2005 Formula One season

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2005
FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 2004 Next: 2006
Fernando Alonso won the drivers' championship with Renault.
Kimi Räikkönen finished 2nd for McLaren, 21 points behind Alonso.
Michael Schumacher took 3rd with Ferrari.
"F1 2005" redirects here. For the video games based on the 2005 Formula One season, see F1 05 and F1 Grand Prix.

The 2005 Formula One season was the 56th FIA Formula One World Championship season, contested over a then record 19 Grands Prix. It commenced on 6 March 2005, and ended 16 October.

Fernando Alonso and the Renault F1 team won the World Drivers and Constructors Championships, ending five years of dominance by Michael Schumacher and Ferrari. Alonso's success made him the youngest Champion in the history of the sport, a title he held until Lewis Hamilton's 2008 title success, and which is currently held by Sebastian Vettel. Renault's success was their first as a Constructor.

The 2005 season was the last for several well known Formula One teams, with the Minardi, BAR and Jordan teams all being taken over by new owners.

Report[edit]

The most-noted aspect of the season was Ferrari's lack of pace caused mainly by a new rule prohibiting tyre changes during the course of a race. The Bridgestone tyres used by Ferrari could not find the right balance between performance and reliability, leaving the Michelin runners to battle for race victories.[1] Further rule changes emphasised the new focus on reliability, with engines required to last two Grands Prix without being changed.

Renault appeared the fastest team in pre-season testing and it was no surprise they dominated the early fly-away rounds. Giancarlo Fisichella won the season opener in Australia before team-mate Alonso demonstrated his title credentials with a series of victories in Malaysia, Bahrain and San Marino. As the season progressed the McLarens of Kimi Räikkönen and Juan Pablo Montoya became increasingly competitive and by the latter stages of the season the McLaren was generally considered the faster package. However, constant technical failures meant neither the team nor Räikkönen were able to translate their speed into Championship success.

Alonso secured his Drivers Championship with a third-place finish in the Brazilian Grand Prix. Despite both he and Räikkönen having six victories to their name at this point in the season, Alonso's greater consistency meant he was able to claim the Championship with two rounds to spare. The Constructors Championship was secured by Renault at the final race, with Alonso's seventh victory of the year. This gave Renault their first Championship as a Constructor after only previously triumphing as an engine supplier, despite winning two fewer races than McLaren.

Ferrari finished third in the Constructors Championship with only one win, at the United States Grand Prix, in farcical scenes after the race was only contested by the six Bridgestone cars after Michelin declared their tyres unsafe to run on the Indianapolis Motor Speedway's unique banked corner.[2]

After a high-flying 2004 season the most conspicuous drop in performance after Ferrari was BAR-Honda, who were banned from two races after scrutineers in San Marino discovered a hidden fuel compartment that allowed their cars to run underweight. They were beaten in the Championship by Williams, whose engine partner BMW had announced they were leaving to join Sauber in June, and Toyota, who achieved 5 podium finishes and were only beaten to third in the championship because of Ferrari's 1–2 in Indianapolis.

All the teams scored world championship points over the course of the season, Minardi scoring rare points in their final season courtesy of being able to run in the US race.

Drivers and constructors[edit]

