2,2,4,4-Tetramethyl-3-t-butyl-pentane-3-ol

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2,2,4,4-Tetramethyl-3-t-butyl-pentane-3-ol
2,2,4,4-Tetramethyl-3-t-butyl-pentane-3-ol.png 2,2,4,4-Tetramethyl-3-t-butyl-pentane-3-ol 3D.png
Identifiers
CAS number 41902-42-5 N
PubChem 142558
ChemSpider 125760 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C13H28O
Molar mass 200.36 g mol−1
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

2,2,4,4-Tetramethyl-3-t-butyl-pentane-3-ol is an organic compound with formula C13H28O, or ((H3C-)3C-)3COH.[1] It is an alcohol whose molecule can be viewed as a tridecane isomer (2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-3-t-butyl-pentane) where the central hydrogen has been replaced by a hydroxyl group -OH.

The bulky tert-butyl groups (H3C-)3C- groups attached to the central carbon prevent the hydroxyl group from forming the hydrogen bonds that are characteristic of most alcohols. Indeed, as of 2003 this was the only known organic compound with that property, which made it interesting for research in spectroscopy.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Z. Malarski (1974). "Solid rotator phases in 2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-3-tert-butyl-3-pentanol". Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 25: 259. 
  2. ^ Irena Majerza, Ireneusz Natkaniec (2006). "Experimental and theoretical IR, R, and INS spectra of 2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-3-t-butyl-pentane-3-ol". Journal of Molecular Structure 788 (1–3): 93–101. doi:10.1016/j.molstruc.2005.11.022.