Under the Seas
|Deux cent mille lieues sous les mers ou le cauchemar d'un pêcheur|
A scene from near the end of the film.
|Directed by||Georges Méliès|
|Based on||Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
by Jules Verne
|Running time||286 meters/930 feet
Under the Seas (French: Deux cent mille lieues sous les mers ou le cauchemar d'un pêcheur), also known as Deux Cents Milles sous les mers and 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, is a silent film made in 1907 by French director Georges Méliès. It was released by Méliès's company Star Film and is numbered 912–924 in its catalogues. The film became one of the first color films when it was hand tinted, frame by frame, by female factory workers.
The film, a parody of the novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne, follows a fisherman, Yves, who dreams of traveling by submarine to the bottom of the ocean, where he encounters both realistic and fanciful sea creatures, including a chorus of naiads played by dancers from the Théâtre du Châtelet. Méliès's design for the film includes cut-out sea animals patterned after Alphonse de Neuville's illustrations for Verne's novel.
- Hammond, Paul (1974). Marvellous Méliès. London: Gordon Fraser. p. 145. ISBN 0900406380.
- Ezra, Elizabeth (2000). Georges Méliès. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 157. ISBN 0719053951. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- Young, R. G. (1997). The encyclopedia of fantastic film: Ali Baba to Zombies. New York: Applause. p. 154. ISBN 1557832692. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- Barnwell, Jane (2004). Production design: architects of the screen. Wallflower Press. p. 106. ISBN 1-903364-55-8.
- Hammond 1974, p. 64
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