2000 Tour de France

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2000 Tour de France
Route of the 2000 Tour de France.png
Route of the 2000 Tour de France
Race details
Dates 1 – 23 July 2000
Stages 21
Distance 3,662.5 km (2,276 mi)
Winning time 92h 33' 08"[1] (39.556 km/h or 24.579 mph)
Palmares
Winner None
Second  Jan Ullrich (Germany) (Team Telekom)
Third  Joseba Beloki (Spain) (Festina)

Points  Erik Zabel (Germany) (Team Telekom)
Mountains  Santiago Botero (Colombia) (Kelme-Costa Blanca)
Youth  Francisco Mancebo (Spain) (Banesto)
Team Kelme-Costa Blanca
1999
2001

The 2000 Tour de France was a multiple stage bicycle race held from 1 July to 23 July 2000, and the 87th edition of the Tour de France. It has no overall winner—although American cyclist Lance Armstrong originally won the event, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced in August 2012 that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 19992005; the Union Cycliste Internationale has confirmed this verdict.

The Tour started with an individual time trial in Futuroscope (not an official prologue because it was longer than 8 km)[2] and ended, traditionally, in Paris. The distance travelled was 3663 km (counter-clockwise around France). The Tour passed through Switzerland and Germany.

Before the race started, there were several favourites:[3] Armstrong, after his 1999 Tour de France victory; Jan Ullrich, having won the 1997 Tour de France, finishing second in the 1996 and 1998 tours, and not entering the 1999 Tour due to an injury; and 1998 Tour winner Marco Pantani. Richard Virenque finished 8th place in the 1999 Tour despite bad preparation, and for the 2000 edition he was considered an important rider. Fernando Escartín, Bobby Julich, Alexander Vinokourov and Alex Zülle were also considered contenders.

In August 2013, Jan Ullrich—arguably Armstrong's biggest Tour de France rival—reportedly said that Armstrong should have his seven stripped wins reinstated, due to the prevalence of doping at the time. He had finished second to Armstrong three times—in 2000, 2001 and 2003—but declined to stake a claim for his rival's stripped titles.[4]

Differences from the 1999 Tour de France[edit]

Up until 1989 the Young rider classification leader received a white jersey. After 1989 the white jersey was no longer awarded, but the classification was still held. In 2000 the race organizers decided to start awarding the white jersey.

Participants[edit]

The following 17 teams were automatically selected based on their UCI rankings:[5]

In addition, three teams were given wildcards by the Tour organisation:

Each of these 20 teams sent 9 cyclists, for a total of 180:[6][7] Before the start, each rider had to do a health check. Three riders failed this health check:

all because they had a hematocrit value above 50%. The race thus started with 177 cyclists.[6]

Race details[edit]

The first stage was won by British cyclist David Millar, with Lance Armstrong only 2 seconds behind in second place. Of the other pre-race favorites, Laurent Jalabert, Jan Ullrich and Alex Zülle all lost less than 20 seconds. Virenque, Vinokourov and Escartin lost around 1:30 on Armstrong, while Marco Pantani lost more than 2 minutes. The next two stages were sprinter stages, both won by Tom Steels, not changing much in the overall classification. Stage 4, a team time trial, was won by the ONCE cycling team, and after that stage the top 10 included 8 ONCE cyclists, including leader Laurent Jalabert.

In stage 6, 12 cyclists broke away and kept a 7:49-minute lead, which shook up the classification. Alberto Elli, one of the breakaways, took over the yellow jersey.

In stage 10, the Tour entered the mountains. The stage, which finished at Hautacam, was won by Spaniard Javier Otxoa, but Lance Armstrong finished second and took the yellow jersey, with Ullrich in second place, more than 4 minutes behind. The 12th stage, finishing on Mont Ventoux, was won by Marco Pantani, but Lance Armstrong finished second with the same time, so Armstrong increased his lead. Stage 15 was also won by Pantani, but again Armstrong gained time on second-place Ullrich, who was 7:26 behind. On the 16th stage, Armstrong had a bad day and lost time. Ullrich's gap shrunk to 5:37.

On stage 17, Erik Dekker won his third stage of the Tour. Stage 19, an individual time trial, was the last chance to change the general classification, although it was very unlikely that time trial specialist Armstrong would lose his 5:37 lead. Armstrong eventually went on to win the stage, and secured his Tour win. He maintained his lead in the final two stages.

