2006 term opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States

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This is a list of the opinions delivered from the bench by the Supreme Court of the United States during its 2006 term, which began on October 2, 2006, and concluded September 30, 2007, and statistics associated therewith. The table illustrates which opinion was filed by each justice in each case, and which justices joined each opinion.

Table key[edit]


Delivered the Court's opinion

Joined the Court's opinion

Filed a concurrence

Joined a concurrence

Filed a dissent

Joined a dissent

Filed a concurrence/dissent

Joined a concurrence/dissent

Did not participate in the decision
  • Decisions that do not note an argument date were decided without oral argument. Decisions that do not note a Justice delivering the Court's opinion are per curiam.
  • Multiple concurrences and dissents within a case are numbered, with joining votes numbered accordingly. Justices frequently join multiple opinions in a single case; each vote is subdivided accordingly.
  • An asterisk ( * ) in the Court's opinion denotes that it was only a majority in part or a plurality. An asterisk in a joining vote denotes that the justice joined it only in part.
  • A dash ( - ) denotes that the Justice concurred or dissented without filing a separate opinion.

2006 term opinions[edit]


Case name and citation Argued Decided Roberts Stevens Scalia Kennedy Souter Thomas Ginsburg Breyer Alito
1

Purcell v. Gonzalez, 549 U.S. 1 October 20, 2006
2

Ayers v. Belmontes, 549 U.S. 7 October 3, 2006 November 13, 2006




3

Lopez v. Gonzales, 549 U.S. 47 October 3, 2006 December 5, 2006
4

Toledo-Flores v. United States,[1] 549 U.S. 69 December 5, 2006
5

Carey v. Musladin, 549 U.S. 79 October 11, 2006 December 11, 2006 1 2 3
6

BP America Production Co. v. Burton, 549 U.S. 84 October 4, 2006 December 11, 2006
7

United States v. Resendiz-Ponce, 549 U.S. 102 October 10, 2006 January 9, 2007
8

MedImmune, Inc. v. Genentech, Inc., 549 U.S. 118 October 4, 2006 January 9, 2007
9

Burton v. Stewart, 549 U.S. 147 January 9, 2007
10

Norfolk Southern R. Co. v. Sorrell, 549 U.S. 158 October 10, 2006 January 10, 2007


1


1
2


1
11

Gonzales v. Duenas-Alvarez, 549 U.S. 183 December 5, 2006 January 17, 2007
*

12

Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199 October 30, 2006 January 22, 2007
13

Osborn v. Haley, 549 U.S. 225 October 30, 2006 January 22, 2007
*

1
*

2
14

Cunningham v. California, 549 U.S. 270 October 11, 2006 January 22, 2007
1

2
1

2
2
15

Weyerhaeuser Co. v. Ross-Simmons Hardwood Lumber Co., 549 U.S. 312 November 28, 2006 February 20, 2007
16

Lawrence v. Florida, 549 U.S. 327 October 31, 2006 February 20, 2007
17

Philip Morris USA v. Williams, 549 U.S. 346 October 31, 2006 February 20, 2007 1 3
2

3
3
18

Marrama v. Citizens Bank of Massachusetts, 549 U.S. 365 November 6, 2006 February 21, 2007
19

Wallace v. Kato, 549 U.S. 384 November 6, 2006 February 21, 2007
20

Whorton v. Bockting, 549 U.S. 406 November 1, 2006 February 28, 2007
21

Sinochem Int'l Co. v. Malaysia Int'l Shipping Corp., 549 U.S. 422 January 9, 2007 March 5, 2007
22

Lance v. Coffman, 549 U.S. 437 March 5, 2007
23

Travelers Casualty & Surety Co. v. Pacific Gas & Elec. Co., 549 U.S. 443 January 16, 2007 March 20, 2007
24

Rockwell Int'l Corp. v. United States, 549 U.S. 457 December 5, 2006 March 27, 2007
25

Limtiaco v. Camacho, 549 U.S. 483 January 8, 2007 March 27, 2007
*

*

*

*

26

Massachusetts v. EPA, 549 U.S. 497 November 29, 2006 April 2, 2007
1

2
1

2
1

2
1

2
27

Environmental Defense v. Duke Energy Corp., 549 U.S. 561 November 1, 2006 April 2, 2007
*

28

Watters v. Wachovia Bank, N. A., 550 U.S. 1 November 29, 2006 April 17, 2007
29

Global Crossing Telecomm. v. Metrophones Telecomm., 550 U.S. 45 October 10, 2006 April 17, 2007 1 2
30

