2001 in spaceflight

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2001 in spaceflight
Mir on 12 June 1998edit1.jpg
The Mir space station, which was deorbited on 23 March
Orbital launches
First 9 January
Last 28 December
Total 59
Catalogued 58
Rockets
Maiden flights GSLV
H-IIA 202
Proton-M
Soyuz-FG
Retirements Ariane 4 44P
Ariane 4 44LP
Athena I
Manned flights
Orbital 8
Total travellers 44

Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

9 January
17:00
ChinaLong March 2F ChinaJiuquan China
ChinaShenzhou 2 CASC Low Earth Test spacecraft 16 January
11:22
Successful
ChinaShenzhou spacecraft orbital module CASC Low Earth Test spacecraft 24 August
09:05
Successful
10 January
22:09
European UnionAriane 4 44P FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
TurkeyTurksat 2A Eurasiasat SAM Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
24 January
04:28
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M1-5 Roskosmos Low Earth (Mir) Deorbit Mir 23 March
05:50
Successful
Final spacecraft to dock with the Mir space station.
Remained docked during re-entry.
30 January
07:55
United StatesDelta II 7925-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesGPS IIR-7 (USA-156) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational

February[edit]

7 February
23:05
European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
Sicral Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
United KingdomSkynet 4F MoD (UK) Geostationary Communications In orbit Operational
Skynet 4F is the final ECS-class satellite.
7 February
23:13
United StatesSpace Shuttle Atlantis United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-98 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 20 February
20:33
Successful
United NationsDestiny NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS component In orbit Operational
Manned orbital flight with 5 astronauts
20 February
08:48
RussiaStart-1 RussiaSvobodniy Site 5 Russia
SwedenOdin SSC Low Earth Infrared astronomy In orbit Operational
26 February
08:09
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-44 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 16 April
13:23
Successful
ISS flight 3P
27 February
21:20
United StatesTitan IVB (401)/Centaur United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-40 United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesMilstar 2 (USA-157) US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

March[edit]

8 March
11:42
United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-102 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 21 March
07:31
Successful
ItalyUnited StatesLeonardo MPLM ASI/NASA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics Successful
Manned orbital flight with 7 astronauts, ISS crew exchange (launched Expedition 2)
Maiden flight of Multi-Purpose Logistics Module
8 March
22:51
European UnionAriane 5G FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
FranceEurobird Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
JapanBSAT-2A BSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
18 March
22:33
UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
United StatesXM-2 "Rock" XM Satellite Radio Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Partial satellite failure
Design fault with solar panels led to shorter operational life, deactivated November 2006

April[edit]

7 April
03:47
RussiaProton-M/Briz-M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 Russia
RussiaEkran-M-18 GPKS Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Maiden flight of Proton-M
7 April
15:02
United StatesDelta II 7925-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
United States2001 Mars Odyssey NASA Areocentric Mars orbiter In orbit Operational
18 April
10:13
IndiaGSLV IndiaSatish Dhawan IndiaISRO
IndiaGSAT-1 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Failure
Payload placed in incorrect orbit due to underpowered upper stage of launch vehicle
Maiden flight of GSLV
19 April
18:40
United StatesSpace Shuttle Endeavour United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-100 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 1 May
16:10
Successful
ItalyUnited StatesRaffaello MPLM ASI/NASA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics Successful
United NationsCanadarm2 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS component In orbit Operational
Manned orbital flight with 7 astronauts
28 April
07:37
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TM-32 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS escape craft 31 October Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts including the first space tourist, whose flight was arranged by the American company Space Adventures

May[edit]

8 May
22:10
UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
United StatesXM-1 "Roll" XM Satellite Radio Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Partial satellite failure
Design fault with solar panels led to shorter operational life, deactivated November 2006
15 May
01:11
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesPanamsat 10 PanAmSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
18 May
17:45
United StatesDelta II 7925-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesGeoLITE (USA-158) NRO Geostationary Experimental communications In orbit Operational
20 May
22:32
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M1-6 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 22 August Successful
Maiden flight of Soyuz-FG
ISS flight 4P
29 May
17:55
RussiaSoyuz-U RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2377 MO RF Low Earth Reconnaissance 10 October Successful

June[edit]

