2000 Central American and Caribbean Junior Championships in Athletics

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XIV Central American and Caribbean Junior Championships
Cac junior 2000.jpg
Host city San Juan, Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Date(s) 14–16 July
Main stadium Estadio Sixto Escobar
Level Junior and Youth
Participation about 422
(260 junior,
162 youth) athletes from
31 nations
Events 80
Records set 15 championship records

The 14th Central American and Caribbean Junior Championships were held in the Estadio Sixto Escobar in San Juan, Puerto Rico between 14–16 July, 2000.


Records[edit]

A total of 15 new championship records were set. The wind-assisted mark of 8.09 m (2.9 m/s) by Cleavon Dillon from Trinidad and Tobago was the best performance in long jump of the Male Junior A (U-20) category,[1] as was the mark of 13.30 s (4.8 m/s) by Toni Ann D'Oyley from Jamaica in 100 metres hurdles of the Female Junior A (U-20) category,[2] the mark of 21.46 s (2.4 m/s) by Darrel Brown from Trinidad and Tobago in 200 metres of the Male Junior B (U-17) category,[3] the mark of 7.35 m (5.1 m/s) by Damion Young from Jamaica in long jump of the Male Junior B (U-17) category,[4] and the mark of 6.17m (3.4 m/s) by Charisse Bacchus from Trinidad and Tobago in long jump of the Female Junior B (U-17) category,[5] but all five could not be recognized as new records.



Event Record Athlete Country Type
Boys Under 20 (Junior)[6][7]
Javelin Throw 69.91m Edwin Cuesta  Venezuela CR
10,000 metres Track Walk 41:29.66 Cristián David Berdeja  Mexico CR
Girls Under 20 (Junior)[8][2][9]
100 m 11.45s   (1.7 m/s)
(heat)
Nadine Palmer  Jamaica CR
11.18s   (1.2 m/s) Veronica Campbell  Jamaica CR
800 m 2:06.37 Kareen Gayle  Jamaica CR
High Jump 1.86m Sheree Francis  Jamaica CR
Long Jump 6.47m   (1.4 m/s) Nolle Graham  Jamaica CR
4x100 m relay 44.26s Shereefa Lloyd
Nadine Palmer
Veronica Campbell
Nolle Graham
 Jamaica CR
Boys Under 17 (Youth)[10][4][3]
100 m 10.47s   (1.2 m/s) Darrel Brown  Trinidad and Tobago CR
400 m 48.14s Kimani Williams  Jamaica CR
Javelin Throw 61.81m Jamal Forde  Barbados CR
4x100 m relay 41.62s Chevon Simpson
Darrel Brown
Marlon St. Louis
Dion Rodriguez
 Trinidad and Tobago CR
Girls Under 17 (Youth)[11][12]
100 m 11.67s   (1.4 m/s) Lisa Sharpe  Jamaica CR
400 m 53.54s Anneisha McLaughlin  Jamaica CR
4x400 m relay 3:40.40 Anna-Kay Campbell
Kashain Page
Camille Robinson
Anneisha McLaughlin
 Jamaica CR
Key
AR — Area record  • CR — Championship record  • NR — National record


Medal summary[edit]

Complete results are published on a day by day basis,[13] and medal winners are published by category: Junior A, Male,[14] Junior A, Female,[15] and Junior B.[16]