Zuni Public School District No 89 v. Dept. of Education, 550 U.S. 81 January 10, 2007 April 17, 2007 1


1
1


2
1*

2
1


2
31

Gonzales v. Carhart, 550 U.S. 124 November 8, 2006 April 18, 2007




32

James v. United States, 550 U.S. 192 November 7, 2006 April 18, 2007 1 1 2 1
33

Abdul-Kabir v. Quarterman, 550 U.S. 233 January 17, 2007 April 25, 2007 1
1

2
1

2
1

2*
34

Brewer v. Quarterman, 550 U.S. 286 January 17, 2007 April 25, 2007 1
1

2
1

2
1

2*
35

Smith v. Texas, 550 U.S. 297 January 17, 2007 April 25, 2007


36

United Haulers Assn. v. Oneida-Herkimer Solid Waste Mgmt. Auth., 550 U.S. 330 January 8, 2007 April 30, 2007 * 1 2
37

Scott v. Harris, 550 U.S. 372 February 26, 2007 April 30, 2007


1


2
38

KSR Int'l Co. v. Teleflex Inc., 550 U.S. 398 November 28, 2006 April 30, 2007
39

EC Term of Years Trust v. United States, 550 U.S. 429 February 26, 2007 April 30, 2007
40

Microsoft Corp. v. AT&T Corp., 550 U.S. 437 February 21, 2007 April 30, 2007 *
41

Schriro v. Landrigan, 550 U.S. 465 January 9, 2007 May 14, 2007
42

Hinck v. United States, 550 U.S. 501 April 23, 2007 May 21, 2007
43

Office of Senator Mark Dayton v. Hanson, 550 U.S. 511 April 24, 2007 May 21, 2007
44

Winkelman v. Parma City School District, 550 U.S. 516 February 27, 2007 May 21, 2007
45

Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 November 27, 2006 May 21, 2007 *
46

Roper v. Weaver, 550 U.S. 598 May 21, 2007
47

Los Angeles County v. Rettele, 550 U.S. 609 May 21, 2007 -
48

Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., 550 U.S. 618 November 27, 2006 May 29, 2007
49

Uttecht v. Brown, 551 U.S. 1 April 17, 2007 June 4, 2007 1
1

2
1
1

2
50

Safeco Insurance Co. of America v. Burr, 551 U.S. 47 January 16, 2007 June 4, 2007
*

1
*
*

2
*

1
*

2
51

Sole v. Wyner, 551 U.S. 74 April 17, 2007 June 4, 2007
52

Claiborne v. United States,[2] 551 U.S. 87 June 4, 2007
53

Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89 June 4, 2007 -
54

Beck v. PACE Int'l. Union, 551 U.S. 96 April 24, 2007 June 11, 2007
55

Fry v. Pliler, 551 U.S. 112 March 20, 2007 June 11, 2007
*

1
*

1
*

1
*

1*

2
56

United States v. Atlantic Research Corp., 551 U.S. 128 April 23, 2007 June 11, 2007
57

Watson v. Philip Morris Cos., 551 U.S. 142 April 25, 2007 June 11, 2007
58

Long Island Care at Home, Ltd. v. Coke, 551 U.S. 158 April 16, 2007 June 11, 2007
59

Davenport v. Washington Ed. Assn., 551 U.S. 177 January 10, 2007 June 14, 2007
*

*

*

60

Permanent Mission of India to the United Nations v. City of New York, 551 U.S. 193 April 24, 2007 June 14, 2007
61

Bowles v. Russell, 551 U.S. 205 March 26, 2007 June 14, 2007
62

Powerex Corp. v. Reliant Energy Services, Inc., 551 U.S. 224 April 16, 2007 June 18, 2007




63

Brendlin v. California, 551 U.S. 249 April 23, 2007 June 18, 2007
64

Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC v. Billing, 551 U.S. 264 March 27, 2007 June 18, 2007
65

Tenn. Secondary Sch. Athletic Assn. v. Brentwood Academy, 551 U.S. 291 April 18, 2007 June 21, 2007
*

1
*
*

1
*

1
2
*

1
66

Tellabs, Inc. v. Makor Issues & Rights, Ltd., 551 U.S. 308 March 28, 2007 June 21, 2007 1 2
67

Rita v. United States, 551 U.S. 338 February 20, 2007 June 21, 2007


1
*

2
*

2


1*
68

Morse v. Frederick, 551 U.S. 393 March 19, 2007 June 25, 2007


2


1


2
69

Federal Election Commission v. Wisconsin Right to Life, 551 U.S. 449 April 25, 2007 June 25, 2007 *
*

