2005 Southeast Asian Games
|23rd Southeast Asian Games|
Motto: "One Heritage, One Southeast Asia"
|Opening ceremony||November 27, 2005|
|Closing ceremony||December 5, 2005|
|Officially opened by||Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
President of the Philippines
|Athlete's Oath||Mikaela "Mikee" Cojuangco-Jaworski|
|Ceremony venue||Quirino Grandstand, Rizal Park|
The 23rd Southeast Asian Games (also known as the 2005 SEAG) were held in the Philippines from November 27 to December 5 in 2005. The games were participated by the eleven (11) nations of Southeast Asia. This was the first time that the opening and closing ceremonies were held in a large open field, despite the fact that Manila has many stadiums and/or arenas. The organization decided to hold the games at an open space to accommodate the large number of participants and spectators. As a result, the 2005 SEAG ranks as having the largest audience having reached 200,000 people during the opening and closing ceremonies. These games were also noted for having the most number of delegates in the history of the SEA Games. In the end, all participating countries received medals. The event was meant to tighten ties among Southeast Asian countries as a region and as a preparation as well for the upcoming Asian Games and Olympic Games .
Events in men's football actually started on November 20, prior to the opening ceremony. Water polo events began on November 21, women's football on November 23, sailing on November 26, and tennis on November 26.
The first gold medal of the games was awarded to Singapore on November 25 when their water polo team came out undefeated during the round-robin tournament round. The Philippine team took the silver medal in that event, and Malaysia brought home the bronze.
East Timor made their first medal in Southeast Asian Games with 3 bronze medal. The Games were also considered a valuable opportunity for athletes to gain competition experience and preparation for the upcoming Asian Games and Olympic Games. It was purposely created to strengthen friendship, solidarity and understanding among neighboring countries in the region.
This was the third SEA Games to be hosted by the Philippines. The last two times the Philippines hosted the games were in 1981 (see 1981 Southeast Asian Games), and again in 1991 (see 1991 Southeast Asian Games). Although the majority of events took place in/around Manila, logistical hurdles required the step of spreading-out the events across the country; to ten other cities.
Gilas (Skill) is a Philippine Eagle. It is one of the world's largest eagles; distinct for its majestic plumage on its head. The eagle is a symbol of elegance, strength and pride. It captured the winning spirit of the athletes. Gilas was inspired by the Filipino words Maliksi (agile), Malakas (strong), Matalino (smart), Mataas (high), and Matalas (sharp).
Originally, the mascot was supposed to be a Philippine tarsier until the Philippine SEA Games Organizing Committee (PhilSOC) changed it to the Philippine eagle.
The 2005 SEAG Logo shows a festival mask similar to those found in most Southeast Asian countries. It represents the many different cultures that came together for the Games. At the same time the mask captures the exuberant spirit and hospitality of the Filipinos. The logo was inspired by the MassKara Festival held annually in Bacolod City, one of the satellite venues of the event.
The logo was designed by Filipino freelance graphic designer Joel Manalastas.
Theme and hymn
The theme of the games was "One Heritage, One Southeast Asia." The theme emphasized the importance of unity and cooperation necessary to meet a common goal and aspiration.
The official hymn was "We're All Just One." The hymn was composed by singer-composer Jose Mari Chan and lyricist Rene Nieva. It was sung by nine-year-old Julia Abueva, granddaughter of Philippine national artist Napoleon Abueva, and University of the Philippines President Dr. Emerlinda R. Roman. She was accompanied by the San Miguel Philharmonic Orchestra under the baton of Maestro Ryan Cayabyab.
The organizing body for these Games was the Philippine SEA Games Organizing Committee (PhilSOC). In addition, while venues outside Manila actively prepared for welcoming the visiting athletes, organizers in the capital region had numerous problems drumming-up widespread support and exposure for the Games. Among the only visible indications of the Games, apart from the commercial sponsors' advertisements, were the welcome banners put up by the city government.
The 11 national flags of the participating countries in the 23rd Southeast Asian Games fly high during the opening ceremony on Sunday at the Quirino Grandstand.
The opening ceremonies of the games were held at the Quirino Grandstand in Manila; the first time a park was utilized instead of a stadium. By doing so, it brought down costs, alleviating the need to spend millions of pesos just to upgrade existing facilities. It also aided in accommodating the large audience.
