2004 Pacific hurricane season

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2004 Pacific hurricane season
Season summary map
First system formed May 22, 2004
Last system dissipated October 26, 2004
Strongest storm Javier – 930 mbar (hPa) (27.47 inHg), 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions 17
Total storms 12
Hurricanes 6
Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+) 3
Total fatalities 0
Total damage Unknown
Pacific hurricane seasons
2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006

The 2004 Pacific hurricane season had twelve named storms – the fewest in a season since 1999. It officially started on May 15, 2004 in the eastern Pacific, and on June 1, 2004 in the central Pacific. The season officially ended on November 30, 2004, in both portions of the Pacific Ocean. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northeastern Pacific Ocean.

Few tropical cyclones in the East Pacific this year were notable, as this season was the first since 1984 to result in no deaths. Hurricane Javier, the strongest storm of the season, caused moderate damage in Mexico and dropped rainfall as far north as North Dakota. In addition, Hurricane Howard produced high tides along the California coastline on Labor Day weekend, resulting in more than 1,000 lifeguard rescues.

Storms[edit]

Tropical Depression Sixteen-E (2004) Tropical Storm Lester (2004) Hurricane Javier (2004) Hurricane Howard (2004) Hurricane Darby (2004) Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale


Tropical Storm Agatha[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration May 22 – May 24
Peak intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave, combined with a stationary trough of low pressure, developed into a tropical depression on May 22 while located 575 mi (925.4 km) south-southeast of Cabo San Lucas in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur. The depression moved to the northwest into an area of light vertical shear, and intensified into Tropical Storm Agatha shortly after forming. Agatha reached a peak of 60 mph (95 km/h) on May 23, though the development of an eye feature suggests it could have been stronger. Cool waters and dry air was entrained into the system, causing Agatha to weaken and degenerate into a remnant low on May 24. The remnant low drifted erratically for two days until dissipating on May 26. Agatha never affected land.

Tropical Depression Two-E[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration July 2 – July 3
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1007 mbar (hPa)

On June 17, a tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa, and entered the eastern Pacific Ocean on June 25. A circulation developed, and the system organized into Tropical Depression Two-E on July 2 while located 750 mi (1,207 km) southwest of the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula.[1] Due to cooler waters, the depression failed to develop further,[2] and the system degenerated into a remnant area of low pressure on July 4. The low dissipated a day later without effecting land.[1]

Tropical Depression One-C[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration July 4 – July 6
Peak intensity 30 mph (45 km/h) (1-min)  1007 mbar (hPa)

A cluster of thunderstorms within the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) developed persistent cold cloud tops and well-defined outflow. By 0000 UTC on July 5, the system was classified as Tropical Depression One-C while centered about 700 miles (1,100 km) south-southeast of Johnston Atoll. The depression tracked westward at 17 mph (27 km/h) and remained disorganized. By 24 hours after forming, much of the deep convection had diminished, and the depression dissipated far away from any land masses. The depression developed the furthest south in the central Pacific Ocean since Hurricane Ekeka and Tropical Storm Hali in 1992.[3]

Tropical Storm Blas[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration July 12 – July 15
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  991 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave emerged off the west coast of Africa and into the Atlantic Ocean on July 1. After tracking westward through the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea with minimal development for a week, the system crossed Central America and entered the Pacific Ocean. Once in the Pacific, the system began to organize and develop deep convection. By 1200 UTC on July 11, the system developed into Tropical Depression Three, while located about 335 miles (539 km) southwest of Zihuatanejo. Six hours later, the depression strengthened and was upgraded to Tropical Storm Blas.[4] Although upper-level winds were favorable for further intensification, the National Hurricane Center did not predict Blas would strengthen into a hurricane, citing decreasing sea surface temperatures (SST's) starting on the following day.

It moved to the northwest around a mid-level anticyclone, and intensified to reach a peak of 65 mph (100 km/h) on July 12. Cooler water temperatures weakened the storm to a remnant low on July 14, though it remained large and well-defined. The remnant low continued to the west-northwest until dissipating on July 19 to the west of the Baja California Peninsula. Blas never affected land.

