1st Corps (Vietnam People's Army)

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Quân đoàn 1
(1st Corps)
Active October 24, 1973 – present
Country  Vietnam
Allegiance Flag of Viet Nam Peoples Army.svg Vietnam People's Army
Branch Active duty
Type Army Corps
Role Regular force
Size Corps
Part of Vietnam People's Army
Garrison/HQ Tam Điệp, Ninh Bình
Engagements Vietnam War
Decorations Hero of the People's Armed ForcesHo Chi Minh OrderOrder of IndependenceMilitary Exploit OrderFeat Order
Commanders
Current commander Maj .Gen. Trần Việt Khoa
First commander Maj. Gen. Lê Trọng Tấn
First party committee secretary Lê Quang Hòa

1st Corps (Vietnamese: Quân đoàn 1) or Quyết thắng Corps (Vietnamese: Binh đoàn Quyết thắng, literally: Corps with Determination to win) is one of the four regular army corps of the Vietnam People's Army. First organized in 1973 during the Vietnam War, 1st Corps had a major role in the Ho Chi Minh Campaign that ended the war. Today the corps is stationed in Tam Điệp District, Ninh Bình.

History[edit]

Major General Lê Quang Hòa, the first committee secretary of the 1st Corps.

In July 1973, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam after its 21st conference issued a resolution of strengthening the armed forces in order to unify the country. In executing the issue, three months later the Ministry of Defence and the Military Commission of the Central Committee approved the plan of organizing regular army corps for the Vietnam People's Army. On October 24, 1973,[1] General Võ Nguyên Giáp, Minister of Defence, signed the edict No. 142/QĐ-QP that led to the establishment of the 1st Corps in Tam Điệp, Ninh Bình.[2] The first headquarters of the corps was composed of party committee secretary (bí thư) Lê Quang Hòa and commander (tư lệnh) and deputy secretary Lê Trọng Tấn.

After the victory of the Vietnam People's Army in Tây Nguyên Campaign in March 1975, 1st Corps was ordered to move to the South Vietnam and participate in the Ho Chi Minh Campaign. During the last days of the war, 1st Corps had a major role in the attack on Saigon in which it was assigned the mission of capturing the headquarters of the ARVN's General Staff. The corps was awarded the title Hero of the People's Armed Forces (Anh hùng Lực lượng vũ trang nhân dân) in 1985.[2]

Organization[edit]

The command structure of 1st Corps consists of the High Command (Bộ tư lệnh), the Staff of 1st Corps (Bộ tham mưu), the Political Department (Cục chính trị), the Department of Logistics (Cục hậu cần) and the Department of Technique (Cục kỹ thuật). The combat forces of the corps include the 390th Division, 308 Division, 312th Infantry Division, 320 Infantry Division, 367th Division of Air Defence, 202nd Tank Brigade, 45th Artillery Brigade and 299th Brigade of Engineers.[2]

  • Division Nato.svg 390th Division
  • Division Nato.svg 308 Division
  • Division Nato.svg 312th Infantry Division
  • Division Nato.svg 320 Infantry Division
  • Division Nato.svg 367th Division of Air Defence
  • Brigade Nato.svg 202nd Tank Brigade
  • Brigade Nato.svg 45th Artillery Brigade
  • Brigade Nato.svg 299th Engineers Brigade

Commanders[edit]

Time Commander Notes
1973–1974 Maj. Gen. Lê Trọng Tấn Later promoted to General and Chief of the General Staff of the Vietnam People's Army.
1974–1975 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Hòa Later promoted to Lieutenant General and Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
1979–1983 Maj. Gen. Lê Nam Phong
1983–1988 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Kiệm
1988–1995 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Huy Hiệu Later promoted to Colonel General and Deputy Minister of Defence of Vietnam.
1995–1997 Maj. Gen. Đỗ Trung Dương Later promoted to Lieutenant General and Deputy Chief of the General Staff.
1997–1998 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Khắc Nghiên Later promoted to Colonel General and Chief of the General Staff.
1998–2002 Se. Col. Nguyễn Xuân Sắc Later promoted to Major General and Deputy Director of the Military Academy of Politics.
2002–2005 Maj. Gen. Phan Khuê Tảo
2005–2007 Maj. Gen. Tô Đình Phùng
2007–2009 Maj. Gen. Trần Quốc Phú
2009–2010 Maj. Gen. Trần Anh Vinh
2010–2011 Maj. Gen. Phan Văn Giang
2011–5/2013 Maj. Gen. Nguyễn Tân Cương
5/2013–present Maj. Gen. Trần Việt Khoa

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ministry of Defence of Vietnam (2009). White book of Defence of Vietnam (in Vietnamese). Hanoi: World Publishing House. p. 111. 
  2. ^ a b c "Quân đoàn 1" (in Vietnamese). Từ điển Bách khoa toàn thư Việt Nam. 

References[edit]

  • High Command of the 1st Corps, Vietnam People's Army (2003). History of the 1st Corps (in Vietnamese). Hanoi: People's Army Publishing House.