The following teams and drivers were competitors in the 2005 FIA Formula One World Championship.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre No Driver Rounds No Free Practice driver(s)
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro Ferrari F2004M
F2005
Ferrari 053
Ferrari 055
B 1 Germany Michael Schumacher All N/A
2 Brazil Rubens Barrichello All
United Kingdom Lucky Strike BAR Honda BAR-Honda 007 Honda RA005E M 3 United Kingdom Jenson Button 1–4, 7–19 N/A
4 Japan Takuma Sato 1, 3–4, 7–19
United Kingdom Anthony Davidson 2
France Mild Seven Renault F1 Team Renault R25 Renault RS25 M 5 Spain Fernando Alonso All N/A
6 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella All
United Kingdom BMW WilliamsF1 Team Williams-BMW FW27 BMW P84/5 M 7 Australia Mark Webber All N/A
8 Germany Nick Heidfeld 1–14
Brazil Antônio Pizzonia 15–19
United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes
United Kingdom Team McLaren Mercedes
McLaren-Mercedes MP4-20 Mercedes FO110R M 9 Finland Kimi Räikkönen All 35 Spain Pedro de la Rosa
Austria Alexander Wurz
10 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya 1–2, 5–19
Spain Pedro de la Rosa 3
Austria Alexander Wurz 4
Switzerland Sauber Petronas Sauber-Petronas C24 Petronas 05A M 11 Canada Jacques Villeneuve All N/A
12 Brazil Felipe Massa All
Austria Red Bull Racing Red Bull-Cosworth RB1 Cosworth TJ2005 M 14 United Kingdom David Coulthard All 37 Italy Vitantonio Liuzzi
Austria Christian Klien
United States Scott Speed
15 Austria Christian Klien 1–3, 8–19
Italy Vitantonio Liuzzi 4–7
Japan Panasonic Toyota Racing Toyota TF105
TF105B
Toyota RVX-05 M 16 Italy Jarno Trulli All 38 Brazil Ricardo Zonta
France Olivier Panis
17 Germany Ralf Schumacher 1–8, 10–19
Brazil Ricardo Zonta 9
Republic of Ireland Jordan Grand Prix Jordan-Toyota EJ15
EJ15B
Toyota RVX-05 B 18 Portugal Tiago Monteiro All 39 Netherlands Robert Doornbos
France Franck Montagny
Denmark Nicolas Kiesa
Japan Sakon Yamamoto
19 India Narain Karthikeyan All
Italy Minardi F1 Team Minardi-Cosworth PS04B
PS05
Cosworth CK2004
Cosworth TJ2005
B 20 Austria Patrick Friesacher 1–11 40 Israel Chanoch Nissany
Italy Enrico Toccacelo
Netherlands Robert Doornbos 12–19
21 Netherlands Christijan Albers All
  • All engines were 3.0 litre, V10 configuration. 2005 was the final year of this engine formula.
  • No Michelin-shod cars participated in the U.S. Grand Prix for safety reasons, leaving just six cars on the grid at the start of the race.

Team changes[edit]

Red Bull Racing, which took over the Jaguar team, ran with Cosworth engines. Red Bull's lead driver was veteran Scotsman David Coulthard, paired with Christian Klien, the '04 Jaguar driver. Red Bull performed well, scoring 11 points after the first two events. Toyota-powered Jordan Grand Prix was purchased by Midland Group, although the team continued as Jordan until 2006. Sauber switched from Bridgestone to Michelin tyres over the winter, further severing their ties with the Ferrari team.

The BAR team was banned from the Grands Prix in Spain and Monaco, after both their cars were found to be underweight at the San Marino Grand Prix.

At the Hungarian Grand Prix, West McLaren Mercedes became Team McLaren Mercedes.

Shortly after the United States Grand Prix, Peter Sauber announced that Credit Suisse had sold BMW their majority share in his Sauber team, which announced its intention to run as BMW's factory team in 2006.

Driver changes[edit]

The most noticeable change to the 2005 season was its driver lineup — only seven drivers raced for the same team with which they began the 2004 season, and another seven drivers switched to new teams.

Renault partnered Fernando Alonso with the 2004 Sauber driver Giancarlo Fisichella, in a straight swap with Jacques Villeneuve (who had taken over from the Jarno Trulli at Renault for the last three races of the season).

Williams employed an all-new driver lineup in 2005, having signed Jaguar's Mark Webber and Jordan's Nick Heidfeld to replace Juan Pablo Montoya and Ralf Schumacher. Montoya moved to McLaren, in place of the Red Bull-bound David Coulthard (who took Webber's vacated seat), while Ralf Schumacher signed for Toyota. This meant that Ricardo Zonta, who had raced for Toyota in five of the final six races of 2004, returned to a third driver role in 2005. Olivier Panis, who had driven in seventeen out of eighteen races for Toyota in 2004, was retained by the team in the dual capacity of advisor and test driver. Cristiano da Matta, who had started the 2004 season with Toyota, returned to Champ Car in 2005.

