2001 in Israel

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2001
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See also: Other events of 2001
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Events in the year 2001 in Israel.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

Masada and the Old City of Acre, Israel are designated by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites

Israeli–Palestinian conflict[edit]

The most prominent events related to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict which occurred during 2001 include:

  • January 21–27 – Taba Summit: Peace talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority aimed at reaching the "final status" of negotiations. Ehud Barak temporarily withdraws from negotiations during the Israeli elections, subsequently Ariel Sharon refuses to continue negotiating in the face of the newly erupted violence.
  • July 19 – Kach members fire on a car in the West Bank killing three Palestinians.[citation needed]

Notable Palestinian militant operations against Israeli targets

The most prominent Palestinian militant acts and operations committed against Israeli targets during 2001 include:

Memorial for the victims of the Dolphinarium discothèque suicide bombing
  • January 1 – Netanya center bombing: 54 people are injured when a car, containing 44 pounds of explosives, explodes near a bus stop in Netanya's shopping district. Hamas claimed responsibility.[4]
  • January 17 – Murder of Ofir Rahum: A 24 year-old female Palestinian activist from Bir Nabala, manages to seduce the 16 year-old Israeli high school student Ofir Rahum through an Online chat by pretending to be an American tourist and invites him to meet her in Jerusalem for a seemingly romantic meeting. She manages to drive him to a remote area in the outskirts of Ramallah where a Palestinian terrorist cell shows up and kills Rahum.[5]
  • March 1 – Mei Ami junction bombing: An Israeli is killed and nine other people are injured when a Palestinian suicide bomber detonates a bomb in a service taxi. Hamas claimed responsibility.[6]
  • March 4 – Netanya bombing: 3 elderly Israelis are killed in a suicide bombing in downtown of the coastal city of Netanya. Hamas claims responsibility.[7]
  • March 26 – Murder of Shalhevet Pass: a Palestinian sniper killed the 10-month-old Israeli infant Shalhevet Pass in the Avraham Avinu neighborhood in Hebron.
  • March 27 – Talpiot industrial zone bombing: 7 people are injured when a car explodes during the morning rush hour in the Talpiot neighborhood in southeast Jerusalem. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.[8]
  • March 27 – Egged bus No. 6 French Hill junction bombing: 28 people were injured, two seriously, in a suicide bombing on a northbound No. 6 bus at the French Hill Junction. Hamas claimed responsibility.[9]
  • March 28 – Mifgash Shalom attack: 3 Israelis are killed in a suicide bombing. Hamas claims responsibility.[10]
  • April 16 – Five mortar shells land, for the first time in the history of Israel, in the Israeli city Ashdod.
  • April 22 – Kfar Saba bombing: A Palestinian Arab suicide bomber kills an Israeli doctor of American origin in Kfar Saba and injures 60 others. Hamas claims responsibility.[11][12]
  • April 23 – Or Yehuda bombing: 8 people are lightly injured when a car explodes in the town of Or Yehuda. Hamas claimed responsibility. Hamas claimed responsibility.[13]
  • May 8 – Murder of Koby Mandell and Yosef Ishran
  • May 18 – Kenyon HaSharon bombing: 5 Israelis are killed in a suicide bombing in a shopping mall in Netanya and over 100 are wounded. Hamas claims responsibility.[14]
  • May 25 – Hadera bus station suicide bombing: at least 12 people are injured when a car explodes near the bus station in the city Hadera. Hamas claimed responsibility.[15]
  • May 27 – Jerusalem bombings: two car bombs explode in the center of Jerusalem. The explosions caused no serious injuries. PFLP claimed responsibility.[16]
