1st Congress of the Philippines

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The First Congress of the Philippines (Filipino: Unang Kongreso ng Pilipinas) was the meeting of the legislature of the Republic of the Philippines, composed of the Philippine Senate and House of Representatives from May 25, 1946 until December 13, 1949. The body was originally convened as the Second Congress of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. On August 5, 1946, Republic Act No. 6 was approved, renaming the body as the First Congress of the Philippines.

Sessions[edit]

The Second Congress of the Commonwealth of the Philippines[edit]

  • Regular Session: May 25 – July 4, 1946

The First Congress of the Philippines[edit]

  • First Regular Session: July 5 – September 18, 1946
    • First Special Session: September 25–30, 1946
  • Second Regular Session: January 27 – May 22, 1947
  • Third Regular Session: January 26 – May 20, 1948
    • Second Special Session: June 14–26, 1948
  • Fourth Regular Session: January 24 – May 19, 1949
    • Special Joint Session: December 13, 1949

Legislation[edit]

The Second Commonwealth Congress passed a total of 12 laws: Commonwealth Acts No. 721 to 733.
The First Congress of the Philippines passed a total of 421 laws: Republic Acts No. 1 to 421.

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

  • President of the Senate:
José D. Avelino (LP)
Mariano Jesús D. Cuenco (LP), elected February 21, 1949
  • Senate President Pro-Tempore:
Melecio Arranz (LP)
  • Majority Floor Leader:
Vicente J. Francisco
Tomas L. Cabili (LP) elected February 21, 1949
  • Minority Floor Leader:
Carlos P. Garcia (NP)

House of Representatives[edit]

  • Speaker:
Eugenio P. Perez (LP, 2nd District Pangasinan)
  • Speaker Pro-Tempore:
Francisco Ortega (LP, 1st District La Union)
  • Majority Floor Leader:
Raúl Leuterio (LP, Lone District Mindoro)
  • Minority Floor Leader:
Cipriano P. Primicias, Sr. (NP, 4th District Pangasinan)

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Sixteen senators were elected on April 23, 1946. Eight senators were to serve until December 30, 1949, while the other eight were to serve until December 30, 1951.

First Session to Second Session
Senator Partya Term Start Term End
  Alauya Alonto
NP
1941
1947
  Melecio Arranz
LP
1946
1951
  José D. Avelino
LP
1946
1951
  Tomas L. Cabili
NP
1946
1949
  Olegario B. Clarin
LP
1946
1949
  Tomas V. Confesor
NP
1946
1951
  Mariano Jesús D. Cuenco
LP
1946
1951
  Ramon S. Diokno
NP
1946
1949
  Esteban dela Rama
NP
1941
1947
  Vicente J. Francisco
LP
1946
1951
  Carlos P. Garcia
NP
1946
1951
  Pedro C. Hernaez
NP
1941
1947
  Alejo R. Mabanag
NP
1946
1949
  Vicente Madrigal
NP
1941
1947
  Enrique B. Magalona
LP
1946
1949
  Salipada K. Pendatun
LP
1946
1949
  Vicente Rama
NP
1941
1947
  Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr.
NP
1941
1947
  Prospero Sanidad1
LP
1946
1949
  Proceso E. Sebastian
NP
1941
1947
  Vicente Y. Sotto
PF
1946
1951
  Ramon Torres
LP
1946
1951
  Emiliano T. Tirona
NP
1941
1947
  Jose O. Vera
NP
1946
1949
^a Party affiliation at the time of their election.
LP – Liberal Party
NP – Nacionalista Party
PF – Popular Front
^1 Replaced Jose E. Romero as a result of an election protest.
Third Session to Fourth Session
Senator Partya Term Start Term End
  Melecio Arranz
LP
1946
1951
  José D. Avelino
LP
1946
1951
  Tomas L. Cabili
NP
1946
1949
  Olegario B. Clarin
LP
1946
1949
  Tomas V. Confesor
NP
1946
1951
  Mariano Jesús D. Cuenco
LP
1946
1951
  Pablo A. David
LP
1947
1953
  Ramon S. Diokno
NP
1946
1949
  Vicente J. Francisco
LP
1946
1951
  Carlos P. Garcia
NP
1946
1951
  Fernando H. Lopez
LP
1947
1953
  Alejo R. Mabanag
NP
1946
1949
  Vicente Madrigal
LP
1947
1953
  Enrique B. Magalona
LP
1946
1949
  Camilo O. Osías
NP
1947
1953
  Geronima T. Pecson
LP
1947
1953
  Salipada K. Pendatun
LP
1946
1949
  Eulogio A. Rodriguez, Sr.1
NP
1947
1953
  Prospero Sanidad
LP
1946
1949
  Vicente Y. Sotto
PF
1946
1951
  Lorenzo M. Tañada
LP
1947
1953
  Emiliano Tria Tirona
LP
1947
1953
  Ramon Torres
LP
1946
1951
  Jose O. Vera
NP
1946
1949
^a Party affiliation at the time of their election.
^1 Replaced Carlos Tan (LP) per decision of Senate Electoral Tribunal dated December 16, 1949.

