2006 World Monuments Watch
The World Monuments Watch is a flagship advocacy program of the New York-based private non-profit organization World Monuments Fund (WMF) that is dedicated to preserving the historic, artistic, and architectural heritage around the world.
Every two years, it publishes a select list known as the Watch List of 100 Most Endangered Sites that is in urgent need of preservation funding and protection. The sites are nominated by governments, conservation professionals, site caretakers, non-government organizations (NGOs), concerned individuals, and others working in the field. An independent panel of international experts then select 100 candidates from these entries to be part of the Watch List, based on the significance of the sites, the urgency of the threat, and the viability of both advocacy and conservation solutions. For the succeeding two-year period until a new Watch List is published, these 100 sites can avail grants and funds from the WMF, as well as from other foundations, private donors, and corporations by capitalizing on the publicity and attention gained from the inclusion on the Watch List.
2006 Watch List
The 2006 World Monuments Watch List of 100 Most Endangered Sites was launched on June 21, 2005 by WMF President Bonnie Burnham. It marked the first time that an entire country was placed on the Watch List. Iraq, long considered as the "cradle of human civilization" and within whose borders lie an estimated 10,000 archaeological sites, has been left vulnerable to widespread looting, vandalism, and other acts of violence in the wake of the 2003 military invasion.
|“||The World Monuments Watch provides a valuable barometer of the state of heritage preservation worldwide… The biennial Watch list tells us not only which sites are in peril, but also what kinds of threats—natural disaster, war, pollution, neglect, or other issues—are endangering the world's heritage.||”|
—Bonnie Burnham, WMF president, launch of 2006 Watch List
On October 6, 2005, nearly four months after the publication of the 2006 Watch List and more than a month after the significant devastation brought about by Hurricane Katrina on America's Gulf Coast, the WMF, together with partners American Express Foundation and National Trust for Historic Preservation, decided to place the Gulf Coast and New Orleans as the 101st endangered site on the 2006 Watch List.
List by country/territory
|1||Afghanistan||Haji Piyada Mosque||Balkh||9th century|
|2||Antarctica||Sir Ernest Shackleton's Expedition Hut||Cape Royds, Ross Island||1908|
|3||Australia||Dampier Rock Art Complex||Dampier, Burrup Peninsula||10,000 BC–present|
|4||Bangladesh||Sonargaon-Panam City||Sonargaon||15th–19th centuries|
|5||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Mehmed-Pasha Sokolovic Bridge||Visegrad||1571–1577|
|6||Brazil||Convent of San Francisco and Historic Olinda||Olinda, Pernambuco||1535–1827|
|8||Cape Verde||Tarrafal Concentration Camp||Tarrafal||1930s|
|9||Chile||Tulor Village||Antofagasta||500 BC–AD 300|
|11||China||Cockcrow Post Town||Cockrow Post, Huailai||1420|
|12||China||Lu Mansion||Dong Yang||15th–19th centuries|
|13||China||Qikou Town||Shanxi Province||18th–19th centuries|
|14||China||Stone Towers of Southwest China||Various Locations||ca. 1000–1500|
|15||China||Tianshui Traditional Houses||Tianshui, Qincheng, Gansu||1644–1929|
|16||China||Tuanshan Historical Village||Yunnan Province||15th–19th centuries|
|17||Croatia||Novi Dvori Castle||Zaprešić||Mid–19th century|
|18||Croatia||Saint Blaise Church||Dubrovnik||1707–1717|
|19||Cuba||Finca Vigia (Hemingway's House)||San Francisco de Paula||1886|
|20||Egypt||Sabil Ruqayya Dudu||Cairo||1761|
|21||Egypt||Tarabay al-Sharify||Cairo||16th century|
|22||Egypt||West Bank||Luxor||1540–1075 BC|
|23||El Salvador||San Miguel Arcangel and Santa Cruz de Roma||Panchimalco & Huizucar||1730–1740|
