. "Let's Pretend We're Married"
    Released: November 23, 1983
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 5/5 stars [1]
Blender 4/5 stars[6]
Robert Christgau A− [2]
Entertainment Weekly A− [7]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars [3]
Rolling Stone 4.5/5 stars [8]
Slant Magazine 5/5 stars [4]
Spin (8/10) [9]
Sputnikmusic 4/5 stars [10]
Yahoo! Music favorable [11]

1999 is the fifth studio album by American recording artist Prince. It released on October 27, 1982 by Warner Bros. Records. The album was his first top ten album on the Billboard 200 chart in the United States (peaking at number 9) and became the fifth best-selling album of 1983 and was certified 4 times Platinum by RIAA. 1999 was Prince's breakthrough album, but his next album, Purple Rain, would become his most successful. The title track was a protest against nuclear proliferation and became his first top ten hit in countries outside the United States.

It was also the first album to feature The Revolution. The band's moniker is written in reverse on the front cover.

According to the Rolling Stone Album Guide, "1999 may be Prince's most influential album: Its synth-and-drum machine-heavy arrangements codified the Minneapolis sound that loomed over mid-'80s R&B and pop, not to mention the next two decades' worth of electro, house, and techno."[5] In 2003, the TV network VH1 placed 1999 49th in its list of the greatest albums of all time. The album was also part of Slant Magazine's list "The 50 Most Essential Pop Albums"[12] and the magazine listed the album at #8 on its list of "Best Albums of the 1980s".[13] The album was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2008.[14] In 2003, the album was ranked number 163 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.[15]

History[edit]

Originally released on vinyl as a double LP (the first of a number of double sets from Prince), 1999 was cut to a single vinyl edition in some countries; Brazil, for example, opted to issue the release as two separate vinyl albums, 1999 I and 1999 II.[16] The original compact disc version of the album was also cut, omitting "D.M.S.R.". There is a disclaimer on the back cover of the original compact disc pressing that reads "To enable the release of 1999 as a single compact disc, the song DMSR has been omitted from the original LP edition".[17] Later compact disc pressings (from a 1992 reissue onward) included the track. Also, on the cassette release, "Free" was placed after "D.M.S.R." to end the first side, balancing out the lengths of both sides of the cassette.

The album's opening title track, "1999", was also its first single, initially peaking at 44 on the US Billboard Hot 100. It was later re-released, hitting number 12 on the Billboard charts once interest in the album had caught fire with the release of 1999's second single, "Little Red Corvette", which peaked at number 6 on the US Billboard Hot 100, and heralded Prince's rise to superstardom. The music video for the song was significant in itself as one of the first videos by a black artist to receive "heavy rotation" airplay on the newly launched music video channel, MTV. The two tracks were later combined as a double A-side single in the United Kingdom, peaking at number 2. A third single, "Delirious", still managed top ten status in the United States, but a fourth, the double-sided single "Let's Pretend We're Married"/"Irresisttible Bitch", got no further than number 52.

While "Little Red Corvette" helped Prince cross over to the wider rock audience, the rest of the album retains the elements of previous albums and is dominated by funk and synthesizer dance tracks. The album is, however, notable amongst Prince's catalogue for its wide variety of imagery and themes besides the sexual themes that had already become something of a trademark on previous albums. "Automatic", extending to almost ten minutes, starts side three of the album with a cocktail of synthesizers and bawdy bondage-inspired lyrical imagery which, transplanted to the music video for the track (with a scene that depicted Prince being tied up and whipped by band-members Lisa Coleman and Jill Jones), was, in 1983, considered too hot for MTV. "Free" is a delicate piano ballad expressing patriotism, and how fellow Americans should appreciate their freedom, while "Something in the Water (Does Not Compute)", an ode to a harsh lover, is the centerpiece of a preoccupation with Computer Age themes that would continue into future albums. This "computer" theme is also reflected in the album's instrumentation, with Prince fully embracing the gadgetry and sounds of emergent electro-funk and '80s sequencing technology on tracks like "Let's Pretend We're Married" and "All the Critics Love U in New York", songs that widen his use of synthesizers and effects and prominently feature his noted uses of the Linn LM-1 drum machine. Prince himself admitted at the time the movie Blade Runner was an influence on the album's synth sound and look in the music videos for the album.

The album's critical and commercial success secured Prince a place in the public psyche, and marked the beginning of two years of intense activity which, via massively successful tours, hit singles and a Hollywood movie, would make Prince arguably the biggest male musical star on the planet next to Michael Jackson. In 2003, the album was ranked number 163 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.[15]

The album's cover features elements from the front cover of Prince's previous album, Controversy; namely the eyes and the "Rude Boy" pin in the "1999", the jacket studs in the "R" and the smile in the "P". The "1" in Prince contains the words "and the Revolution" written backwards, both acknowledging his backing band and foreshadowing the next four years of his career.

