2000 Herschel

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2000 Herschel
Discovered by Joachim Schubart
Discovery date July 29, 1960
Named after
William Herschel
1934 NX; 1960 OA
Main belt
Orbital characteristics
Epoch June 14, 2006 (JD 2453900.5)
Aphelion 3.089 AU (462.181 Gm)
Perihelion 1.674 AU (250.427 Gm)
2.382 AU (356.304 Gm)
Eccentricity 0.297
3.68 a (1342.584 d)
18.87 km/s
Inclination 22.747°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 24.5±9.5 km[1]
Temperature ~180 K

2000 Herschel is an asteroid discovered on July 29, 1960 by Joachim Schubart at Sonneberg Observatory.[2] It is named in honour of the English astronomer of German origin William Herschel who discovered Uranus.

Analysis of the light curve for this object appears to show that it is tumbling, with rotation occurring about the non-principal axis. The rotation period is estimated as 130 ± 3 days, during which time the magnitude of the object varies by 1.16 ± 0.05 in magnitude.[3] The relatively high orbital eccentricity of this object causes it to come close to the orbit of the planet Mars. This means there is a chance it will eventually collide with the planet, with the odds of a collision estimated at 18% per billion orbits.[4]


  1. ^ Assuming an albedo between 0.05 and 0.25 as indicated in "Conversion of Absolute Magnitude to Diameter for Minor Planets". Sephen F. Austin State University. Dan Burton. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "2000 Herschel (2008)", The Minor Planet Observer and Palmer Divide Observatory, retrieved 2012-08-21 
  3. ^ Warner, Brian D. (April 2011), "Upon Further Review: VI. An Examination of Previous Lightcurve Analysis from the Palmer Divide Observatory", The Minor Planet Bulletin (Minor Planets Section of the Association of Lunar and Planetary Observers) 38 (2): 96–101, Bibcode:2011MPBu...38...96W. 
  4. ^ Steel, D. I. (August 1985), "Collisions in the solar systems. II - Asteroid impacts upon Mars", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 215: 369–381, Bibcode:1985MNRAS.215..369S, doi:10.1093/mnras/215.3.369. 

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