2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase

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2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase
Identifiers
EC number 4.6.1.12
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate synthase (EC 4.6.1.12) is an enzyme is a lyase which participates in biosynthesis of steroids. It catalyzes the chemical reaction:

2-phospho-4-(cytidine 5'-diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol \rightleftharpoons 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate + CMP

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 2-phospho-4-(cytidine 5'-diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol, and two products, 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate and CMP.

The enzyme is considered a phosphorus-oxygen lyase. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2-phospho-4-(cytidine 5'-diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol CMP-lyase (cyclizing; 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 2,4-cyclodiphosphate-forming). Other names in common use include MECDP-synthase, 2-phospho-4-(cytidine 5'-diphospho)-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol, and CMP-lyase (cyclizing).

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 20 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1GX1, 1H47, 1H48, 1IV1, 1IV2, 1IV3, 1IV4, 1T0A, 1U3L, 1U3P, 1U40, 1U43, 1VH8, 1VHA, 1W55, 1W57, 1YQN, 2AMT, 2GZL, and 2PMP.

References[edit]