Hurricane Celia[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration July 19 – July 25
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  981 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave that moved off the coast of Africa entered the eastern Pacific Ocean. It entered an area of favorable upper level winds and water temperatures, and formed into Tropical Depression Four-E on July 19. The depression quickly strengthened to tropical storm status, and slowly intensified to attain hurricane strength on July 22. Celia reached a peak of 85 mph (140 km/h) before moving into an area of cool waters and dry air, thus weakening it. The storm weakened into a tropical depression on July 24, and dissipated two days later.[5]

Hurricane Darby[edit]

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration July 26 – August 1
Peak intensity 120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  957 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Five-E formed south of Mexico on July 26. Later that day, it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Darby, and was upgraded to a hurricane on July 28. It moved due west at this point, aiming directly for the big island of Hawaii. It reached Category 3 strength on July 29, the first major hurricane in the northeastern Pacific basin since 2002. However, long before it reached Hawaii, it lost strength and dissipated on the evening of July 31. [1]

The remnants of the storm caused heavy rainfall over Hawaii, though caused no damage or deaths. [2] As a hurricane, Darby also produced strong waves of four to eight ft on eastern Hawaii. [3]

Tropical Depression Six-E[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration August 1 – August 2
Peak intensity 30 mph (45 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)

An area of disturbed weather organized into a tropical depression on August 1 while located 1,265 mi southwest of the Mexican port of Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur. It moved westward without organizing, and quickly dissipated.[6] Operationally, the depression developed early on July 29,[7] though further analysis indicated a circulation did not exist.[8] Also operationally, forecasters issued tropical cyclone advisories until August 3.[9]

Tropical Storm Estelle[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 19 – August 24
Peak intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  989 mbar (hPa)

In early August 2004, a tropical wave emerged off the west coast of Africa and tracked across the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and much of the east Pacific with minimal deep convection. By August 18, the system interacted with a disturbance that was possibly within the ITCZ and quickly began developing convective activity. On the following day, Tropical Depression Seven-E developed about 1,438 miles (2,314 km) east-southeast of Hilo, Hawaii. Initially, no significant further organization occurred and some Dvorak estimates suggested weakening. However, the depression resumed development on August 20. Shortly thereafter, the depression was upgraded to Tropical Storm Estelle.[10]

Estelle continued to gradually strengthen and later on August 20 and early on August 21, the National Hurricane Center predicted that it would intensify into a hurricane.[11][12] By 0600 UTC on August 21, Estelle entered the Central Pacific Hurricane Center's area of responsibility. Six hours later, Estelle peaked as a 70 mph (110 km/h) tropical storm, failing to reach hurricane status. Due to strong wind shear, the storm gradually weakened, and was eventually downgraded to a tropical depression on August 23. Estelle diminished further and degenerated into a remnant low while about 357 miles (575 km) south of Ka Lae.[3]

Hurricane Frank[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration August 23 – August 26
Peak intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  979 mbar (hPa)

The remnants of Atlantic Ocean Tropical Storm Earl entered the eastern Pacific Ocean on August 18. Deep convection steadily organized, and the system developed into a tropical depression on August 23 while 415 mi south of the Mexican port of Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur. The depression rapidly organized, and strengthened into a hurricane just 12 hours after forming, an unusual occurrence. Frank continued to strengthen as it moved to the northwest, and reached a peak intensity of 85 mph on August 24. Shortly after peaking, the hurricane passed over cooler water temperatures, and Frank quickly weakened, degenerating into a remnant low by August 26. The low drifted to the southwest, and dissipated on August 27 while 750 mi west of the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula. The storm never affected land. [4]

Tropical Depression Nine-E[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration August 23 – August 26
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

On August 8 a tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa. It entered the eastern Pacific Ocean on August 15, and after slowly organizing the wave developed into a tropical depression on August 23 while located 920 mi west-southwest of the Mexican port of Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur.[5] Despite initial predictions of the depression intensifying to a 45 mph tropical storm,[6] cool water temperatures and south-southwesterly wind shear prevented strengthening, and the depression degenerated into a remnant area of low pressure on August 26. The low dissipated on August 28.[7]

