20/20 (The Beach Boys album)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
20/20
Studio album by The Beach Boys
Released February 10, 1969 (1969-02-10)
Recorded October–December 1966; September 1967; June–November 1968
Studio United Western Recorders, Capitol Studios, Gold Star Studios, CBS Columbia Square, ID Sound, and Brian Wilson's home studio, California; Bell Sound, New York
Genre Rock, pop
Length 29:46
Label Capitol
Producer The Beach Boys
The Beach Boys chronology
Stack-O-Tracks
(1968)
20/20
(1969)
Live in London
(1970)
Singles from 20/20
  1. "Do It Again"
    Released: July 8, 1968
  2. "Bluebirds over the Mountain"
    Released: December 2, 1968
  3. "I Can Hear Music"
    Released: March 3, 1969
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 3.5/5 stars[1]
Blender 4/5 stars[2]

20/20 is the fifteenth studio album by American rock group the Beach Boys, released on February 10, 1969 and their last studio album released with Capitol Records that contained new material for the next seventeen years. Produced by the Beach Boys, the album includes songs that span across variety of different genres including hard rock, country and psychedelic pop. The lead single "Do It Again" was the band's first attempt at revisiting the surf sound they abandoned four albums prior with Pet Sounds and it charted at number one on the UK and Australian charts.

20/20 got its name from being the Beach Boys' twentieth album release when compilations were included in the tally. A collage inside the gatefold depicts Brian Wilson behind an eye examination chart as a play on the title. It reached number three in the UK and number 68 in the US.

Writing and recording[edit]

A short time after the release of Friends in June 1968, Brian Wilson, due to growing mental instability and addiction to cocaine entered a psychiatric hospital for a brief period of time.[3] Though Brian held writing credits on over half of 20/20, and occasionally contributed during recording sessions, large portions of his writing were sourced from material worked on prior to June 1968.

In the wake of the elder Wilson's partial absence, younger siblings Dennis Wilson and Carl Wilson began to take the helm both inside and outside of the studio's control room for the production of 20/20. Carl produced a version of Phil Spector's "I Can Hear Music," giving the band their last US Top 40 US hit for the next seven years. Dennis progressed from his contributions on Friends to deliver the dramatic and dynamic "Be with Me" and the somewhat racy "All I Want to Do," sung by Mike featuring a fade-out of Dennis and an unknown woman having sexual intercourse. "Never Learn Not to Love" derives from a Charles Manson song given to Dennis by Manson originally titled "Cease to Exist". Dennis reworked the track and Manson was reportedly infuriated by the alteration of his original work, and he made threats toward Dennis in response.

Bruce Johnston had been waiting to contribute to the band after years in a supporting role. He was finally able to release one of his compositions on 20/20, the lush instrumental "The Nearest Faraway Place." The composition was reportedly inspired by Brian Wilson's work on Pet Sounds, and its title was based on an article found in Life. His second contribution was a cover of Ersel Hickey's "Bluebirds Over the Mountain". Begun in September 1967 as a potential solo single, it was completed with Carl Wilson's help during the album's late 1968 sessions. Perhaps reflecting on "Sloop John B" and feeling that lightning could strike twice, Al Jardine suggested to Brian that they work on another folk standard, "Cotton Fields." Wilson produced a recording, but feeling that Brian was holding back again, Jardine went ahead and rerecorded the song six months after Brian's version was released on 20/20. Al's instincts were on the ball, as it turned out, for while the retitled "Cottonfields" (the last Capitol Records single) was a US flop, it became a huge hit internationally in the Spring of 1970.

"Cabinessence" was recorded October-December 1966 except for Carl Wilson vocal on verses, which was recorded November 1968. "Our Prayer" was tracked October 4, 1966, but as it was recorded in a single microphone, the track was in mono; because of this, overdubs were recorded November 1968 to create a stereo mix. Both of these tracks and the "Workshop" tag on the album version of "Do it Again" derived from the Brian Wilson led Smile sessions; "Time to Get Alone," begun during the Wild Honey sessions but according to engineer Stephen Desper, was newly recorded for 20/20.[need quotation to verify] Initially intended for Three Dog Night, when they were known as "Redwood", it has been cited by reviewers as a highlight of 20/20.

