2003 in science

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The year 2003 was an exciting one for new scientific discoveries, technological breakthroughs and progress in many scientific fields. Some of the highlights of 2003, which will be further discussed below, include: the anthropologic discovery of 350,000 year-old footprints attesting to the presence of upright-walking humans; SpaceShipOne flight 11P making its first supersonic flight; the observation of a previously unknown element, ununpentium was made; and the world’s first digital camera with an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display is released by Kodak.

The year 2003 is also notable for the disintegration of the Columbia Space Shuttle upon its re-entry into earth’s atmosphere, a tragic disaster which took the lives of all seven astronauts on board; the Concorde jet made its last flight, bringing to an end the era of civilian supersonic travel, at least for the time being; and the death of Edward Teller, physicist and inventor of the hydrogen bomb.

Anthropology[edit]

  • March 13 – The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old upright-walking human footprints have been found in Italy.

Astronomy[edit]

Mars retrograde motion during perigee 2003

Biology[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

  • A new chemical element, ununpentium, is first observed.

Medicine[edit]

Meteorology[edit]

  • NOAA hurricane experts issue first experimental Eastern Pacific Hurricane Outlook.

Philosophy[edit]

Main article: 2003 in philosophy

Space exploration[edit]

Technology[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Boyle, Gary (2003-08-25). "Seeing the Red Planet". Starry Nights. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  2. ^ Brown, Michael E.; Trujillo, Chadwick; Rabinowitz, David (10 December 2004). "Discovery of a Candidate Inner Oort Cloud Planetoid" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal 617 (1): 645–649. arXiv:astro-ph/0404456. Bibcode:2004ApJ...617..645B. doi:10.1086/422095. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  3. ^ Wada, S.; Oishi, M.; Yamada, T.K. (2003). "A newly discovered species of living baleen whale". Nature 426: 278–281. doi:10.1038/nature02103. OCLC 110553472.