8 June
15:08
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2378 MO RF Low Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
9 June
06:45
European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United NationsIntelsat 901 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
16 June
01:49
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
LuxembourgAstra 2C SES Astra Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
19 June
04:41
United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36B RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesICO F2 ICO Medium Earth Communications In orbit Operational
30 June
17:45
United StatesDelta II 7425-10 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesWMAP NASA Earth-Sun L2 Lagrange Point Astronomy In orbit Successful
Ceased operations on 20 August 2010, subsequently manoeuvred into heliocentric orbit on 8 September[1]

July[edit]

12 July
09:03
United StatesSpace Shuttle Atlantis United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-104 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 25 July
03:38
Successful
United NationsQuest NASA Low Earth ISS component In orbit Operational
Manned orbital flight with five astronauts
12 July
21:58
European UnionAriane 5G FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
European UnionArtemis ESA Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Partial launch failure
Operational
JapanBSAT-2B BSAT Intended: Geosynchronous
Achieved: Medium Earth
Communications 28 January 2014 Launch failure
Premature cutoff of 2nd stage. Artemis reached correct orbit under own power, BSAT abandoned in useless orbit
20 July
00:17
RussiaMolniya-M RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/4 RussiaVKS
RussiaMolniya 3–51 MO RF Molniya Communications In orbit Operational
23 July
07:23
United StatesAtlas IIA United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36A
United StatesGOES-12 (GOES-M) NOAA Geosynchronous Weather satellite In orbit Operational
31 July
08:00
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk Site 32/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaKoronas F RAKA Sun-synchronous Solar observation In orbit Operational

August[edit]

6 August
07:28
United StatesTitan IVB (402)/IUS United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-40 United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesDSP-21 (USA-159) US Air Force Geosynchronous Missile early warning In orbit Operational
8 August
16:13
United StatesDelta II 7326-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesGenesis NASA Earth-Sun L1 Lagrange Point Solar Wind sample return 8 September 2004 Partial failure
Parachute failed to deploy upon return to Earth, some samples recovered from wreckage
10 August
21:10
United StatesSpace Shuttle Discovery United StatesKennedy LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-105 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 22 August
03:38
Successful
ItalyUnited StatesLeonardo MPLM ASI/NASA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics Successful
United StatesSimplesat NASA Low Earth Astronomy 30 January 2002 Failure
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
ISS crew exchange (launched Expedition 3)
Simplesat released 20 August 18:30 UTC, and failed to contact ground
21 August
09:23
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-45 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 22 November Successful
ISS flight 5P
24 August
20:35
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2379 VKS Geosynchronous Early warning In orbit Operational
29 August
07:00
JapanH-IIA 202 JapanTanegashima LA-Y1 Japan
JapanLRE NASDA Geostationary transfer Orbit determination In orbit Successful
JapanVEP-2 NASDA Geostationary transfer Boilerplate spacecraft In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of H-IIA
30 August
06:46
European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United NationsIntelsat 902 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

September[edit]

8 September
15:25
United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesVandenberg SLC-3E
United StatesNOSS C1-1 (USA-160) NRO Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Operational
United StatesNOSS C1-1 (USA-160-2) NRO Low Earth SIGINT In orbit Operational
14 September
23:34
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-SO1 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Orbital tug 26 September Successful
United NationsPirs Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS component In orbit Operational
ISS flight 4R
21 September
18:49
United StatesTaurus 2110 United StatesVandenberg LC-576E United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesOrbview-4 OrbImage Intended: Low Earth Earth observation 21 September Launch failure
United StatesQuikTOMS NASA Intended: Low Earth Ozone observation
United StatesSBD Orbital Sciences Boilerplate spacecraft
United StatesCelestis-4 Celestis Intended: Low Earth Space burial
Failed to reach orbit after control issues
25 September
23:21
European UnionAriane 4 44P FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
FranceAtlantic Bird 2 Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Final flight of Ariane 4 44P
30 September
02:40
United StatesAthena I United StatesKodiak LP-1 United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesStarshine 3 NASA Low Earth 21 January 2003 Successful
United StatesPicosat 9 US Air Force Low Earth Electronic component testing In orbit Successful
United StatesPCSat US Air Force Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesSapphire Stanford University Low Earth In orbit Operational
Kodiak Star, Space Test Program mission. Final flight of Athena I, and at the time final flight of the Athena family, which was later reactivated. First orbital launch from Kodiak Island.