Stages[edit]

Stage results[6][8]
Stage Date Route Terrain Length Winner
1 1 July FuturoscopeFuturoscope Individual time trial 16.5 km (10.3 mi)  David Millar (GBR)
2 2 July FuturoscopeLoudun Plain stage 194.0 km (120.5 mi)  Tom Steels (BEL)
3 3 July LoudunNantes Plain stage 161.5 km (100.4 mi)  Tom Steels (BEL)
4 4 July NantesSaint-Nazaire Team time trial 70.0 km (43.5 mi)  ONCE-Deutsche Bank (ESP)
5 5 July VannesVitré Plain stage 202.0 km (125.5 mi)  Marcel Wüst (GER)
6 6 July VitréTours Plain stage 198.5 km (123.3 mi)  Leon van Bon (NED)
7 7 July ToursLimoges Plain stage 205.5 km (127.7 mi)  Christophe Agnolutto (FRA)
8 8 July LimogesVilleneuve-sur-Lot Plain stage 203.5 km (126.4 mi)  Erik Dekker (NED)
9 9 July AgenDax Plain stage 181.0 km (112.5 mi)  Paolo Bettini (ITA)
10 10 July DaxHautacam Stage with mountain(s) 205.0 km (127.4 mi)  Javier Otxoa (ESP)
11 11 July Bagnères-de-BigorreRevel Hilly stage 218.5 km (135.8 mi)  Erik Dekker (NED)
12 13 July CarpentrasMont Ventoux Stage with mountain(s) 149.0 km (92.6 mi)  Marco Pantani (ITA)
13 14 July AvignonDraguignan Plain stage 185.5 km (115.3 mi)  José Vicente Garcia (ESP)
14 15 July DraguignanBriançon Stage with mountain(s) 249.5 km (155.0 mi)  Santiago Botero (COL)
15 16 July BriançonCourchevel Stage with mountain(s) 173.5 km (107.8 mi)  Marco Pantani (ITA)
16 18 July CourchevelMorzine Stage with mountain(s) 196.5 km (122.1 mi)  Richard Virenque (FRA)
17 19 July Évian-les-BainsLausanne Hilly stage 155.0 km (96.3 mi)  Erik Dekker (NED)
18 20 July LausanneFribourg-en-Brisgau Plain stage 246.5 km (153.2 mi)  Salvatore Commesso (ITA)
19 21 July Fribourg-en-BrisgauMulhouse Individual time trial 58.5 km (36.4 mi)  Lance Armstrong (USA)
20 22 July BelfortTroyes Plain stage 254.5 km (158.1 mi)  Erik Zabel (GER)
21 23 July Paris – Paris (Champs-Élysées) Plain stage 138.0 km (85.7 mi)  Stefano Zanini (ITA)

Classification leadership[edit]

Stage Winner General classification
Yellow jersey
Points classification
Green jersey
Mountains classification
Polkadot jersey
Young rider classification
White jersey
Team classification
Jersey with yellow number
Combativity award
1 David Millar David Millar David Millar Marcel Wüst David Millar US Postal N/A
2 Tom Steels Tom Steels Erik Dekker
3 Tom Steels Jens Voigt
4 ONCE Laurent Jalabert David Cañada ONCE N/A
5 Marcel Wüst Paolo Bettini Erik Dekker
6 Leon van Bon Alberto Elli Salvatore Commesso Rabobank Jacky Durand
7 Christophe Agnolutto Marcel Wüst Christophe Agnolutto
8 Erik Dekker Erik Dekker Erik Dekker
9 Paolo Bettini Erik Zabel Paolo Bettini
10 Javier Otxoa Lance Armstrong Javier Otxoa Francisco Mancebo Javier Otxoa
11 Erik Dekker Santiago Botero
12 Marco Pantani Banesto Christophe Agnolutto
13 José Vicente García Didier Rous
14 Santiago Botero Santiago Botero Santiago Botero
15 Marco Pantani
16 Richard Virenque Kelme-Costa Blanca Marco Pantani
17 Erik Dekker Massimiliano Lelli
18 Salvatore Commesso Jacky Durand
19 Lance Armstrong N/A
20 Erik Zabel François Simon
21 Stefano Zanini Massimo Apollonio
Final Lance Armstrong Erik Zabel Santiago Botero Francisco Mancebo Kelme-Costa Blanca Erik Dekker
Jersey wearers when one rider is leading two or more competitions

Results[edit]

There were several classifications in the 2000 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[9]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[9]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.[9]

The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was marked by the white jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years were eligible.[9]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[10]

For the combativity classification, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages lead the classification.