Male Junior A (under 20)[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 metres
(0.4 m/s)
 Marvin Anderson (JAM) 10.56  Helly Ollarves (VEN) 10.57  Michael Frater (JAM) 10.58
200 metres
(2.0 m/s)
 Omar Brown (JAM) 21.10  Helly Ollarves (VEN) 21.44  Jacner Palacios (COL) 21.50
400 metres  Brandon Simpson (JAM) 46.49  Pete Coley (JAM) 47.28  Damion Barry (TRI) 47.48
800 metres  Aldwyn Sappleton (JAM) 1:51.84  Simoncito Silvera (VEN) 1:52.28  Heleodoro Navarro (MEX) 1:53.28
1500 metres  Heleodoro Navarro (MEX) 3:57.73  Simoncito Silvera (VEN) 3:58.76  Rolando Ramos (PUR) 4:01.14
5000 metres  Antonio Cortez (MEX) 15:07.72  Sergio de León Solís (GUA) 15:20.86  Vishwanauth Sukmongal (GUY) 15:35.48
10000 metres  Sergio de León Solís (GUA) 32:16.20  José Nevares (PUR) 32:46.51  Vishwanauth Sukmongal (GUY) 33:37.48
3000 metres steeplechase  Erick Bonilla Rosa (ESA) 9:29.08  Leomart Albert (PUR) 10:02.79  Johan Mendes (PUR) 10:08.04
110 metres Hurdles
(4.4 m/s)
 Dwayne Robinson (JAM) 14.21 w  Ricardo Melbourne (JAM) 14.47 w  Marlián Reina (VEN) 14.58 w
400 metres Hurdles  Jorge Chaverra (COL) 52.98  Greg Little (JAM) 53.24  Nimal Bailey (JAM) 53.51
High Jump  Germaine Mason (JAM) 2.15  Damon Thompson (BAR) 2.05  Christopher Morrison (JAM) 2.05
Pole Vault  Kenneth Goodridge (TRI) 3.95  Pierre Devarieaux (PUR) 3.70  Pedro Fuentes (ESA) 3.50
Long Jump  Cleavon Dillon (TRI) 8.09 w
(2.9 m/s)
 Leevan Sands (BAH) 7.83
(0.8 m/s)
 Víctor Castillo (VEN) 7.77 w
(2.8 m/s)
Triple Jump  Leevan Sands (BAH) 15.95 w
(3.8 m/s)
 Nicholas Neufville (JAM) 15.55 w
(3.1 m/s)
 Jason Edwards (BAH) 15.20 w
(3.5 m/s)
Shot Put  Manuel Repollet (PUR) 16.18  Edmundo Martínez (VEN) 15.57  Albert Ramírez (DOM) 15.55
Discus Throw  Dwayne Henclewood (JAM) 51.10  Héctor Hurtado (VEN) 49.13  Albert Ramírez (DOM) 46.67
Hammer Throw  Omar Ortiz (PUR) 45.95
Javelin Throw  Edwin Cuesta (VEN) 69.91 CR  Ronald Noguera (VEN) 64.94  Keron Francis (GRN) 59.73
Decathlon  Rubén Arcía (VEN) 6387  Samuel Prescod (BAR) 5977  Juan Tenorio (MEX) 5864
10000 metres Track Walk  Cristián David Berdeja (MEX) 41:29.66 CR  Omar Segura (MEX) 42:53.42
4 x 100 metres relay  Jamaica
Marvin Anderson
Omar Brown
Michael Frater
Steve Mullings
40.39  Trinidad and Tobago
Carron Williams
Marc Burns
Kirk Rudder
Cleavon Dillon
40.56  Barbados
Stephen Taitt
Wilan Louis
Taiwo Sodeyi
Kevin Bartlett
41.27
4 x 400 metres relay  Jamaica
Pete Coley
Alwyn Sappleton
Sékou Clarke
Brandon Simpson
3:08.42  Venezuela
William Hernández
Jonathan Palma
Danny Núñez
Simoncito Silvera
3:12.59  Trinidad and Tobago
Sheridan Kirk
Asim James
Jameel Wilson
Damion Barry
3:12.84


