1st unofficial Chess Olympiad

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The first Team Chess Tournament had been held by coinciding the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, 12–20 July 1924, at Hotel Majestic. The core of the organizing committee were the Frenchmen Pierre Vincent and Alexander Alekhine. Fifty-four players representing 18 countries arrived to Paris. They were decided to be split into nine preliminary groups of six, a winner of each qualifying into the Championship Final while the rest joined eight-round Swiss consolation tournament. The winner of the individual tournament earned the title of the Amateur World Champion. Mrs. Edith Holloway for Great Britain was the first woman to have appeared at the Olympiads.[1][2]

Results[edit]

The final results were as follows:

Amateur World Championship[edit]

# Player Points Buch
1  Hermanis Matisons (Latvia) 5.5
2  Fricis Apšenieks (Latvia) 5.0
3  Edgard Colle (Belgium) 4.5
4  Árpád Vajda (Hungary) 4 16.75
5  Machgielis Euwe (Netherlands) 4 15.75
6  Anatol Tschepurnoff (Finland) 4 14.75
7  Luis Argentino Palau (Argentina) 3.5
8  Manuel Golmayo de la Torriente (Spain) 3
9  Kornél Havasi (Hungary) 2.5

Consolation Cup[edit]

# Player Σ Points Qual. Final
1  Karel Hromádka (Czechoslovakia) 9.5 3 6.5
2  Jan Schulz (Czechoslovakia) 9 4 5
3  Erwin Voellmy (Switzerland) 8.5 3.5 5
4  Kārlis Bētiņš (Latvia) 8 2 6
 Georges Renaud (France) 8 3 5
 Roberto Grau (Argentina) 8 3.5 4.5
 George Koltanowski (Belgium) 8 3.5 4.5
8  Giovanni Cenni (Italy) 7.5 1.5 6
 Endre Steiner (Hungary) 7.5 2 5.5
 Otto Zimmermann (Switzerland) 7.5 2.5 5
 Dawid Daniuszewski (Poland) 7.5 2.5 5
 Károly Sterk (Hungary) 7.5 3 4.5
 Damián Reca (Argentina) 7.5 3.5 4
14-45 etc.

Individual medals[edit]

# Player Achievement
1  Hermanis Matisons (Latvia) Championship Final Winner
2  Fricis Apšenieks (Latvia) Championship Final 2nd place
 Edgard Colle (Belgium) Championship Final 3rd place
3  Árpád Vajda (Hungary) Championship Final Participant
 Machgielis Euwe (Netherlands) Championship Final Participant
 Anatol Tschepurnoff (Finland) Championship Final Participant
 Luis Argentino Palau (Argentina) Championship Final Participant
 Manuel Golmayo de la Torriente (Spain) Championship Final Participant
 Kornél Havasi (Hungary) Championship Final Participant
 Karel Hromádka (Czechoslovakia) Consolation Cup Winner

Team Classification[edit]

# Team Points Players
1  Czechoslovakia 31 Hromádka 9½, Schulz 9, Vaněk 6½, Skalička 6
2 Hungary Hungary 30 Vajda 8, Sterk 7½, Steiner E. 7½, Havasi 7
3   Switzerland 29 Voellmy 8½, Zimmermann 7½, Johner H. 6½, Naegeli
4  Latvia 27.5 Apšenieks 10, Matisons 9½, Bētiņš 8
 Argentina 27.5 Grau 8, Reca 7½, Palau 7, Fernández Coria 5
6 Italy Italy 26.5 Cenni 7½, Rosselli del Turco 7, Romih 6½, Miliani 5½
7  France 25.5 Renaud 8, Lazard F. 6½, Duchamp 6, Gibaud 5
 Poland 25.5 Daniuszewski 7½, Piltz 6, Kohn 6, Kleczyński 6
9  Belgium 24 Colle 8½, Koltanowski 8, Lancel 5, Jonet 2½
10 Spain Spain 19 Golmayo Torriente 7, Marin y Llovet 6, Rey Ardid 6
11  Netherlands 18.5 Euwe 8, Oskam 6, Rueb
12  Romania 18 Davidescu 7, Gudju 6, Loewenton 5
13  Finland 15 Tschepurnoff 9, Malmberg 6
14  United Kingdom 12.5 Handasyde 6, Wreford 3½ Holloway 3
15 Republic of Ireland Irish Free State 5.5 O'Hanlon
16 Canada Canada 5 Smith 5
17  Russia1 4.5 Potemkine 3, Kahn
18 Kingdom of Yugoslavia Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 2.5 Rozić 2½

1 Potemkine and Kahn were émigrés living in Paris and represented "Russia", not the Soviet Union.

FIDE[edit]

On 20 July, the last day of the games, 15 delegates from all over the World signed the proclamation act of the International Chess Federation (originally known as Fédération Internationale des Échecs in French) and elected Dr. Alexander Rueb of Holland the first FIDE president.

Latin motto Gens una sumus ("we are one family") became official and well-recognized watchword of the chess unity. Below is the historic list of 15 founders of FIDE: Abonyi (Hungary), Grau (Argentina), Gudju (Romania), Marusi (Italy), Nicolet (Switzerland), Ovadija (Yugoslavia), Penalver y Zamora (Spain), Rawlins (Great Britain), Rueb (Netherlands), Skalička (Czechoslovakia), Smith (Canada), Towbin (Poland), Tschepurnoff (Finland), Vincent (France), Weltjens (Belgium).

References[edit]

  1. ^ OlimpBase :: Chess Olympiad Paris 1924: information
  2. ^ Stanisław Gawlikowski Olimpiady szachowe 1924 - 1974 Wyd. Sport i Turystyka, Warszawa 1978