Aftermath[edit]

Released in February 1969, 20/20 sold better than Friends, charting as high as number three in the UK and reaching a moderate number 68 in the US. It was followed up by the single-only release of "Break Away" (co-authored under a pseudonym by Murry Wilson with son Brian), which only succeeded in the UK.

Live performances[edit]

The 20/20 album has had many of its songs performed live at some point or another, with some becoming concert staples. Eight of the songs have been played by either The Beach Boys or Brian Wilson. "Do It Again" is a concert staple and is often played as the opening song, as it was on the band's 50th Anniversary Tour.[4] Other songs played live over the years from this album include "I Can Hear Music", "Cotton Fields", "Our Prayer" "Cabinessence", "Bluebirds over the Mountain",[5] "All I Want to Do", and "Time to Get Alone."[6]

Track listing[edit]

Side one
No. Title Writer(s) Lead Vocals Length
1. "Do It Again"   Brian Wilson/Mike Love Mike Love/Carl Wilson 2:25
2. "I Can Hear Music"   Jeff Barry/Ellie Greenwich/Phil Spector C. Wilson 2:36
3. "Bluebirds Over the Mountain"   Ersel Hickey Love/C. Wilson/Bruce Johnston 2:51
4. "Be with Me"   Dennis Wilson Dennis Wilson 3:08
5. "All I Want to Do"   Dennis Wilson/Stephen Kalinich Love 2:02
6. "The Nearest Faraway Place"   Bruce Johnston instrumental 2:39
Side two
No. Title Writer(s) Lead Vocals Length
1. "Cotton Fields (The Cotton Song)"   Huddie Ledbetter Al Jardine 2:21
2. "I Went to Sleep"   Brian Wilson/Carl Wilson Brian Wilson/Carl Wilson 1:36
3. "Time to Get Alone"   Brian Wilson Carl Wilson/Brian Wilson/Jardine 2:40
4. "Never Learn Not to Love"   Dennis Wilson Dennis Wilson 2:31
5. "Our Prayer"   Brian Wilson All 1:07
6. "Cabinessence"   Brian Wilson/Van Dyke Parks Carl Wilson/Mike Love 3:34
Notes
  • Manson's contributions to "Never Learn Not to Love" remain uncredited.[7]

Personnel[edit]

The Beach Boys

Sales chart positions[edit]

Albums
Year Chart Position
1969 UK Top 40 Album Chart 3
1969 US Billboard 200 Albums Chart 68
UK Singles
Year Single Chart Position
1968 "Do it Again" UK Top 40 Single Chart 1
1968 "Bluebirds Over the Mountain" UK Top 40 Single Chart 33
1969 "I Can Hear Music" UK Top 40 Single Chart 10
US Singles
Year Single Chart Position
1968 "Do it Again" US Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart 20
1968 "Bluebirds Over the Mountain" US Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart 61
1969 "I Can Hear Music" US Billboard Hot 100 Singles Chart 24

Chart information courtesy of Allmusic and other music databases.[8]

References[edit]

  • Friends/20/20 CD booklet notes, David Leaf, c.1990.
  • "The Nearest Faraway Place: Brian Wilson, The Beach Boys and the Southern California Experience", Timothy White, c. 1994.
  1. ^ "20/20 Review". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "Blender review". [dead link]
  3. ^ Catch a Wave: The Rise, Fall, and Redemption of the Beach Boys' Brian Wilson - Peter James Carlin. Google Books. 2006-07-25. 
  4. ^ "The Beach Boys Tour Statistics". setlist.fm. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "The Beach Boys Tour Statistics". setlist.fm. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "Brian Wilson Tour Statistics". setlist.fm. Retrieved 28 October 2013. 
  7. ^ Carlin A., Peter. Catch a Wave: The Rise, Fall Redemption of the Beach Boys' Brian Wilson. Rodale Inc, 2006, ISBN 1-59486-320-2 p. 138
  8. ^ "UK Top 40 Hit Database". EveryHit.