19th G7 summit

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19th G7 summit
State Guesthouse, Akasaka Palace[1]
Host country Japan
Dates July 7-9, 1993
Follows 18th G7 summit
Precedes 20th G7 summit

The 19th G7 Summit was held in Tokyo, Japan between July 7 to 9, 1993. The venue for the summit meetings was the State Guesthouse in Tokyo, Japan.[2]

The Group of Seven (G7) was an unofficial forum which brought together the heads of the richest industrialized countries: France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada (since 1976)[3] and the President of the European Commission (starting officially in 1981).[4] The summits were not meant to be linked formally with wider international institutions; and in fact, a mild rebellion against the stiff formality of other international meetings was a part of the genesis of cooperation between France's President Giscard d'Estaing and West Germany's Chancellor Helmut Schmidt as they conceived the first Group of Six (G6) summit in 1975.[5]

Leaders at the Summit[edit]

The G7 is an unofficial annual forum for the leaders of Canada, the European Commission, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.[4]

Core G7 participants[edit]

These summit participants are the current "core members" of the international forum:[6]

Core G7 members
Host nation and leader are indicated in bold text.
Member Represented by Title
Canada Canada Kim Campbell [2] Prime Minister
France France François Mitterrand [2] President
Germany Germany Helmut Kohl [2] Chancellor
Italy Italy Carlo Azeglio Ciampi [2] Prime Minister
Japan Japan Kiichi Miyazawa [2] Prime Minister
United Kingdom United Kingdom John Major [2] Prime Minister
United States United States Bill Clinton [2] President
European Union European Commission Henning Christophersen [7] Vice President
European Council Jean-Luc Dehaene[7] President

Issues[edit]

The summit was intended as a venue for resolving differences among its members. As a practical matter, the summit was also conceived as an opportunity for its members to give each other mutual encouragement in the face of difficult economic decisions.[5] Issues which were discussed at this summit included:

  • World Economy
  • Trade
  • The Environment
  • Russia and Other Countries in Transition
  • The Developing Countries
  • International Cooperation and Future Summits

Accomplishments[edit]

In 1993, the summit leaders called for an "international agreement" to "protect forests," but there is little evidence of follow-up action.[8]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cabinet Office, Government of Japan; State Guest House, Akasaka Palace; retrieved 2013-6-19.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): Summit Meetings in the Past.. Accessed 2009-03-11. Archived 2009-04-30.
  3. ^ Saunders, Doug. "Weight of the world too heavy for G8 shoulders," Globe and Mail (Toronto). July 5, 2008 -- n.b., the G7 becomes the Group of Eight (G7) with the inclusion of Russia starting in 1997.
  4. ^ a b Reuters: "Factbox: The Group of Eight: what is it?", July 3, 2008.
  5. ^ a b Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations, p. 205.
  6. ^ Rieffel, Lex. "Regional Voices in Global Governance: Looking to 2010 (Part IV)," Brookings. March 27, 2009; "core" members (Muskoka 2010 G-8, official site).
  7. ^ a b MOFA: Summit (19); European Union: "EU and the G8"
  8. ^ Sadruddin, Aga Khan. "It's Time to Save the Forests," New York Times. July 19, 2000.

References[edit]

External links[edit]