Female Junior A (under 20)[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 metres
(1.2 m/s)
 Veronica Campbell (JAM) 11.18 CR  Nadine Palmer (JAM) 11.36  Fana Ashby (TRI) 11.57
200 metres
(2.5 m/s)
 Fana Ashby (TRI) 23.67 w  Nolle Graham (JAM) 23.84 w  Norma González (COL) 24.27 w
400 metres  Hazel-Ann Regis (GRN) 53.32  Sheryl Morgan (JAM) 54.03  Norma González (COL) 54.54
800 metres  Kareen Gayle (JAM) 2:06.37 CR  Sheena Gooding (BAR) 2:06.63  Lysaira del Valle (PUR) 2:08.75
1500 metres  Valentina Medina (VEN) 4:35.68  María Elena Valencia (MEX) 4:35.70  Tanice Barnett (JAM) 4:37.76
3000 metres  Meleshia Spencer (JAM) 10:15.96  Giselle Coira (PUR) 10:20.57  María Díaz (PUR) 10:31.43
5000 metres  Valentina Medina (VEN) 17:50.72  Alma Xicotencatl (MEX) 17:56.42  Giselle Coira (PUR) 18:15.93
100 metres Hurdles
(4.8 m/s)
 Toni Ann D'Oyley (JAM) 13.30 w  Keitha Moseley (BAR) 13.71 w  Alicia Cave (TRI) 13.77 w
400 metres Hurdles  Melaine Walker (JAM) 59.65  Yusmelys García (VEN) 60.39  Alicia Cave (TRI) 60.52
2000 metres steeplechase
High Jump  Sheree Francis (JAM) 1.86 CR  Celly Martínez (MEX) 1.77  Melba Colón (PUR)
 Laura de Jesús (PUR)
1.57
1.57
Pole Vault  Yoisemil Fuentes (VEN) 3.25  Michelle Rivera (ESA) 3.20  Denise Jerez Agueda (GUA) 3.10
Long Jump  Nolle Graham (JAM) 6.47 CR
(1.4 m/s)
 Onika James (TRI) 6.30
(1.5 m/s)
 Rose Ann Hamilton (JAM) 6.14 w
(2.4 m/s)
Triple Jump  Shelly-Ann Gallimore (JAM) 13.15 w
(4.0 m/s)
 Jennifer Arveláez (VEN) 13.10 w
(3.4 m/s)
 María Espencer (DOM) 12.73 w
(5.5 m/s)
Shot Put  Yanira Hurtado (VEN) 14.18  Kamesha Marshall (JAM) 13.10  Yania Banafé (PUR) 12.66
Discus Throw  Chafree Bain (BAH) 44.05  Kamesha Marshall (JAM) 42.35  Bernadette Welds (CAY) 34.68
Hammer Throw  Dubraska Rodríguez (VEN) 47.46  Anneris Méndez (DOM) 45.66  Amarilys Alméstica (PUR) 44.45
Javelin Throw  Ana Gutiérrez (MEX) 46.28  Gracelis Vega (PUR) 41.16  Brenda-Grace Hunt (JAM) 41.07
Heptathlon  Keitha Moseley (BAR) 4723 w  Lauren Maul (BAR) 4713 w  Yudith Méndez (DOM) 4703 w
5000 metres Track Walk  Natalia García (MEX) 25:06.34  Mariela Rivera (MEX) 25:10.47  Jeditza Arroyo (PUR) 26:21.77
4 x 100 metres relay  Jamaica
Shereefa Lloyd
Nadine Palmer
Veronica Campbell
Nolle Graham
44.26 CR  Trinidad and Tobago
Onika James
Fana Ashby
Alicia Cave
Kimberly Walker
46.20  Puerto Rico
Madeline Morales
Briseida Ferrari
Linnete Gerna
Franchesca Cardona
48.60
4 x 400 metres relay  Jamaica
Sashanie Simpson
Sheryl Morgan
Melaine Walker
Shellene Williams
3:36.14  Grenada
Kishara George
Neisha Bernard
Jackie-Ann Morain
Hazel-Ann Regis
3:40.24  Puerto Rico
Lysaira del Valle
Linnete Gerna
Madeline Morales
Carmen Valdés
3:54.14

Male Junior B (under 17)[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 metres
(1.2 m/s)
 Darrel Brown (TRI) 10.47 CR  Dion Rodriguez (TRI) 10.70  Damion Young (JAM) 10.93
200 metres
(2.4 m/s)
 Darrel Brown (TRI) 21.46 w  Dion Rodriguez (TRI) 21.74 w  André Maxwell (JAM) 21.92 w
400 metres  Kimani Williams (JAM) 48.14 CR  Melville Rogers (SKN) 48.99  Kevin Straker (TRI) 49.17
800 metres  Olwin Granado (VEN) 1:57.41  Joel Pile (TRI) 1:59.35  Dwayne Higgins (JAM) 1:59.50
1500 metres  Yair Cedazo (MEX) 3:59.19  Olwin Granado (VEN) 4:01.40  Kern Harripersad (TRI) 4:03.92
3000 metres  Julio Martínez (MEX) 9:05.4  Keston Nero (TRI) 9:11.2  Olwin Granado (VEN) 9:22.9
2000 metres steeplechase  Yair Cedazo (MEX) 6:06.05  David Rosa (PUR) 6:25.72  Arnaldo Rodríguez (PUR) 7:07.57
100 metres Hurdles
(4.0 m/s)
 Patrick Lee (JAM) 13.15 w  Adalberto Amador (PUR) 13.16 w  Norhiher Marín (MEX) 13.51 w
400 metres Hurdles  Patrick Lee (JAM) 54.21  Kemar Smith (JAM) 56.08  Rhenardo Forbes (BAH) 57.41
High Jump  Adrian Cephas (JAM) 1.93  José Rivera (PUR)
 Omar Wright (CAY)
1.83
1.83
Pole Vault  Héctor García (PUR) 2.75  Marcos Sánchez-Valle (PUR) 2.50
Long Jump  Damion Young (JAM) 7.35 w
(5.1 m/s)
 Jarrett Russell (BAH) 6.88 w
(4.8 m/s)
 Kimani Williams (JAM) 6.82 w
(4.5 m/s)
Triple Jump  Kemar Smith (JAM) 14.07 w
(4.9 m/s)
 Adrian Cephas (JAM) 14.03 w
(5.5 m/s)
 Leon George (GRN) 13.93 w
(3.8 m/s)
Shot Put  Kimani Kirton (JAM) 15.55  Juan Jaramillo (VEN) 15.25  Ricardo Page (JAM) 13.04
Discus Throw  Eric Mathias (IVB) 48.24  Ricardo Page (JAM) 47.64  Michael Letterlough (CAY) 42.57
Hammer Throw  Diego Berrios (GUA) 47.24
Javelin Throw  Jamal Forde (BAR) 61.81 CR  Densley Joseph (GRN) 61.79  Juan Santana (VEN) 59.83
Octathlon
5000 metres Track Walk  Álvaro García (MEX) 24:28.53  Walter Sandoval (ESA) 25:06.47  José Medina (PUR) 25:06.79
4 x 100 metres relay  Trinidad and Tobago
Chevon Simpson
Darrel Brown
Marlon St. Louis
Dion Rodriguez
41.62 CR  Puerto Rico

