|Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów|
Unit insignia as of 2014
|Active||1961 – present|
|Allegiance||Centrum Operacji Specjalnych|
|Nickname||1PSK, JWK, "The Regiment"|
|Motto||Secreti ac Efficaces (Secret and Effective)|
|Engagements||Operation Enduring Freedom
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
|Commander||Płk. Wiesław Kukuła|
The Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów, commonly called JWK and formerly 1 Pułk Specjalny Komandosów until 2011 (1PSK, en. 1st Special Commando Regiment), is one of the five special forces units currently operating within Poland's Centrum Operacji Specjalnych (COS, en. Special Operations Center). JWK was formed in 1961 and is the oldest Polish special operations unit.
Thanks to the unit's high recruitment standards, and a special training program the Regiment implemented several years ago, the unit's soldiers display a very high level of skills and professionalism. The Regiment's troops are trained to undertake a wide range of special missions during war, crisis, peace, with its troops being capable of conducting air assault, helicopter, and parachute operations (including HALO and HAHO operations); CQC, strategic and special reconnaissance operations; direct actions, HR, PR operations, intelligence collection, raids and ambushes; frogman and underwater attack missions; FID tasks; and other missions as deemed necessary.
The Regiment, based in Lubliniec, near Częstochowa, is currently operating under the command of Płk. (Col.) Wiesław Kukuła. JWK operates with a combat structure comparable to that of the 22nd Special Air Service and is composed of three (with a fourth to be set-up by 2016) combat squadrons, or combat teams (pl. Zespoł Bojowy); respectively ZB A, ZB B, and ZB C.
Each of these teams carry the traditions of Polish units from World War II. ZB A inherits its heritage from Batalion Miotła, while ZB B inherits his from the No. 6 Polish Troop of the No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando and ZB C inherits his from Batalion Parasol. It should also be noted that the Sub-Command and Security element of the unit also carries traditions from World War II, which are those of Batalion Zośka from the Polish resistance movement.
The operational structure of the unit is as follows:
- Combat Teams ZB A, ZB B, ZB C
- Information and Support Squadron
- Sub-Command and Security
Prior to 1993, this military unit existed as detached battalion 1 Samodzielny Batalion Szturmowy (en. 1 Detached Assault Battalion). Between 1993 and 1995 the unit was named 1st Special Regiment and was composed of three battalions and support elements. Since 2011 in 50th anniversary JW 4101 is called Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów. Currently it is organised into three special (in future into four) Zespół Bojowy (detachments), within the structure of a military unit, there are also frogmen squads. Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów have command, staff, 3 detachments, and support elements.
Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów is a professional and experienced force composed entirely of highly trained and selected soldiers. The military unit from Lubliniec, along with the JW Grom, JW Formoza, JW Agat, JW Nil is part of Wojska Specjalne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. All five Republic of Poland SF units are subordinated to Dowództwo Wojsk Specjalnych (special operations command).
Candidates wanting to serve in the Regiment must first successfully undertake a basic military training course. They then move on to a three-month “Junior Specialist” training course. During this phase recruits receive training in close combat, hand to hand combat, fighting with specialised equipment, parachuting, land navigation, weapons handling, basic survival, and several other military-related skills. Troops who successfully complete the second phase then move onto the unit, where they are assigned to Zespół Bojowy. Once there, additional training continues (mountain and cold weather training, sniper, Casevac, amphibious operations, etc.).
The regiment has been quite active over the last few years. In 2003 troops being deployed to support NATO operations in the Republic of Macedonia during the Kosovo conflict. A 13-man detachment was deployed to Afghanistan as part of Polish support for Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). In 2006, had charge of protecting the Polski Kontyngent Wojskowy (Polish Military Contingent) in Pakistan which helps in technical rescue after the Pakistan earthquake. Till 2008 the unit had deployed a 56-man company to Iraq (Iraq War), as part of the Multinational Division Central-South in Diwaniyah. Soldiers fought together with the 5th SFG ODA. Soldiers of 1 PSK was fighting, led special operations in Kandahar Province and other Afghan provinces. Since 2010 JWK compound formed ISAF SOF Task Force 50 which perform special operations like capturing JPEL's, Special Reconnaissance, FID. TF-50 soldiers are operating in Ghazni Province and Paktika (War in Afghanistan).
The JWK armouries are currently in a state of flux as the unit tries to upgrade the equipment used by its operators. Weapons in use by the unit include the 9mm Luger small arms: Heckler & Koch USP also SD, Glock 17 and in reserve WIST-94 pistols, Heckler & Koch HK416 and kbk wz. 96 Beryl 5.56x45mm assault rifles, RPG-76 Komar, RPG-7, Pallad grenade launcher, GMG, grenade launchers, Grom AA-missile, Heckler & Koch AG-C/GLM, Carl Gustav M3, Heckler & Koch HK69A1, Remington 870 MCS, Glauberyt 9X19mm, PKM, UKM-2000, Minimi, M2 machine guns. Unit snipers are equipped with the Finnish 7.62mm NATO SAKO TRG-21, TRG-22, 7.62mm NATO Bor, .338 Lapua Magnum AWM-F, 12.7mm NATO Tor, 12.7mm NATO M107 sniper rifles. Many of the weapons have been modified with the addition of foregrips, laser aiming devices, aiming lights/illumination devices, and various optics such as Tasco telescopic scopes and/or night vision devices.
- ppłk dypl. Zbigniew Kwintal 1993 - 19.7.1999
- ppłk dypl. Bogdan Kołtuński 19.7.1999 - 24.2.2003
- ppłk dypl. Wojciech Jania 24.2.2003 - 15.9.2005
- płk Piotr Patalong 15.9.2005 - 7.11.2006
- płk Dariusz Dachowicz 7.11.2006 - 16.2.2010
- płk Ryszard Pietras 16.2.2010 - 5.9.2012
- ppłk Sławomir Drumowicz 5.9.2012 - 26.11.2012
- płk Wiesław Kukuła since 26.11.2012
- After the change of the battalion in the regiment.