Jordan's other driver from the end of 2004, Timo Glock, also switched to Champ Car for 2005, leaving Jordan with two vacant seats. They were taken by Tiago Monteiro (a test driver for Minardi in 2004) and Narain Karthikeyan, both Formula One debutants, who had both competed in the previous year's World Series by Nissan season. Giorgio Pantano, who raced for Jordan for the majority of 2004, left Formula One altogether, joining the Super Nova Racing team for the inaugural GP2 Series season.

Minardi also ran an all-new lineup in 2005, with their 2004 drivers—Gianmaria Bruni (who switched to GP2 in 2005) and Zsolt Baumgartner—being replaced by a pair of debutants: Patrick Friesacher and Christijan Albers, who had competed in International Formula 3000 and DTM, respectively, during the previous season.

Mid-season changes

BAR test driver Anthony Davidson raced in Malaysia in place of an ill Takuma Sato. Sato returned to the seat for the next race.

Following a shoulder injury to Juan Pablo Montoya, McLaren reserve driver Pedro de la Rosa raced for the team in Bahrain, with Alexander Wurz taking on third driver duties in place of de la Rosa. For the San Marino Grand Prix, de la Rosa and Wurz swapped roles. Montoya returned for the following race.

Vitantonio Liuzzi and Christian Klien were both contracted to Red Bull Racing to participate in at least three races, and agreed to share their race seat for the season. While Klien, who had raced for the team's forerunners Jaguar in 2004, drove in the first three races, Liuzzi replaced him for the San Marino, Spanish, Monaco, and European Grands Prix. Klien returned for the Canadian Grand Prix, and completed the remainder of the season.

Robert Doornbos was Jordan's third driver for nine of the first eleven races of the season. Franck Montagny replaced him at the European Grand Prix, while Jordan were banned from using a third car at the Canadian Grand Prix after using too many tyres at the previous race. Nicolas Kiesa replaced Doornbos for the German Grand Prix onwards, when the Dutchman replaced Patrick Friesacher at Minardi due to sponsorship issues.

Chanoch Nissany became Minardi's third driver for the Hungarian Grand Prix. He was replaced by Enrico Toccacelo for the Turkish Grand Prix, while Pastor Maldonado drove on the Friday practice session for the team at the Italian Grand Prix.

Antônio Pizzonia replaced Nick Heidfeld at Williams for the Italian Grand Prix, when Heidfeld decided to withdraw after complaining of a severe headache. Earlier in the week, he had crashed heavily during a test session at Monza. Heidfeld had been due to return for the Brazilian Grand Prix, but after having a motorcycle accident he was forced to sit out the remainder of the season, with Pizzonia continuing to race for Williams in Heidfeld's absence.

Formula One 2005 race schedule[edit]

The 2005 Formula One calendar featured one new event, the Turkish Grand Prix.

Round Race Title Grand Prix Circuit Date
1 Foster's Australian Grand Prix Australian GP Australia Albert Park Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne 6 March
2 Petronas Malaysian Grand Prix Malaysian GP Malaysia Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur 20 March
3 Gulf Air Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain GP Bahrain Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 3 April
4 Gran Premio Foster's di San Marino San Marino GP Italy Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari, Imola 24 April
5 Gran Premio Marlboro de España Spanish GP Spain Circuit de Catalunya, Barcelona 8 May
6 Grand Prix de Monaco Monaco GP Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monte-Carlo 22 May
7 Grand Prix of Europe European GP Germany Nürburgring 29 May
8 Grand Prix du Canada Canadian GP Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal 12 June
9 United States Grand Prix United States GP United States Indianapolis Motor Speedway 19 June
10 Grand Prix de France French GP France Circuit de Nevers, Magny-Cours 3 July
11 Foster's British Grand Prix British GP United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit 10 July
12 Großer Mobil 1 Preis von Deutschland German GP Germany Hockenheimring 24 July
13 Marlboro Magyar Nagydíj Hungarian GP Hungary Hungaroring, Budapest 31 July
14 Turkish Grand Prix Turkish GP Turkey Istanbul Park 21 August
15 Gran Premio Vodafone d'Italia Italian GP Italy Autodromo Nazionale Monza 4 September
16 Belgian Grand Prix Belgian GP Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Spa 11 September
17 Grande Prêmio do Brasil Brazilian GP Brazil Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 25 September
18 Fuji Television Japanese Grand Prix Japanese GP Japan Suzuka Circuit 9 October
19 Sinopec Chinese Grand Prix Chinese GP China Shanghai International Circuit 16 October

