August 2009 Baghdad bombings

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19 August 2009 Baghdad bombings
Location Baghdad, Iraq
Date 19 August 2009
10:00[1] – (UTC+3)
Target Multiple
Attack type
Car bombs and mortars
Deaths 101[2]
Non-fatal injuries
563+[3]
Suspected perpetrators
Iran,[4] Sunni extremists,[5] Ba'ath,[6] Al-Qaeda in Iraq[1]

The 19 August 2009 Baghdad bombings were three coordinated car bomb attacks and a number of mortar strikes in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad. The explosives went off simultaneously across the capital at approximately 10:45 in the morning, killing at least 101 and wounding at least 565, making it the deadliest attack since the 14 August 2007 Yazidi communities bombings in northern Iraq which killed almost 800 people. The bombings were targeted at both government and privately owned buildings.

Bombings[edit]

The windows were blown out and the doors were taken out, even the door frames went. If I had been in my room at the time I would have been seriously injured or worse. Everything is locked down now. Nobody can move anywhere, nobody is getting in or out. Even our security team cannot move.

John Tipple, United Kingdom citizen, referring to bombing of Rasheed Hotel[6]

The bombings occurred on the six-year anniversary of the bombing of the United Nations compound in Baghdad, which killed the UN's then-coordinator of the UN Assistance Mission in Iraq, Sérgio Vieira de Mello.[7] The capture of two Al-Qaeda members in a car intended to be used as another bomb led officials to believe they were part of a coordinated attack.[8] The attack began in early mid-morning,[6] when a truck bomb exploded outside the Iraqi Finance Ministry. A larger explosion followed outside the Foreign Ministry, accompanied by mortar attacks on the secure Green Zone. The bombing shattered windows, killing those near them,[8] and also brought down the compound wall across the street from the truck bomb.[5] The foreign ministry explosion alone killed 58 people, and left a crater 3 metres (9.8 ft) deep and 10 metres (33 ft) wide.[6] The next car bomb killed at least eight people and wounded at least 22 as it devastated a combined Iraqi army-police patrol near the Finance Ministry.[6] Two bombings in distant areas of the city, one in the commercial Baiyaa district killing two and wounding 16, the other in the Bab al-Muadham district killing six and wounding 24.[6] One targeted the Rasheed Hotel, blowing out windows and door frames.[6] Several mortars fell inside the Green Zone's perimeter, one near the UN compound, where aid workers were meeting to discuss the "growing danger" facing aid groups.[9] the mortars were not confirmed by C-RAM IZ or any other US military.

In total, the attacks killed upwards of 90 people and injured upwards of 500.[1][3][8] Prime Minister of Iraq Nouri al-Maliki had been scheduled to deliver a speech at a nearby hotel, but this was canceled due to attacks.[8]

Suspects[edit]

Major General Qassim Atta, spokesman for the Iraqi Army, announced that, "We accuse the Baathist alliance of executing these terrorist operations."[6] Meanwhile, other sources blamed them on Al-Qaeda,[1] and others on suspected Sunni extremists.[5]

Iraq later broadcast a video of former police chief Wissam Ali Kadhem Ibrahim, a Saddam Hussein loyalist, confessing to orchestrating a truck bombing at the finance ministry, the first of two bombings.[10][11]

Iraq later recalled its ambassador to Syria, after demanding that two Baathist suspects be handed over. Syria denied involvement in the attacks, and subsequently recalled its ambassador to Iraq. The two countries had previously restored diplomatic relations in 2006 after a period of 24 years.[12][13]

Mohammed Abdullah al-Shahwani, director of the Iraqi National Intelligence Service had presented evidence linking Iran to the attack but Iraqi leadership refused to publicly implicate Iran in the bombings.[14][15]

On 11 March 2010, Iraqi police arrested Munaf Abdul Rahim al-Rawi, the mastermind of the bombings. His capture also led to the death of Al-Qaeda leaders Abu Ayub al-Masri and Abu Omar al-Baghdadi. Al-Rawi was called the "Governor of Baghdad" and masterminded many of the other Baghdad bombings since Aug. 2009, according to Major General Qassim Atta, a Baghdad military spokesman.[16][17]

Reaction[edit]

The Kurdistan Regional Government condemned the attacks in a statement and blamed it on "delay in security implementation" and called for unity among Iraqis.[18]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Richard Spencer (19 August 2009). "Iraq al Qaeda bombings kill almost 100 as multiple targets hit in Baghdad". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 August 2009. 
  2. ^ "Fresh violence strikes Baghdad". Al Jazeera. 20 August 2009. Archived from the original on 20 August 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2009. 
  3. ^ a b "95 killed on Iraq's deadliest day since U.S. handover". CNN. 19 August 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2009. 
  4. ^ "Intelligence Report: Iran Financing Al-Qaeda in Iraq". Al-Zaman (MEMRI). 25 August 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c Ahmed Malik (19 August 2009). "Baghdad bomb blasts latest:at least 95 dead and over 536 wounded". Reuters. Retrieved 19 August 2009. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Oliver August (19 August 2009). "Scores dead as Baghdad rocked by series of massive explosions". The Times (London). Retrieved 19 August 2009. 
  7. ^ Rogene Fisher (19 August 2009). "Baghdad Attacks Come on 6th Anniversary Of Devastating Bombing at U.N. Compound". New York Times. Retrieved 19 August 2009. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Dozens killed in Baghdad attacks". BBC News. 19 August 2009. Archived from the original on 19 August 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2009. 
  9. ^ "Aid Groups Highlight Growing Threats to Staff". New York Times. 19 August 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2009. [dead link]
  10. ^ Iraq broadcasts truck bomber confession from The Sydney Morning Herald
  11. ^ Bomber confesses on Video from Straits Times Archived 2 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Iraq and Syria recall envoys. Al Jazeera. 25 August 2009. Accessed 30 August 2009. Archived 3 September 2009.
  13. ^ Syria and Iraq summon ambassadors. Syrian News Station. 25 August 2009. Accessed 30 August 2009. Archived 3 September 2009.
  14. ^ "Intelligence Report: Iran Financing Al-Qaeda in Iraq". Al-Zaman (MEMRI). 25 August 2009. Archived from the original on 3 September 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2009. 
  15. ^ "INTELLIGENCE REPORT: Soleimani, mastermind of the attacks in Baghdad". Al-Zaman (azzaman.com). 25 August 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2009. 
  16. ^ Iraq captures senior al-Qaida leader: spokesman
  17. ^ Al Qaeda commander: How I planned Iraq attacks
  18. ^ "Kurdistan Region Presidency strongly condemns Baghdad attacks". Kurdistan Regional Government. 23 August 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2009.