1999 in spaceflight

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The table below shows 208 satellite launches were made in 1999.
81 (39%) of these launches were communications satellites.

1999 in spaceflight
STS-93 launch.jpg
Launch of STS-93, to deploy the Chandra X-ray Observatory
Orbital launches
First 3 January
Last 27 December
Total 78
Catalogued 73
National firsts
Satellite  Denmark
 Republic of China
 South Africa
Rockets
Maiden flights Delta II 7320
Delta II 7426
Dnepr
Long March 2F
Long March 4B
Zenit-3SL
Retirements Ariane 4 40
Athena II
H-II
Manned flights
Orbital 4
Total travellers 22


Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

3 January
20:21
United StatesDelta II 7425-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesMars Polar Lander NASA Heliocentric Mars lander 3 December
~20:01
Spacecraft failure
United StatesScott (Microprobe/Penetrator 1) NASA Heliocentric Mars lander
United StatesAmundsen (Microprobe/Penetrator 2) NASA Heliocentric Mars lander
Contact lost at 19:51 UTC on 3 December 1999
15 January PakistanShaheen 1 PakistanSonmiani PakistanPAF
PAF Suborbital Missile test 15 January Failure
Maiden flight of Shaheen 1
21 January
06:13
CanadaBlack Brant XII NorwayAndøya United StatesNASA
United StatesCAPER NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 21 January Successful
22 January
13:57
CanadaBlack Brant XII United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United StatesAPEX (North Star) NASA Suborbital Plasma research 22 January Successful
22 January
15:20
CanadaBlack Brant VB United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 22 January Successful
22 January
15:31
United StatesTaurus- Orion United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 22 January Successful
27 January
00:34
United StatesAthena I United StatesSpaceport Florida LC-46 United StatesLockheed Martin
TaiwanROCSAT-1 NSPO Low Earth Imagery/Communications In orbit Operational
First Taiwanese satellite

February[edit]

2 February
01:30
JapanS-310 JapanUchinoura LC-K JapanISAS
Suborbital Ionosphere and X-ray research 2 February Successful
7 February
21:04
United StatesDelta II 7426-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesStardust NASA Heliocentric Comet sample return In orbit Successful
United StatesStardust return capsule NASA Heliocentric Comet sample return 16 January 2006 Successful
Maiden flight of Delta II 7426
Returned sample from 81P/Wild and will visit Tempel 1
9 February United StatesTrident D-5 United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Test Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 9 February Successful
9 February United StatesTrident D-5 United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Test Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 9 February Successful
9 February
03:53
RussiaSoyuz-U/Ikar KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 European UnionRussiaStarsem
United StatesGlobalstar 23 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 40 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 36 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 38 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
First launch contracted by Starsem
10 February
08:06
United StatesMinuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-04 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 10 February Successful
11 February
06:45
CanadaBlack Brant X United StatesPoker Flat United StatesNASA
United StatesENSTROPHY NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 11 February Successful
15 February
05:12
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesTelstar 6 Telstar Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
16 February
01:45
United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36A RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
JapanJCSAT-6 JSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
20 February
04:18
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TM-29 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Mir EO-27 28 August
00:34
Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
20 February
04:45
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesSPINR NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 20 February Successful
23 February
10:29
United StatesDelta II 7920-10 United StatesVandenberg SLC-2W United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesARGOS US Air Force Sun-synchronous Technology development In orbit Successful
DenmarkØrsted DMI Sun-synchronous Magnetosphere research In orbit Operational
South AfricaSUNSAT Stellenbosch Sun-synchronous Technology demonstration In orbit Successful
ARGOS was retired on 31 July 2003
Ørsted was the first Danish satellite and SUNSAT was the first South African satellite
26 February
22:44
European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
Saudi ArabiaArabsat 3A Arabsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
United KingdomSkynet 4E MoD Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
28 February
04:00
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 Russia
RussiaRaduga-1 MO RF Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

March[edit]

