|Molar mass||87.12 g·mol−1|
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
|what is: / ?)(|
Preparation and structure
It is prepared by oxidation of (CH3)3CNH2 using hydrogen peroxide in the presence of sodium tungstate as a catalyst. The freshly distilled compound is a blue volatile liquid. Like other nitroso compounds, it features a bent C-N=O linkage. Upon standing at room temperature, the blue liquid converts to the colourless solid that is the dimer (m.p. 74-75 °C). In solution, this dimer quickly reverts to the blue monomer.
It can be used as a spin trap. This molecule traps unstable free radicals to form stable paramagnetic nitroxide radicals that can be detected and analyzed by electron spin resonance spectroscopy. It is particularly useful for trapping carbon-centered tyrosyl radicals.
- "tert-nitrosobutane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
- A. Calder, A. R. Forrester, and S. P. Hepburn 2-Methyl-2-nitrosopropane and Its Dimer Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 6, p.803; Vol. 52, p.77. Link
- John C. Stowell (1971). "tert-Alkylnitroso compounds. Synthesis and dimerization equilibriums". J. Org. Chem. 36 (20): 3055–3056. doi:10.1021/jo00819a038.
- David P. Barr, Michael R. Gunther, Leesa J. Deterding, Kenneth B. Tomer, and Ronald P. Mason (1996). "ESR Spin-trapping of a Protein-derived Tyrosyl Radical from the Reaction of Cytochrome c with Hydrogen Peroxide". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (26): 15498–15503. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.26.15498. PMID 8663160. Archived from the original on 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
- Dmitry F Grishin, Lyudmila L Semyonycheva, Elena V Kolyakina (1999). "2-Methyl-2-nitrosopropane as a new regulator of the polymer chain growth". Mendeleev Communications 9 (6): 250–251. doi:10.1070/mc1999v009n06ABEH001161.