Ethien Santana
Ismael Rosado
Omar Ortíz
42.72  Bahamas
Rhenardo Forbes
Grafton Ifill
Jarett Russell
43.33
4 x 400 metres relay  Trinidad and Tobago
Kellon Francis
Kevin Straker
Kyle St. Louis
Joel Pile
3:21.56  Bahamas
Rhenardo Forbes
Drameco Bridgewater
Devon Armbrister
Grafton Ifill
3:24.71  Puerto Rico
Noel Negrón
Ethien Santana
Luciano Andino
Felix Martínez
3:25.70

Female Junior B (under 17)[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
100 metres
(1.4 m/s)
 Lisa Sharpe (JAM) 11.67 CR  Genna Williams (BAR) 11.86  Kerron Stewart (JAM) 11.92
200 metres
(2.3 m/s)
 Simone Facey (JAM) 24.14 w  Tiandra Ponteen (SKN) 24.24 w  Kerron Stewart (JAM) 24.51 w
400 metres  Anneisha McLaughlin (JAM) 53.54 CR  Tiandra Ponteen (SKN) 54.32  Kashain Page (JAM) 54.45
800 metres  Carlene Robinson (JAM) 2:13.53  Sheila Mercado (PUR) 2:13.95  Gabriela Medina (MEX) 2:13.99
1200 metres  Cadien Beckford (JAM) 3:39.60  Kay-Ann Thompson (JAM) 3:41.85  Liliani Méndez (PUR) 3:44.96
100 metres Hurdles  Nadina Marsh (JAM) 13.96  Schwannah McCarthy (CAY) 14.05  Keisha Brown (JAM) 14.07
300 metres Hurdles  Camille Robinson (JAM) 43.00  Josanne Lucas (TRI) 45.34  Charisse Bacchus (TRI) 47.19
High Jump  Shaunette Davidson (JAM) 1.72  Peaches Roach (JAM) 1.72  Jhoris Luque (VEN) 1.72
Long Jump  Charisse Bacchus (TRI) 6.17 w
(3.4 m/s)
 Nadina Marsh (JAM) 6.04 w
(3.8 m/s)
 Yuridia Bustamante (MEX) 6.00 w
(3.3 m/s)
Triple Jump  Desiree Crichlow (BAR) 11.85
(-0.8 m/s)
 Gabriela Carrillo (ESA) 11.42
(0.2 m/s)
 Esthela Díaz (MEX) 11.14
(-2.1 m/s)
Shot Put  Shernelle Nicholls (BAR) 13.65  Brittney Marshall (BER) 12.70  Nathyan Catano (PAN) 12.39
Discus Throw  Shernelle Nicholls (BAR) 41.86  Peta-Gaye Beckford (JAM) 34.61  Sandrena Small (BAR) 33.98
Javelin Throw  Shakirah Kemp (BAH) 31.53  Natalia Vincent (GRN) 31.27  Yalitza Rivera (PUR) 17.40
Pentathlon  Charisse Bacchus (TRI) 3381 w  Yalitza Rivera (PUR) 3278  Ayana Riviere (TRI) 3202
4000 metres Track Walk  Daisy González (MEX) 20:55.64  Dianette Vázquez (PUR) 22:00.64  Estela Hernández (MEX) 22:54.72
4 x 100 metres relay  Jamaica
Shaunette Davidson
Kerron Stewart
Simone Facey
Lisa Sharpe
45.66  Trinidad and Tobago
Josanne Lucas
Wanda Hutson
Danille Prime
Cherisse Bacchus
47.91  Bahamas
Tamara Rigby
Utica Edgecombe
Cara Saunders
Astra Curry
48.47
4 x 400 metres relay  Jamaica
Anna-Kay Campbell
Kashain Page
Camille Robinson
Anneisha McLaughlin
3:40.40 CR  Trinidad and Tobago
Kiza Francis
Wanda Hutson
Carline McLean
Danille Prime
3:51.48  Bahamas
Tavara Rigby
Astra Curry
Utica Edgecombe
Tamara Rigby
3:57.71


