2003 in spaceflight

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2003 in spaceflight
STS-107-launch2.jpg
Space Shuttle Columbia launches on its last mission, STS-107. The orbiter disintegrated during reentry, killing all seven crew.
Orbital launches
First 11 January
Last 29 December
Total 63
Successes 60
Failures 3
Partial failures 0
Catalogued 61
National firsts
Satellite  Greece
 Nigeria
Space traveller China China
 Israel
Rockets
Maiden flights Atlas V 521
Delta II Heavy
Delta IV Medium
Strela
Retirements Ariane 4 44L
Ariane 5G
Space Shuttle Columbia
Titan 23G
Manned flights
Orbital 4
Total travellers 13
Columbia at approximately 13:57 UTC[citation needed] on 1 February. Debris is already starting to come off from the left wing.



Launches[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Launch site LSP
Payload Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks

January[edit]

6 January
14:19
United StatesTitan 23G United StatesVandenberg SLC-4W United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesCoriolis US Air Force Low Earth Technology development In orbit Operational
9 January
03:17
IndiaAgni-I IndiaBalasore IC-4 IndiaIDRDL
IDRDL Suborbital Missile test 9 January Successful
13 January
00:45
United StatesDelta II 7320-10C United StatesVandenberg SLC-2W United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesICESat NASA Low Earth Oceanography 30 August 2010
09:00[1]
Partial spacecraft failure
United StatesCHIPSat NASA Low Earth Astrophysics In orbit Operational
Laser reliability issues limited ICESat operations. ICESat deactivated in February 2010 following failure of last laser in October 2009.
16 January
20:39
United StatesSpace Shuttle Columbia United StatesKennedy Space Center LC-39A United StatesUnited Space Alliance
United StatesSTS-107 NASA Low Earth Research 1 February
13:59
Failure
United StatesSpacehab-RDM NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Microgravity and Earth science research
United StatesEDO Pallet NASA Low Earth (Columbia) Cryogenic mission duration extension pallet
Manned orbital flight with 7 astronauts, including the first Israeli space traveler
Final flight of Space Shuttle Columbia, disintegrated during re-entry resulting in loss of crew and vehicle.
25 January
20:13
United StatesPegasus-XL United StatesStargazer, Cape Canaveral United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesSORCE NASA Low Earth investigate total solar irradiance In orbit Operational
29 January
18:06
United StatesDelta II 7925-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesGPS IIR-8 (USA-166) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
United StatesXSS-10 US Air Force Low Earth Technology demonstration In orbit Successful
XSS-10 deactivated 30 January 2003

February[edit]

2 February
12:59
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-47 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 27 August Successful
ISS flight 10P
15 February
07:00
European UnionAriane 4 44L FranceKourou ELA-2 FranceArianespace
United NationsIntelsat 907 Intelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Final flight of Ariane 4 44L

March[edit]

11 March
00:59
United StatesDelta IV Medium United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-37B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesDSCS III A-3 (USA-167) US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Maiden flight of Delta IV Medium
26 March
06:00
IndiaPrivthvi-2 IndiaBalasore IndiaIDRDL
IDRDL Suborbital Missile test 26 March Successful
28 March
01:27
JapanH-IIA 2024 JapanTanegashima LA-Y1 Japan
JapanIGS-1A Japanese Government Low Earth Reconnaissance In orbit Operational
JapanIGS-1B Japanese Government Low Earth Reconnaissance 26 July 2012 Partial spacecraft failure
IGS-1B lost power in 2007, and concluded operations after just over half of its design life[2]
31 March
22:09
United StatesDelta II 7925-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesGPS IIR-9 (USA-168) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational

April[edit]

