1st Bombardment Wing

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1st Bombardment Wing
92bg-42-30455-b17.jpg
92d Bombardment Group senior Pilots pose in front of Boeing B-17F 42-30455 at RAF Alconbury, England, after a successful mission to Hülser Berg Germany in late June 1943. Equipped with radar, this aircraft flew several missions as the lead aircraft of the group.
Active 1918; 1919–1924; 1931–1945
Country  United States
Branch United States Army Air Forces
Role Bomber Command and Control
Part of Eighth Air Force
Garrison/HQ RAF Bassingbourn, England
Engagements

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World War I

  • Champagne-Marne Defensive Campaign
  • Aisne-Marne Offensive Campaign
  • St. Mihiel Offensive Campaign
  • Meuse-Argonne Offensive Campaign

European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Streamer.jpg
World War II (EAME Theater)

  • Air Offensive, Europe Campaign
  • Normandy Campaign
  • Northern France Campaign
  • Rhineland Campaign
  • Ardennes-Alsace Campaign
  • Central Europe Campaign
Decorations

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Distinguished Unit Citation

  • Germany, 11 Jan 1944
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Thomas DeW. Milling
Carl A. Spaatz
Henry H. Arnold
Laurence S. Kuter
Haywood S. Hansell
Frank A. Armstrong
Insignia
1st Bombardment Wing emblem 1st Bombardment Wing.png

The 1st Bombardment Wing is a disbanded United States Army Air Force unit. It was the first wing formed in the reorganized United States Army Air Service, created in August 1919 to control three groups patrolling the border with Mexico after revolution broke out there. Its last assignment was with the Continental Air Forces, based at McChord Field, Washington. It was inactivated on 7 November 1945.

As the 1st Wing, the unit was one of the original wings of the GHQ Air Force on 1 March 1935. During World War II, it was one of the primary B-17 Flying Fortress heavy strategic bombardment wings of VIII Bomber Command and later, Eighth Air Force.

History[edit]

World War I[edit]

Organized at Gengault Aerodrome, Toul Sector, France, during World War I as the 1st Pursuit Wing. Was a command and control organization in the First Army Air Service for several pursuit groups in the American Sector of the Western Front in France.

Served in combat on the St. Mihiel offensive in September, flew reconnaissance sorties, protected observation aircraft, attacked enemy observation balloons, strafed enemy troops, flew counter-air patrols, and bombed towns, bridges, and railroad stations behind the enemy's lines. Moved to Chaumont-Sur-Aire Aerodrome, and during the Meuse-Argonne offensive (26 September – 11 November 1918) bombardment aircraft continued their attacks behind the lines while pursuit ships concentrated mainly on large-scale counter-air patrols. Demobilized in France, December 1918. [1][2]

Intra-War Period[edit]

Authorized in the Regular Army on 15 August 1919 as the 1st Wing Headquarters. Organized on 16 August 1919 at Kelly Field, Texas. Provided command and control of all United States Army Air Service units conducting patrol duties 1919-22 along the Mexican Border from Brownsville, Texas, to the California-Arizona border, Assigned to the GHQ, US Army in 1921. Reorganized 19 July 1922 as 1st Wing (Provisional) Headquarters and assigned responsibility to perform duties as the headquarters for the Advanced Flying School at Kelly Field. Inactivated on 26 June 1924.[1][2]

Allotted to the Eighth Corps Area on 29 February 1927. Fort Sam Houston, Texas, designated as headquarters on organization, but the unit was never organized at that location. Designated headquarters location changed on 14 September 1928 to Kelly Field. Re-designated as Headquarters, 1st Bombardment Wing on 8 May 1929. Activated on 1 April 1931 at March Field, California. Re-designated as Headquarters, 1st Pursuit Wing on 18 August 1933. [1]

Was responsible for the supervision and administration of twenty-five camps in the southern California Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) District, 1933-34. Re-designated Headquarters, 1st Wing on 1 March 1935 and assigned to the General Headquarters Air Force (GHQAF). Transferred on 27 May 1941 to Tucson Municipal Airport, later Tucson Army Air Field, Arizona, under IV Bomber Command.[1]

World War II[edit]

After the Pearl Harbor Attack, initially supervised Heavy Bomber Operational Training at Tucson AAF. Re-designated as 1st Bombardment Wing and reassigned to VII Bomber Command and deployed to England July–August 1942.[3][4]

In England, mission was command and control of B-17 Flying Fortress bombardment groups stationed in East Anglia, receiving operational orders from VII BC headquarters and mobilizing subordinate groups for strategic bombardment attacks on enemy targets in Occupied Europe. Operated primarily from RAF Bassingbourn, Cambridgeshire. Served in combat in the European Theater of Operations (ETO) from August 1942 until 25 April 1945, receiving a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for an attack on aircraft factories in Germany on 11 January 1944. Returned to the United States in August 1945. Inactivated On 7 November 1945.[4][3]

Lineage[edit]

  • Organized in France as: 1st Pursuit Wing in France on 6 July 1918
Demobilized in France, 10 April 1919
  • Authorized as 1st Wing, 15 August 1919
Organized and activated, 16 August 1919
Re-designated: 1st Wing (Provisional), 19 July 1922
Inactivated on 26 June 1924.
  • Re-designated 1st Bombardment Wing, 8 May 1929 (Inactive)
Activated on 1 April 1931
Re-designated 1st Pursuit Wing, 18 August 1933
Re-designated 1st Wing 1 March 1935
  • Reconstituted and consolidated with 1st Pursuit Wing, 14 October 1936
Re-designated 1st Bombardment Wing 19 October 1940
Re-designated 1st Combat Bombardment Wing (Heavy) in August 1943
Re-designated 1st Bombardment Wing (Heavy) in June 1945
Inactivated On 7 November 1945
  • Disbanded on 15 June 1983[5][3]

Assignments[edit]

Re-designated: 1st Air Division: 19 December 1944 – 26 August 1945

Stations[edit]

Components[edit]

World War I
Inter-War period

[3]

World War II (VIII Bomber Command)

* Note: Reassigned to Twelfth Air Force

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ a b c d Clay, Steven E. US Army Order of Battle, Volume 3, The Services: Air Service, Engineers, and Special Troops, 1919–41, Combat Studies Institute Press US Army Combined Arms Center Fort Leavenworth, KS
  2. ^ a b Maurer, Maurer (1978) The US Air Service in World War I, Volume I, The Final Report and a Tactical History, The Office of Air Force History Headquarters USAF Washington]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  4. ^ a b United States Army Air Forces, 8th Air Force
  5. ^ Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 498q, 15 September 1983, Subject: Disbandment of Certain Inactive Air Force Units

External links[edit]