5 March
02:56
United StatesPegasus-XL United StatesStargazer, Vandenberg United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesWIRE NASA Low Earth Infrared astronomy 10 May 2011 Spacecraft failure
Coolant leak resulted in loss of control in orbit
10 March
08:01
United StatesPeacekeeper United StatesVandenberg LF-02 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 10 March Successful
15 March
03:06
RussiaSoyuz-U/Ikar KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 European UnionRussiaStarsem
United StatesGlobalstar 22 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 41 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 46 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 37 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
15 March
09:52
BrazilVS-30 BrazilAlcântara BrazilAEB
BrazilOperacao San Marcos AEB Suborbital Microgravity research 15 March Successful
21 March
00:09
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
ChinaAsiaSat 3S AsiaSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
23 March United StatesTrident C-4 United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Test Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 23 March Successful
23 March United StatesTrident C-4 United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Test Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 23 March Successful
25 March United StatesTrident C-4 United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Test Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 25 March Successful
25 March United StatesTrident C-4 United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Test Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 25 March Successful
28 March
01:29
UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
United NationsDemoSat Sea Launch Geostationary transfer Test launch vehicle In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of Zenit-3SL
28 March
09:00
CanadaBlack Brant VIIIC United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital X-ray astronomy 28 March Successful
29 March
12:06
United StatesHera United StatesWhite Sands LC-94 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM target 28 March Successful
29 March
12:13
United StatesTHAAD United StatesWhite Sands United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM Interceptor 29 March Successful
31 March
00:15
United StatesSR19 United StatesC-130, Pacific Missile Range United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital SRALT test 31 March Successful

April[edit]

1 April RussiaR-29 RussiaSubmarine, Barents Sea RussiaRussian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test 1 April Successful
2 April
11:28
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-41 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 17 July
19:51
Successful
United StatesSputnik 99 AMSAT Low Earth Communications 29 July Successful
Sputnik 99 deployed from Mir during EVA on 16 April
2 April
22:03
European UnionAriane 4 42P FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
IndiaINSAT-2E ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
9 April
17:01
United StatesTitan IVB (402)/IUS United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesUSA-142 (DSP-19) US Air Force Intended: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Geostationary transfer
Early warning In orbit Launch failure
Final Titan launch from SLC-41
IUS second stage failed to separate
11 April
04:17
IndiaAgni-II IndiaBalasore IC-4 IndiaIDRDL
IDRDL Suborbital Missile test 11 April Successful
Maiden flight of Agni-II
12 April
06:35
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 12 April Successful
12 April
22:50
United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36A RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
FranceEutelsat W3 Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
14 April
05:35
PakistanGhauri-II PakistanTilla PakistanPAF
PAF Suborbital Missile test 14 April Successful
Maiden flight of Ghauri-II
15 April
00:46
RussiaSoyuz-U/Ikar KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 European UnionRussiaStarsem
United StatesGlobalstar 45 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 19 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 44 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 42 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
15 April
04:58
PakistanShaheen 1 PakistanSonmiani PakistanPAF
PAF Suborbital Missile test 15 April Successful
15 April
18:32
United StatesDelta II 7920-10 United StatesVandenberg SLC-2W United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesLandsat 7 NASA/USGS Low Earth Remote sensing In orbit Operational
21 April
04:59
UkraineDnepr KazakhstanBaikonur Site 109/95 RussiaISC Kosmotras
United KingdomUoSAT-12 Surrey Satellite Technology Low Earth Technology development In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of Dnepr-1
26 April United StatesTrident D-5 United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Test Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 26 April Successful
26 April United StatesTrident D-5 United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Test Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 26 April Successful
27 April
18:22
United StatesAthena II United StatesVandenberg SLC-6 United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesIKONOS 1 Space Imaging Intended: Sun-synchronous Earth imaging 27 April Launch Failure
Payload fairing failed to separate; Failed to orbit due to additional weight of the fairing
28 April
20:30
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaKapustin Yar Area 107 Russia
GermanyABRIXAS DLR Low Earth X-ray astronomy In orbit Spacecraft failure
Megsat-0 MegSat Low Earth Communications 4 October 2003 Successful
ABRIXAS' power system failed three days after launch
30 April
16:30
United StatesTitan IVB (401)/Centaur United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-40 United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesUSA-143 (Milstar-3) US Air Force Intended: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Medium Earth
Communications In orbit Launch Failure
Centaur programming error led to three burns in a 90 minute period which were intended to be performed over a six-hour period. Payload stranded in a useless orbit.