October[edit]

5 October
21:21
United StatesTitan IVB (404) United StatesVandenberg SLC-4E United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesEIS-2 (USA-161) NRO Sun-synchronous Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
6 October
16:45
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81 RussiaVKS
RussiaRaduga-1 VKS Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
11 October
02:32
United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36B
United StatesAquila (USA-162) NRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
18 October
18:51
United StatesDelta II 7320-10 United StatesVandenberg SLC-2W United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesQuickBird 2 DigitalGlobe Low Earth Earth imaging In orbit Operational
21 October
08:59
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TM-33 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS escape craft 5 May 2002
03:52
Successful
Manned orbital flight with three cosmonauts
22 October
04:53
IndiaPSLV IndiaSatish Dhawan IndiaISRO
IndiaTES ISRO Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
European UnionPROBA ESA Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Operational
BIRD Low Earth Earth imaging In orbit Operational
24 October TaiwanSounding Rocket II TaiwanJiu Peng Air Base TaiwanNSPO
NSPO Suborbital Ionospheric research 24 October Launch failure
25 October
11:34
RussiaMolniya-M RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaMolniya 3–52 VKS Molniya Communications 6 December 2011 Successful

November[edit]

26 November
18:24
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M1-7 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 20 March 2002 Successful
RussiaKolibri RAKA Low Earth Technology demonstration 4 May 2002 Successful
ISS flight 6P
Kolibri deployed from Progress on 19 March 2002
27 November
00:35
European UnionAriane 4 44LP FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United StatesDirecTV-4S DirecTV Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Final flight of Ariane 4 44LP

December[edit]

1 December
18:04
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2382 (GLONASS) KNITs Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2383 (GLONASS) KNITs Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2384 (GLONASS) KNITs Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
5 December
22:19
United StatesSpace Shuttle Endeavour United StatesKennedy LC-39B United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-108 NASA Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly 17 December
17:55
Successful
ItalyUnited StatesRaffaello MPLM ASI/NASA Low Earth (ISS) Logistics Successful
United StatesStarshine 2 NASA Low Earth Technology demonstration 26 April 2002 Successful
Manned orbital flight with seven astronauts
ISS crew exchange (launched Expedition 4)
Starshine 2 released 16 December, 15:02 UTC
7 December
15:07
United StatesDelta II 7920-10 United StatesVandenberg SLC-2W United StatesBoeing IDS
FranceUnited StatesJason 1 CNES/NASA Low Earth Oceanography In orbit Operational
United StatesTIMED NASA Low Earth Solar research In orbit Operational
10 December
17:18
UkraineZenit-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 45/1
RussiaMeteor 3M-1 Rosaviakosmos Low Earth Weather satellite In orbit Operational
Kompas IZMIRAN Low Earth Earthquake prediction In orbit Operational
Badr B Low Earth Earth imaging In orbit Operational
Maroc-Tubsat Centre Royal de Teledetection Spatiale Low Earth Earth imaging/Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaUnited StatesReflektor Rosaviakosmos/US Air Force Low Earth Space debris research In orbit Operational
21 December
04:00
UkraineTsyklon-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 90/20
RussiaKosmos 2383 Russian Navy Low Earth Reconnaissance 20 March 2004 Successful
28 December
03:24
UkraineTsyklon-3 RussiaPlesetsk Site 32/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2384 (Strela) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2385 (Strela) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2386 (Strela) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaGonets D1-10 (Gonets) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaGonets D1-11 (Gonets) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaGonets D1-12 (Gonets) VKS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational

Deep space rendezvous[edit]

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
15 January Stardust 1st flyby of the Earth
12 February NEAR Landed on 433 Eros First-ever asteroid landing
25 May Galileo 8th flyby of Callisto
6 August Galileo 4th flyby of Io
22 September Deep Space 1 Flyby of 19P/Borrelly
24 October Mars Odyssey Areocentric orbit injection