Tropical Storm Georgette[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration August 26 – August 30
Peak intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave emerged off the coast of Africa on August 15 and uneventually crossed the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The system entered Pacific Ocean on August 24 and deep convection and overall organization quickly increased. After banding features improved significantly, the system was reclassified as Tropical Depression Ten-E on August 26, which was located about 600 miles (970 km) south-southeast of the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula. Deep convection continued to quickly organize and strengthen, which caused the depression itself to intensify.[13]

Six hours after becoming a tropical cyclone on August 26, the depression was upgraded to Tropical Storm Georgette. After intensifying into a tropical storm, Georgette was predicted to strengthen into a hurricane.[14][15][16][17] However, upper-level northeasterly shear caused Georgette to peak as a 65 mph (100 km/h) tropical storm on August 27. Thereafter, the storm began weakening, though it briefly restrengthened on August 28. However, by early on August 30, Georgette was downgraded to a tropical depression and degenerated into a remnant low later that day.[13]

Hurricane Howard[edit]

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration August 30 – September 5
Peak intensity 140 mph (220 km/h) (1-min)  943 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave emerged into the Atlantic from the west coast of Africa on August 18. Minimal development occurred until August 26, as it was approaching Central America. Shortly thereafter, the system entered into the Pacific Ocean. While moving parallel to the coast of Central America and Mexico, the wave gradually organized, both in structure and convective coverage. By 1200 UTC on August 30, it developed into Tropical Depression Twelve-E, while centered about 400 miles (645 km) south-southwest of Acapulco. Tracking west-northwestward around the periphery of a mid-level ridge, the depression steadily strengthened into Tropical Storm Howard early on the following day. Continuing to intensify, Howard was upgraded to a hurricane on September 1. Thereafter, the storm rapidly deepened, and on September 2, Howard attained its peak intensity as a low-end Category 4 hurricane.[18]

However, due to decreasing SST's, Howard began to weaken. By September 4, the hurricane was downgraded to a tropical storm. After weakening to a tropical depression on September 5, Howard degenerated into a non-convective remnant low at 1800 UTC that same day, while about 265 miles (425 km) Punta Eugenia, Baja California Sur. The remnant low remained offshore and tracked southwestward until dissipating on September 10. Although the storm remained offshore,[18] the outerbands of the storm produced significant flooding across the Baja California peninsula,[19] which damaged agricultural land and at least 393 homes.[20] Large swells which reached 18 feet (5.4 m) along the Baja coastline and 10 feet (3 m) along the California coastline were reported. About 1,000 lifeguard rescues took place in California due to the waves.[21] Moisture from the storm enhanced rainfall in parts of Arizona, leading to minor accumulations.[22][23]

Hurricane Isis[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration September 8 – September 16
Peak intensity 75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  987 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave, possibly the one which spawned Hurricane Frances in the Atlantic, entered into the Pacific Ocean on September 3. After developing a circulation and convective organization, the system developed into Tropical Depression Twelve-E at 0600 UTC on September 8, while located 530 miles (853 km) south of Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur.[24] Twelve hours after becoming a tropical cyclone, the depression was upgraded to Tropical Storm Isis.[24] Although the National Hurricane Center predicted that Isis would briefly become a hurricane on September 11,[25] no significant strengthening occurred during the next 36 hours. Instead, the storm weakened to a tropical depression at 1200 UTC on September 10 due to vertical wind shear.[24] However, the National Hurricane Center did not operationally downgrade Isis until nine hours later.

Wind shear decreased, and Isis re-attained tropical storm status on September 12. It remained a minimal tropical storm until September 15, when Isis rapidly intensified to hurricane strength. Shortly after reaching hurricane status, Isis moved over cooler water temperatures, causing it to quickly weaken to a remnant low on September 16. The remnant low drifted to the west until dissipating on September 21. Isis never affected land. [8]

Hurricane Javier[edit]

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Duration September 10 – September 19
Peak intensity 150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  930 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Thirteen-E formed out of an area of low pressure south-southeast of the Gulf of Tehuantepec on September 10. It slowly moved northwest, being designated Tropical Storm Javier on the morning of September 11. It was upgraded to a hurricane on the afternoon of September 12, and peaked at Category 4 strength on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale after rapidly strengthening on September 13. Warnings began to be issued on September 15 for Baja California. While Javier peaked at Category 4, with windspeeds of 150 mph (240 km/h), it weakened dramatically before striking land south of San Ignacio, Baja California Sur, as only a tropical depression. Its remnants continued over Baja and inland.

