Japanese manga cover of 2001 Nights volume 1
(Nisen'ichi Ya Monogatari)
|Written by||Yukinobu Hoshino|
|Magazine||Monthly Super Action|
|Original run||June 1984 – June 1986|
|Original video animation|
|Directed by||Yoshio Takeuchi|
|Original video animation|
|Directed by||Fumihiko Sori|
2001 Nights (2001夜物語 Nisen'ichi Ya Monogatari?) is a science fiction manga series written and illustrated by Yukinobu Hoshino and originally serialized in Futabasha's Monthly Super Action starting from June 1984. It was then collected into three bound volumes by Futabasha, released between August 18, 1985 and October 24, 1986. The series was licensed for an English-language release by Viz Media and published in North America starting in 1990. 2001 Nights is largely inspired by classic hard science fiction, with many visual homages to previous science fiction novels and films.
2001 Nights consists of several loosely connected short stories, all taking place in the same timeline, with the whole series spanning several hundred years. Many of the stories are related to each other (even across books), each building upon the achievements of the previous ones. The stories are often (but not always) scientifically plausible, recalling a lot of the early science fiction of the 1950 and 1960 eras.
2001 Nights was adapted into a one-episode original video animation (OVA) under the name 'Space Fantasia 2001 Nights' by TMS Entertainment and released on VHS in July 1987. It has not been licensed in English, though versions with English subtitles can be found.
Two stories from 2001 Nights, Night 12 (Symbiotic Planet) and Night 14 (Elliptical Orbit) respectively, were adapted into TO, a two-episode computer animation (CGI) original video animation (OVA). Fumihiko Sori directed. It was released on DVD and Blu-ray by Avex in December 2009, in Japan. TO was released on rental DVDs on October 2, 2009 and in December 2009 as regular DVD and Blu-ray release. It was scheduled to air on TBS and BS-TBS (Japanese satellite TV broadcaster) in November and December 2009, prior to the DVD and Blu-ray release. A 10 minute trailer was released on YouTube by Avex in November 11, 2009. Manga Entertainment a UK distributor acquired licensing in late 2010.Funimation licensed To for North American release in 2011.
The stories that make up the complete manga are placed in chronological order, with two exceptions. By the technology used, Night 14 ("Elliptical Orbit") seems to belong somewhere between Nights 6 and 7 (after the invention of suspended animation and interstellar travel, but before the Lucifer discovery). The second, Night 6 ("Discovery") is referenced in Night 4 ("Posterity") which occurs 50 years AFTER the launch of the probe Discovery.
|No.||Japanese release date||Japanese ISBN||English release date||English ISBN|
|1||August 18, 1985||ISBN 4-575-93074-1||March 22, 1996||ISBN 1-56931-056-4|
|2||December 28, 1985||ISBN 4-575-93075-X||June 22, 1996||ISBN 1-56931-102-1|
|3||October 24, 1986||ISBN 4-575-93076-8||February 22, 1996||ISBN 1-56931-125-0|
Reviewing the manga Mark Aragona praised Hoshino’s skill in striking a balance between the scientific and the fantastical elements in his stories, noting the opus of Lucifer Rising. Harry Knowles of Ain't it Cool News praised the work for its portrayal, but overcomes its inspiration One Thousand and One Nights and 2001: A Space Odyssey, noting "It is reminiscent of the classics and develops its science fiction well enough on its own that is not diminished by comparisons."
Anime-focus.com reviewed the TO OVA offered a mixed review of the work. While praising the graphics and special effects, it focused on the emotionless Funimation English dub which made all the worse by lifeless characters and the lack of attachment to the stories. Closing with, "This should have been a gem but the flaws are too great to make this the masterpiece it could have been."  Charles Packer, found the same flaws in his review, "Whilst the disc may look eye watering spectacular, it’s difficult to get over the fact that the stories rely too heavily on clichés."
- "2001夜物語 1(ニセンイチヤモノガタリ) | ISBN 4-575-93074-1" (in Japanese). Futabasha. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "2001夜物語 3(ニセンイチヤモノガタリ) | ISBN 4-575-93076-8" (in Japanese). Futabasha. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "2001 Nights (1990)". Comic Book DB. Retrieved 2014-04-09.
- Anime News Network (2009-11-13). "10 Minutes of Fumihiko Sori's To Sci-Fi CG Anime Posted". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on 9 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-12.
- "10月2日レンタル開始！『TO（トゥー）』公式サイトにて 曽利文彦監督とメインキャストのコメント動画掲載中！" (in Japanese). Animax. 2009-09-29. Retrieved 2011-07-17.
- "『TO』TBS地上波・BS-TBSで本編放送決定！" (in Japanese). Avex. 2009-11-12. Retrieved 2011-07-17.
- darkhorse_logg (2009-11-16). "3D Sci-Fi Action Anime "TO" to be aired on TBS before the DVD and Blu-ray Release". GigaZine. Retrieved 2010-07-12.
- "Manga UK Adds Sci-Fi Anime TO From Vexille's Sori". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- "Funimation Adds Fumihiko Sori's To Science-Fiction Anime". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- "2001 Nights, Volume 1: The Death Trilogy Overture (2001 Nights): Yukinobu Hoshino: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "2001夜物語 2(ニセンイチヤモノガタリ) | ISBN 4-575-93075-X" (in Japanese). Futabasha. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "2001 Nights, Volume 2: Journey Beyond Tomorrow (2001 Nights): Yukinobu Hoshino: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "Children of Earth (2001 Nights, Vol. 3): Yukinobu Hoshino: Books". Amazon.com. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "Comic Book Review 2001 Nights". Digital Science Fiction. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- "AICN Anime - A Look Back at Sci-Fi Classic 2001 Nights, Redline in Theaters, ReBoot DVD Bound and More". Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- "Review: TO – 2001 Nights". Anime Focus. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- "Blu-ray Review TO - 2001 Nights". Retrieved 2013-05-15.