2-Pentanol

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2-Pentanol[1]
Pentan-2-ol-2D-skeletal.png
Identifiers
CAS number 6032-29-7 YesY
PubChem 22386
ChemSpider 21011 YesY
UNII 04G7050365 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:77518 N
ChEMBL CHEMBL45065 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C5H12O
Molar mass 88.148 g/mol
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 0.812 g/cm3
Melting point −73 °C (−99 °F; 200 K)
Boiling point 119.3 °C (246.7 °F; 392.4 K)
Solubility in water 45 g/L
Solubility soluble in ethanol, diethyl ether, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform
Vapor pressure 0.804 kPa
Viscosity 3.470 mPa·s
Thermochemistry
Specific
heat capacity
C
2.716 J·g-1·K-1 (liquid)
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
-365.2 kJ·mol-1 (liquid)
-311.0 kJ·mol-1 (gas)
Hazards
Flash point 34 °C (93 °F; 307 K)
Explosive limits 1.2–9%
Related compounds
Related compounds Amyl alcohol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

2-Pentanol (IUPAC name, also called sec-amyl alcohol) is an organic chemical compound. It is used as a solvent and an intermediate in the manufacture of other chemicals. 2-Pentanol is a component of many mixtures of amyl alcohols sold industrially.

Reactions[edit]

2-Pentanol can be manufactured by hydration of pentene.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 3–454, 5–42, 6–188, 8–102, 15–23, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2 
  2. ^ McKetta, John J.; Cunningham, William Aaron (1977), Encyclopedia of Chemical Processing and Design 3, Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, pp. 280–281, ISBN 978-0-8247-2480-1, retrieved 2010-01-17