Javier produced moderate damage across northwestern Mexico. In the United States, the storm's rainfall brought relief to a severe drought.

Tropical Storm Kay[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 4 – October 6
Peak intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

A disturbance in the intertropical convergence zone developed into Tropical Depression Fourteen-E on October 4 about 590 mi (950 km) to the southwest of Manzanillo, Mexico, based on satellite imagery indicating a circulation.[26] It moved generally westward due to a ridge to its north, and only slow intensification was predicted due to the presence of wind shear.[27] Its appearance was asymmetric due to the shear,[28] but the depression was able to intensify into Tropical Storm Kay on October 5.[26]

Due to the shear, its center of circulation was at the northern edge of the convection,[29] and Kay only reached winds of 45 mph (75 km/h) before starting to weaken.[26] The center of circulation became displaced from the area of deep convection, and Kay was reduced to a small low-level swirl of clouds with intermittent thunderstorms.[30] Late on October 5, Kay weakened to tropical depression status, and after turning to the southwest it dissipated on October 6. There were no reports of casualties or damage.[26]

Tropical Storm Lester[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Duration October 11 – October 13
Peak intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

An area of disturbed weather organized into Tropical Depression Fifteen-E on October 11, while located 90 miles (140 km) off the coast of Mexico. With a weak anticyclone near the system, the depression slowly strengthened, and intensified into a tropical storm on October 12. Lester neared the coast of Mexico, and weakened due to land interaction and interaction with a system to its southwest. The storm weakened to a tropical depression on October 13, and dissipated shortly thereafter.[31]

The Mexican government issued a tropical storm warning along the Guerrero coast from Punta Maldonado to Zihuatanejo. Affects from the storm were minimal. Throughout Mexico, the storm produced 3 to 5 inches (76 to 127 mm) of rain. As a result of the precipitation,[31] at least one mudslide occurred and 14 trees were felled near Acapulco. Offshore, two ships capsized, while two other were washed ashore.[32] No damage figures existed nor were any fatalities attributed to Lester.[31]

Tropical Depression Sixteen-E[edit]

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Duration October 25 – October 26
Peak intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa on October 8, and moved westward across the unfavorable Atlantic Ocean. The wave entered the eastern Pacific Ocean on October 18, and developed an area of low pressure the next day while south of Guatemala. It continued slowly westward, and moved to into an area 520 mi south of Baja California Peninsula. There, it combined with an area of disturbed weather due to two previous tropical waves. The system organized as deep convection concentrated into curved bands, and a tropical depression formed on October 25 while 315 mi south-southeast of the Baja California Peninsula. The depression moved northward around the western periphery of a high pressure system. Due to anticipated strengthening, the Government of Mexico issued a tropical storm warning for portions of the country's western coast. However, vertical shear prevented further strengthening. The depression continued northward, and made landfall in Sinaloa, midway between Guasave and Topolobampo, on October 26. It quickly dissipated.[33]

The depression dropped heavy rainfall in western Mexico, including a peak 24 hour total of 7.1 in in Sinaloa.[34] The media reported a possible tornado in Culiacán when the storm was making landfall. The depression's mid-level circulation produced strong thunderstorms and locally heavy rainfall across the U.S. states of New Mexico, Texas, and Oklahoma.[33]

Storm Names[edit]

The following names were used for named storms that formed in East Pacific in 2004. This is the same list used in the 1998 season. No names were retired by the World Meteorological Organization in the spring of 2005, therefore this list was re-used in the 2010 season.

  • Agatha
  • Blas
  • Celia
  • Darby
  • Estelle
  • Frank
  • Georgette
  • Howard
  • Isis
  • Javier
  • Kay
  • Lester
  • Madeline (unused)
  • Newton (unused)
  • Orlene (unused)
  • Paine (unused)
  • Roslyn (unused)
  • Seymour (unused)
  • Tina (unused)
  • Virgil (unused)
  • Winifred (unused)
  • Xavier (unused)
  • Yolanda (unused)
  • Zeke (unused)


For storms that form in the Central Pacific Hurricane Center's area of responsibility, encompassing the area between 140 degrees west and the International Date Line, all names are used in a series of four rotating lists. The next four names that were slated for use in 2004 are shown below, however none of them were used.