2 April
01:53
RussiaMolniya-M RussiaPlesetsk Site 16/2 RussiaVKS
RussiaMolniya 1-92 VKS Molniya Communications In orbit Operational
8 April
14:43
United StatesTitan IVB (401)/Centaur United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-40 United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesMilstar 6 (USA-169) US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
9 April
22:52
European UnionAriane 5G FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
IndiaINSAT 3A ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
United StatesGalaxy 12 PanAmSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
12 April
00:47
United StatesAtlas IIIB United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36B RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
ChinaAsiaSat 4 AsiaSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
26 April
03:53
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TMA-2 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS Expedition 7 28 October Successful
Manned orbital flight with 2 cosmonauts
24 April
04:23
RussiaProton-K/DM-2 KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2397 VKS Geosynchronous Missile warning In orbit Operational
28 April
12:00
United StatesPegasus-XL United StatesStargazer, Cape Canaveral United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesGALEX NASA Low Earth Ultraviolet astronomy In orbit Operational
29 April
05:50
IndiaPrithvi-2 IndiaBalasore IndiaIDRDL
IDRDL Suborbital Missile test 29 April Successful

May[edit]

8 May
11:28
IndiaGSLV IndiaSatish Dhawan IndiaISRO
IndiaGSAT-2 ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
9 May
04:29
JapanM-V JapanUchinoura Japan
JapanHayabusa (MUSES-C) ISAS Heliocentric Asteroid sample-return probe 13 June 2010 Partial spacecraft failure
JapanMinerva ISAS Heliocentric Asteroid lander In orbit Spacecraft failure
Explored asteroid 1998 SF36
13 May
22:10
United StatesAtlas V 401 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
GreeceHellasSat 2 Hellas-Sat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
First Greek satellite
24 May
16:34
ChinaLong March 3A ChinaXichang China
ChinaBeidou 2A Geosynchronous Navigation In orbit Operational

June[edit]

2 June
17:45
RussiaSoyuz-FG/Fregat KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 European UnionRussiaStarsem
European UnionMars Express ESA Areocentric Mars probe In orbit Operational
European UnionUnited KingdomBeagle 2 ESA Heliocentric Mars lander 25 December 2004 Spacecraft failure
Maiden flight of Soyuz-FG/Fregat
Beagle 2 failed to contact Earth after landing on Mars
4 June
19:23
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2398 MO RF Low Earth In orbit Operational
6 June
22:15
RussiaProton-K/Briz-M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesAMC-9 SES Americom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
8 June
10:34
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M1-10 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics
Earth observation
3 October Successful
ISS flight 11P
10 June
13:55
UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
United Arab EmiratesThuraya 2 Thuraya Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
10 June
17:58
United StatesDelta II 7925 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesSpirit (MER-A/MER-2) NASA Heliocentric Mars rover 4 January 2004 Operational
United StatesSpirit lander NASA Heliocentric Mars lander 4 January 2004 Successful
11 June
22:38
European UnionAriane 5G FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
AustraliaOptus C1 Optus/Australian Government Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
JapanBSAT-2C BSAT Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
19 June
20:00
RussiaMolniya-M RussiaPlesetsk Site 43/3 RussiaVKS
RussiaMolniya 3-53 VKS Molniya Communications In orbit Operational
26 June
18:55
United StatesPegasus-XL United StatesStargazer, Vandenberg United StatesOrbital Sciences
United StatesOrbview 3 Orbview Low Earth Imaging 3 March 2011 Satellite failure
Ceased operations on 4 March 2007 after camera malfunction
30 June
14:15
RussiaRokot/Briz-KM RussiaPlesetsk European UnionRussiaEurockot
Czech RepublicMIMOSA Low Earth 18 December 2011 Successful
DTUSat Low Earth In orbit Operational
CanadaMOST Low Earth Space telescope In orbit Operational
Cute-I Low Earth In orbit Operational
United StatesQuakeSat Stanford University Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
AAU-Cubesat Low Earth In orbit Operational
Can X-1 Low Earth In orbit Operational
Cubesat XI Low Earth In orbit Operational
Cubesat XII Low Earth In orbit Operational
Cubesat XIII Low Earth In orbit Operational
Cubesat XIV Low Earth In orbit Operational
RussiaMonitor-E Low Earth In orbit Operational

July[edit]

8 July
04:18
United StatesDelta II 7925H United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesOpportunity (MER-B/MER-1) NASA Heliocentric Mars rover In orbit Operational
United StatesOpportunity lander NASA Heliocentric Mars lander In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of Delta II Heavy
17 July
23:45
United StatesAtlas V 521 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-41 RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesRainbow-1 Cablevision Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
Maiden flight of Atlas V 521

August[edit]

