1st arrondissement of Paris

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1st arrondissement of Paris
French municipal arrondissement
The Louvre and Tuileries, seen from the north
The Louvre and Tuileries, seen from the north
Paris and its closest suburbs
Paris and its closest suburbs
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Paris
Commune Paris
Government
 • Mayor Jean-François Legaret
Area
 • Total 1.83 km2 (0.71 sq mi)
Population (8 March 1999 census)[p]
 • Total 16,888
 • Estimate (2005) 17,700
 • Density 9,200/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
^[p] Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
Paris Coat of Arms
The
20 arrondissements
of Paris
17th 18th 19th
  8th 9th 10th 11th 20th
16th 2nd 3rd
1st 4th 12th
River Seine
  7th 6th 5th 13th
15th 14th

The 1st arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements (administrative districts) of the capital city of France.

Situated principally on the right bank of the River Seine, it also includes the west end of the Île de la Cité. The arrondissement is one of the oldest in Paris, the Île de la Cité having been the heart of the city of Lutetia, conquered by the Romans in 52 BC, while some parts on the right bank (including Les Halles) date back to the early Middle Ages.

It is the least populated of the city's arrondissements and one of the smallest by area, a significant part of which is occupied by the Louvre Museum and the Tuileries Gardens. Much of the remainder of the arrondissement is dedicated to business and administration.

Geography[edit]

The 1st arrondissement is very small, with a land area of only 1,83 km2 (0.705 sq. miles, or 451 acres).

Demography[edit]

The area now occupied by the first arrondissement attained its peak population in the period preceding the re-organization of Paris in 1860. In 1999, the population was 16,888, while the arrondissement hosted 63,056 jobs, making it one of the most active for business after the 2nd, 8th, and 9th.

Historical population[edit]

Year
(of French censuses)
Population Density
(inh. per km²)
1861 (peak of population)¹ 89,519 49,025
1872 74,286 40,593
1954 38,926 21,271
1962 36,543 20,013
1968 32,332 17,706
1975 22,793 12,482
1982 18,509 10,136
1990 18,360 10,055
1999 16,888 9,249
2009 17,614 9,692

¹The peak of population actually occurred before 1861, but the
arrondissement was created in 1860, so there are no figures before 1861.

Immigration[edit]

Place of birth of residents of the 1st arrondissement in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
77.8% 22.2%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
0.8% 4.6% 7.1% 9.7%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Quarters[edit]

Each of the 20 Paris arrondissements is divided into four quarters (quartiers). The table below lists the four quarters of the 1st arrondissement:

figures from 1999 French census

Quarter Population Land area
(in km²)
Density
(inh. per km²)
Quartier Saint-Germain-l'Auxerrois 1,670 0.871 1,917
Quartier Les Halles 8 980 0.412 21,796
Quartier Palais-Royal 3,190 0.279 11,434
Quartier Place Vendôme 3,040 0.270 11,259

Economy[edit]

Korean Air's France office is in the 1st arrondissement.[1]

At one time Air Inter's head office was located in the first arrondissement.[2] When Minerve, an airline, existed, its head office was in the first arrondissement.[3]

Education[edit]

In terms of state-operated schools, the first arrondissement has two nursery schools (écoles maternelles), two primary schools (écoles élémentaires), one école polyvalente, one high school (collège), and one sixth form college (lycée).[4]

The state-operated nursery schools are École Maternelle Auxerrois and École Maternelle Sourdiere.[4] The state-operated primary schools are École Élémentaire Arbre Sec and École Élémentaire D'Argenteuil.[4][5] The arrondissement has one école polyvalente, École Polyvalente Cambon.[6] Collège Jean-Baptiste Poquelin is the sole state-operated high school in the arrondissement.[7] Lycée Professionnel Commercial Pierre Lescot is the sole state-operated sixth form college in the first arrondissement.[8] Private primary and secondary institutions in the arrondissement include École Élémentaire Privée Notre-Dame-Saint-Roch, École du 2nd Degré Professionnel Privée Pigier, and École Technologique Privée de Dessin Technique et Artistique Sornas.[4]

Map[edit]

Map of the 1st arrondissement.

Cityscape[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Transport: Metro and RER.

Bridges[edit]

Streets and squares[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aperçu / Info de Contact." Korean Air. Retrieved on 30 August 2011. "Sièges en Europe 9 boulevard de la Madeleine 75001 Paris France"
  2. ^ "Direction des Bases Aeriennes." Direction Générale de l'Aviation Civile. March 1975. 22/28. Retrieved on 26 June 2010.
  3. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 14–20 March 1990. 11.
  4. ^ a b c d "Rechercher un établissement." Académie Paris. Retrieved on 25 October 2011.
  5. ^ "Les mentions légales :." École Élémentaire Arbre Sec. 14 February 2008. Retrieved on 15 October 2011. "Adresse postale : Ecole Arbre sec 19,rue de l'Arbre sec 75001 Paris"
  6. ^ "Accueil." École Polyvalente Cambon. Retrieved on 25 October 2011. "28 rue Cambon 75001 Paris"
  7. ^ "Accueil." Collège Jean-Baptiste Poquelin Retrieved on 25 October 2011. "6, rue Molière - 75001 PARIS"
  8. ^ "Contact." Lycée Professionnel Commercial Pierre Lescot. Retrieved on 25 October 2011. "35 Rue des Bourdonnais, 75001 PARIS"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°51′36″N 2°20′28″E / 48.86000°N 2.34111°E / 48.86000; 2.34111