General classification[edit]

On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2000 Tour de France. The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, upheld the verdict on 22 October 2012. Organizers of the Tour de France announced that the winner's slot would remain empty in the record books.

Final general classification (1–10)[6]
Rank Name Team Time
DSQ  Lance Armstrong (USA) US Postal Service 92h 33' 08"
2  Jan Ullrich (GER) Telekom +6' 02"
3  Joseba Beloki (ESP) Festina +10' 04"
4  Christophe Moreau (FRA) Festina +10' 34"
5  Roberto Heras (ESP) Kelme +11' 50"
6  Richard Virenque (FRA) Polti +13' 26"
7  Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme +14' 18"
8  Fernando Escartín (ESP) Kelme +17' 21"
9  Francisco Mancebo (ESP) Banesto +18' 09"
10  Daniele Nardello (ITA) Mapei +18' 25"

Points classification[edit]

Final points classification (1–10)[6][11]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Erik Zabel (GER) Telekom 321
2  Robbie McEwen (AUS) Farm Frites 203
3  Romans Vainsteins (LAT) Vini Caldirola-Sodi 184
4  Emmanuel Magnien (FRA) Française des Jeux 157
5  Erik Dekker (NED) Rabobank 138
6  Stefano Zanini (ITA) Mapei 130
7  Jacky Durand (FRA) Lotto 130
8  François Simon (FRA) Bonjour 122
9  Salvatore Commesso (ITA) Saeco 118
10  Nico Mattan (BEL) Cofidis 106

Mountains classification[edit]

Final mountains classification (1–10)[6][11]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme 347
2  Javier Otxoa (ESP) Kelme 283
3  Richard Virenque (FRA) Polti 267
4  Pascal Hervé (FRA) Polti 234
5  Nico Mattan (BEL) Cofidis 164
6  Lance Armstrong (USA) US Postal Service 162
7  Fernando Escartín (ESP) Kelme 149
8  Roberto Heras (ESP) Kelme 113
9  Joseba Beloki (ESP) Festina 112
10  José Maria Jimenez (ESP) Banesto 110

The rider originally placed 6th, Lance Armstrong, was disqualified on 22 October 2012 by the UCI. No other alterations were made on that date and his placings were left void.

Team classification[edit]

Final team classification (1–10)[6][11]
Rank Team Time
1 Kelme-Costa Blanca 278h 10' 47"
2 Festina +13' 42"
3 Banesto +18' 21"
4 Team Telekom +40' 08"
5 Lotto-Adecco +1h 11' 50"
6 Rabobank +1h 16' 34"
7 ONCE-Deutsche Bank +1h 36' 14"
8 US Postal +1h 46' 04"
9 Mapei-Quick Step +1h 50' 17"
10 Cofidis +2h 06' 48"

Young rider classification[edit]

Final young rider classification (1–5)[6][11]
Rank Rider Team Time
1  Francisco Mancebo (ESP) Banesto 92h 51' 17"
2  Guido Trentin (ITA) Vini Caldirola-Sodi +17' 48"
3  Grischa Niermann (GER) Rabobank +33' 57"
4  David Cañada (ESP) ONCE +59' 35"
5  David Millar (GBR) Cofidis +1h 54' 54"

Combativity classification[edit]

Final combativity classification (1–3)[6][11]
Rank Rider Team Points
1  Erik Dekker (NED) Rabobank 61
2  Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme 55
3  Christophe Agnolutto (FRA) Ag2r 51

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Augendre, Jacques (2009). "Guide Historique" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  2. ^ Tour de France for dummies: Time Trials, Mountains Stages, Prologues, and More
  3. ^ Tour de France 2000 favorieten (Dutch), NRC
  4. ^ "Jan Ullrich supports Lance". Associated Press (ESPN). 1 August 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Tour de France teams 2000". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. 1 June 2000. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "87ème Tour de France 2000" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "Complete starting list". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. 30 June 2000. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  8. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c d Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified – Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  10. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Jones, Jeff (2000). "Mapei end it in a thrilling finale". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 

External links[edit]