19th Canadian Parliament

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The initial seat distribution of the 19th Canadian Parliament
William Lyon Mackenzie King was Prime Minister during the 18th Canadian Parliament.

The 19th Canadian Parliament was in session from May 16, 1940 until April 16, 1945. The membership was set by the 1940 federal election on March 26, 1940, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections until it was dissolved prior to the 1945 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party majority under Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and the 16th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the so-called "National Government" party (the name which the Conservatives) ran under in the 1940 election, led in the House by Richard Hanson and Gordon Graydon consecutively as the three successive national leaders of the party, Robert Manion, Arthur Meighen and John Bracken did not have seats in the House of Commons. With the selection of Bracken as national leader in December 1942, the party became known as the Progressive Conservatives.

The Speaker was James Allison Glen. See also List of Canadian electoral districts 1933-1947 for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There were six sessions of the 19th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st May 16, 1940 November 5, 1940
2nd November 7, 1940 January 21, 1942
3rd January 22, 1942 January 27, 1943
4th January 28, 1943 January 26, 1944
5th January 27, 1944 January 31, 1945
6th March 19, 1945 April 16, 1945

List of members[edit]

Following is a full list of members of the nineteenth Parliament listed first by province, then by electoral district.

Electoral districts denoted by an asterisk (*) indicates that district was represented by two members.

Alberta[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Acadia Victor Quelch Social Credit
Athabaska Joseph Miville Dechene Liberal
Battle River Robert Fair Social Credit
Bow River Charles Edward Johnston Social Credit
Calgary East George Henry Ross Liberal
Calgary West Manley Justin Edwards Liberal
Camrose James Alexander Marshall Social Credit
Edmonton East Frederick Clayton Casselman (died 20 March 1941) Liberal
Cora Taylor Casselman (by-election of 1941-06-02) Liberal
Edmonton West James Angus MacKinnon Liberal
Jasper—Edson Walter Frederick Kuhl New Democracy
Lethbridge John Horne Blackmore Social Credit
Macleod Ernest George Hansell Social Credit
Medicine Hat Frederick William Gershaw Liberal
Peace River John Sissons Liberal
Red Deer Frederick Davis Shaw Social Credit
Vegreville Anthony Hlynka Social Credit
Wetaskiwin Norman Jaques Social Credit

British Columbia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Cariboo James Gray Turgeon Liberal
Comox—Alberni Alan Webster Neill Independent
Fraser Valley George Alexander Cruickshank Liberal
Kamloops Thomas James O'Neill Liberal
Kootenay East George Ernest Lawson Mackinnon National Government
Kootenay West William Kemble Esling National Government
Nanaimo Alan Chambers Liberal
New Westminster Thomas Reid Liberal
Skeena Olof Hanson Liberal
Vancouver—Burrard Gerald Grattan McGeer Liberal
Vancouver Centre Ian Alistair Mackenzie Liberal
Vancouver East Angus MacInnis C.C.F.
Vancouver North James Sinclair Liberal
Vancouver South Howard Charles Green National Government
Victoria Robert Wellington Mayhew Liberal
Yale Grote Stirling National Government

Manitoba[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Brandon James Ewen Matthews Liberal
Churchill Thomas Crerar Liberal
Dauphin William John Ward Liberal
Lisgar Howard Waldemar Winkler Liberal
Macdonald William Gilbert Weir Liberal-Progressive
Marquette James Allison Glen Liberal-Progressive
Neepawa Frederick Donald Mackenzie Liberal
Portage la Prairie Harry Leader Liberal
Provencher René Jutras Liberal
Selkirk Joseph Thorarinn Thorson (until 6 October 1942 emoulment appointment) Liberal
William Bryce (by-election of 9 August 1943) C.C.F.
Souris James Arthur Ross National Government
Springfield John Mouat Turner Liberal
St. Boniface John Power Howden Liberal
Winnipeg North Centre James Shaver Woodsworth (died 21 March 1942) C.C.F.
Stanley Knowles (by-election of 1942-11-30) C.C.F.
Winnipeg North Charles Stephen Booth Liberal
Winnipeg South Leslie Alexander Mutch Liberal
Winnipeg South Centre Ralph Maybank Liberal

New Brunswick[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Charlotte Burton Maxwell Hill Liberal
Gloucester Clarence Joseph Veniot Liberal
Kent Aurel D. Léger Liberal
Northumberland Joseph Leonard O'brien National Government
Restigouche—Madawaska Joseph Enoil Michaud Liberal
Royal Alfred Johnson Brooks National Government
St. John—Albert Douglas King Hazen National Government
Victoria—Carleton Heber Harold Hatfield National Government
Westmorland Henry Read Emmerson Liberal
York—Sunbury Richard Hanson National Government