House of Representatives[edit]

First Congress representation map of the Philippines
Province/City District Representative
Abra
Lone
Quintin Paredes
Agusan
Lone
Marcos M. Calo
Albay
1st
Eulogio V. Lawenko
2nd
Toribio Perez
3rd
Marcial O. Rañola
Antique
Lone
Emigdio Nietes
Bataan
Lone
Bonifacio Camacho
Batanes
Lone
Anastacio Agan
Batangas
1st
Felixberto M. Serrano
2nd
Pedro P. Muñoz
3rd
José B. Laurel, Jr.
Bohol
1st
Luis T. Clarin1
Genaro Visarra
2nd
Simeon G. Toribio
3rd
Cosme P. Garcia
Bukidnon
Lone
Remedios Ozamis Fortich
Bulacan
1st
Florante C. Roque
2nd
Alejo S. Santos
Cagayan
1st
Conrado V. Singson
2nd
Paulino A. Alonzo
Camarines Norte
Lone
Esmeraldo Eco
Camarines Sur
1st
Juan Q. Miranda
2nd
Sebastian C. Moll, Jr.
Capiz
1st
Ramon A. Arnaldo
2nd
Cornelio T. Villareal
3rd
Jose M. Reyes
Catanduanes
Lone
Francisco A. Perfecto
Cavite
Lone
Justiniano S. Montano
Cebu
1st
Jovenal Almendras
2nd
Vicente Logarta
3rd
Maximino Noel
4th
Agustin Y. Kintanar
5th
Leandro A. Tojong
6th
Nicolas Rafols
7th
Jose Rodriguez
Cotabato
Lone
Gumbay Piang
Davao
Lone
Apolinario Cabigon
Ilocos Norte
1st
Damaso T. Samonte
2nd
Pedro A. Albano
Ilocos Sur
1st
Floro Crisologo
2nd
Fidel Villanueva
Iloilo
1st
Mateo M. Nonato
2nd
Oscar Ledesma
3rd
Tiburcio Lutero
4th
Gaudencio Dimaisip2
Mariano Peñaflorida3
5th
Juan Borra
Isabela
Lone
Domingo Paguirigan
La Union
1st
Francisco Ortega
2nd
Manuel T. Cases
Laguna
1st
Eduardo A. Barreto
2nd
Estanislao A. Fernandez, Jr.
Lanao
Lone
Manalao Mindalano
Leyte
1st
Carlos Tan4
2nd
Domingo Veloso
3rd
Francisco M. Pajao
4th
Juan R. Perez
5th
Atilano R. Cinco
Manila
1st
Jose Topacio Nueno
2nd
Hermenegildo Atienza
Marinduque
Lone
Timoteo P. Ricohermoso
Masbate
Lone
Emilio B. Espinosa
Mindoro
Lone
Raúl T. Leuterio
Misamis Occidental
Lone
Porfirio G. Villarin
Misamis Oriental
Lone
Pedro S. Baculio
Mountain Province
1st
George K. Tait
2nd
Jose B. Mencio
3rd
Gabriel Dunuan
Negros Occidental
1st
Vicente F. Gustilo, Sr.
2nd
Carlos Hilado
3rd
Elisio M. Limsiaco
Negros Oriental
1st
Lorenzo Teves
2nd
Enrique Medina
Nueva Ecija
1st
Jose A. Cando
2nd
Constancio Padilla
Nueva Vizcaya
Lone
Leon Cabarroguis
Palawan
Lone
Sofronio Española
Pampanga
1st
Amado M. Yuson
2nd
Luis M. Taruc
Pangasinan
1st
Juan G. Rodriguez
2nd
Eugenio Pérez
3rd
Pascual Beltran
4th
Cipriano P. Primicias, Sr.
5th
Cipriano S. Allas
Rizal
1st
Diaz Ignacio Santos
2nd
Lorenzo Sumulong
Romblon
Lone
Modesto Formilleza
Samar
1st
Agripino Escareal
2nd
Tito V. Tizon
3rd
Adriano D. Lomuntad
Sorsogon
1st
Pacifico F. Lim
2nd
Tomas Clemente
Sulu
Lone
Ombra Amilbangsa
Surigao
Lone
Ricardo Navarro
Tarlac
1st
Jose J. Roy
2nd
Alejandro Simpaoco
Tayabas
1st
Fortunato N. Suarez
2nd
Tomas B. Morato
Zambales
Lone
Ramon Magsaysay
Zamboanga
Lone
Juan S. Alano
^1 Replaced by Genaro Visarra as per House Electoral Tribunal decision on February 19, 1949.
^2 Died in office.
^3 Elected in a special election on November 11, 1947 to complete, unexpired term of predecessor.
^4 Elected to the Senate in the 1947 Elections on November 11, 1947, but was unseated as per Senate Electoral Tribunal decision on December 16, 1949.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Philippine House of Representatives Congressional Library
  • The Presidents of the Senate of the Republic of the Philippines. ISBN 971-8832-24-6. 
  • Pobre, Cesar P. Philippine Legislature 100 Years. ISBN 971-92245-0-9.