2002 Tour de France

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2002 Tour de France
Route of the 2002 Tour de France.png
Route of the 2002 Tour de France
Race details
Dates July 6–July 28, 2002
Stages 20+Prologue
Distance 3,277.5 km (2,037 mi)
Winning time 82h 05' 12"[1] (39.982 km/h or 24.844 mph)
Palmares
Winner none
Second  Joseba Beloki (Spain) (ONCE-Eroski)
Third  Raimondas Rumšas (Lithuania) (Lampre-Daikin)

Points  Robbie McEwen (Australia) (Lotto-Adecco)
Mountains  Laurent Jalabert (France) (CSC-Tiscali)
Youth  Ivan Basso (Italy) (Fassa Bortolo)
Team ONCE-Eroski
2001
2003

The 2002 Tour de France started in Luxembourg on July 6, 2002, and ended in Paris on July 28. France was visited counter-clockwise, so the Pyrenees were there before the Alps. On average, the stages were shorter than in previous years, in an attempt to make illegal substances (doping) less necessary for the riders.[citation needed]

Great favourite was American Lance Armstrong, at the time, winner in 1999, 2000 and 2001. The main opposition would probably come from the ONCE team with Joseba Beloki (3rd last year), Igor González de Galdeano (5th last year) and Marcos Serrano (9th last year), and from the Kelme riders Óscar Sevilla (7th last year, 2nd in last year's Vuelta a España) and Santiago Botero (8th last year). Other riders to keep in account for a high place in the final rankings were Tyler Hamilton (2nd Giro 2002), Levi Leipheimer (3rd Vuelta 2001), Christophe Moreau (4th Tour 2000) and Armstrong's team mate Roberto Heras (4th Vuelta 2001). Important riders who were not present were Jan Ullrich (2nd last year, injury) and Gilberto Simoni (winner 2001 Giro).

In August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency recommended the disqualification of Lance Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his seven Tour de France wins from 1999-2005; in October 2012 the Union Cycliste Internationale agreed to this action. Having been stripped of the win owing to his use of banned substances, Lance Armstrong's 2002 Tour win, his fourth of 7 consecutive wins, no longer applies. Therefore there was no official winner of the 2002 Tour de France.

In August 2013, Jan Ullrich—arguably Lance Armstrong's biggest Tour de France rival—reportedly said that Armstrong should have his seven stripped wins reinstated, due to the prevalence of doping at the time. He had won the 1997 Tour and finished second to Armstrong three times—in 2000, 2001 and 2003—but declined to stake a claim for his rival's stripped titles.[2]

Participants[edit]

The selection was done as follows:[3]

After the wildcards were given, it was announced that Saeco's main rider Gilberto Simoni had tested positive for cocaine on two occasions. In response, the wildcard for Saeco was withdrawn and given to Jean Delatour.[5]

In total, 21 teams participated, each with 9 cyclists, for a total of 189 cyclists.[6]

Stages[edit]

In the first week, the stages were mostly flat in the North of France. The last two weeks had mountain stages in the Pyrenees and Alps.[3]

Stage results[6][7]
Stage Date Route Terrain Length Winner
P 6 July Luxembourg Individual time trial 7.0 km (4.3 mi)  Lance Armstrong (USA)
1 7 July LuxembourgLuxembourg Plain stage 192.5 km (119.6 mi)  Rubens Bertogliati (SUI)
2 8 July LuxembourgSaarbrücken Plain stage 181.0 km (112.5 mi)  Oscar Freire (ESP)
3 9 July MetzReims Plain stage 174.5 km (108.4 mi)  Robbie McEwen (AUS)
4 10 July ÉpernayChâteau-Thierry Team time trial 67.5 km (41.9 mi)  ONCE-Eroski (ESP)
5 11 July SoissonsRouen Plain stage 195.0 km (121.2 mi)  Jaan Kirsipuu (EST)
6 12 July Forges-les-EauxAlençon Plain stage 199.5 km (124.0 mi)  Erik Zabel (GER)
7 13 July Bagnoles-de-l'OrneAvranches Plain stage 176.0 km (109.4 mi)  Bradley McGee (AUS)
8 14 July Saint-Martin-de-LandellesPlouay Plain stage 217.5 km (135.1 mi)  Karsten Kroon (NED)
9 15 July LanesterLorient Individual time trial 52.0 km (32.3 mi)  Santiago Botero (COL)
10 17 July BazasPau Plain stage 147.0 km (91.3 mi)  Patrice Halgand (FRA)
11 18 July PauLa Mongie Stage with mountain(s) 158.0 km (98.2 mi)  Lance Armstrong (USA)
12 19 July LannemezanPlateau de Beille Stage with mountain(s) 199.5 km (124.0 mi)  Lance Armstrong (USA)
13 20 July LavelanetBéziers Plain stage 171.0 km (106.3 mi)  David Millar (GBR)
14 21 July LodèveMont Ventoux Stage with mountain(s) 221.0 km (137.3 mi)  Richard Virenque (FRA)
15 23 July Vaison-la-RomaineLes Deux Alpes Hilly stage 226.5 km (140.7 mi)  Santiago Botero (COL)
16 24 July Les Deux AlpesLa Plagne Stage with mountain(s) 179.5 km (111.5 mi)  Michael Boogerd (NED)
17 25 July AimeCluses Stage with mountain(s) 142.0 km (88.2 mi)  Dario Frigo (ITA)
18 26 July ClusesBourg-en-Bresse Hilly stage 176.5 km (109.7 mi)  Thor Hushovd (NOR)
19 27 July Régnié-DuretteMâcon Individual time trial 50.0 km (31.1 mi)  Lance Armstrong (USA)
20 28 July MelunParis (Champs-Élysées) Plain stage 144.0 km (89.5 mi)  Robbie McEwen (AUS)

