2006 in Iraq

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Events in the year 2006 in Iraq.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

January[edit]

  • January 4 – Suicide bomber struck a Shiite funeral in Karbala, killing 32 and wounding 40.[1]
  • January 5 –
    • 50 people were killed and 80 wounded by a suicide bomb attack in the Iraqi city of Karbala.[2]
    • 70 people were killed and 40 injured in a suicide attack on a line of police recruits in Ramadi.[3]
    • Insurgent violence shut down Iraq's largest oil refinery.[4]
  • January 6 –
    • Thousands of Shiites demonstrated in Baghdad after two days of bloodshed that claimed almost 200 lives.[5]
    • A secret Pentagon study has found that at least 80 percent of the marines who have died in Iraq due to wounds to their upper body could have survived if they had worn extra body armor. The armor has been available since 2003.[6]
    • Paul Bremer, who led the U.S. civilian occupation authority in Iraq after the 2003 invasion, has admitted the United States did not anticipate the insurgency in the country, NBC television said on Friday.[7]
    • Demonstrations protesting against unemployment in the Iraqi town of Nasiriyah turned violent leaving two dead and two dozen injured.[8]

February[edit]

  • February 22 – The Al Askari Mosque bombing. Although no injuries occurred in the blast, the bombing was hugely offensive to Shi'ites and resulted in violence over the following days. The Iraqi government has stated that 379 people were killed in the subsequent attacks, although the Washington Post reported that over 1,300 people were killed.
  • February 28 – A bomber blew himself up near a petrol station in one of the Iraqi capital's Shia areas just before curfew and hours after other blasts killed 35.[9]

March[edit]

Operation Swarmer, March 2006
  • March 12 – Abeer Qassim Hamza al-Janabi an 14 year old Iraqi girl was gang-raped and murdered together with her 6-year-old sister, mother and father, in their home, by U.S. soldiers who then set fire to the girl's body before decamping.
    Main article: Mahmudiyah killings
  • March 24 – Joint Center for Operational Analysis at United States Department of Defense on March 24, 2006, released a report compiled from captured Iraqi intelligence. The report stated that Russia aided Saddam's regime with correct information on the coalition invasion.[10]
  • March 25 –
    • 40 people killed or wounded in gun battle near Mahmoudiya.[11]
    • US Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad said on Saturday, March 25, that militias, many with strong ties to powerful Shiite leaders and well entrenched in security and police forces, are killing more Iraqis than terrorists.[12]
  • March 26–30 beheaded bodies found in Iraq.[13]
  • March 27 – Memo shows US president was firmly set on the path to war two months before the 2003 Iraq invasion.[14]
    • 40 people were killed and 20 others wounded in recruitment centre suicide bomb attack.[15]
  • March 29 – Around 30–40 bodies are being found on the streets of Baghdad every day, morgue officials said.[16]
  • March 30 – Pentagon requests hundreds of millions of dollars in emergency funds for military construction in Iraq.[17]

April[edit]

  • April 19 – British brigadier attacks America's 'Hollywood' generals.[18]

May[edit]

June[edit]

Remains of Zarqawi's safe house, June 8
  • June 5 – A SEABEE convoy moving between Al Quim and Al Asad was ambushed by several IED's. Two members of NMCB-25 were killed. Petty Officer First Class Equipment Operator Gary Rovinski and Petty Officer Second Class Hospital Corpsman Jamie Jaenke.
  • June 7 – Al-Qaeda in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi is killed by an American air strike. Zarqawi was a Jordanian militant who had called for attacks against Shi'ites. Most Iraqis hoped his death will help ease sectarian bloodshed, much of which was masterminded by him.

July[edit]

  • July 1 – Attacks in the Shi'ite slum of Sadr City in Baghdad killed 66 people.
  • July 9 – Shia gunmen allegedly massacred 40 Sunni Muslims in Baghdad after setting up fake security checkpoints a day after the Shi'ite Zahra mosque in the area was bombed.
  • July 18 – A car bomb killed 53 people in the holy Shi'ite city of Kufa.
  • In July 2006, Baghdad's central morgue received 1,855 bodies, the most since the bombing of a Shia shrine in February prompted a wave of sectarian killings. The Iraqi government stated that 3,438 Iraqis died around the country that month.[22]

August[edit]

Battle of Ramadi: US soldiers take up positions on a street corner during a foot patrol in Ramadi, August 2006
  • August 20 – Sunni snipers shot and killed at least 22 Shiites during a pilgrimage in Baghdad.