  • May 30 – Netanya school bombing: a car bomb explodes outside a school in the coastal city of Netanya. The explosion caused no serious injuries. Palestinian Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility.[17]
  • June 1 – Dolphinarium discotheque suicide bombing: A Hamas suicide bomber blows himself up at the entrance of a club on a beachfront in Tel Aviv. 21 Israelis are killed and 132 were wounded, all youths.[18][19][20][21]
  • June 22 – Dugit bombing: 2 Israeli soldiers are killed when a Booby trapped car explodes near the Jewish settlement of Dugit. Hamas claimed responsibility.[22]
  • July 2 – Yehud suburb bombing: 2 bombs which were planted in cars of 2 Yehud residents explode. The explosion caused no serious injuries. PFLP claimed responsibility.[23]
  • July 9 – Kissufim bombing: A Palestinian suicide bomber detonates his car near a in the Southern Gaza Strip crossing point of Kissufim. The explosion caused no serious injuries. Hamas claimed responsibility.[24][25]
  • July 16 – Binyamina Railway Station bombing: 2 Israeli soldiers are killed and 8 civilians are injured when a Palestinian suicide bomber detonates himself near the entrance to the Binyamina railway station.[26]
  • August 7 – Zohar Shurgi, 40, of moshav Yafit, was fatally shot in a drive-by shooting on Trans-Samaria Highway.[27]
  • August 9 – Sbarro restaurant suicide bombing: A Palestinian suicide bomber wearing an explosive belt weighing five to ten kilograms, containing explosives, nails, nuts and bolts, detonates his bomb. In the blast 15 people (including seven children) are killed, and 130 wounded. Both Hamas and the Islamic Jihad initially claim responsibility.[28]
  • August 12 – Wall-Street cafe bombing: One Israeli is killed and 15 others are injured when a Palestinian suicide bomber detonates himself at the "Wall-Street" cafe in Kiryat Motzkin. The Islamic Jihad claim responsibility.[29]
  • August 21 – Russian Compound bombing: Palestinian militants explode a bomb in the center of Jerusalem. The explosions caused no serious injuries.[30]
  • September 4 – Jerusalem car bombings: Four bombs explode at the same time in Jerusalem. The explosions caused no serious injuries.[31]
  • September 9 – Nahariya train station suicide bombing: an Arab-Israeli who was sent by Hamas detonates himself on the crowded platform of the Nahariya Railway Station, killing 3 Israelis and injuring 94. Hamas claim responsibility.[32]
  • September 9 – Beit Lid Junction bombing: 12 Israelis are injured when 2 car bombs explode near a bus at the Beit Lid junction near Netanya. The Islamic Jihad claim responsibility.[33]
  • September 15 – Meir Weisshaus, 23, of Jerusalem, was fatally shot in a drive-by shooting on the Ramot-French Hill road.[34]
  • October 1 – Talpiot neighborhood bombing
  • October 7 – Erez Crossing bombing
  • October 7 – Kibbutz Shluhot bombing
  • October 17 – Assassination of Rehavam Ze'evi: The Israeli tourism minister Rehavam Zeevi is assassinated in Jerusalem Hyatt hotel by four Palestinian Arab gunmen, members of the PFLP terrorist organization
  • November 4 – Shoshana Ben Ishai, 16, of Betar Illit, and Menashe (Meni) Regev, 14, of Jerusalem were killed when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire with a sub-machine gun shortly before 16:00 at a No. 25 Egged bus at the French Hill junction in northern Jerusalem. 45 people were injured in the attack.[35]
  • November 26 – Erez Crossing bombing
  • November 29 – Egged bus 823 bombing: Three people are killed and nine wounded in a suicide bombing of a bus near Hadera. Both Islamic Jihad and Fatah claime responsibility.
  • December 1 – Ben Yehuda Street Bombing
  • December 2 – Haifa bus 16 suicide bombing
  • December 5 – Hilton Mamilla bombing
  • December 9 – Check Post Junction bombing
  • December 12 – Neve Dekalim bombing