Classification leadership[edit]

Stage Winner General classification
Yellow jersey
Points classification
Green jersey
Mountains classification
Polkadot jersey
Young rider classification
White jersey
Team classification
Jersey with yellow number
Combativity award
P Lance Armstrong Lance Armstrong Lance Armstrong N/A David Millar CSC-Tiscali N/A
1 Rubens Bertogliati Rubens Bertogliati Erik Zabel Christophe Mengin Rubens Bertogliati Stéphane Berges
2 Óscar Freire Stéphane Berges Sylvain Chavanel
3 Robbie McEwen Erik Zabel Christophe Mengin Jacky Durand
4 ONCE-Eroski Igor González Isidro Nozal ONCE-Eroski N/A
5 Jaan Kirsipuu Stefano Casagranda
6 Erik Zabel Steffen Wesemann
7 Bradley McGee Franck Rénier
8 Karsten Kroon Raivis Belohvoščiks
9 Santiago Botero David Millar N/A
10 Patrice Halgand Robbie McEwen Ludo Dierckxsens
11 Lance Armstrong Lance Armstrong Erik Zabel Patrice Halgand Ivan Basso Laurent Jalabert
12 Lance Armstrong Laurent Jalabert Laurent Jalabert
13 David Millar Robbie McEwen Eddy Mazzoleni
14 Richard Virenque Alexandre Botcharov
15 Santiago Botero Mario Aerts
16 Michael Boogerd Michael Boogerd
17 Dario Frigo Mario Aerts
18 Thor Hushovd Leon van Bon
19 Lance Armstrong N/A
20 Robbie McEwen Cristian Moreni
Final Lance Armstrong Robbie McEwen Laurent Jalabert Ivan Basso ONCE-Eroski Laurent Jalabert
Jersey wearers when one rider is leading two or more competitions

Results[edit]

There were several classifications in the 2002 Tour de France. The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour.[8]

Additionally, there was a points classification, which awarded a green jersey. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey.[8]

There was also a mountains classification. The organisation had categorized some climbs as either hors catégorie, first, second, third, or fourth-category; points for this classification were won by the first cyclists that reached the top of these climbs first, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a polkadot jersey.[8]

The fourth individual classification was the young rider classification, which was marked by the white jersey. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders under 26 years were eligible.[8]

For the team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time.[9]

For the combativity classification, a jury gave points after each stage to the cyclists they considered most combative. The cyclist with the most votes in all stages lead the classification.

General classification[edit]

On 24 August 2012, the United States Anti-Doping Agency announced that they had disqualified Armstrong from all his results since 1998, including his victory in the 2002 Tour de France. The Union Cycliste Internationale, responsible for the international cycling, upheld the verdict on October 22, 2012. Organizers of the Tour de France announced that the winner's slot would remain empty in the record books.

Riders on the way to Mont Ventoux
Final general classification (1–10)[6]
Rank Name Team Time
DSQ  Lance Armstrong (USA) U.S. Postal Service 82h 05' 12"
2  Joseba Beloki (ESP) ONCE +7' 17"
3  Raimondas Rumsas (LTU) Lampre +8' 17"
4  Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme +13' 10"
5  Igor González (ESP) ONCE +13' 54"
6  José Azevedo (POR) ONCE +15' 44"
7  Francisco Mancebo (ESP) iBanesto.com +16' 05"
DSQ  Levi Leipheimer (USA) Rabobank +17' 11"
9  Roberto Heras (ESP) US Postal Service +17' 12"
10  Carlos Sastre (ESP) Team CSC +19' 05"

Points classification[edit]

Rank Name Team Points
1  Robbie McEwen (AUS) Lotto-Adecco 280
2  Erik Zabel (GER) Team Telekom 261
3  Stuart O'Grady (AUS) Crédit Agricole 208

Mountains classification[edit]

Rank Name Team Points
1  Laurent Jalabert (FRA) CSC-Tiscali 262
2  Mario Aerts (BEL) Lotto-Adecco 178
3  Santiago Botero (COL) Kelme-Costa Blanca 162

Young riders' classification[edit]

Rank Name Team Time
1  Ivan Basso (ITA) Fassa Bortolo 82h 24'30"
2  Nicolas Vogondy (FRA) Française des Jeux +13'26"
3  Christophe Brandt (BEL) Lotto-Adecco +48'32"

Team classification[edit]

Rank Team Time
1 ONCE-Eroski 246h 36'14"
2 US Postal +22'49"
3 CSC-Tiscali +30'17"

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jacques Augendre (2009). "Guide Historique" (PDF) (in French). Amaury Sport Organisation. Archived from the original on 2009-10-09. Retrieved 30 September 2009. 
  2. ^ "Jan Ullrich supports Lance". Associated Press (ESPN). August 1, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Maloney, Tim (26 October 2001). "2002 Tour de France Full Preview: A Classic Cuvee for the 89th Edition of-le-Tour de France". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Jones, Jeff (2 May 2002). "Tour de France team selection". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  5. ^ Jones, Jeff (3 June 2002). "Saeco out of the Tour". Cyclingnews. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c "89ème Tour de France 2002" (in French). Memoire du cyclisme. Retrieved 15 August 2011. 
  7. ^ Zwegers, Arian. "Tour de France GC Top Ten". CVCC. Archived from the original on 2009-06-10. Retrieved 15 Aug 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d Christian, Sarah (2 July 2009). "Tour de France demystified - Evaluating success". RoadCycling.co.nz Ltd. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  9. ^ Chauner, David; Halstead, Michael (1990). The Tour de France Complete Book of Cycling. Villard. ISBN 0679729364. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 

External links[edit]