|24||Eritrea||Asmara Historic City Center||Asmara||1916–1941|
|25||Eritrea||Kidane-Mehret Church||Senafe||12th century|
|26||Eritrea||Massawa Historic Town||Massawa||16th–19th centuries|
|28||Georgia||Jvari Monastery||Mtshekta||ca. 600|
|29||Greece||Helike Archaeological Site||Achaia||BC 2500–500|
|31||India||Dalhousie Square||Calcutta||1600–1699; 1900|
|32||India||Dhangkar Gompa||Himachal Pradesh||15th–16th centuries|
|33||India||Guru Lhakhang and Sumda Chung Temples||Sumda Chung||11th–14th centuries|
|35||Indonesia||Omo Hada||Nias Island||1715|
|37||Iraq||Iraq Cultural Heritage Sites||Country-wide||Prehistoric–present|
|39||Italy||Academy of Hadrian's Villa||Tivoli||2nd century|
|40||Italy||Cimitero Acattolico||Rome||1776 first burial|
|41||Italy||Civita di Bagnoregio||Bagnoregio||12th–15th centuries|
|42||Italy||Murgia dei Trulli||Murgia dei Trulli||ca. 800|
|43||Italy||Portici Royal Palace||Naples||1740–19th century|
|44||Italy||Santa Maria in Stelle Hypogeum||Verona||3rd–5th centuries|
|45||Italy||Temple of Portunus||Rome||Late 2nd–1st centuries BC|
|46||Kenya||Mtwapa Heritage Site||Kilifi, Mtwapa||1100–1199|
|47||Laos||Chom Phet Cultural Landscape||Luang Prabang||19th century|
|48||Latvia||Riga Cathedral||Riga||13th–19th centuries|
|49||Lebanon||Chehabi Citadel||Hasbaya||12th century|
|50||Lebanon||International Fairground at Tripoli||Tripoli||1963|
|51||Macedonia||Treskavec Monastery and Church||Treskavec||12th–15th centuries|
|52||Mauritania||Chinguetti Mosque||Chinguetti||13th century|
|54||Mexico||Mexico City Historic Center||Mexico City||15th–20th centuries|
|55||Mexico||Pimería Alta Missions||Sonora||1700–1799|
|56||Mexico||San Juan Bautista Cuauhtinchan||Puebla||1528–1544|
|57||Mexico||San Nicolás Obispo||Morelia, Michoacán||16th–18th centuries|
|58||Nepal||Patan Royal Palace Complex||Patan||17th–19th centuries|
|59||Nigeria||Benin City Earthworks||Edo State||1240–1460|
|60||Norway||Sandviken Bay||Bergen||18th–19th centuries|
|61||Pakistan||Mian Nasir Mohammed Graveyard||Dadu District||18th century|
|62||Pakistan||Thatta Monuments||Thatta||14th–18th centuries|
|63||Palestinian Territories||Tell Balatah (Shechem or Ancient Nablus)||Nablus, West Bank||BC 1699–AD 1600|
|64||Panama||Panama Canal Area||Panama City, Chagres River||1882–1914|
|66||Peru||Presbítero Maestro Cemetery||Lima||1805–1808|
|68||Peru||Revash Funerary Complex||Santo Tomas de Quillay||10th century|
|69||Peru||Túcume Archaeological Site||Lambayeque||9th–15th centuries|
|70||Poland||Jerusalem Hospital of the Teutonic Order||Malborka||14th century; 17th century|
|71||Poland||Mausoleum of Karol Scheibler||Łodz||1885–1888|
|73||Romania||Oradea Fortress||Oradea||17th–18th centuries|
|74||Russia||Melnikov's House Studio||Moscow||1929|
|77||Samoa||Pulemelei Mound||Palauli, Letolo Plantation||ca. 1000–1500|
|78||Serbia and Montenegro||Prizren Historic Center||Prizren||1200–present|
|79||Serbia and Montenegro||Subotica Synagogue||Subotica||1902|
|80||Sierra Leone||Old Fourah Bay College Building||Freetown||Mid–19th century|
|81||Slovakia||Lednické-Rovne Historical Park||Lednické-Rovne||18th century|
|82||South Africa||Richtersveld Cultural Landscape||Northern Cape Province||Prehistoric–present|
|83||Spain||Segovia Aqueduct||Segovia||1st century|
|84||Sudan||Suakin||Suakin Island||17th–18th centuries|
|85||Syria||Amrit Archaeological Site||Amrit||300–230 BC|
|86||Syria||Shayzar Castle||Shaizar||12th century|
|87||Syria||Tell Mozan (Ancient Urkesh)||Tell Mozan||ca. 2200–1500 BC|
|88||Turkey||Aphrodisias||Aphrodisias||150 BC–AD 1200|
|89||Turkey||Little Hagia Sophia||Istanbul||527–536|
|90||United Kingdom||Saint Mary's Stow Church||Stow, Lincolnshire||975 AD; 11th–15th centuries|
|91||United Kingdom||St. Vincent Street Church||Glasgow, Scotland||1857/59–1904|
|92||United States of America||2 Columbus Circle||New York City||1964|
