2007 Martinique earthquake

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2007 Martinique earthquake
2007 Martinique earthquake is located in Lesser Antilles
2007 Martinique earthquake
Date November 29, 2007 (2007-11-29)
Magnitude 7.4 Mw
Depth 446.2 km (277.3 mi)
Epicenter 14°56′35″N 61°14′38″W / 14.943°N 61.244°W / 14.943; -61.244Coordinates: 14°56′35″N 61°14′38″W / 14.943°N 61.244°W / 14.943; -61.244
Areas affected Martinique, France
Max. intensity VI - VII (EMS98)
Casualties 6 killed
402+ injured[1]

The 2007 Martinique earthquake took place on November 29, 2007 at 15:00:19 local time (November 29, 2007 at 19:00:19 UTC) in the Windward Islands region, underneath the Martinique Passage. It was a magnitude 7.4 earthquake which occurred at 14.943°N, 61.244°W, 42 km (26 mi) NNW (336°) from Fort-de-France, Martinique with a depth of 446.2 km (277.3 mi).[1]

This earthquake was felt strongly in Martinique, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Antigua, St Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico. Power outages were reported in Martinique, Dominica and Guadeloupe. It was also felt in other Eastern Caribbean islands, from Puerto Rico to the north to Trinidad and Tobago to the south. It could also be felt in part of South America such as in Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.[2] In Caracas, Venezuela, some people evacuated office buildings.[3] The intensity reached VI to VII on the EMS98 scale in Martinique and Dominica.[4]

In the surrounding region, the South American Plate is subducting beneath the Caribbean Plate. This earthquake occurred within the South America Plate and was in response to stresses generated by the slow distortion of the plate.


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b United States Geological Survey (January 13, 2010). "Magnitude 6.9 - MARTINIQUE REGION, WINDWARD ISLANDS: 2007 November 29 19:00:19 UTC". Retrieved February 27, 2010. Casualties were primarily in Martinique; two injured were reported in Barbados. 
  2. ^ http://news.caribseek.com/set-up/exec/view.cgi?archive=147&num=59433
  3. ^ British Broadcasting Corporation (November 30, 2007). "Strong earthquake hits Martinique". BBC News. Archived from the original on 24 January 2010. Retrieved February 28, 2010. 
  4. ^ http://www.ipgp.fr/~beaudu/download/2004_Beauducel_B3.pdf