2-Ethoxyethanol

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2-Ethoxyethanol
2-Ethoxyethanol
Names
IUPAC name
2-ethoxyethanol
Other names
Cellosolve
ethylene glycol ethyl ether
oxitol
Ethyl Cellosolve
EGEE
Identifiers
110-80-5 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:46788 N
ChEMBL ChEMBL119596 N
ChemSpider 13836591 N
DrugBank DB02249 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG C14687 YesY
RTECS number KK8050000
UNII IDK7C2HS09 YesY
Properties
C4H10O2
Molar mass 90.12 g·mol−1
Appearance clear liquid
Odor sweet, ether-like
Density 0.930 g/cm3, liquid
Melting point −70 °C (−94 °F; 203 K)
Boiling point 135 °C (275 °F; 408 K)
miscible
Vapor pressure 4 mmHg (20°C)[1]
Hazards
R-phrases R10, R20/21/22,
R60, R61
S-phrases S53, S45
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity (yellow): no hazard code Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 44 °C (111 °F; 317 K)
Explosive limits 1.7%-15.6%[1]
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
TWA 200 ppm (740 mg/m3) [skin][1]
TWA 0.5 ppm (1.8 mg/m3) [skin][1]
500 ppm[1]
Related compounds
Related ethers
2-Propoxyethanol
2-Butoxyethanol
Related compounds
Ethylene glycol
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

2-Ethoxyethanol, also known by the trademark Cellosolve or ethyl cellosolve, is a solvent used widely in commercial and industrial applications. It is a clear, colorless, nearly odorless liquid that is miscible with water, ethanol, diethyl ether, acetone, and ethyl acetate.[2]

2-Ethoxyethanol can be manufactured by the reaction of ethylene oxide with ethanol.

As with other glycol ethers, 2-ethoxyethanol has the useful property of being able to dissolve chemically diverse compounds. It will dissolve oils, resins, grease, waxes, nitrocellulose, and lacquers.[2] This is an ideal property as a multi-purpose cleaner, and, therefore, 2-ethoxyethanol is used in products, such as varnish removers and degreasing solutions.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0258". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). 
  2. ^ a b National Research Council (U.S.). Subcommittee on Spacecraft Maximum Allowable Concentrations (1996). Spacecraft maximum allowable concentrations for selected airborne contaminants. National Academies Press. p. 189. ISBN 978-0-309-05478-2. Retrieved 19 February 2012. 

External links[edit]