  • Ioke (unused)
  • Kika (unused)
  • Lana (unused)
  • Maka (unused)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Miles B. Lawrence (2004-07-17). "Tropical Depression Two-E Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  2. ^ Miles B. Lawrence (2004-07-03). "Tropical Depression Two-E Discussion Number Three". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  3. ^ a b Andy Nash, Tim Craig, Roy Matsuda, and Jeffrey Powell (February 2005). "2004 Tropical Cyclones Central North Pacific". Central Pacific Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  4. ^ Richard J. Pasch (2004-09-08). "Tropical Storm Blas Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  5. ^ Stacy R. Stewart (2004-12-04). "Hurricane Celia Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  6. ^ National Hurricane Center (2004). "Summary of the 2004 Eastern Pacific Hurricane Season". Retrieved 2006-07-15. 
  7. ^ Stacy Stewart (2004). "Tropical Depression Six-E Discussion One". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2006-07-15. 
  8. ^ James L. Franklin (2004). "Tropical Depression Six-E Discussion Four". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2006-07-15. 
  9. ^ Knabb/Avila (2004). "Tropical Depression Six-E Discussion Twelve". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2006-07-15. 
  10. ^ "Tropical Storm Estelle Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. 2004-11-03. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  11. ^ Michelle Molleda and Lixion Avila (2004-08-20). "Tropical Storm Estelle Discussion Number 7". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  12. ^ Jack Beven (2004-08-21). "Tropical Storm Estelle Discussion Number 8". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  13. ^ a b Stacy R. Stewart (2004-12-02). "Tropical Storm Georgette Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  14. ^ Jack Beven (2004-08-26). "Tropical Storm Georgette Discussion Number 2". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  15. ^ Hugh Cobb and Richard Pasch (2004-08-27). "Tropical Storm Georgette Discussion Number 3". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  16. ^ David Roberts and Lixion Avila (2004-08-27). "Tropical Storm Georgette Discussion Number 4". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  17. ^ Jack Beven (2004-08-27). "Tropical Storm Georgette Discussion Number 5". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  18. ^ a b Jack L. Beven (2004-12-13). "Hurricane Howard Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  19. ^ Luciano Garcia Valenzuela (2004-09-04). "Decretan alerta por “Howard”". El Siglo de Durango. Retrieved 2009-03-01. (Spanish)
  20. ^ Staff Writer (2004-09-09). "Apoyaran Para Rehabilitar Viviendas". Navajoa. Archived from the original on July 5, 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-20. (Spanish)
  21. ^ "NCDC: Event Report". National Climatic Data Center. 2004. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  22. ^ Associated Press (2004-09-06). "Meteorologists: Monsoon season weakest in years". KVOA. Retrieved 2009-03-01. [dead link]
  23. ^ Chuck George (2004-09-03). "Rainy Start To Tucson's Labor Day Weekend". KOLD. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  24. ^ a b c James L. Franklin and David P. Roberts (2004-11-17). "Hurricane Isis Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  25. ^ Stacy R. Stewart (2004-09-09). "Tropical Storm Isis Discussion Number 5". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-21. 
  26. ^ a b c d David Roberts and Miles Lawrence (2004-11-20). "Tropical Storm Kay Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  27. ^ Pasch (2004-10-04). "Tropical Depression Fourteen-E Discussion Number 1". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  28. ^ Eric Blake & Miles Lawrence (2004-10-05). "Tropical Depression Fourteen-E Discussion Number 2". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  29. ^ Richard Pasch (2004-10-05). "Tropical Storm Kay Discussion Number 4". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  30. ^ Richard Pasch (2004-10-05). "Tropical Storm Kay Discussion Number 5". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-20. 
  31. ^ a b c Richard J. Pasch and David P. Roberts (2004-12-10). "Tropical Storm Lester Tropical Cyclone Report". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  32. ^ Amado Ramirez (2004-10-13). "Raging storm 'Lester' to Guerrero". Noticieros Televisa. Retrieved 2012-03-16. 
  33. ^ a b NHC Tropical Cyclone Report
  34. ^ CNA.SMN. Depresión Tropical N° 16 del Océano Pacífico. Temporada 2004

External links[edit]