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Function Remarks
10 February
15:50
7 hours
34 minutes
23:24 STS-98
ISS Atlantis
United StatesThomas D. Jones
United StatesRobert Curbeam
Removed protective launch covers and disconnected power and cooling cables between Destiny and Atlantis, while crewmembers inside moved the 3,800-cubic-foot (110 m3) laboratory from the payload bay to its home on the Unity node. Curbeam and Jones then connected electrical, data and cooling lines to the lab, during which a small amount of ammonia crystals leaked from one of the hoses, prompting a decontamination procedure.[2][3]
12 February
15:59
6 hours
50 minutes
22:49 STS-98
ISS Atlantis
United StatesThomas D. Jones
United StatesRobert Curbeam
Installed the shuttle docking adapter onto Destiny, installed insulating covers over the pins that held Destiny in place during launch, attached a vent to the lab's air system, installed handrails and sockets on the exterior of Destiny, and attached a base for the future space station robotic arm.[4]
14 February
14:48
5 hours
25 minutes
20:13 STS-98
ISS Atlantis
United StatesThomas D. Jones
United StatesRobert Curbeam
Attached a spare communications antenna to the station, double-checked connections between the Destiny lab and its docking port, released a cooling radiator on the station, inspected solar array connections at the top of the station, and tested the ability of a spacewalker to carry an immobile crew member back to the shuttle airlock.[5] 100th American spacewalk.
11 March
05:12
8 hours
56 minutes
14:08 STS-102
ISS Discovery
United StatesJames S. Voss
United StatesSusan J. Helms
Prepared PMA-3 for repositioning from Unity‍ '​s Earth-facing berth to the port-side berth to make room for the Leonardo MPLM. Removed a Lab Cradle Assembly from the shuttle's cargo bay and installed it on the side of Destiny, and installed a cable tray to Destiny for later use by the station’s robot arm. After re-entering the shuttle's airlock, the spacewalkers remained ready to assist if any troubles were encountered by the crew inside the shuttle.[6] Longest-duration EVA in history.
13 March
05:23
6 hours
21 minutes
11:44 STS-102
ISS Discovery
Australia/United StatesAndy Thomas
United StatesPaul W. Richards
Installed an External Stowage Platform for spare station parts, attached a spare ammonia coolant pump to the platform, finished connecting several cables put in place on the first EVA for the station's robotic arm. Inspected a Unity node heater connection, and inspected of an exterior experiment, the Floating Potential Probe.[7]
22 April
11:45
7 hours
10 minutes
18:55 STS-100
ISS Endeavour
CanadaChris Hadfield
United StatesScott E. Parazynski
Installed the station's UHF antenna, and the Canadian Space Agency made Canadarm2. Connected cables to give the arm power and allow it to accept computer commands from inside the lab.[8] Hadfield became the first Canadian spacewalker.
24 April
12:34
7 hours
40 minutes
20:14 STS-100
ISS Endeavour
CanadaChris Hadfield
United StatesScott E. Parazynski
Connected the Power Data Grapple Fixture circuits for Canadarm2 onto Destiny, removed an early communications antenna, transferred a spare Direct Current Switching Unit from the shuttle's payload bay to an equipment storage rack on the outside of Destiny.[9]
8 June
14:21
19 minutes 14:40 Expedition 2
ISS Zvezda
RussiaYury Usachyov
United StatesJames S. Voss
Installed the docking cone onto the Zvezda module, in preparation for the arrival of the Russian Pirs docking compartment.[10] Conducted from the transfer compartment of the Zvezda Service Module.
15 July
03:10
5 hours
59 minutes
09:09 STS-104
ISS Atlantis
United StatesMichael L. Gernhardt
United StatesJames F. Reilly
Installed the Quest Joint Airlock onto the Unity node.[11][12][13]
18 July
03:04
6 hours
29 minutes
09:33 STS-104
ISS Atlantis
United StatesMichael L. Gernhardt
United StatesJames F. Reilly
Installed one of two high-pressure nitrogen tanks, and one of two high-pressure oxygen tanks onto Quest, and installed grapple fixture and trunion covers.[11][13][14]
21 July
04:35
4 hours
2 minutes
08:37 STS-104
ISS Quest
United StatesMichael L. Gernhardt
United StatesJames F. Reilly
Installed the second high-pressure nitrogen tank, and the second oxygen tank onto the Quest airlock.[13][15][16] First EVA conducted from the Quest airlock.
16 August
13:58
6 hours
16 minutes
20:14 STS-105
ISS Discovery
United StatesDaniel T. Barry
United StatesPatrick G. Forrester
Installed an Early Ammonia Servicer onto the station's P6 truss, co-location of the foot restraint in a stowed location, and installed the MISSE-1 and 2 containers onto the Quest airlock.[17][18]
18 August
13:42
5 hours
29 minutes
19:11 STS-105
ISS Discovery
United StatesDaniel T. Barry
United StatesPatrick G. Forrester
Installed heater cables and handrails onto the Destiny laboratory.[17][18]
8 October
14:24
4 hours
58 minutes
19:22 Expedition 3
ISS Pirs
RussiaVladimir Dezhurov
RussiaMikhail Tyurin
Installed cables between Pirs, and Zvezda to allow spacewalk radio communications between the two sections. Installed handrails onto Pirs, and installed an exterior ladder to assist spacewalkers leaving Pirs. Installed a Strela cargo crane.[19] First EVA conducted from the Pirs docking compartment.
15 October
09:17
5 hours
51 minutes
15:08 Expedition 3
ISS Pirs
RussiaVladimir Dezhurov
RussiaMikhail Tyurin
Installed Russian commercial experiments (MPAC-SEEDS) onto the exterior of the Pirs docking compartment.[19]
12 November
21:41
5 hours
5 minutes
13 November
02:46
Expedition 3
ISS Pirs
RussiaVladimir Dezhurov
United StatesFrank L. Culbertson
Connected cables on the exterior of Pirs for the Kurs automated docking system, completed checks of the Strela cargo crane, and inspected and photographed a panel of a solar array on Zvezda that had a portion of a panel not fully unfolded.[19]
3 December
13:20
2 hours
46 minutes
16:06 Expedition 3
ISS Pirs
RussiaVladimir Dezhurov
RussiaMikhail Tyurin
Removed an obstruction that prevented a Progress resupply ship from firmly docking with the station, and took pictures of the debris and of the docking interface.[19]
10 December
17:52
4 hours
12 minutes
22:04 STS-108
ISS Endeavour
United StatesLinda M. Godwin
United StatesDaniel M. Tani
Installed insulating blankets around two Beta Gimbal Assemblies that rotate the station's solar array wings, and performed get-ahead tasks in preparation for STS-110's spacewalks.[20][21][22]