Notable Israeli military operations against Palestinian militancy targets
The most prominent Israeli military counter-terrorism operations (military campaigns and military operations) carried out against Palestinian militants during 2001 include:

Unknown dates[edit]

  • The Moshe Aviv Tower skyscraper in Ramat Gan officially opens, becoming the tallest building in Israel. (standing at 244.1 m)

Notable deaths[edit]

  • September 8 – Dudu Dotan (born 1949), Israeli entertainer and actor.
  • October 17 – Rehavam Zeevi (born 1926), Israeli minister and former general, assassinated by terrorists.
  • November 2 – Rabbi Elazar Shach (born 1899), Russian (Lithuania)-born co-founder of the political parties Shas and Degel HaTorah, leader of the Lithuanian Orthodox community in Israel.

Major public holidays[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sontag, Deborah (March 22, 2001). "Israeli Official Is Found Guilty On Sex Charges". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ Yitzhak Mordechai Jewish Virtual Library
  3. ^ "unesco.org". Whc.unesco.org. December 13, 2001. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Bomb Explosion in Netanya – Photo". LIFE. January 1, 2001. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  5. ^ Tania Hershman (January 19, 2001). "Israel's 'First Internet Murder'". Wired. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  6. ^ "1 DEAD, 9 HURT IN BLAST". March 2, 2001. 
  7. ^ "Suicide bombing kills four in Israel | WORLD News". Tvnz.co.nz. March 5, 2001. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  8. ^ "FURY IN ISRAEL Jerusalem seethes as 2 blasts follow infant's killing". Daily News (New York). March 27, 2001. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Palestinian Terrorism February–April 2001– Photos". Mfa.gov.il. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  10. ^ Wilkinson. "Two blasts heighten pressure on Sharon Israeli retaliation not expected during Arab leaders' summit first=Tracy". 
  11. ^ Wack, Kevin (April 23, 2001). "Bombing kills two at Israeli bus stop". USA TODAY. 
  12. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=KJMNAAAAIBAJ&sjid=cXADAAAAIBAJ&pg=5295,3182674&dq=bombing&hl=en
  13. ^ Nordwall, Smita P. (April 24, 2001). "Islamic Jihad leader calls for more strikes on Israel". USA TODAY. 
  14. ^ "Suicide Attack At Israeli Mall HAMAS BOMB KILLS SEVEN Israel retaliates; Bush decries violence". Daily News (New York). May 18, 2001. [dead link]
  15. ^ Dudkevitch, Margot; Ridberg, Maia (May 27, 2001). "High alert after Hadera suicide bombing". Jerusalem Post. 
  16. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=7JM_AAAAIBAJ&sjid=8lUMAAAAIBAJ&pg=6780,6127812&dq=jerusalem&hl=en
  17. ^ "CAR BOMB EXPLODES OUTSIDE SCHOOL, THREATENS PEACE PROCESS date=May 31, 2001". May 31, 2001. 
  18. ^ "The Palestinian Authority-Hamas Collusion – From Operational Cooperation to Propaganda Hoax". Ict.org.il. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  19. ^ O'Sullvian, Arieh (November 25, 2001). "No. 1 Hamas terrorist killed. Followers threaten revenge in Tel Aviv.". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved January 30, 2009. 
  20. ^ Fisher, Ian (January 29, 2006). "In Hamas's Overt Hatred, Many Israelis See Hope". New York Times. Retrieved January 30, 2009. 
  21. ^ "פיגוע בדולפינריום – חדשות". Ynet. June 20, 1995. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  22. ^ Hockstader, Lee (June 23, 2001). "Palestinian Bomber Kills 2 Israeli Soldiers in Gaza". 
  23. ^ Rudge, David (July 3, 2001). "Two bombs explode in Yehud. No injuries, but new tactic alarms authorities". Jerusalem Post. 
  24. ^ "Palestinian source on explosion near Israeli military position in Gaza date=July 9, 2001". July 9, 2001. 
  25. ^ "Mideast truce a failure | WORLD News". Tvnz.co.nz. July 10, 2001. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  26. ^ Rudge, David (July 17, 2001). "Suicide bomber kills two soldiers in Binyamina attack". Jerusalem Post. 
  27. ^ Dudkevitch, Margot (August 8, 2001). "Jordan Valley man slain in drive-by shooting". Jerusalem Post. 
  28. ^ "Suicide bomber kills 15 at Jerusalem restaurant – World – NZ Herald News". The New Zealand Herald. August 10, 2001. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  29. ^ By TheMarker.com Staff (August 12, 2001). "About 15 wounded in blast at Kiryat Motzkin's Wall Street cafe". TheStreet. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  30. ^ Reuters (August 21, 2001). "Bomb explodes near Israeli police HQ in Jerusalem". Express India. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  31. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=MahjAAAAIBAJ&sjid=hiUMAAAAIBAJ&pg=1737,30771557&dq=jerusalem&hl=en
  32. ^ "Jerusalem Post's coverage of the terror attack on Nahariya's Railway Station". Jerusalem Post. September 10, 2001. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  33. ^ "ynet מכונית תופת התפוצצה בצומת בית ליד – חדשות". Ynet.co.il. June 20, 1995. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  34. ^ Jewish Virtual Library;Fatal Terrorist Attacks in Israel Since the Declaration of Principles [1]
  35. ^ Minicy Catom Software Engineering Ltd. www.catom.com. "Take A Pen;Israeli children – Victims of Palestinian Terrorism". Takeapen.org. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  36. ^ Sontag, Deborah (February 14, 2001). "Israel Hunts Down and Kills a Top Arafat Security Officer". The New York Times. 
  37. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=5PFRAAAAIBAJ&sjid=ZXADAAAAIBAJ&pg=4824,3430618
  38. ^ "Israelis Seize Ship In Giant Arms Bust". New York Post. May 8, 2001. 
  39. ^ "Boat containing weapons found off Israel". CNN. May 7, 2001. 
  40. ^ Dan, Uri (May 19, 2001). "Israeli Jets Strike Back As Suicide Blast Kills 5". New York Post. 
  41. ^ Sontag, Deborah (May 19, 2001). "Israel answers suicide blast – Warplanes kill 9 in retaliation after 5 die in explosion at mall". The San Diego Union. 
  42. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=OYojAAAAIBAJ&sjid=dYgFAAAAIBAJ&pg=806,2611894
  43. ^ Independent Newspapers Online (July 13, 2001). "Hamas militant killed in West Bank bomb blast". IOL.co.za. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  44. ^ http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=jegrAAAAIBAJ&sjid=wQUGAAAAIBAJ&pg=5149,1417176
  45. ^ Independent Newspapers Online (July 17, 2001). "Israeli air strike kills four Hamas members". IOL.co.za. Retrieved September 9, 2011. 
  46. ^ O'Sullivan, Arieh (August 6, 2001). "Hamas man killed in IAF rocket ambush". Jerusalem Post. 
  47. ^ Hockstader, Lee (August 6, 2001). "An Unlikely Gunman Sprays Israeli Crowd". 
  48. ^ Myre, Greg (August 11, 2001). "Palestinian offices seized; Israelis respond to suicide bombing". 
  49. ^ Hermann, Peter (August 28, 2001). "Israeli helicopters hunt down top PLO militant in his office Faction leader killed as Israel broadens response to terror". The Sun. 
  50. ^ Philps, Alan (August 28, 2001). "PLO founder killed by Israeli missile attack". The Daily Telegraph (London). 

External links[edit]