Broadcasting changes[edit]

2005 was the beginning of a new 8-year TV deal with Global TV network in Indonesia. It was announced on 21 January. Indosiar Bleach was already showing the schedule every Sunday at 10:30 GMT.

Results and standings[edit]

The 2005 Formula One calendar featured a new event in Turkey, just miles from the Europe-Asia dividing line. The newly built circuit in Istanbul joined the 2004 newcomers Bahrain and China. The 2005 season witnessed two of the hottest Grands Prix ever: the track temperature at the beginning of the Malaysian event was 51 °C (124 °F), while in Bahrain the mercury soared past 56 °C (133 °F).

Grands Prix[edit]

Rd. Grand Prix Pole Position Fastest Lap Winning Driver Constructor Report
1 Australia Australian Grand Prix Italy Giancarlo Fisichella Spain Fernando Alonso Italy Giancarlo Fisichella France Renault Report
2 Malaysia Malaysian Grand Prix Spain Fernando Alonso Finland Kimi Räikkönen Spain Fernando Alonso France Renault Report
3 Bahrain Bahrain Grand Prix Spain Fernando Alonso Spain Pedro de la Rosa Spain Fernando Alonso France Renault Report
4 San Marino San Marino Grand Prix Finland Kimi Räikkönen Germany Michael Schumacher Spain Fernando Alonso France Renault Report
5 Spain Spanish Grand Prix Finland Kimi Räikkönen Italy Giancarlo Fisichella Finland Kimi Räikkönen United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
6 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Finland Kimi Räikkönen Germany Michael Schumacher Finland Kimi Räikkönen United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
7 Germany European Grand Prix Germany Nick Heidfeld Spain Fernando Alonso Spain Fernando Alonso France Renault Report
8 Canada Canadian Grand Prix United Kingdom Jenson Button Finland Kimi Räikkönen Finland Kimi Räikkönen United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
9 United States United States Grand Prix Italy Jarno Trulli Germany Michael Schumacher Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
10 France French Grand Prix Spain Fernando Alonso Finland Kimi Räikkönen Spain Fernando Alonso France Renault Report
11 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Spain Fernando Alonso Finland Kimi Räikkönen Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
12 Germany German Grand Prix Finland Kimi Räikkönen Finland Kimi Räikkönen Spain Fernando Alonso France Renault Report
13 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Finland Kimi Räikkönen Finland Kimi Räikkönen United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
14 Turkey Turkish Grand Prix Finland Kimi Räikkönen Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Finland Kimi Räikkönen United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
15 Italy Italian Grand Prix Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Finland Kimi Räikkönen Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
16 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Germany Ralf Schumacher Finland Kimi Räikkönen United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
17 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix Spain Fernando Alonso Finland Kimi Räikkönen Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
18 Japan Japanese Grand Prix Germany Ralf Schumacher Finland Kimi Räikkönen Finland Kimi Räikkönen United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
19 China Chinese Grand Prix Spain Fernando Alonso Finland Kimi Räikkönen Spain Fernando Alonso France Renault Report

Drivers[edit]