May[edit]

4 May FranceM4 FranceSubmarine, Bay of Biscay FranceFrench Navy
French Navy Suborbital Missile test 4 May Successful
4 May FranceM4 FranceSubmarine, Bay of Biscay FranceFrench Navy
French Navy Suborbital Missile test 4 May Successful
5 May
01:00
United StatesDelta III 8930 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
Orion 3 Loral Orion Intended: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Medium Earth
Communications In orbit Launch Failure
Upper stage engine failure resulted in payload being stranded in a useless orbit
7 May
20:00
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesVAULT NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 7 May Successful
10 May
01:22
ChinaLong March 4B ChinaTaiyuan LC-1 ChinaCASC
ChinaFeng Yun 1C CASC Sun-synchronous Weather satellite 12 January 2007 Successful
ChinaShi Jian 5 CASC Sun-synchronous Magnetosphere research In orbit Operational
Maiden flight of Long March 4B
FY-1C destroyed by ASAT after retirement
14 May
11:33
United KingdomSkylark VII SwedenEsrange LC-S SwedenSSC
SwedenMASER 8 SSC Suborbital Microgravity research 14 May Successful
18 May
05:09
United StatesPegasus-XL/HAPS United StatesStargazer, Vandenberg United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesTERRIERS NASA/Boston Low Earth Ionosphere research In orbit Spacecraft failure
United StatesMUBLCOM DARPA/US Army Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
TERRIERS solar panel failed to track the sun and the satellite's batteries exhausted their power supply on 20 May
MUBLCOM collided with DART but is still operational.
20 May
22:30
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
CanadaNimiq 1 Telesat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
22 May
09:36
United StatesTitan IVB (404) United StatesVandenberg SLC-4E United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesUSA-144 (Misty-2) NRO Medium Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
26 May
06:22
IndiaPSLV IndiaSriharikota FLP IndiaISRO
IndiaOceansat-1 ISRO Sun-synchronous Oceanography In orbit Operational
South KoreaKitsat-3 KAIST Sun-synhcronous In orbit Operational
GermanyDLR-Tubsat DLR Sun-synchronous Technology development In orbit Operational
27 May
10:49
United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-96 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 6 June
06:02
Successful
United StatesSpaceHab Double Module NASA/SpaceHab Low Earth (Discovery) Logistics
United StatesSTARSHINE NASA/NRL Low Earth Observation target 18 February 2000 Successful
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
Starshine deployed from Discovery at 07:21 UTC on 5 June

June[edit]

3 June
14:20
RussiaTopol M RussiaPlesetsk Site 158 RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 3 June Successful
10 June
11:07
United StatesHera United StatesWhite Sands LC-94 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM target 10 June Successful
10 June
11:14
United StatesTHAAD United StatesWhite Sands United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM Interceptor 10 June Successful
10 June
13:48
United StatesDelta II 7420-10C United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesGlobalstar 25 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 49 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 47 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 52 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
11 June
17:15
ChinaLong March 2C ChinaTaiyuan LC-1 China
United StatesIridium 14A Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesIridium 21A Iridium Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
14 June
07:40
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 14 June Successful
18 June
01:49
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
LuxembourgAstra 1H SES Astra Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
20 June
02:15
United StatesTitan 23G United StatesVandenberg SLC-4W United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesQuickSCAT NASA/NOAA Sun-synchronous Oceanography In orbit Operational
24 June
15:44
United StatesDelta II 7320-10 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesFUSE NASA Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomy In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of Delta II 7320
FUSE was deactivated on 18 October 2007
24 June
17:00
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United StatesSERTS-99 NASA Suborbital Solar observation 24 June Successful

July[edit]

