19th Motor Rifle Division

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19th Rifle Division (1922-57)
92nd Motor Rifle Division (1957-65)
19th Motor Rifle Division (1965-2009)
Active 1922 - 2009
Country Soviet Union, Russia
Branch Soviet Army, Russian Ground Forces
Type Division
Role Motor Rifle
Part of 58th Army
Garrison/HQ Vladikavkaz
Engagements Operation Barbarossa, Battle of Moscow, War in South Ossetia (2008), others

The 19th Motor Rifle Division appears to have been formed originally in July 1922 at Tambov in the Moscow Military District as a territorial formation. In 1923 it was awarded the 'Tambov' placename and renamed the 19th Voronezh Rifle Division.

During the war it served successively with the 24th, 43rd, 5th, 20th, 3rd Guards Tank, 57th, 37th, 7th Guards, and 46th Armies. It conducted defensive operations near Elnia and was fought during the Battle of Moscow. In 1942 and 1943 it defended in the Gzatsk and Kharkov areas, took part in the Belgorod-Khar'kov Offensive Operation (3 August 1943 - 23 August 1943) (a part of Operation Polkovodets Rumyantsev) as part of the 7th Guards Army, and the liberation of the Ukraine. In 1944 its combat part took it through Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia where it ended the war. In September 1944 it was given the 'Shumlin' place name honorific.

In 1945, the division arrived in the North Caucasus Military District and was stationed in Vladikavkaz. In May-June 1946, the division was reorganised into the 11th Separate Rifle Brigade. All battalions of the brigade stationed in Ordzhonikidze (which became Vladikavkaz in 1990). In August 1949 the 11th Separate Rifle Brigade was reorganised as the 19th Mountain Division, 12th Mountain Corps. On May 31, 1954, the 19th Mountain Division was renamed the 19th Rifle Division. In March 1957 the 19th Rifle Division was reorganized in the 92nd Motor Rifle Division. According to the USSR Minister of Defense Order No. 00147 of November 17, 1964, in order to preserve the martial traditions, the 92nd Motor Rifle Division was renamed the 19th Motor Rifle Division. Thus in 1965 it became again the 19th Motor Rifle Division.

It arrived in the Caucasus region by the mid-1950s and has been stationed for many years at Vladikavkaz. In the late 1980s it was part of the 42nd Army Corps at Volgograd and consisted of the 397th Tank Regiment, and the 201st, 429th, and 503rd Motor Rifle Regiments.

Today after reshuffling of units during the last fifteen years it is part of the reformed 58th Army, in the North Caucasus Military District. Division honorifics are - Russian: Воронежско-Шумлинская краснознаменная, орденов Суворова, Трудового Красного Знамени.

On August 8, 2008, elements of the 19th Motor Rifle Division (at least 503rd Motor Rifle Reg.) entered South Ossetia.[citation needed]

In 2009 as part of the wider restructuring of the Russian Ground Forces the division became the 19th Motor Rifle Brigade.

Subordinated units[edit]

Structure of the 19th Motor Rifle Division
  • 429th Motor Rifle Regiment
  • 503rd Motor Rifle Regiment
  • 693rd Motor Rifle Regiment
  • 292nd Self-propelled Artillery Regiment
  • 481st Air-Defence Missile Regiment
  • 141st Separate Tank Battalion
  • Engineer Battalion
  • Military Intelligence Battalion
  • Signal Battalion
  • Chemical Battalion
  • Supply Battalion
  • Maintenance Battalion
  • Medical Battalion

Personnel and Equipment[edit]

The 19th Motor Rifle Division currently has approximately 11,000 personnel in active service.[1]

Equipment Summary[1]

Equipment Numbers
Main Battle Tanks 120 (T-72)
APC & IFV 330
Self Propelled Artillery 72 (2S3 Akatsiya)
Multiple Rocket Launchers 16

Sources and references[edit]

  • Feskov et al., 'The Soviet Army in the period of the Cold War'
  • Crofoot et al., 'Armies of the Bear'
  • Aberjona Press, 'Slaughterhouse: The Handbook of the Eastern Front'
  • See also http://www.soldat.ru/forum/?gb=3&id=33194

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b North Caucasus Military District, warfare.ru, Russian Military Analisis. Retrieved on September 1, 2008.