Track listing[edit]

All songs written and composed by Prince

No. Title Length
1. "1999"   6:15
2. "Little Red Corvette"   5:03
3. "Delirious"   4:00
4. "Let's Pretend We're Married"   7:21
5. "D.M.S.R."   8:17
6. "Automatic"   9:28
7. "Something in the Water (Does Not Compute)"   4:02
8. "Free"   5:08
9. "Lady Cab Driver"   8:19
10. "All the Critics Love U in New York"   5:59
11. "International Lover"   6:37

2-LP/CD[edit]


1-LP edited version[edit]


Personnel[edit]

  • Prince - all other vocals and instruments
  • Dez Dickerson - co-lead vocals (1), guitar solos and backing vocals (2)
  • Lisa Coleman - co-lead vocals (1), backing vocals (3, 5, 6, 8)
  • Jill Jones - co-lead vocals (1), backing vocals (6, 8, 9)
  • Wendy Melvoin - backing vocals (8)

[18]

Singles[edit]

  • "1999" (#12 US, #4 US R&B, #25 UK)
  1. "1999"
  2. "How Come U Don't Call Me Anymore?" – 3:51 (B-side of "1999")
  1. "Little Red Corvette"
  2. "All the Critics Love U in New York"
  1. "Delirious"
  2. "Horny Toad"
  1. "Let's Pretend We're Married"
  2. "Irresistible Bitch"
  1. "Automatic"
  2. "Something in the Water (Does Not Compute)"

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Canada (Music Canada)[19] Gold 50,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[20] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[21] 4× Platinum 4,000,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone

Charts[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Prince: 1999 > Review" at AllMusic. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  2. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (December 28, 1982). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice (New York). Retrieved 2012-03-10. 
  3. ^ a b Hill, Michael (9 December 1982). "Prince: 1999". Rolling Stone (Wenner Media) (RS 384). ISSN 0035-791X. Archived from the original on 17 July 2007. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Henderson, Eric (12 December 2003). "Prince: 1999". Slant. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Prince: Biography". Rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on 21 October 2006. 
  6. ^ Harris, Keith (June–July 2001). "Every Original CD Reviewed - Prince". Blender (Alpha Media Group) (1). 
  7. ^ Browne, David (21 September 1990). "Purple Products". Entertainment Weekly (#32). Retrieved 6 August 2011. 
  8. ^ Hoard (2004), p. 655. Portions posted at "Prince: Album Guide". RollingStone.com. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  9. ^ Weisbard, Eric (10 October 1995). Spin Alternative Record Guide (1st ed.). Vintage. ISBN 978-0-679-75574-6. Retrieved 14 September 2011. 
  10. ^ Donnelly, Dave (18 April 2006). "Prince: 1999". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved 6 August 2011. 
  11. ^ Clay, Jennifer (1 January 1982). "1999". Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. 
  12. ^ "Vital Pop: 50 Essential Pop Albums". Slant Magazine. 30 June 2003. Retrieved 6 August 2011. 
  13. ^ "The 100 Best Albums of the 1980s | Feature". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 2013-11-20. 
  14. ^ "News Release: 2008 Grammy Hall of Fame® Inductees Announced". The Recording Academy. 19 December 2007. p. 4. Archived from the original on 16 February 2008. 
  15. ^ a b "163 | 1999 - Prince". The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Rollingstone.com. Archived from the original on 6 March 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  16. ^ "1999". sleevographia2.free.fr. Archived from the original on 11 March 2005. 
  17. ^ "Prince – 1999". discogs.com. 28 April 2008. Notes. Retrieved 28 April 2008. 
  18. ^ "Album: 1999 - Prince Vault". Archived from the original on 2013-07-11. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  19. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Prince – 1999". Music Canada. Retrieved May 2, 2013. 
  20. ^ "British album certifications – Prince – 1999". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved April 2, 2014.  Enter 1999 in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
  21. ^ "American album certifications – Prince – 1999". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved May 2, 2013.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  22. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  23. ^ "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 38, No. 25" (PHP). RPM. August 20, 1983. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  24. ^ "dutchcharts.nl Prince - 1999" (ASP). Hung Medien. MegaCharts. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  25. ^ "charts.org.nz Prince - 1999" (ASP). Hung Medien. Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  26. ^ "Prince > Artists > Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  27. ^ a b "Allmusic: 1999 : Charts & Awards: Billboard Albums". allmusic.com. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Top Pop Albums of 1983". billboard.biz. December 31, 1983. Archived from the original on December 31, 2012. Retrieved April 24, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Top Pop Albums of 1984". billboard.biz. 1984-12-31. Archived from the original on 2012-12-31. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Nathan Brackett, Christian Hoard (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide: Completely Revised and Updated 4th Edition. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-0169-8.