1 July United StatesMalmute II United StatesPacific Missile Range United StatesUS Navy
United StatesSlugger US Navy Suborbital TMBD target 1 July Successful
5 July
03:57
CanadaBlack Brant VC United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 5 July Successful
5 July
04:02
United StatesTaurus-Orion United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 5 July Successful
5 July
13:32
RussiaProton-K/Briz-M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaRVSN
RussiaRaduga RVSN Intended: Geosynchronous Communications 5 July
+45 seconds
Launch Failure
Maiden flight of Briz-M upper stage
Second stage exploded
5 July
23:36
CanadaBlack Brant VA NorwayAndøya United StatesNASA
United StatesMD-DR-04 DROPPS-1 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy research 5 July Successful
8 July
08:45
RussiaMolniya-M RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 Russia
RussiaMolniya 3–50 MO RF Molniya Communications In orbit Operational
10 July
08:45
United StatesDelta II 7420-10C United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesGlobalstar 35 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 32 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 51 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 30 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
14 July
03:28
CanadaBlack Brant VA NorwayAndøya United StatesNASA
United StatesMD-DR-13 DROPPS-2 NASA Suborbital Aeronomy research 14 July Successful
16 July
16:39
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-42 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Logistics 2 February 2000
06:10
Successful
17 July
06:38
UkraineZenit-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 45/1 Russia
UkraineOkean-O RAKA/NKAU Low Earth Oceanography In orbit Operational
18 July
03:31
United StatesTaurus-Orion United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ionosphere research 18 July Successful
23 July
04:31
United StatesSpace Shuttle Columbia United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-93 NASA Low Earth Satellite deployment 28 July
03:20
Successful
United StatesChandra X-ray Observatory NASA High Earth X-ray astronomy In orbit Operational
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts
First Shuttle mission with female commander (Eileen Collins)
Engine control failures and fuel leak during ascent resulted in lower orbit than planned and IUS underperformance resulted in lower orbit than planned for Chandra, IPS used to raise orbit, reducing lifespan
Chandra deployed by Columbia at 11:47 UTC on 23 July
25 July
07:46
United StatesDelta II 7420-10C United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesGlobalstar 48 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 26 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 43 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 28 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
27 July
22:48
CanadaBlack Brant VB SwedenEsrange United StatesNASA

August[edit]

2 August ChinaDF-31 ChinaTaiyuan ChinaCASC
CASC Suborbital Missile test 2 August Successful
2 August
11:37
United StatesHera United StatesWhite Sands LC-94 United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM target 2 August Successful
2 August
11:44
United StatesTHAAD United StatesWhite Sands United StatesUS Air Force
US Air Force Suborbital ABM Interceptor 2 August Successful
12 August
22:52
European UnionAriane 4 42P FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
IndonesiaTelkom 1 PT Telkom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
17 August
04:37
United StatesDelta II 7420-10C United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesGlobalstar 24 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 27 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 54 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 53 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
18 August
18:00
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 Russia
RussiaKosmos 2365 (Yantar-4K1) MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 15 December Successful
18 August
18:05
CanadaBlack Brant 9CM1 United StatesWhite Sands LC-43 United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Solar research 18 August Successful
Data used to calibrate SOHO spacecraft
20 August
08:45
United StatesMinuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-10 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesRCT-1 GT-170GM/RRF-6 US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 20 August Successful
20 August
11:27
United StatesMinuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-09 United StatesUS Air Force
24 August
07:07
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 24 August Successful
26 August
12:02
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132/1 Russia
RussiaKosmos 2366 (Parus) MO RF Low Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
29 August RussiaKosmos-3MP RussiaKapustin Yar Area 107 RussiaRVSN
RussiaRe-entry vehicle RVSN Suborbital Test RV 29 August Failure

September[edit]