Pos Driver AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BHR
Bahrain
SMR
San Marino
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
EUR
Germany
CAN
Canada
USA
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
TUR
Turkey
ITA
Italy
BEL
Belgium
BRA
Brazil
JPN
Japan
CHN
China
Points
1 Spain Fernando Alonso 3 1 1 1 2 4 1 Ret DNS 1 2 1 11 2 2 2 3 3 1 133
2 Finland Kimi Räikkönen 8 9 3 Ret 1 1 11 1 DNS 2 3 Ret 1 1 4 1 2 1 2 112
3 Germany Michael Schumacher Ret 7 Ret 2 Ret 7 5 2 1 3 6 5 2 Ret 10 Ret 4 7 Ret 62
4 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya 6 4 7 5 7 DSQ DNS Ret 1 2 Ret 3 1 14 1 Ret Ret 60
5 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella 1 Ret Ret Ret 5 12 6 Ret DNS 6 4 4 9 4 3 Ret 5 2 4 58
6 Germany Ralf Schumacher 12 5 4 9 4 6 Ret 6 7 8 6 3 12 6 7 8 8 3 45
7 Italy Jarno Trulli 9 2 2 5 3 10 8 Ret DNS 5 9 14 4 6 5 Ret 13 Ret 15 43
8 Brazil Rubens Barrichello 2 Ret 9 Ret 9 8 3 3 2 9 7 10 10 10 12 5 6 11 12 38
9 United Kingdom Jenson Button 11 Ret Ret DSQ 10 Ret DNS 4 5 3 5 5 8 3 7 5 8 37
10 Australia Mark Webber 5 Ret 6 7 6 3 Ret 5 DNS 12 11 NC 7 Ret 14 4 NC 4 7 36
11 Germany Nick Heidfeld Ret 3 Ret 6 10 2 2 Ret DNS 14 12 11 6 Ret 28
12 United Kingdom David Coulthard 4 6 8 11 8 Ret 4 7 DNS 10 13 7 Ret 7 15 Ret Ret 6 9 24
13 Brazil Felipe Massa 10 10 7 10 11 9 14 4 DNS Ret 10 8 14 Ret 9 10 11 10 6 11
14 Canada Jacques Villeneuve 13 Ret 11 4 Ret 11 13 9 DNS 8 14 15 Ret 11 11 6 12 12 10 9
15 Austria Christian Klien 7 8 DNS 8 DNS Ret 15 9 Ret 8 13 9 9 9 5 9
16 Portugal Tiago Monteiro 16 12 10 13 12 13 15 10 3 13 17 17 13 15 17 8 Ret 13 11 7
17 Austria Alexander Wurz 3 6
18 India Narain Karthikeyan 15 11 Ret 12 13 Ret 16 Ret 4 15 Ret 16 12 14 20 11 15 15 Ret 5
19 Netherlands Christijan Albers Ret 13 13 Ret Ret 14 17 11 5 Ret 18 13 NC Ret 19 12 14 16 16 4
20 Spain Pedro de la Rosa 5 4
21 Austria Patrick Friesacher 17 Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret 18 Ret 6 Ret 19 3
22 Brazil Antônio Pizzonia 7 15 Ret Ret 13 2
23 Japan Takuma Sato 14 Ret DSQ 12 Ret DNS 11 16 12 8 9 16 Ret 10 DSQ Ret 1
24 Italy Vitantonio Liuzzi 8 Ret Ret 9 1
25 Netherlands Robert Doornbos 18 Ret 13 18 13 Ret 14 14 0
United Kingdom Anthony Davidson Ret 0
Brazil Ricardo Zonta DNS 0
Pos Driver AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BHR
Bahrain
SMR
San Marino
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
EUR
Germany
CAN
Canada
USA
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
TUR
Turkey
ITA
Italy
BEL
Belgium
BRA
Brazil
JPN
Japan
CHN
China
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)

Bold - Pole
Italics - Fastest lap

Drivers did not finish the Grand Prix, but were classified as they completed over 90% of the race distance.
Drivers on Michelin tyres had to withdraw from the United States Grand Prix before the race started due to safety concerns.

