|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||143.19 g mol−1|
|Appearance||White to red crystals|
|Melting point||111 to 113 °C (232 to 235 °F; 384 to 386 K)|
|Boiling point||306 °C (583 °F; 579 K)|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
2-Naphthylamine is an aromatic amine. It is used to make azo dyes. It is a known human carcinogen and has largely been replaced by less toxic compounds. 2-Naphthylamine is prepared by heating 2-naphthol with ammonium zinc chloride to 200-210 °C; or in the form of its acetyl derivative by heating 2-naphthol with ammonium acetate to 270-280 °C. It forms odorless, colorless plates which melt at 111-112 °C. It gives no color with ferric chloride. When reduced by sodium in boiling amyl alcohol solution it forms alicyclic tetrahydro-3-naphthylamine, which has most of the properties of the aliphatic amines; it is strongly alkaline in reaction, has an ammoniacal odor and cannot be diazotized. On oxidation it yields ortho-carboxy-hydrocinnamic acid, HO2CC6H4CH2CH2CO2H. Numerous sulfonic acids derived from 2-naphthylamine are known. Of these, the δ-acid and Bronner's acid are of more value technically, since they combine with ortho-tetrazoditolyl to produce fine red dye-stuffs.
Role in disease
It is activated in the liver but quickly deactivated by conjugation to glucuronic acid. In the bladder, glucuronidase re-activates it by deconjugation, which leads to the development of bladder cancer.