1
*

1
*

1


2
70

Wilkie v. Robbins, 551 U.S. 537 March 19, 2007 June 25, 2007
*





*

71

Hein v. Freedom From Religion Foundation, Inc., 551 U.S. 587 February 28, 2007 June 25, 2007 1


2
1 *
72

National Assn. of Home Builders v. Defenders of Wildlife, 551 U.S. 644 April 17, 2007 June 25, 2007 1 1 1
1

2
73

Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle Sch. Dist. No. 1, 551 U.S. 701 December 4, 2006 June 28, 2007 *
1

2
*

1
2


2
2 2
74

Leegin Creative Leather Products, Inc. v. PSKS, Inc., 551 U.S. 877 March 26, 2007 June 28, 2007
75

Panetti v. Quarterman, 551 U.S. 930 April 18, 2007 June 28, 2007
# Case name and citation Argued Decided Roberts Stevens Scalia Kennedy Souter Thomas Ginsburg Breyer Alito

2006 term membership and statistics[edit]

This is the second term of Chief Justice Roberts' tenure and the first full term with the present membership of the Court; Justice Alito joined the Court during the 2005 term.

Membership, opinions delivered, and frequency in majority[edit]

Justice Appointed by Date confirmed  % in majority Opinions filed
Chief Justice John G. Roberts George W. Bush September 29, 2005 88.9%
7

1

0

3

Total=11
Associate Justice John Paul Stevens Gerald Ford December 19, 1975 62.7%
7

8

2

14

Total=31
Associate Justice Antonin Scalia Ronald Reagan September 26, 1986 78.7%
8

6

1

9

Total=24
Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy February 18, 1988 97.3%
8

6

0

1

Total=15
Associate Justice David Souter George H. W. Bush October 9, 1990 74.7%
7

3

2

5

Total=17
Associate Justice Clarence Thomas October 23, 1991 78.4%
8

8

0

8

Total=24
Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg Bill Clinton August 10, 1993 72.0%
7

2

1

4

Total=14
Associate Justice Stephen Breyer August 3, 1994 74.3%
8

2

3

6

Total=19
Associate Justice Samuel Alito George W. Bush January 31, 2006 86.7%
7

4

0

4

Total=15
Notes on statistics:
  • A justice is only included in the majority if he or she joined or concurred in full in the Court's judgment.
  • Percentages are based only on the cases in which a justice participated and are rounded to the nearest one-tenth of one percentage point.
  • The opinion counts only include the bench opinions listed above; opinions relating to orders and in-chambers opinions are not included.

Justice-to-justice concordance[edit]

Roberts Stevens Scalia Kennedy Souter Thomas Ginsburg Breyer Alito Most concordant
justice
Least concordant
justice
Chief Justice John Roberts xx 58.8% 91.2% 86.6% 72.1% 84.6% 64.7% 66.2% 94.1% Alito Stevens
Associate Justice John Paul Stevens 58.8% xx 56.3% 65.7% 80.3% 52.9% 88.7% 85.3% 59.2% Ginsburg Thomas
Associate Justice Antonin Scalia 91.2% 56.3% xx 78.6% 67.6% 92.9% 64.8% 67.2% 87.3% Thomas Stevens
Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy 86.6% 65.7% 78.6% xx 77.1% 78.3% 71.4% 76.5% 92.9% Alito Stevens
Associate Justice David Souter 72.1% 80.3% 67.6% 77.1% xx 62.9% 85.7% 91.4% 67.6% Breyer Thomas
Associate Justice Clarence Thomas 84.6% 52.9% 92.9% 78.3% 62.9% xx 60.0% 55.9% 84.3% Scalia Stevens
Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg 64.7% 88.7% 64.8% 71.4% 85.7% 60.0% xx 90.0% 62.0% Breyer Thomas
Associate Justice Stephen Breyer 66.2% 85.3% 67.2% 76.5% 91.4% 55.9% 90.0% xx 62.3% Souter Thomas
Associate Justice Samuel Alito 94.1% 59.2% 87.3% 92.9% 67.6% 84.3% 62.0% 62.3% xx Roberts Stevens
Notes on statistics:
  • The percentage at the intersection of two justices is the frequency with which they agreed upon a judgment, irrespective of the specific opinions joined.
  • Only bench opinions listed above are counted; opinions relating to orders and in-chambers opinions are not included.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Toledo-Flores v. United States dismissed certiorari as improvidently granted prior to oral argument.
  2. ^ In Claiborne v. United States, the Court vacated the lower court's judgment as moot, upon being notified that the petitioner had died.

References[edit]