Constructors[edit]

Renault finally won their first Constructors' Championship as a works team with this R25.
McLaren finished second in the Constructors' Championship with this MP4-20.
Ferrari's streak of 6 consecutive Constructors' Championships came to an end in 2005. The Scuderia could only manage third place in this year's Constructors' Championship with the F2005.
Pos Constructor Car
no.
AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BHR
Bahrain
SMR
San Marino
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
EUR
Germany
CAN
Canada
USA
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
TUR
Turkey
ITA
Italy
BEL
Belgium
BRA
Brazil
JPN
Japan
CHN
China
Points
1 France Renault 5 3 1 1 1 2 4 1 Ret DNS 1 2 1 11 2 2 2 3 3 1 191
6 1 Ret Ret Ret 5 12 6 Ret DNS 6 4 4 9 4 3 Ret 5 2 4
2 United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes 9 8 9 3 Ret 1 1 11 1 DNS 2 3 Ret 1 1 4 1 2 1 2 182
10 6 4 5 3 7 5 7 DSQ DNS Ret 1 2 Ret 3 1 14 1 Ret Ret
3 Italy Ferrari 1 Ret 7 Ret 2 Ret 7 5 2 1 3 6 5 2 Ret 10 Ret 4 7 Ret 100
2 2 Ret 9 Ret 9 8 3 3 2 9 7 10 10 10 12 5 6 11 12
4 Japan Toyota 16 9 2 2 5 3 10 8 Ret DNS 5 9 14 4 6 5 Ret 13 Ret 15 88
17 12 5 4 9 4 6 Ret 6 DNS 7 8 6 3 12 6 7 8 8 3
5 United Kingdom Williams-BMW 7 5 Ret 6 7 6 3 Ret 5 DNS 12 11 NC 7 Ret 14 4 NC 4 7 66
8 Ret 3 Ret 6 10 2 2 Ret DNS 14 12 11 6 Ret 7 15 Ret Ret 13
6 United Kingdom BAR-Honda 3 11 Ret Ret DSQ EX EX 10 Ret DNS 4 5 3 5 5 8 3 7 5 8 38
4 14 Ret Ret DSQ EX EX 12 Ret DNS 11 16 12 8 9 16 Ret 10 DSQ Ret
7 Austria RBR-Cosworth 14 4 6 8 11 8 Ret 4 7 DNS 10 13 7 Ret 7 15 Ret Ret 6 9 34
15 7 8 DNS 8 Ret Ret 9 8 DNS Ret 15 9 Ret 8 13 9 9 9 5
8 Switzerland Sauber-Petronas 11 13 Ret 11 4 Ret 11 13 9 DNS 8 14 15 Ret 11 11 6 12 12 10 20
12 10 10 7 10 11 9 14 4 DNS Ret 10 8 14 Ret 9 10 11 10 6
9 Republic of Ireland Jordan-Toyota 18 16 12 10 13 12 13 15 10 3 13 17 17 13 15 17 8 Ret 13 11 12
19 15 11 Ret 12 13 Ret 16 Ret 4 15 Ret 16 12 14 20 11 15 15 Ret
10 Italy Minardi-Cosworth 20 17 Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret 18 Ret 6 Ret 19 18 Ret 13 18 13 Ret 14 14 7
21 Ret 13 13 Ret Ret 14 17 11 5 Ret 18 13 NC Ret 19 12 14 16 16
Pos Constructor Car
no.
AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BHR
Bahrain
SMR
San Marino
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
EUR
Germany
CAN
Canada
USA
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
TUR
Turkey
ITA
Italy
BEL
Belgium
BRA
Brazil
JPN
Japan
CHN
China
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)

Rules changes[edit]

For a time there existed a distinct possibility that some teams would be running three race cars per Grand Prix. (Fewer than 10 teams, or 20 cars, starting on the grid would have resulted in some teams running three cars, under an obscure term in the Concorde Agreement.) By the first round of the season, though, there were ten teams, as Red Bull completed their takeover of Jaguar and were ready to race in Australia. Minardi, which initially received an injunction allowing them to compete despite their cars' non-conformity to new 2005 technical regulations, later modified their cars to adhere to 2005 regulations.