8 August
03:31
UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
United StatesEchostar 9 (Telstar 13) EchoStar Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
12 August
14:20
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2399 Low Earth Reconnaissance 9 December Failure
Film capsule failed to deorbit
13 August
02:09
United StatesPegasus-XL United StatesStargazer, Vandenberg United StatesOrbital Sciences
CanadaScisat 1 CSA Low Earth Atmospheric research In orbit Operational
19 August
10:50
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2400 (Strela 3) Low Earth In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2401 (Strela 3) Low Earth In orbit Operational
22 August
16:30
BrazilVLS-1 BrazilAlcântara Brazil
SATEC Intended: Low Earth Never left ground Launch failure
Unosat Intended: Low Earth Never left ground
Rocket exploded on the launch pad
25 August
05:35
United StatesDelta II 7920H United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesSpitzer Space Telescope (SIRTF) NASA Heliocentric Infrared astronomy In orbit Operational
29 August
01:47
RussiaSoyuz-U KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaProgress M-48 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) Logistics 28 January 2004 Successful
ISS flight 12P
29 August
23:13
United StatesDelta IV Medium United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-37B United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesDSCS III B-6 (USA-170) US Air Force Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational

September[edit]

9 September
04:29
United StatesTitan IVB (401)/Centaur United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-40 United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesMentor-3 (USA-171) NRO Geosynchronous ELINT In orbit Operational
16 September ChinaKaituozhe-1 ChinaTaiyuan China
ChinaPS-2 Intended: Low Earth Microsat 16 September Launch failure
Fourth stage failed to ignite
27 September
06:11
RussiaKosmos-3M RussiaPlesetsk Site 132/1 RussiaVKS
RussiaMozhaets-4 Low Earth In orbit Operational
NigeriaNigeriaSat-1 Low Earth In orbit Operational
United KingdomUK-DMC Low Earth In orbit Operational
BILSAT-1 Low Earth In orbit Operational
Larets Low Earth In orbit Operational
STSat-1 Low Earth In orbit Operational
Rubin-4-DSI Low Earth In orbit Operational
NigeriaSat-1 is the first Nigerian satellite
27 September
23:14
European UnionAriane 5G FranceKourou ELA-3 FranceArianespace
FranceEurobird 3 Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
IndiaINSAT 3E ISRO Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Successful[3]
European UnionSMART-1 ESA Selenocentric Lunar probe 27 September 2006
05:42:22
Successful
Final flight of Ariane 5G

October[edit]

1 October
04:02
UkraineZenit-3SL NorwayOcean Odyssey United NationsSea Launch
JapanUnited StatesGalaxy 13 (Horizons 1) PanAmSat Geosynchronous Communications In orbit operational
15 October
01:00
ChinaLong March 2F ChinaJiuquan China
ChinaShenzhou 5 Low Earth 15 October
22:53
Successful
ChinaShenzhou spacecraft orbital module Low Earth Reconnaissance 30 May 2004 Successful
Manned orbital flight with 1 astronaut (Yang Liwei), first Chinese space traveller and indigenous manned spaceflight
17 October
04:54
IndiaPSLV IndiaSatish Dhawan IndiaISRO
IndiaRESOURCESAT-1 (IRS-P6) ISRO Low Earth Earth observation In orbit Operational
18 October
05:38
RussiaSoyuz-FG KazakhstanBaikonur Site 1/5 RussiaRoskosmos
RussiaSoyuz TMA-3 Roskosmos Low Earth (ISS) ISS Expedition 8 30 April 2004 Successful
Manned orbital flight with 3 cosmonauts
18 October
16:17
United StatesTitan 23G/Star 37 United StatesVandenberg SLC-4W United StatesLockheed Martin
United StatesDMSP 5D-2 (USA-172) US Air Force Low Earth Weather satellite In orbit Operational
Final flight of Titan 23G
21 October
03:16
ChinaLong March 4B ChinaTaiyuan China
ChinaZi Yuan 1-2 (CBERS-2) CAAC/INPE Low Earth Earth resources In orbit Operational
ChinaChuangxin-1 CAS Low Earth Communications In orbit Operational
30 October
13:43
RussiaRockot/Briz-KM RussiaPlesetsk Site 133 European UnionRussiaEurockot
JapanSERVIS-1 Low Earth In orbit Operational