Medal table[edit]

  The host country is highlighted in lavender blue
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Jamaica 36 16 15 67
2 Mexico México 10 5 8* 23
3  Trinidad and Tobago 9 10 9 28
4  Venezuela 8 12 5 25
5  Barbados 5 6 3* 14
6  Puerto Rico 4* 14* 16 34
7  Bahamas 4* 3 5 12
8  Guatemala 2 1 1 4
9  Grenada 1 3 2 6
10  El Salvador 1 3 1 5
11  Colombia 1 0 3 4
12  British Virgin Islands 1 0 0 1
13  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 3 0 3
14  Cayman Islands 0 2 2 4
15  Dominican Republic 0 1 4 5
16  Bermuda 0 1 0 1
 Saint Lucia 0 1* 0 1
18  Guyana 0 0 2 2
19 Panama Panamá 0 0 1 1

*:There is a mismatch between the unofficial medal count and the published medal count above.[7][9][3][12] The unofficial count results in only 3 gold medals for both the Bahamas and Puerto Rico, only 13 silver medals for Puerto Rico, no silver or any other medal for Saint Lucia, and only 7 bronze medals for Mexico and only 2 bronze medals for Barbados. This could be explained by published results being incomplete. In the technical manual[17] the events 2000 metres streeplechase in the Girls under 20 (Junior) category and Octathlon in the Boys under 17 (Youth) category were scheduled, but no results could be found. Assuming that the published medal tables are correct, and working through the published medal count,[7][9][3][12] the following result could tentatively be assigned: 2000 metres streeplechase girls (U-20): gold for Puerto Rico, silver for Puerto Rico, and bronze for Barbados, octathlon boys (U-17): gold for the Bahamas, silver for Saint Lucia, and bronze for Mexico. The number of events would increase to 82.


Participation (unofficial)[edit]

Haïti competed for the first time at the championships. Detailed result lists can be found on the World Junior Athletics History website.[18] An unofficial count yields a number of about 422 athletes (260 junior (under-20) and 162 youth (under-17)) from about 31 countries, a new record number of participating nations:


References[edit]

  1. ^ Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 20 Boys, Friday 07/14/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  2. ^ a b Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 20 Girls, Saturday 07/15/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  3. ^ a b c d Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 17 Boys, Sunday 07/16/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  4. ^ a b Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 17 Boys, Saturday 07/15/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  5. ^ Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 17 Girls, Saturday 07/15/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  6. ^ Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 20 Boys, Saturday 07/15/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  7. ^ a b c Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 20 Boys, Sunday 07/16/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  8. ^ Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 20 Girls, Friday 07/14/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  9. ^ a b c Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 20 Girls, Sunday 07/16/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  10. ^ Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 17 Boys, Friday 07/14/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  11. ^ Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 17 Girls, Friday 07/14/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  12. ^ a b c Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, UNDER 17 Girls, Sunday 07/16/00, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 4, 2012 
  13. ^ Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, C.A.C. Junior Track & Field Championship, July 14-16, 2000, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Results, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved August 7, 2011 
  14. ^ Athletics Weekly, CENTRAL AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN JUNIOR CHAMPIONSHIPS (UNDER 20 MEN), retrieved August 5, 2011 
  15. ^ Athletics Weekly, CENTRAL AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN JUNIOR CHAMPIONSHIPS (UNDER 20 WOMEN), retrieved August 5, 2011 
  16. ^ Athletics Weekly, CENTRAL AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN JUNIOR CHAMPIONSHIPS (UNDER 17), retrieved August 5, 2011 
  17. ^ Central American and Caribbean Athletic Confederation, Technical Manual, C.F.P.I. Timing and Data Inc., retrieved May 5, 2012 
  18. ^ World Junior Athletics History, WORLD JUNIOR ATHLETICS HISTORY ("WJAH"), retrieved October 6, 2011 


External links[edit]