September[edit]

  • September 27 – A WPO poll found that seven out of ten Iraqis want U.S.-led forces to withdraw from Iraq within one year. The perception that the U.S. presence in Iraq has a negative impact on security is widespread and is given some support by the British withdrawal from Basra which led to a 90% reduction in violence. Overall, 78% of those polled said they believed that the presence of U.S. forces is "provoking more conflict than it's preventing." 53% of those polled believed the Iraqi government would be strengthened if U.S. forces left Iraq (versus 23% who believed it would be weakened), and 71% wanted this to happen in 1 year or less. All of these positions are more prevalent amongst Sunni and Shia respondents than among Kurds. 61% of respondents said that they "approve" of attacks on U.S.-led forces, while 94% still had an unfavorable opinion of al-Qaeda.[23]
  • In September 2006, The Washington Post reported that the commander of the Marine forces in Iraq filed "an unusual secret report" concluding that the prospects for securing the Anbar province are dim, and that there is almost nothing the U.S. military can do to improve the political and social situation there.[24]

October[edit]

  • October 20 – The U.S military announced that Operation Together Forward had failed to stem the tide of violence in Baghdad, and Shiite militants under al-Sadr seized several southern Iraq cities.[25]

November[edit]

  • November 7 – The United States midterm elections removed the Republican Party from control of both chambers of the United States Congress. The failings in the Iraq War were cited as one of the main causes of the Republicans' defeat, even though the Bush administration had attempted to distance itself from its earlier "stay the course" rhetoric.[26]
  • November 23 – The deadliest attack since the beginning of the Iraq war occurred. Suspected Sunni-Arab militants used five suicide car bombs and two mortar rounds on the capital's Shiite Sadr City slum to kill at least 215 people and wound 257. Shiite mortar teams quickly retaliated, firing 10 shells at Sunni Islam's most important shrine in Baghdad, badly damaging the Abu Hanifa mosque and killing one person. Eight more rounds slammed down near the offices of the Association of Muslim Scholars, the top Sunni Muslim organisation in Iraq, setting nearby houses on fire. Two other mortar barrages on Sunni neighborhoods in west Baghdad killed nine and wounded 21, police said.[27]
  • November 28 – Another Marine Corps intelligence report was released confirming the previous report on Anbar stating that, "U.S. and Iraqi troops 'are no longer capable of militarily defeating the insurgency in al-Anbar,' and 'nearly all government institutions from the village to provincial levels have disintegrated or have been thoroughly corrupted and infiltrated by Al Qaeda in Iraq.'"[28]

December[edit]

  • December 12 – Controversy arose when former Secretary of State Colin Powell announced before the surge took place that there would have to be a draw down of troops by mid-2007.[29]

December 30 – Ex Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is executed by hanging.