November[edit]

3 November
07:20
ChinaLong March 2D ChinaJiuquan China
ChinaFSW-18 (FSW-3) SAST Low Earth Imaging 18 December Successful
14 November
16:34
ChinaLong March 3A ChinaXichang China
ChinaZhongxing 20 Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
24 November
06:22
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/23 RussiaVKS
RussiaYamal-200 KA-1 Gazprom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
RussiaYamal-200 KA-2 Gazprom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
29 November
04:33
JapanH-IIA 2024 JapanTanegashima LA-Y1 Japan
JapanIGS-2A Japanese Government Low Earth Reconnaissance T+60 seconds Launch failure
JapanIGS-2B Low Earth Reconnaissance
SRB failed to separate. Destroyed by RSO.

December[edit]

2 December
10:04
United StatesAtlas IIAS United StatesVandenberg SLC-3E United States
United StatesNOSS-3 (USA-173) NRO Low Earth Naval SIGINT In orbit Operational
United StatesNOSS-3 (USA-173) NRO Low Earth Naval SIGINT In orbit Operational
NRO launch 18
5 December
06:00
RussiaStrela KazakhstanBaikonur Site 175 RussiaVKS
RussiaGruzomaket Low Earth In orbit Successful
Maiden flight of Strela rocket
10 December
17:42
RussiaProton-K/Briz-M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 81/24 RussiaVKS
RussiaKosmos 2402 (GLONASS) KNITs Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2403 (GLONASS) KNITs Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
RussiaKosmos 2404 (GLONASS) KNITs Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
18 December
02:30
United StatesAtlas IIIB United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-36B RussiaUnited StatesInternational Launch Services
United StatesUHF F/O F11 (USA-174) US Navy Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
21 December
08:05
United StatesDelta II 7925-9.5 United StatesCape Canaveral SLC-17A United StatesBoeing IDS
United StatesGPS IIR-10 (USA-175) US Air Force Medium Earth Navigation In orbit Operational
27 December
21:30
RussiaSoyuz-FG/Fregat KazakhstanBaikonur Site 31/6 European UnionRussiaStarsem
IsraelAMOS-2 Spacecom Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
28 December
20:37
RussiaProton-K/DM-2M KazakhstanBaikonur Site 200/39 RussiaVKS
RussiaEkspress AM22 RSCC Geosynchronous Communications In orbit Operational
29 December
19:06
ChinaLong March 2C ChinaXichang China
ChinaEuropean UnionTan Ce 1 (Double Star 1) CNSA/ESA High Earth (High-eccentricity) Magnetosphere research 14 October 2007 Successful

Deep Space Rendezvous[edit]

Date (GMT) Spacecraft Event Remarks
19 June Nozomi 3rd flyby of the Earth
21 September Galileo Deorbited into the Jovian atmosphere
9 December Nozomi Flyby of Mars Damaged by solar flares
24 December Beagle 2 Crashed at Isidis Planitia, Mars
24 December Mars Express Areocentric orbit injection

EVAs[edit]

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Function Remarks
15 January
12:50
6 hours
51 minutes
19:41 Expedition 6
ISS Quest
United StatesKenneth Bowersox
United StatesDonald Pettit
Released the remaining launch locks on the P1 radiator assembly, removed debris on a sealing ring of Unity's docking port, and tested an ammonia reservoir on the station's P6 truss.[4]
8 April
12:40
6 hours
26 minutes
19:06 Expedition 6
ISS Quest
United StatesKenneth Bowersox
United StatesDonald Pettit
Reconfigured cables on the S0 (S-Zero), S1 and P1 trusses, replaced a Power Control Module on the Mobile Transporter, installed Spool Positioning Devices on Destiny, and reinstalled a thermal cover on an S1 Radiator Beam Valve Module.[4]

References[edit]

Generic references:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ http://reentrynews.aero.org/2003002a.html
  2. ^ Blau, Patrick (31 July 2012). "IGS 1B Re-Entry". Spaceflight 101. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/technology/after-10-years-in-orbit-insat3e-expires/article5859974.ece
  4. ^ a b NASA (2003). "Expedition Six Spacewalks". NASA. Archived from the original on 5 October 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.