3 September
11:44
RussiaTopol M RussiaPlesetsk Site 158 RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 3 September Successful
4 September
22:34
European UnionAriane 4 42P FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
South KoreaKoreasat 3 Korea Telecom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
6 September United StatesSR-19 United StatesAircraft, Wake Island United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesTCMP-3A US Air Force Suborbital Test re-entry vehicle 6 September Successful
6 September
16:36
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 Russia
RussiaYamal 101 AO Gazco Operational: Geosynchronous
Current: Graveyard
Communications In orbit Spacecraft failure
RussiaYamal 102 AO Gazco Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
9 September
18:00
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 Russia
RussiaEuropean UnionFoton 12 RAKA/ESA Low Earth Microgravity research 24 September Successful
15 September
21:00
United StatesCastor M57A1 United StatesKodiak United States
US Air Force Suborbital Test flight 15 September Successful
22 September
14:33
RussiaSoyuz-U/Ikar KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 European UnionRussiaStarsem
United StatesGlobalstar 58 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 50 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 33 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 55 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
23 September
06:02
United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36A RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesEchostar 5 EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
24 September United StatesSM-3 United StatesUSS Shiloh, Pacific Missile Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 24 September Successful
24 September
18:21
United StatesAthena II United StatesVandenberg SLC-6 United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesIkonos 2 Space Imaging Sun-synchronous Earth imaging In orbit Operational
Final flight of Athena II
25 September
06:29
European UnionAriane 4 44P FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United StatesTelstar 7 Loral Skynet Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
26 September
22:30
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesLMI-1 LMI Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
27 September
10:00
CanadaBlack Brant IX United StatesWhite Sands United StatesNASA
United States NASA Suborbital Ultraviolet astronomy 27 September Successful
28 September
11:00
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 Russia
RussiaResurs F-1M Roskosmos Low Earth Remote sensing 22 October Successful

October[edit]

1 October RussiaR-29 RussiaSubmarine, Sea of Okhotsk RussiaRussian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test 1 October Successful
1 October
08:42
RussiaTopol M RussiaPlesetsk Site 158 RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 1 October Successful
2 October RussiaR-29 RussiaSubmarine, Sea of Okhotsk RussiaRussian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test 2 October Successful
3 October
02:01
United StatesMinuteman II United StatesVandenberg LF-03 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesMSLS IFT-2 US Air Force Suborbital ABM target 3 October Successful
3 October
02:22
United StatesPLV Marshall IslandsMeck Island, Kwajalein Atoll United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesEKV US Air Force Suborbital ABM test 3 October Successful
7 October
12:51
United StatesDelta II 7925-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesUSA-145 (GPS IIR-3) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Successful
10 October
03:28
UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
United StatesDirecTV-1R DirecTV Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
14 October
03:15
ChinaLong March 4B ChinaTaiyuan LC-1 ChinaCASC
ChinaBrazilZi Yuan 1 CAST/INPE Low Earth Remote sensing In orbit Partial satellite failure
BrazilSACI 1 INPE Low Earth Technology development In orbit Spacecraft failure
Zi Yuan 1 Wide field camera failed 177 days after launch; SACI 1 ceased communications less than a month after launch
18 October
13:22
RussiaSoyuz-U/Ikar KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 European UnionRussiaStarsem
United StatesGlobalstar 57 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 59 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 56 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 31 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
19 October
06:22
European UnionAriane 4 44LP FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
Orion 2 Loral Orion Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
20 October RussiaUR-100N KazakhstanBaikonur Site 175 RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 20 October Successful
27 October
16:16
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 Russia
RussiaEkspress-A1 AO Komichekaya Intended: Geosynchronous Communications 27 October Launch Failure
Second stage malfunction

November[edit]