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Clark, Stephen (6 October 2010). "WMAP finishes nine-year probe of infant universe". Spaceflight Now. Archived from the original on 10 October 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 
  2. ^ NASA (2001). "STS-98 Day 4 Highlights". NASA. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  3. ^ Boeing/NASA/United Space Alliance (2001). "Three Space Walks Will Add Sophisticated Laboratory". Shuttle Press Kits. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  4. ^ NASA (2001). "STS-98 Day 6 Highlights". NASA. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  5. ^ NASA (2001). "STS-98 Day 8 Highlights". NASA. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  6. ^ NASA (2001). "STS-102 Day 4 Highlights". NASA. Archived from the original on 16 September 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  7. ^ NASA (2001). "STS-102 Day 6 Highlights". NASA. Archived from the original on 16 September 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  8. ^ NASA (2001). "STS-100 Day 4 Highlights". NASA. Archived from the original on 16 September 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  9. ^ NASA (2001). "STS-100 Day 6 Highlights". NASA. Archived from the original on 16 September 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  10. ^ NASA (2001). "ISS Status Report #01-18 Friday, June 9, 2001 – Expedition Two Crew". NASA. Archived from the original on 6 November 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  11. ^ a b Jim Banke (2001). "First spacewalk concludes". Space.com. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  12. ^ Boeing/NASA/United Space Alliance (2001). "STS-104 Spacewalks: Installing a Spacewalking Portal". Shuttle Press Kits. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  13. ^ a b c NASA (2001). "STS-104 Extravehicular Activities". NASA. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  14. ^ NASA (2001). "STS-104". NASA. Archived from the original on 21 September 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  15. ^ Todd Halvorson (2001). "Quest Airlock Makes Orbital Debut as Astronauts Wrap Up Station Construction Work". Space.com. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  16. ^ Jim Banke (2001). "Historic milestone at Alpha". Space.com. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  17. ^ a b NASA (2001). "STS-105 Extravehicular Activities". NASA. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  18. ^ a b NASA/Boeing/United Space Alliance (2001). "Two Spacewalks to Lay Groundwork for Future ISS Construction". Shuttle Press Kit. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  19. ^ a b c d NASA (2001). "Expedition Three Spacewalks". NASA. Archived from the original on 4 October 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  20. ^ NASA (2001). "STS-108 Extravehicular Activities". NASA. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  21. ^ NASA (2001). "STS-108, Mission Control Center Status Report #11". NASA. Retrieved 21 October 2008. 
  22. ^ Jim Banke (2001). "STS-108 Mission Update Archive". Space.com. Retrieved 21 October 2008.