200,000 spectators gathered at the park to witness the three-hour ceremony officiated by the Philippine President, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Starting with a parade of the Philippine flag carried by members of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines and Girl Scouts of the Philippines (from Siena College of Quezon City), it was followed by the Philippines's best athletes, as well as some SEA Games alumni. After the national anthem of the Philippines was sung, a colorful cultural dance was presented by the Bayanihan Philippine National Folk Dance Company.
The carrying of the SEA Games Federation Flag was led by alumni athlete Eric Buhain, sprint queen Elma Muros-Posadas, and badminton player Weena Lim. The athletes and officials from the participating countries then marched in alphabetical order starting with the contingent from Brunei Darussalam, and ending with the 740-strong Philippine contingent. Following tradition, the host country entered the arena last.
Cebu City and other satellite venues opened the Games two days earlier with pomp and pageantry. The opening ceremonies in Cebu served as a pre-cursor to the formal opening ceremonies in Manila.
In an unexpected move, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the Philippines’ largest Islamic separatist group, sent representatives to attend the opening ceremonies as spectators; a “goodwill measure.”
The closing ceremony of the Games was held at the Quirino Grandstand on December 5, marking the end of the successful event. The Philippines, for the first time in the history of the Games, emerged as the champions after 28 years.
The Philippines passed on the SEA Games Federation Flag, as a sign of the completion of its hosting job, to the next host country, Thailand. Thailand's Deputy Prime Minister, Suwat Liptapanlop, was present to receive the flag. The Thai Olympic Committee will make the 24th edition of the games the most spectacular sporting event in its history, as the opening date also commemorates the 80th birth anniversary of King Bhumibol Adulyadej. Thai dancers graced the stage to provide spectators with a glimpse of what the athletes would expect in Nakhon Ratchasima.
The 2005 SEAG featured 40 sports in more than 393 events. The 23rd edition of the games had the highest number of sporting events in the entire history of the SEAG at that time; more events than the Asian Games and the Olympic Games. The Southeast Asian Games Federation, through the recommendation of the Philippine SEA Games Organizing Committee (PhilSOC), decided to exclude basketball, a popular sport in the Philippines, from the competitions due to the decision of FIBA to ban the host country to participate in any international competitions of the sport.
¹ - not an official Olympic Sport
² - sport played only in the SEA Games
³ - not a traditional Olympic nor SEA Games Sport and introduced only by the host country.
° - a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.
Like the former SEA Games, the 2005 Southeast Asian Games did not escape from criticisms. The famous one was in men's boxing between Thailand and the Philippines. The judges favoured the Philippines team, and it was reported to IBA. Poor infrastructure of the host city was also reported. In addition, athletes had to travel for up to two hours to get to the competition venues.
Metro Manila served as the main hub of the Games, though several events also took place in Bacolod City, Cebu City, Los Baños and Canlubang in Laguna, Tagaytay City in Cavite province, Angeles City in Pampanga, and the Subic Bay Freeport Zone in Zambales.
- Philippine International Convention Center (Phil. Organizing Committee and Main Press Centre)
- Century Park Hotel (International Broadcast Centre)
- Cebu City Sports Complex (Cebu Organizing Committee & Pre-opening ceremony)
- Negros Occidental Activity Center (Bacolod-Negros Organizing Committee)
- Rizal Park (Opening and Closing Ceremonies)
- Ninoy Aquino International Airport
- Mactan-Cebu International Airport
- Bacolod City Domestic Airport
- Subic Bay International Airport
3rd ASEAN ParaGames
The 3rd ASEAN ParaGames were held in Manila from December 14 to December 20, 2005. This was the sporting event earmarked for physically challenged athletes in the Southeast Asian regional level. The ParaGames are held after every Southeast Asian Games (patterned after the Paralympics traditionally held days after the Olympic Games). Most of the events were held at the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex. Some new sports for the athletes were introduced and demonstrated by both foreign and local participants.
- Games records at the 2005 Southeast Asian Games
- Scandals of the 2005 Southeast Asian Games
- 2005 ASEAN ParaGames
- www.2005seagames.com.ph: The Official Website of the 23rd SEA Games Philippines 2005
- Cebu SEA Games Organizing Committee
- Bacolod-Negros SEA Games Organizing Committee
- Philippine Sports Commission
- Philippine Olympic Committee
- Official Website of the 3rd ASEAN ParaGames - Manila 2005
- Channel NewsAsia SEA Games 2005 Special
- Southeast Asian Games Information
Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
|Southeast Asian Games||Succeeded by
Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand