19th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment

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19th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry
Flag of Illinois.svg
Illinois state flag
Active June 17, 1861 to July 9, 1864
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements Battle of Stones River
Battle of Chickamauga
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Battle of Resaca
Atlanta Campaign

The 19th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Three companies formerly with Col. Elmer Ellsworth's Zouave Cadets wore a zouave uniform consisting of a dark blue zouave jacket with red trimmings, red pants, leather gaiters, a sky blue shirt, red sash, and a red French styled kepi with a dark blue band. The jacket cuffs were trimmed in yellow-orange and red. Brass buttons went down both fronts of the jacket. They were organized into four separate companies on May 4, 1861 in Chicago. It was consolidated and mustered into Federal service as the 19th Illinois Volunteer Infantry on June 17, 1861. It was mustered out at Chicago on July 9, 1864.[1]

History of the nineteenth[edit]

On May 2, 1861 the Illinois State Legislature authorized the "acceptance for State service of ten regiments of infantry," one cavalry regiment and one light artillery battalion.[2] The act provided that "one such regiments be raised out of volunteer companies then at Springfield, as the regiment from the state at large, and one regiment from each of the nine congressional districts." [2] On May 4, 1861 the regiment from the State at large was mustered into service at Camp Yates. By June 3, it was ordered to Chicago where it became the core of the regiment. It was eventually mustered into United States service for three years and on June 17, 1861 it became the 19th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment.[2] The nineteenth has been revered as "a solid and expert Zouave regiment" which, until the battle of Chickamauga was remembered for its charge at Stone's River.[3]

Companies and Counties[edit]

  • Company A - Cook County (Chicago Zouaves)
  • Company B - Stark County
  • Company C - Lake County
  • Company D - Cook County
  • Company E - Cook County
  • Company F - Carroll County
  • Company G - Cook County (Bridge's Battery)
  • Company H - Rock Island County
  • Company I - Cook County
  • Company K - Cook County (Chicago Zouaves)[1]

Major Campaigns and battles[edit]

The 19th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment served at:

  • Chattanooga - At Chattanooga, it was described to have been the most strategic city to capture.
  • Tennessee 1862
  • Alabama 1862
  • Murfreesborough
  • Chickamagua
  • Atlanta [1]

Service[edit]

The 19th Illinois Infantry was organized at Chicago, Illinois and mustered into federal service on June 17, 1861 for a three year enlistment.

The regiment was mustered out of service on July 9, 1864 at its expiration of enlistment.

Total strength and casualties[edit]

The regiment suffered 4 officers and 60 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 4 officers and 101 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 169 fatalities.[4]

Commanders[edit]

  • Colonel John B. Turchin - promoted to brigadier general on July 7, 1862. Colonel Turchin, a former Colonel in the Russian Guards, focused on the drill and discipline of the regiment. At Camp Long, he drilled the troops to the limit, to make the Regiment as effective as possible for service. He was finally successful in making the Nineteenth Illinois one of the finest drilled regiments in the Western armies.[5]
  • Colonel Joseph R. Scott - died July 8, 1863 from wounds received at the Battle of Stones River.
  • Lieutenant Colonel Alexander W. Raffin - mustered out with the regiment.[6]

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Depue, Mark R. (2004). Lineage and Honors of the Illinois Militia and National Guard. The National Guard and Militia Historical Society
  2. ^ a b c Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois Volume II. (Springfield, Il. Phillips Bros., State printers, 1900), page 141.
  3. ^ Victor Hicken, Illinois in the Civil War (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1966), 201
  4. ^ http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/unilinf2.htm#19th The Civil War Archive website after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.
  5. ^ Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois Volume II. (Springfield, Il. Phillips Bros., State printers, 1900), 142.
  6. ^ http://www.rootsweb.com/~ilcivilw/f&s/019-fs.htm Illinois in the Civil War website after Illinois Adjutant General's muster rolls
  7. ^ Haynie, J. Henry The Ninteeth Illinois Nineteenth Illinois Infantry Veteran Club

References[edit]

Further Reading[edit]

  • Fenton, James. Diary of the 19th Illinois Volunteers. 1861. OCLC 63051969
  • Haynie, James Henry. The Nineteenth Illinois; A Memoir of a Regiment of Volunteer Infantry Famous in the Civil War of Fifty Years Ago for Its Drill, Bravery, and Distinguished Services. Chicago: M.A. Donohue & co, 1912. OCLC 5132759