19th New Zealand Parliament
|Terms of the
New Zealand Parliament
|1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th
6th | 7th | 8th | 9th | 10th
11th | 12th | 13th | 14th | 15th
16th | 17th | 18th | 19th | 20th
21st | 22nd | 23rd | 24th | 25th
26th | 27th | 28th | 29th | 30th
31st | 32nd | 33rd | 34th | 35th
36th | 37th | 38th | 39th | 40th
41st | 42nd | 43rd | 44th | 45th
46th | 47th | 48th | 49th | 50th
The 19th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It opened on 24 June 1915, following the 1914 election. It was dissolved on 27 November 1919 in preparation for 1919 election.
|first||24 June 1915||12 October 1891||15 October 1891|
|second||9 May 1916||8 August 1916||9 August 1916|
|third||28 June 1917||1 November 1917||2 November 1917|
|fourth||9 April 1918||15 April 1918||17 April 1918|
|fifth||24 October 1918||9 December 1918||12 December 1918|
|sixth||28 August 1919||5 November 1919||7 November 1919|
The 19th Parliament was the second term of the Reform Party government, which had been elected in the 1911 election. William Massey, the leader of the Reform Party, remained Prime Minister. The Liberal Party, led by former Prime Minister Joseph Ward, was technically the main opposition party, although for the majority of the term, the Liberals were part of a war-time coalition with Reform. Two small left-wing parties, the Social Democratic Party and the loosely grouped remnants of the United Labour Party, also held seats, and there was one left-wing independent (John Payne). During the 19th Parliament, the Social Democrats and most of the United Labour Party merged to form the modern Labour Party.
There were 616,043 electors on the European roll, with 521,525 (84.66%) voting, including 5,618 informal votes. Turnout including Maori voters was 540,075. The following table shows votes at and party strengths immediately after the 1914 election:
|Party||Candidates||Total Votes||Percentage||Swing||Seats won||Change|
|Total Valid Votes||534,457||80|
|Reform||Nosworthy, WilliamWilliam Nosworthy||Ashburton||7000300000000000000Third|
|Liberal||Glover, AlbertAlbert Glover||Auckland Central||7000300000000000000Third|
|Liberal||Myers, ArthurArthur Myers||Auckland East||7000300000000000000Third|
|Liberal||Poole, CharlesCharles Poole||Auckland West||7000300000000000000Third|
|Liberal||Russell, GeorgeGeorge Russell||Avon||7000500000000000000Fifth|
|Liberal||Ward, JosephJoseph Ward||Awarua||7001100000000000000Tenth|
|Reform||Reed, VernonVernon Reed||Bay of Islands||7000300000000000000Third|
|Liberal||Macdonald, WilliamWilliam Macdonald||Bay of Plenty||7000300000000000000Third|
|Reform||Allen, JamesJames Allen||Bruce||7001100000000000000Tenth|
|Liberal||Colvin, JamesJames Colvin||Buller||7000600000000000000Sixth|
|Reform||Dickson, James McCollJames McColl Dickson||Chalmers||7000100000000000000First|
|Liberal||Thacker, HenryHenry Thacker||Christchurch East||7000100000000000000First|
|Liberal||Isitt, LeonardLeonard Isitt||Christchurch North||7000300000000000000Third|
|Liberal||Ell, HarryHarry Ell||Christchurch South||7000600000000000000Sixth|
|Reform||Malcolm, AlexanderAlexander Malcolm||Clutha||7000400000000000000Fourth|
|Reform||Statham, CharlesCharles Statham||Dunedin Central||7000200000000000000Second|
|United Labour||Walker, AndrewAndrew Walker||Dunedin North||7000100000000000000First|
|Liberal||Sidey, ThomasThomas Sidey||Dunedin South||7000600000000000000Sixth|
|Reform||Stewart, William DownieWilliam Downie Stewart||Dunedin West||7000100000000000000First|
|Reform||Parr, JamesJames Parr||Eden||7000100000000000000First|
|Reform||Wilkinson, CharlesCharles Wilkinson||Egmont||7000200000000000000Second|
|Reform||Rhodes, HeatonHeaton Rhodes||Ellesmere||7000600000000000000Sixth|
|Reform||Massey, WilliamWilliam Massey||Franklin||7000800000000000000Eighth|
|Liberal||Carroll, JamesJames Carroll||Gisborne||7001100000000000000Tenth|
|Social Democrat||Webb, PaddyPaddy Webb||Grey||7000200000000000000Second|
|Independent||Payne, JohnJohn Payne||Grey Lynn||7000200000000000000Second|
|Liberal||McNab, RobertRobert McNab||Hawkes Bay||7000600000000000000Sixth|
|Liberal||Forbes, GeorgeGeorge Forbes||Hurunui||7000300000000000000Third|
|Liberal||Wilford, ThomasThomas Wilford||Hutt||7000700000000000000Seventh|
|Liberal||Hanan, JosiahJosiah Hanan||Invercargill||7000600000000000000Sixth|
|Liberal||Buddo, DavidDavid Buddo||Kaiapoi||7000700000000000000Seventh|
|Reform||Coates, GordonGordon Coates||Kaipara||7000200000000000000Second|
|Social Democrat||McCombs, JamesJames McCombs||Lyttelton||7000200000000000000Second|
|Reform||Lang, FredericFrederic Lang||Manukau||7000800000000000000Eighth|
|Reform||Mander, FrancisFrancis Mander||Marsden||7000500000000000000Fifth|
|Reform||Sykes, GeorgeGeorge Sykes||Masterton||7000200000000000000Second|
|Reform||Anderson, GeorgeGeorge Anderson||Mataura||7000300000000000000Third|
|Reform||Hudson, RichardRichard Hudson||Motueka||7000100000000000000First|
|Liberal||Brown, VigorVigor Brown||Napier||7000300000000000000Third|
|Reform||Field, ThomasThomas Field||Nelson||7000100000000000000First|
|Reform||Lee, ErnestErnest Lee||Oamaru||7000200000000000000Second|
|Liberal||Poland, HughHugh Poland||Ohinemuri||7000400000000000000Fourth|
|Reform||Guthrie, DavidDavid Guthrie||Oroua||7000300000000000000Third|
|Reform||Scott, RobertRobert Scott||Otago Central||7000300000000000000Third|
|Reform||Field, WilliamWilliam Field||Otaki||7000500000000000000Fifth|
|Reform||Escott, JamesJames Escott||Pahiatua||7000200000000000000Second|
|Reform||Buick, DavidDavid Buick||Palmerston||7000300000000000000Third|
|Reform||Dickson, James SamuelJames Samuel Dickson||Parnell||7000200000000000000Second|
|Reform||Pearce, GeorgeGeorge Pearce||Patea||7000300000000000000Third|
|Reform||Bollard, RichardRichard Bollard||Raglan||7000200000000000000Second|
|Reform||Newman, EdwardEdward Newman||Rangitikei||7000300000000000000Third|
|Liberal||Witty, GeorgeGeorge Witty||Riccarton||7000500000000000000Fifth|
|Liberal||Dickie, WilliamWilliam Dickie||Selwyn||7000200000000000000Second|
|Reform||Hine, JohnJohn Hine||Stratford||7000300000000000000Third|
|Reform||Okey, HenryHenry Okey||Taranaki||7000400000000000000Fourth|
|Liberal||Jennings, WilliamWilliam Jennings||Taumarunui||7000400000000000000Fourth|
|Reform||Herries, WilliamWilliam Herries||Tauranga||7000700000000000000Seventh|
|Liberal||Talbot, CharlesCharles Talbot||Temuka||7000100000000000000First|
|Liberal||Rhodes, ThomasThomas Rhodes||Thames||7000200000000000000Second|
|Liberal||Craigie, JamesJames Craigie||Timaru||7000300000000000000Third|
|Reform||Young, AlexanderAlexander Young||Waikato||7000200000000000000Second|
|Liberal||Smith, RobertRobert Smith||Waimarino||7000300000000000000Third|
|Reform||Hunter, GeorgeGeorge Hunter||Waipawa||7000300000000000000Third|
|Liberal||Hornsby, J. T. MarryatJ. T. Marryat Hornsby||Wairarapa||7000300000000000000Third|
|Liberal||McCallum, RichardRichard McCallum||Wairau||7000200000000000000Second|
|Liberal||Anstey, JohnJohn Anstey||Waitaki||7000100000000000000First|
|Reform||Harris, AlexanderAlexander Harris||Waitemata||7000200000000000000Second|
|Reform||Fraser, WilliamWilliam Fraser||Wakatipu||7000800000000000000Eighth|
|Liberal||Thomson, JohnJohn Thomson||Wallace||7000500000000000000Fifth|
|United Labour||Veitch, BillBill Veitch||Wanganui||7000200000000000000Second|
|Liberal||Fletcher, RobertRobert Fletcher||Wellington Central||7000100000000000000First|
|Reform||Newman, AlfredAlfred Newman||Wellington East||7000700000000000000Seventh|
|Reform||Herdman, AlexanderAlexander Herdman||Wellington North||7000400000000000000Fourth|
|United Labour||Hindmarsh, AlfredAlfred Hindmarsh||Wellington South||7000200000000000000Second|
|Reform||Wright, RobertRobert Wright||Wellington Suburbs and Country||7000200000000000000Second|
|Liberal||Seddon, TomTom Seddon||Westland||7000400000000000000Fourth|
|Liberal||Ngata, ApiranaApirana Ngata||Eastern Maori||7000400000000000000Fourth|
|Reform||Henare, TaurekarekaTaurekareka Henare||Northern Maori||7000100000000000000First|
|Liberal||Parata, TaareTaare Parata||Southern Maori||7000200000000000000Second|
|Reform||Pomare, MauiMaui Pomare||Western Maori||7000200000000000000Second|
By-elections during the 19th Parliament
There were a number of changes during the term of the 19th Parliament.
|Electorate and by-election||Date||Incumbent||Cause||Winner|
|Dunedin Central||1915||3 February||Charles Statham||Resignation||Charles Statham|
|Bay of Islands||1915||8 June||Vernon Reed||Election declared void||William Stewart|
|Taumarunui||1915||15 June||William Jennings||Election declared void||William Jennings|
|Pahiatua||1916||17 August||James Escott||Death||George Smith|
|Hawke's Bay||1917||8 March||Robert McNab||Death||John Findlay|
|Bay of Islands||1917||17 March||William Stewart||Resignation||Vernon Reed|
|Grey||1917||24 November||Paddy Webb||Resignation||Paddy Webb|
|Wellington North||1918||12 February||Alexander Herdman||Resignation||John Luke|
|Southern Maori||1918||21 February||Taare Parata||Death||Hopere Uru|
|Grey||1918||29 May||Paddy Webb||Imprisonment||Harry Holland|
|Wellington Central||1918||3 October||Robert Fletcher||Death||Peter Fraser|
|Taranaki||1918||10 October||Henry Okey||Death||Sydney Smith|
|Palmerston||1918||19 December||David Buick||Death||Jimmy Nash|
|Wellington South||1918||19 December||Alfred Hindmarsh||Death||Bob Semple|
Summary of changes
- Thomas Rhodes, the Liberal Party MP for Thames, changed affiliation to the Reform Party in 1915.
- The Social Democratic Party and the loose United Labour Party grouping merged to form the modern Labour Party on 7 July 1916. One ULP member, Bill Veitch, rejected the merger, and carried on as an independent.
- James Escott (Reform, Pahiatua) died on 28 July 1916.
- Robert McNab (Liberal, Hawkes Bay) died on 3 February 1917.
- Taare Parata (Liberal, Southern Maori) died on 8 January 1918.
- Robert Fletcher (Liberal, Wellington Central) died on 4 September 1918.
- Henry Okey (Reform, Taranaki) died on 13 September 1918
- Alfred Hindmarsh (Labour, Wellington South) died on 13 November 1918.
- David Buick (Reform, Palmerston) died on 18 November 1918.
- James Colvin (Liberal, Buller) died on 29 October 1919.
- Seat remained vacant, as it was only two months until the general election.
- William Stewart (Reform, Bay of Islands) resigned in March 1917. Stewart won the seat in a by-election when the victory of another Reform candidate, Vernon Reed, had been overturned, and Stewart's resignation opened the way for Reed to return via another by-election.
- Paddy Webb (Labour, Grey) resigned in November 1917. He then challenged the government to fight the resulting by-election on the issue of conscription, which Webb opposed. The government declined the challenge, and did not contest the by-election.
- Alexander Herdman (Reform, Wellington North) resigned in February 1918. Herdman, as Attorney-General, had just appointed himself to a judicial position, and was resigning in order to take up this role.
- William Thomas Jennings (Liberal Party, Taumarunui) lost his seat in May 1915 when his election the previous year was declared void.
- Vernon Reed (Reform, Bay of Islands) lost his seat in May 1915 when his election the previous year was declared void. (His successor later resigned, allowing Reed to reclaim the seat).
- Paddy Webb (Labour, Grey) lost his seat in April 1918, having been jailed for refusing military service. (He had previously fought and won a by-election on the issue).
- Wilson 1985, pp. 138, 141.
- Wilson 1985, p. 58.
- Wilson 1985, p. 286.
- "General elections 1853–2011 - dates and turnout". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- "Election void, Vernon Reed disqualified for a year". Colonist LVII (13773). 10 May 1915. p. 4. Retrieved 14 August 2011.
- "Mr Jennings Unseated for Taumarunui". Ashburton Guardian XXXV (9140). 14 May 1915. p. 4. Retrieved 14 August 2011.