|93||United States of America||Bluegrass Cultural Landscape of Kentucky||Central Kentucky||Late 18th–Early 19th centuries|
|94||United States of America||Cyclorama Center||Gettysburg, Pennsylvania||1958–1961|
|95||United States of America||Dutch Reformed Church||Newburgh, New York||1830|
|96||United States of America||Ellis Island Baggage and Dormitory Building||New York, New York||1908–1913|
|97||United States of America||Ennis Brown House||Los Angeles, California||1924|
|98||United States of America||Hanging Flume||Montrose County, Colorado||1887–1890|
|99||United States of America||Mount Lebanon Shaker Village||New Lebanon, New York||1860|
|100||Venezuela||La Guaira Historic City||Vargas||1589|
|101[D]||United States of America||Gulf Coast and New Orleans||Mississippi and Louisiana||18th–20th centuries|
Statistics by country/territory
The following countries/territories have multiple sites entered on the 2006 Watch List, listed by the number of sites:
|Number of sites||Country/Territory|
|9||United States of America[E]|
|5||Mexico and Peru|
|3||Egypt, Eritrea, Russia and Syria|
|2||Chile, Croatia, Lebanon, Pakistan, Poland, Serbia & Montenegro, Turkey and United Kingdom|
^ A. Numbers list only meant as a guide on this article. No official reference numbers have been designated for the sites on the Watch List.
^ B. Names and spellings used for the sites were based on the official 2006 Watch List as published.
^ C. The references to the sites' locations and periods of construction were based on the official 2006 Watch List as published.
^ D. On October 6, 2005, the WMF has added the historic and cultural assets of the Gulf Coast and New Orleans to the 2006 Watch List as its 101st site, in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina significantly damaging and destroying numerous historic structures across the region.
^ E. Tally includes the Gulf Coast and New Orleans site.
- Holly Evarts (21 June 2005). "World Monuments Fund Announces 2006 World Monuments Watch List Of 100 Most Endangered Sites" (PDF). World Monuments Fund. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- Holly Evarts (6 June 2007). "World Monuments Fund Announces 2008 World Monuments Watch List Of 100 Most Endangered Sites" (PDF). World Monuments Fund. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 21, 2009. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- Holly Evarts (June 2005). "2006 Watch List Fact Sheet" (PDF). World Monuments Fund. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- "World Monuments Watch list of 100 Most Endangered Sites" (PDF). World Monuments Fund. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- Holly Evarts (June 2005). "2006 Watch List Highlights" (PDF). World Monuments Fund. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2008. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- Holly Evarts (2 August 2006). "In Katrina's Wake: Restoring a Sense of Place, WMF Gallery" (PDF). World Monuments Fund. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 16, 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
- "World Monuments Fund and National Trust for Historic Preservation with Support from American Express Team Up to Help Preserve Gulf Coast's Historic Landmarks Devastated by Hurricane Katrina" (PDF). World Monuments Fund. 12 November 2005. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- "Bam and its Cultural Landscape". World Heritage Center. Retrieved 4 September 2009.
- Worden, Amy (March 12, 2013). "Gettysburg’s Cyclorama building is no more". Philadelphia Inquirer.
- Stansbury, Amy (9 March 2013). "The death of the Gettysburg Cyclorama building". The Evening Sun. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
- World Monuments Fund home page
- World Monuments Watch home page
- 2006 Watch List press release
- 100 Most Endangered Sites