1G

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see 1G (disambiguation).

1G (or 1-G) refers to the first generation of wireless telephone technology (mobile telecommunications). These are the analog telecommunications standards that were introduced in the 1980s and continued until being replaced by 2G digital telecommunications. The main difference between the two mobile telephone systems (1G and 2G), is that the radio signals used by 1G networks are analog, while 2G networks are digital.

Although both systems use digital signaling to connect the radio towers (which listen to the handsets) to the rest of the telephone system, the voice itself during a call is encoded to digital signals in 2G whereas 1G is only modulated to higher frequency, typically 150 MHz and up. The inherent advantages of digital technology over that of analog meant that 2G networks eventually replaced them almost everywhere.

One such standard is NMT (Nordic Mobile Telephone), used in Nordic countries, Switzerland, Netherlands, Eastern Europe and Russia. Others include AMPS (Advanced Mobile Phone System) used in the North America and Australia,[1] TACS (Total Access Communications System) in the United Kingdom, C-450 in West Germany, Portugal and South Africa, Radiocom 2000[2] in France, and RTMI in Italy. In Japan there were multiple systems. Three standards, TZ-801, TZ-802, and TZ-803 were developed by NTT (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation[3]), while a competing system operated by DDI (Daini Denden Planning, Inc.[4]) used the JTACS (Japan Total Access Communications System) standard.

1G speeds vary from that of a 28k modem (28kbit/s) to a 56k modem (56kbit/s).[5]

Antecedent to 1G technology is the mobile radio telephone, or 0G.

History[edit]

1G was an analog system, and was developed in the 70’s, 1G had two major improvements, this was the invention of the microprocessor, and the digital transform of the control link between the phone and the cell site. 1G analog system for mobile communications saw two key improvements during the 1970s: the invention of the microprocessor and the digitization of the control link between the mobile phone and the cell site. Advance mobile phone system (AMPS) was first launched by the US and is a 1G mobile system. Based on FDMA, it allows users to make voice calls in 1 country

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ten years of GSM in Australia Australian Mobile Telecommunications Association, archived April 17, 2008 from the original
  2. ^ French Wikipedia: Radiocom 2000
  3. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/ddi
  4. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/ddi
  5. ^ phonescoop.com- cellphone glossary

External links[edit]

Preceded by
0G
Mobile Telephony Generations Succeeded by
2G