November A-350 KazakhstanSary Shagan PRO[disambiguation needed]
Suborbital Missile test Within one hour Successful
1 November IndiaRH-300 IndiaSriharikota IndiaISRO
IndiaEWS ISRO Suborbital Ionosphere research 1 November Successful
10 November United StatesTrident D-5 United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Test Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 10 November Successful
10 November United StatesTrident D-5 United StatesSubmarine, Eastern Test Range United StatesUS Navy
US Navy Suborbital Missile test 10 November Successful
13 November
08:20
United StatesMinuteman III United StatesVandenberg LF-26 United StatesUS Air Force
United StatesPRP FTM-01 US Air Force Suborbital Missile test 13 November Successful
13 November
22:52
European UnionAriane 4 44LP FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United StatesGE 4 GE Americom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
15 November
07:29
JapanH-II JapanTanegashima LA-Y1 JapanNASDA
JapanMTSAT NASDA Intended: Geosynchronous Weather/Communications 15 November Launch Failure
Final flight of H-II
First stage malfunction
17 November RussiaR-39 RussiaSubmarine, Barents Sea RussiaRussian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test 17 November Successful
17 November RussiaR-39 RussiaSubmarine, Barents Sea RussiaRussian Navy
Russian Navy Suborbital Missile test 17 November Successful
18 November
01:55
IndiaRH-300 MK-II IndiaSriharikota IndiaISRO
IndiaLMS ISRO Suborbital Ionosphere/Meteor research 18 November Successful
19 November
22:30
ChinaLong March 2F ChinaJiuquan SLS ChinaCASC
ChinaShenzhou 1 CASC Low Earth Test spacecraft 20 November
19:41
Successful
Maiden flight of Long March 2F and Shenzhou spacecraft
20 November
01:35
IndiaRH-300 MK-II IndiaSriharikota IndiaISRO
IndiaLMS ISRO Suborbital Ionosphere/Meteor research 20 November Successful
22 November
16:20
RussiaSoyuz-U/Ikar KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 European UnionRussiaStarsem
United StatesGlobalstar 39 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 34 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 29 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGlobalstar 61 Globalstar Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
23 November
04:06
United StatesAtlas IIA United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36B United States
United StatesUSA-146 (UHF F/O F10) US Navy Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

December[edit]

3 December
16:22
European UnionAriane 4 40 FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
FranceHélios 1B French government Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Successful
FranceClementine DGA Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Operational
Final flight of Ariane 4 40
Hélios 1B decommissioned in October 2004
4 December
18:53
United StatesPegasus-XL/HAPS United StatesStargazer, Wallops Island United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesOrbcomm 30 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesOrbcomm 31 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesOrbcomm 32 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesOrbcomm 33 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesOrbcomm 34 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesOrbcomm 35 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesOrbcomm 36 Orbcomm Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
10 December
14:32
European UnionAriane 5G FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
European UnionXMM-Newton ESA High Earth X-ray Astronomy In orbit Operational
11 December
18:25
BrazilVLS-1 BrazilAlcântara BrazilINPE
BrazilSACI-2 INPE Intended: Low Earth Technology development 11 December Launch Failure
Self-destruct activated after second stage failed to ignite
12 December
17:38
United StatesTitan II 23G United StatesVandenberg SLC-4W United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesUSA-147 (DMSP 5D3 F15) US Air force Sun-synchronous Weather satellite In orbit Operational
14 December
08:05
RussiaTopol M RussiaPlesetsk Site 158 RussiaRVSN
RVSN Suborbital Missile test 14 December Successful
17 December
17:00
United StatesTerrier-Orion United StatesWallops Island United StatesNASA
United StatesMG.Pool Boiling NASA Suborbital Microgravity research 17 December Successful
18 December
18:57
United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesVandenberg SLC-3E United States
United StatesTerra NASA Sun-synchronous Earth observation In orbit Operational
20 December
00:50
United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-103 NASA Low Earth (HST) HST Servicing 28 December
00:01
Successful
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission 3A
21 December
07:13
United StatesTaurus 2110 United StatesVandenberg LC-576E United StatesOrbital Sciences
South KoreaKOMPSAT KAIST Sun-synchronous Ocean colour sensor In orbit Successful
United StatesACRIMSAT NASA Sun-synchronous Solar research In orbit Operational
United StatesCelestis-03 Celestis Sun-synchronous Space burial In orbit Successful
Contact with KOMPSAT lost on 6 January 2008
22 December
00:50
European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United StatesGalaxy 11 PanAmSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
26 December
08:00
UkraineTsyklon-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 90/20 Russia
RussiaKosmos 2367 (US-PM) Russian Navy Low Earth SIGINT 19 July 2002 Successful
27 December
19:12
RussiaMolniya-M RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 Russia
RussiaKosmos 2368 (Oko) VKS Molniya Early warning In orbit Operational

