2006 FIFA World Cup officials
Match officials for the 2006 FIFA World Cup were nominated by the six confederations to FIFA, who, after a series of tests in Frankfurt/Neu-Isenburg in March 2006, selected 23 referees and a support and development group of a further 5, from a shortlist of 44.
Kyros Vassaras of Greece and Manuel Mejuto of Spain were selected to be on the panel, but the assistants who were to make up their teams were not deemed to have reached the required standards, and so they were replaced by Roberto Rosetti and Luis Medina. Jamaican referee Peter Prendergast was selected for the tournament panel, but suffered a knee injury and was removed from the list without replacement. Massimo De Santis of Italy was also on the panel of 23 referees, but after he was implicated in the Serie A match-fixing allegations, he was withdrawn by the Italian Football Federation and not replaced.
The 21 referees, along with their assistants and the support group, are based in Neu-Isenburg for the duration of the tournament. FIFA announces the referees selected for each fixture three days in advance of the match.
Horacio Elizondo was chosen to officiate the final match, which took place in Berlin on July 9.
Below are the details of the 21 groups of match officials in the 2006 FIFA World Cup. For assistants, a flag is only shown if his nationality varies from that of the referee with whom he is grouped.
Most teams (consisting of a referee and two assistants) are drawn from the same nation, and all are made up of officials from the same confederation. In the first round of the tournament, officials other than from UEFA member associations only operate in groups that do not include a representative of their confederation.
Mexico is the only country with 2 referees on the panel.
For the first time at a World Cup, match officials will be equipped with microphones and earpieces so they can communicate better with each other during each game. Furthermore this World Cup sees the introduction of a fifth official who can be called upon to replace an injured assistant referee. The fourth official would replace the referee..
|Referee||Assistants||Matches||Red cards||Yellow cards|
|Essam Abd El Fatah||D. Dante
|Group F: Australia vs. Japan||0||7|
|Carlos Amarilla||A. Andino
|Group E: United States vs Czech Republic
Group G: Togo vs Switzerland
Group H: Tunisia vs Ukraine
|Benito Archundia||J. Ramirez
|Group F: Brazil vs Croatia
Group G: France vs South Korea
Group E: Czech Republic vs Italy
Round 2: Switzerland vs Ukraine
Semifinal: Germany vs Italy
|Massimo Busacca||F. Buragina
|Group H: Spain vs Ukraine
Group B: Sweden vs England
Round 2: Argentina vs Mexico
|Coffi Codjia||C. Ntagungira
|Group A: Ecuador vs Costa Rica
Group H: Spain vs Saudi Arabia
|Frank De Bleeckere||P. Hermans
|Group C: Argentina vs Ivory Coast
Group F: Croatia vs Japan
Round 2: England vs Ecuador
Quarterfinal: Italy vs Ukraine
|Horacio Elizondo||D. Garcia
|Group A: Germany vs Costa Rica
Group E: Czech Republic vs Ghana
Group G: South Korea vs Switzerland
Quarterfinal: England vs Portugal
Final: Italy vs France
|Valentin Ivanov||N. Golubev
|Group G: France vs Switzerland
Group A: Ecuador vs Germany
Round 2: Portugal vs Netherlands
|Toru Kamikawa||Y. Hiroshima
Kim Dae Young
|Group A: Poland vs Ecuador
Group B: England vs Trinidad and Tobago
Third Place play-off: Germany vs Portugal
|Jorge Larrionda||W. Rial
|Group D: Angola vs Portugal
Group E: Italy vs United States
Group G: Togo vs France
Semifinal: Portugal vs France
|Shamsul Maidin||P. Permpanich
|Group B: Trinidad and Tobago vs Sweden
Group D: Mexico vs Angola
Group A: Costa Rica vs Poland
|Luis Medina Cantalejo||V. Giraldez
|Group A: Germany vs Poland
Group C: Netherlands vs Argentina
Round 2: Italy vs Australia
Quarterfinal: Brazil vs France
|Markus Merk||C. Schraer
|Group C: Serbia and Montenegro vs Netherlands
Group F: Brazil vs Australia
Group E: Ghana vs United States
|Ľuboš Micheľ||R. Slysko
|Group B: Sweden vs Paraguay
Group D: Portugal vs Mexico
Round 2: Brazil vs Ghana
Quarterfinal: Germany vs Argentina
|Graham Poll||P. Sharp
|Group G: South Korea vs Togo
Group H: Saudi Arabia vs Ukraine
Group F: Croatia vs Australia
|Eric Poulat||L. Dagorne
|Group D: Portugal vs Iran
Group F: Japan vs Brazil
|Marco Rodríguez||J. Camargo
|Group B: England vs Paraguay
Group C: Ivory Coast vs Serbia and Montenegro
|Roberto Rosetti||C. Copelli
|Group D: Mexico vs Iran
Group C: Argentina vs Serbia and Montenegro
Group B: Paraguay vs Trinidad and Tobago
Round 2: Spain vs France
|Oscar Ruiz||F. Tamayo
|Group C: Netherlands vs Ivory Coast||0||7|
|Mark Shield||N. Gibson
|Group H: Tunisia vs Saudi Arabia
Group D: Iran vs Angola
|Carlos Simon||A. Tavares
|Group E: Italy vs Ghana
Group H: Spain vs Tunisia
Round 2: Germany vs Sweden
Five teams of officials were named to be on standby in the case of injury to any of the officials nominated for a match. None of them were called upon, however, and from the quarter-finals onwards, referees from among the 12 retained for the latter stages of the tournament were given standby appointments to matches.
|Khalil Al Ghamdi||H. Al Kadri
|Carlos Chandia||C. Julio
|Jerome Damon||E. Molefe
|Mohamed Guezzaz||B. Djezzar
J. Endeng Zogo
|Kevin Stott||C. Strickland
Final Match Officials
On Wednesday 28th of June, one day after the Second Round matches were completed and two days before the Quarterfinals, the FIFA announced the 12 referees that were retained for the remaining matches. This is the standard process, meant to ensure only the best referees are in charge of the final few games. The twelve are:
- Toru Kamikawa (Japan)
- Coffi Codjia (Benin)
- Benito Archundia (Mexico)
- Horacio Elizondo (Argentina)
- Jorge Larrionda (Uruguay)
- Mark Shield (Australia)
- Massimo Busacca (Switzerland)
- Frank De Bleeckere (Belgium)
- Luis Medina Cantalejo (Spain)
- Markus Merk (Germany)
- Ľuboš Micheľ (Slovakia)
- Roberto Rosetti (Italy)
It is notable that the referees remaining had a lower average number of cards given per match (5.21) than the referee pool as a whole (5.82). Nine of the ten referees with the lowest number of cards per match were chosen to stay. This was met with criticism, however, as the referees could also be politically chosen. FIFA wanted to ensure that at least 1 referee from each continent within the final shortlist.
- "23 referees from 21 countries". Archived from the original on 2006-06-30. Retrieved 2006-06-19.
- "2006 FIFA World Cup Germany List of Candidate Referees" (PDF format). 2005-10-28. Archived from the original on 2006-05-07. Retrieved 2006-06-19.
- "Referee Peter Prendergast out of 2006 FIFA World Cup". 2006-05-29. Archived from the original on 27 June 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-21.
- Notes from a round table event with the FIFA President
- "World-Referees happy clampdown on fouls has worked". 2006-06-15. Retrieved 2006-06-18.
- "Ref Poll sent home from World Cup". BBC News. 2006-06-28. Archived from the original on 26 June 2006. Retrieved 2006-06-28.