Nova Scotia[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Antigonish—Guysborough James Ralph Kirk Liberal
Cape Breton North and Victoria Matthew Maclean Liberal
Cape Breton South Clarence Gillis C.C.F.
Colchester—Hants Gordon Timlin Purdy Liberal
Cumberland Percy Chapman Black National Government
Digby—Annapolis—Kings James Lorimer Ilsley Liberal
Halifax* Gordon Benjamin Isnor Liberal
William Chisholm Macdonald Liberal
Inverness—Richmond Moses Elijah McGarry Liberal
Pictou Henry Byron McCulloch Liberal
Queens—Lunenburg John James Kinley Liberal
Shelburne—Yarmouth—Clare Vincent-Joseph Pottier Liberal

Ontario[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Algoma East Thomas Farquhar Liberal
Algoma West George Ewart Nixon Liberal
Brantford City William Ross Macdonald Liberal
Brant George Ernest Wood Liberal
Broadview Thomas Langton Church National Government
Bruce William Rae Tomlinson Liberal
Carleton Alonzo Bowen Hyndman (died 9 April 1940) National Government
George Russell Boucher (by-election of 1940-08-19) Conservative
Cochrane Joseph-Arthur Bradette Liberal
Danforth Joseph Henry Harris Conservative
Davenport John Ritchie MacNicol National Government
Dufferin—Simcoe William Earl Rowe National Government
Durham Wilbert Franklin Rickard Liberal
Eglinton Frederick George Hoblitzell Liberal
Elgin Wilson Henry Mills Liberal
Essex East Paul Joseph James Martin Liberal
Essex South Stuart Murray Clark Liberal
Essex West Norman Alexander McLarty Liberal
Fort William Daniel McIvor Liberal
Frontenac—Addington Wilbert Ross Aylesworth National Government
Glengarry William Burton Macdiarmid Liberal
Greenwood Denton Massey National Government
Grenville—Dundas Arza Clair Casselman National Government
Grey—Bruce Walter Harris Liberal
Grey North William Pattison Telford, Jr. (resigned 9 December 1944 to allow Andrew McNaughton to campaign for seat, albeit unsuccessfully) Liberal
Wilfrid Garfield Case (by-election of 1945-02-05) Progressive Conservative
Haldimand Mark Cecil Senn Conservative
Halton Hughes Cleaver Liberal
Hamilton East Thomas Hambly Ross Liberal
Hamilton West Colin Gibson Liberal
Hastings—Peterborough George Stanley White National Government
Hastings South George Henry Stokes National Government
High Park Alexander James Anderson National Government
Huron North Lewis Elston Cardiff National Government
Huron—Perth William Henry Golding Liberal
Kenora—Rainy River Hugh Bathgate McKinnon Liberal
Kent Clayton Earl Desmond National Government
Kingston City Norman McLeod Rogers (died 10 June 1940) Liberal
Angus Lewis Macdonald (by-election of 1940-08-12) Liberal
Lambton—Kent Hugh Alexander Mackenzie Liberal-Progressive
Lambton West Ross Wilfred Gray Liberal
Lanark Bert H. Soper Liberal
Leeds George Taylor Fulford Liberal
Lincoln Norman James Macdonald Lockhart Conservative
London Joseph Allan Johnston Liberal
Middlesex East Duncan Graham Ross Liberal
Middlesex West Robert McCubbin Liberal
Muskoka—Ontario Stephen Joseph Furniss Liberal
Nipissing Raoul Hurtubise Liberal
Norfolk William Horace Taylor Liberal
Northumberland William Alexander Fraser Liberal
Ontario William Henry Moore Liberal
Ottawa East Joseph Albert Pinard Liberal
Ottawa West George McIlraith Liberal
Oxford Almon Secord Rennie Liberal
Parkdale Herbert Alexander Bruce National Government
Parry Sound Arthur Graeme Slaght Liberal
Peel Gordon Graydon National Government
Perth Frederick George Sanderson Liberal
Peterborough West Gordon Knapman Fraser National Government
Port Arthur Clarence Decatur Howe Liberal
Prescott Elie-Oscar Bertrand Liberal
Prince Edward—Lennox George James Tustin National Government
Renfrew North Ralph Melville Warren Liberal
Renfrew South James Joseph McCann Liberal
Rosedale Harry Jackman National Government
Russell Alfred Goulet Liberal
Simcoe East George Alexander McLean Liberal
Simcoe North Duncan Fletcher McCuaig Liberal
Spadina Samuel Factor Liberal
Stormont Lionel Chevrier Liberal
St. Paul's Douglas Ross National Government
Timiskaming Walter Little Liberal
Trinity Arthur Roebuck Liberal
Victoria Thomas Bruce McNevin Liberal
Waterloo North William Daum Euler (until Senate appointment) Liberal
Louis Orville Breithaupt (by-election of 1940-08-19) Liberal
Waterloo South Karl Kenneth Homuth National Government
Welland Arthur Byron Damude (died 15 September 1941) Liberal
Humphrey Mitchell (by-election of 1942-02-09) Liberal
Wellington North John Knox Blair Liberal
Wellington South Robert William Gladstone Liberal
Wentworth Ellis Hopkins Corman Liberal
York East Robert Henry McGregor National Government
York North William Pate Mulock Liberal
York South Alan Cockeram (resigned to allow Arthur Meighen to campaign for seat, albeit unsuccessfully) National Government
Joseph William Noseworthy (by-election of 1942-02-09) C.C.F.
York West Agar Rodney Adamson Conservative

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
King's Thomas Vincent Grant Liberal
Prince James Layton Ralston Liberal
Queen's* James Lester Douglas Liberal
Cyrus Macmillan Liberal

Quebec[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Argenteuil James Wright McGibbon Liberal
Beauce Édouard Lacroix Liberal
Beauharnois—Laprairie Maxime Raymond Liberal
Bellechasse Louis-Philippe Picard Liberal
Berthier—Maskinongé J. Émile Ferron Liberal
Bonaventure Joseph Alphée Poirier Liberal
Brome—Missisquoi Maurice Hallé Liberal
Cartier Peter Bercovitch (died 26 December 1942) Liberal
Fred Rose (by-election of 1943-08-09) Labor Progressive
Chambly—Rouville Vincent Dupuis Liberal
Champlain Hervé-Edgar Brunelle Liberal
Chapleau Hector Authier Liberal
Charlevoix—Saguenay Pierre-François Casgrain (until 15 December 1941 emoulment appointment) Liberal
Frédéric Dorion (by-election of 1942-11-30) Independent
Châteauguay—Huntingdon Donald Elmer Black Liberal
Chicoutimi Julien-Édouard-Alfred Dubuc Liberal
Compton Joseph-Adéodat Blanchette Liberal
Dorchester Léonard-David Sweezey Tremblay Liberal
Drummond—Arthabaska Armand Cloutier Liberal
Gaspé Joseph Sasseville Roy Independent Conservative
Hochelaga Raymond Eudes Liberal
Hull Alphonse Fournier Liberal
Jacques Cartier Elphège Marier Liberal
Joliette—l'Assomption—Montcalm Charles-Édouard Ferland Liberal
Kamouraska Louis Philippe Lizotte Liberal
Labelle Maurice Lalonde (politician) Liberal
Lake St-John—Roberval Armand Sylvestre Liberal
Laurier Ernest Bertrand Liberal
Laval—Two Mountains Liguori Lacombe Independent Liberal
Lévis Maurice Bourget Liberal
Lotbinière Hugues Lapointe Liberal
Maisonneuve—Rosemont Sarto Fournier Liberal
Matapédia—Matane Arthur-Joseph Lapointe Liberal
Mégantic—Frontenac Joseph Lafontaine Liberal
Mercier Joseph Jean Liberal
Montmagny—L'Islet Leo Kemner Laflamme Liberal
Mount Royal Frederick Primrose Whitman Liberal
Nicolet—Yamaska Lucien Dubois Liberal
Outremont Thomas Vien (resigned 5 October 1942) Liberal
Léo Richer Laflèche (by-election of 1942-11-30) Liberal
Pontiac Wallace Reginald McDonald Liberal
Portneuf Pierre Gauthier Liberal
Québec—Montmorency Wilfrid Lacroix Liberal
Quebec East Ernest Lapointe (died 26 November 1941) Liberal
Louis St. Laurent (by-election of 1942-02-09) Liberal
Quebec South Charles Gavan Power Liberal
Quebec West and South Charles Eugène Parent Liberal
Richelieu—Verchères Pierre-Joseph-Arthur Cardin Liberal
Richmond—Wolfe James Patrick Mullins Liberal
Rimouski Joseph-Émile-Stanislas-Émmanuel D'Anjou Liberal
St. Ann Thomas Patrick Healy Liberal
St. Antoine—Westmount Douglas Abbott Liberal
St. Denis Azellus Denis Liberal
St. Henry Joseph-Arsène Bonnier Liberal
St. Hyacinthe—Bagot Joseph-Théophile-Adélard Fontaine Liberal
St. James Eugène Durocher Liberal
St. Johns—Iberville—Napierville Pierre Auguste Martial Rhéaume Liberal
St. Lawrence—St. George Brooke Claxton Liberal
St. Mary Hermas Deslauriers (died 28 May 1941) Liberal
Gaspard Fauteux (by-election of 1942-02-09) Liberal
St-Maurice—Laflèche Joseph-Alphida Crête Liberal
Shefford Joseph-Hermas Leclerc Liberal
Sherbrooke Maurice Gingues Liberal
Stanstead Robert Greig Davidson (until election voided 24 May 1943) Liberal
Joseph Armand Choquette (by-election of 1943-08-09) Bloc populaire canadien
Terrebonne Lionel Bertrand Independent Liberal
Trois-Rivières Robert Ryan Liberal
Témiscouata Jean-François Pouliot Liberal
Vaudreuil—Soulanges Joseph Thauvette Liberal
Verdun Paul-Émile Côté Liberal
Wright Rodolphe Leduc Liberal

Saskatchewan[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Assiniboia Jesse Pickard Tripp Liberal
Humboldt Harry Raymond Fleming (died 5 November 1942) Liberal
Joseph William Burton (by-election of 1943-08-09) C.C.F.
Kindersley Charles Albert Henderson Liberal
Lake Centre John Diefenbaker Conservative
Mackenzie Alexander Malcolm Nicholson C.C.F.
Maple Creek Charles Robert Evans Liberal
Melfort Percy Ellis Wright C.C.F.
Melville James Garfield Gardiner Liberal
Moose Jaw John Gordon Ross Liberal
North Battleford Dorise Nielsen Unity
Prince Albert William Lyon Mackenzie King Liberal
Qu'Appelle Ernest Edward Perley National Government
Regina City Donald Alexander McNiven Liberal
Rosetown—Biggar Major James Coldwell C.C.F.
Rosthern Walter Adam Tucker Liberal
Saskatoon City Walter George Brown (died 1 April 1940) United Reform
Alfred Henry Bence (by-election of 1940-08-19) Conservative
Swift Current Roy Theodore Graham Liberal
The Battlefords John Albert Gregory Liberal
Weyburn Tommy Douglas C.C.F.
Wood Mountain Thomas F. Donnelly Liberal
Yorkton George Hugh Castleden C.C.F.

Yukon[edit]

Electoral district Name Party
Yukon George Black National Government

By-elections[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Grey North February 5, 1945 William Pattison Telford, Jr.      Liberal W. Garfield Case      Progressive Conservative Resignation to provide a seat for Andrew McNaughton No
Cartier August 9, 1943 Peter Bercovitch      Liberal Fred Rose      Labour Progressive Death No
Stanstead August 9, 1943 Robert Greig Davidson      Liberal Joseph-Armand Choquette      Bloc populaire Canadien Election declared void No
Humboldt August 9, 1943 Harry Raymond Fleming      Liberal Joseph William Burton      C. C. F. Death No
Selkirk August 9, 1943 Joseph Thorarinn Thorson      Liberal William Bryce      C. C. F. Appointed President of the Exchequer Court of Canada No
Charlevoix—Saguenay November 30, 1942 Pierre-François Casgrain      Liberal Frédéric Dorion      Independent Appointed a Superior Court Judge of Quebec No
Winnipeg North Centre November 30, 1942 J. S. Woodsworth      C. C. F. Stanley Knowles      C. C. F. Death Yes
Outremont November 30, 1942 Thomas Vien      Liberal Léo Richer Laflèche      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
St. Mary February 9, 1942 Hermas Deslauriers      Liberal Gaspard Fauteux      Liberal Death Yes
Welland February 9, 1942 Arthur Damude      Liberal Humphrey Mitchell      Liberal Death Yes
York South February 9, 1942 Alan Cockeram      National Government Joseph W. Noseworthy      C. C. F. Resignation to provide a seat for Arthur Meighen No
Quebec East February 9, 1942 Ernest Lapointe      Liberal Louis St. Laurent      Liberal Death Yes
Edmonton East June 2, 1941 Frederick Clayton Casselman      Liberal Cora Taylor Casselman      Liberal Death Yes
Saskatoon City August 19, 1940 Walter George Brown      United Reform Movement Alfred Henry Bence      Conservative Death No
Carleton August 19, 1940 Alonzo Hyndman      National Government George Russell Boucher      Conservative Death Yes
Waterloo North August 19, 1940 William Daum Euler      Liberal Louis Orville Breithaupt      Liberal Called to the Senate Yes
Kingston City August 12, 1940 Norman McLeod Rogers      Liberal Angus Lewis Macdonald      Liberal Death Yes


References[edit]