Qualifying[edit]

The first six races of the 2005 season used a new qualifying format, marking the third year in five with sharply revised qualifying rules. Grid position was determined by aggregate times from two single-lap flying runs, one Saturday afternoon and one Sunday morning. Refueling was allowed after the first qualifying run Saturday; however, the car must have been fuelled for the race for Sunday's qualifying. (Although some rules changes are brought about to even the playing field or to reduce costs, this rule change was prompted by the typhoon which rescheduled qualifying for the 2004 Japanese Grand Prix). Adverse weather conditions affecting either qualifying session impacted the final, aggregate time.

On 24 May, the ten team bosses met with Max Mosley and recommended a return to a single, one-lap qualifying run on Saturday on race fuel and race tires, which, having been approved by the FIA World Motorsport Council, took effect at the European Grand Prix on 29 May.

Tyres[edit]

A hugely significant change in 2005 was the absence of tyre changes during pit stops. Under new regulations, a driver had to use one set of tyres during qualifying and the race itself. Tyre changes were allowed for punctures and for wet weather, under the direction of the FIA. The FIA had to post a "change in climatic conditions" notice in order for tyre changes to occur normally. After Kimi Räikkönen's disastrous accident at the Nurburgring when his suspension collapsed after a flat-spotted tyre ripped the carbon fiber suspension apart, team principals and the FIA agreed that a single tyre change per car could be made without penalty, provided it was to change a tyre that had become dangerously worn like Räikkönen's had. Obviously, preserving a single set of tyres for the entire race became a new challenge for drivers; the challenge for tyre manufactures was to produce more durable, long-lasting compounds. Michelin-shod runners had a distinct advantage over their Bridgestone counterparts.

However, during practice for the US Grand Prix it became apparent that Michelin's tyres were not capable of handling the loads put on them through Indianapolis's banked turn 13. Controversy ensued, with the end result being the seven Michelin-shod teams withdrawing from the race after the parade lap. Michelin stated that the tyres were not safe to use for more than ten laps, but even without the no-change rule the number of tyre changes required to go the distance would have left these teams far behind the Bridgestone runners.

Engine life[edit]

Formula One engines had to last two race weekends, double that demanded by 2004 regulations. A driver who needed to change an engine was subject to a 10-place grid penalty for the race. Designed to limit revs and power outputs demanded by greater reliability, this regulation was also a cost-cutting measure for engine manufacturers. After the initial race of the season, the FIA acted to close a loophole in this new regulation exposed by BAR, who deliberately pitted their cars rather than finish the race.

Aerodynamics[edit]

The technical aerodynamics regulations were modified to improve competition, especially for cars traveling in another car's aeroflow wake in order to overtake. By changing the size and placement of both front and rear wings, as well as requiring higher noses, the new rules attempted to reduce downforce by roughly one-quarter, but teams developed other chassis innovations to reclaim much of that "lost" downforce, which made following another car even harder than the previous season.

Delayed starts and race stoppages[edit]

If a driver stalled his car while entering the final grid, the other cars were sent instantly to a new warm-up lap, instead of all drivers stopping their cars and waiting a couple of minutes for a new start. The stalled car is pushed to the pit lane and the grid is clear when the drivers return.

When the race is red-flagged, the timekeeping system will not stop. The drivers stop on the start/finish straight. The restart is done behind the safety car instead of a standing start which was used earlier. Although this rule came in effect in 2005, it was first used at the 2007 European Grand Prix.

Also in safety car situations, the rules were changed to allow the safety car to use the pit lane if necessary. This rule change was made following Ralf Schumacher's accident in 2004 United States Grand Prix.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andrew Benson. "Andrew Benson: Alonso's straight fight with Schumacher, Bahrain 2006". BBC. Retrieved 2012-11-08. 
  2. ^ "Seven teams boycott US Grand Prix". BBC News. 2005-06-19. Retrieved 2006-10-03.