Deep Space Rendezvous[edit]

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
1 February Galileo 11th flyby of Europa
5 May Galileo 4th flyby of Callisto
24 June Cassini 2nd flyby of Venus Gravity assist; Closest approach: 598 kilometres (372 mi)
30 June Galileo 5th flyby of Callisto
29 July Deep Space 1 Flyby of 9969 Braille
31 July Lunar Prospector Deliberate impact of the Moon
14 August Galileo 6th flyby of Callisto
18 August Cassini Flyby of the Earth Gravity assist; Closest approach: 1,166 kilometres (725 mi)
16 September Galileo 7th flyby of Callisto
23 September Mars Climate Orbiter Burned up in the Martian atmosphere
11 October Galileo 1st flyby of Io
26 November Galileo 2nd flyby of Io
3 December Mars Polar Lander Crash-landed at Planum Australe, Mars
3 December Amundsen and Scott Subprobes lost in Mars Polar Lander crash-landing

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Function Remarks
16 April
04:37
6 hours
19 minutes
10:56 Mir EO-27
Kvant-2
RussiaViktor Afanasyev
FranceJean-Pierre Haigneré
Recovered experiments from the exterior of Mir and installed other experiments on the outer surface.[1]
30 May
02:56
7 hours
55 minutes
10:51 STS-96
ISS Discovery
United StatesTamara E. Jernigan
United StatesDaniel T. Barry
Transferred and installed two cranes from the shuttle's payload bay to locations on the outside of the station. Installed two new portable foot restraints that will fit both American and Russian space boots, and attached three bags filled with tools and handrails that will be used during future assembly operations.[2]
23 July
11:06
6 hours
7 minutes
17:13 Mir EO-27
Kvant-2
RussiaViktor Afanasyev
RussiaSergei Avdeyev
Installed a communications antenna on the Sofora girder, and attempted to find a leak in Kvant-2. Retrieved the Exobiology and Dvikon experiments.[3]
28 July
09:37
5 hours
22 minutes
14:59 Mir EO-27
Kvant-2
RussiaViktor Afanasyev
RussiaSergei Avdeyev
Completed the deployment of the antenna mounted on the Sofora girder and pushed it into space. Installed the experiments Indicator and Sprut-4, traded out tape cassettes on the Migmas ion spectromer and recovered the Danko-M and Ekran-D experiments for return to Earth.[4]
22 December
18:54
8 hours
15 minutes
23 December
03:09
STS-103
Discovery
United StatesSteven Smith
United StatesJohn M. Grunsfeld
Replaced three Rate Sensor Units, installed Voltage/Temperature Improvement Kits on all six batteries.[5] Hubble Space Telescope servicing
23 December
19:06
8 hours
10 minutes
24 December
03:16
STS-103
Discovery
United Kingdom/United StatesMichael Foale
SwitzerlandClaude Nicollier
Replaced the telescope's central computer and a Fine Guidance Sensor.[5] Hubble Space Telescope servicing
24 December
19:17
8 hours
8 minutes
25 December
03:25
STS-103
Discovery
United StatesSteven Smith
United StatesJohn M. Grunsfeld
Installed a transmitter and a solid state recorder.[5] Hubble Space Telescope servicing

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ van der Berg, Chris (April 1999). "MIRNEWS.459". MirNews. SpaceOnLine. Archived from the original on 27 August 2008. Retrieved 13 March 2009. 
  2. ^ NASA (1999). "STS-96 Day 4 Highlights". NASA. Archived from the original on 16 September 2008. Retrieved 6 October 2008. 
  3. ^ van der Berg, Chris (24 July 1999). "MIRNEWS.463". MirNews. SpaceOnLine. Archived from the original on 8 September 2008. Retrieved 13 March 2009. 
  4. ^ van der Berg, Chris (29 July 1999). "MIRNEWS.464 29 JULY 1999". MirNews. SpaceOnLine. Archived from the original on 27 August 2008. Retrieved 14 March 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c NASA (2002). "STS-103 Extravehicular Activities". NASA. Retrieved 15 March 2009.