Notable deaths[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quinn, Patrick (January 5, 2006). "Suicide bomb at Iraqi funeral kills 32". Deseret News. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Iraq suicide bomb blasts kill 120". BBC News. January 5, 2006. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  3. ^ Oppel Jr., Richard A. (January 7, 2006). "Iraq's Bloodiest Day in Months Includes 11 U.S. Deaths". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Major Iraq Oil Refinery Closes Again After Blast". The Press of Atlantic City. January 6, 2006. 
  5. ^ "Iraqi Leaders: Government Almost in Place". CBS News. January 7, 2006. Retrieved April 30, 2009. [dead link]
  6. ^ Moss, Michael (January 6, 2006). "Extra Armor Could Have Saved Many Lives, Study Shows". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Bremer said he urged more postwar troops in Iraq". AlertNet. January 9, 2006. Archived from the original on January 10, 2006. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  8. ^ Dahr, Jamail (January 8, 2006). "US Propaganda vs. Iraqi Reality". Dahr Jamail Mideast Dispatches. Archived from the original on May 16, 2009. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Iraq bombs claim dozens of lives". BBC News. February 28, 2006. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  10. ^ Woods, Kevin M. Iraqi Perspectives Project. U.S. Joint Forces Command. pp. 156–157. ISBN 978-0-9762550-1-7. Archived from the original on March 26, 2009. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  11. ^ "40 Casualties in Mahdi Army clash with Sunni Arab guerrillas". JuanCole.com. March 25, 2006. Archived from the original on May 16, 2009. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Militias Kill More Iraqis Than "Terrorists": US Envoy". Islam Online. March 25, 2006. Archived from the original on December 3, 2008. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Many dead in Baghdad mosque raid". BBC News. March 27, 2006. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  14. ^ "Bush-Blair Iraq war memo revealed". BBC News. March 27, 2007. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  15. ^ AFX News Limited (March 27, 2006). "At least 40 killed, 20 wounded in Iraq army centre attack near Tal Afar". Forbes. Retrieved May 1, 2009. [dead link]
  16. ^ al-Ibadi, Omar (March 29, 2006). "Gunmen dressed as police kill 9 in Baghdad". Reuters. Retrieved May 1, 2009. [dead link]
  17. ^ Branford, Becky (March 30, 2006). "Iraq bases spur questions over US plans". BBC News. Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  18. ^ Harding, Thomas (April 19, 2006). "British brigadier attacks America's John Wayne generals". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved May 1, 2009. 
  19. ^ "BBC NEWS | Middle East | Iraq head urges end to bloodshed". News.bbc.co.uk. Last Updated:. Retrieved October 27, 2008.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  20. ^ "Sudan tops 'failed states index'". BBC News. May 2, 2006. Retrieved 23 May 2008. 
  21. ^ "The Failed States Index Rankings". Foreign Policy. July–August 2005. Archived from the original on 5 May 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2008. 
  22. ^ "July deadliest month in Iraq, tallies show – International Herald Tribune". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved October 27, 2008. 
  23. ^ The Pipa/Knowledge Networks Polll
  24. ^ Ricks, Thomas E. (September 11, 2006). "Situation Called Dire in West Iraq". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 September 2008. 
  25. ^ "Shiite militia briefly seizes Iraqi city". MSNBC. October 20, 2006. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2008. 
  26. ^ Peter Baker (October 24, 2006). "Bush's New Tack Steers Clear of 'Stay the Course'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 May 2008. 
  27. ^ "Bombs, mortars in Shiite slum kill at least 161". MSNBC. November 23, 2006. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 23 May 2008. 
  28. ^ Linzer, Dafna; Ricks, Thomas E. (November 28, 2006). "Anbar Picture Grows Clearer, and Bleaker". Washington Post. Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  29. ^ DeYoung, Karen (2006-12-18). "Powell Says U.S. Losing in Iraq, Calls for Drawdown by Mid-2007". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 2, 2007. 
  30. ^ http://www.thestate.com/mld/thestate/news/world/13946213.htm[dead link]
  31. ^ http://www.kuna.net.kw/home/Story.aspx?Language=en&DSNO=832270 Archived March 23, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ Yahoo! Search – Web Search
  33. ^ "First Iraq casualty to be Honoured on Anzac Day". The Age (Melbourne, Australia). April 24, 2006. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 
  34. ^ a b "Basra crash victims named by MoD". BBC News. May 8, 2006. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 
  35. ^ Yahoo! Search – Web Search
  36. ^ People's Daily Online – Iraqi TV sport anchorman shot dead in Baghdad
  37. ^ "CNN.com – U.S. military: Al-Zarqawi was alive after bombing – Jun 9, 2006". CNN. Archived from the original on 23 October 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 
  38. ^ "Zarqawi death a 'significant blow' to al-Qaida". The Guardian (London). June 8, 2006. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 
  39. ^ "Bombings as religious minority leader killed". Archived from the original on 2009-09-16. Retrieved 23 April 2013. 
  40. ^ Search – Global Edition – The New York Times
  41. ^ "Saddam Hussein executed in Iraq". BBC News. December 30, 2006. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 

External links[edit]