2007 Pan American Games

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XV Pan American Games
Rio de Janeiro logo for the 2007 Pan American Games.svg
The official logo of the
Rio de Janeiro 2007 Pan American Games.
Host city Rio de Janeiro
Country Brazil
Motto Viva essa energia!
¡Vive esa energía!
Share the energy!
Nations participating 42 NOCs
Athletes participating 5,633
Events 334 in 34 sports
Opening ceremony July 13
Closing ceremony July 29
Officially opened by Carlos Arthur Nuzman
Athlete's Oath Natália Falavigna
Judge's Oath Yumi Yamamoto
Pan American torch Joaquim Cruz
Main venue Maracanã Stadium
2003 Santo Domingo 2011 Guadalajara  >

The 2007 Pan American Games, officially known as the XV Pan American Games, were a major continental multi-sport event that took place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from July 13 to July 29, 2007. A total of 5,633 athletes from 42 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) competed in 332 events in 34 sports and in 47 disciplines. During the Games, 95 new Pan American records were set; 2,196 medals were awarded; 1,262 doping control tests were performed and about 15,000 volunteers participated in the organization of the event, which was an Olympic qualification for 13 International Federations (IFs).

Rio de Janeiro was awarded the Games over San Antonio, Texas, United States, on August 24, 2002, having won an absolute majority of votes (30-21) from the 51 members of the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) in the first round of voting during the XL PASO General Assembly held in Mexico City, Mexico. This was the first Games held in Brazil since the 1963 Pan American Games that took place in São Paulo. According to the Rio de Janeiro Organizing Committee, the Games called for the implementation of the country's largest organizational and logistic operation ever.

The 2007 Pan American Games ran smoothly and served to strengthen Brazil's ability to hold major sporting events, becoming an important experience during the country's successful campaigns to host the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Summer Olympics in the following years. According to PASO, the excellent work developed by the Rio de Janeiro Organizing Committee, the full support provided by the three levels of Government—Federal, State and Municipal— made this edition the best Pan American Games in history.

Bidding process[edit]

Carlos Arthur Nuzman, chairman of the Rio de Janeiro bid for the 2007 Pan American Games.

The official bid was submitted in August 2001 during the XXXIX Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) General Assembly held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. In April 2002, following delivery of Federal, State and City Government and BOC letters confirming country, state, city and Brazilian sport compliance with the applicable Games regulations, PASO announced the approval of Rio de Janeiro’s bid. The Bidding Committee then submitted a detailed bid file for the Games. The document was prepared and developed with the assistance of Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV), which had been commissioned by Rio de Janeiro's City Government. In the running to host the 2007 Pan American Games, Rio de Janeiro faced off with the city of San Antonio, United States; which previously beat Houston, Miami, and Raleigh to become the American candidate.

According to PASO statute and regulations, the host city was selected by direct voting during the XL PASO General Assembly held in Mexico City, Mexico, on August 24, 2002. The candidate city that received the simple majority of votes from representatives of the 42 member National Olympic Committees (NOCs) would be awarded the right to host the competition. The announcement was made by PASO President Mario Vázquez Raña. Rio de Janeiro received 30 votes against 21 from San Antonio. Marked by a professional strategy that included the showing of city and project videos, Rio de Janeiro's campaign convinced the majority of voters, accounting for a total 51 votes. The 39-member Brazilian delegation erupted into boisterous celebration celebrating the country's highest achievement in terms of sporting event organization.

XL General Assembly
Pan American Sports Organization

August 24, 2002, in Mexico City, Mexico.
City Nation Round 1
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 30
San Antonio  United States 21

Medal count[edit]

For a more comprehensive list, see 2007 Pan American Games medal table.
1 Host nation

To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the icon next to the column title.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 97 88 52 237
2  Cuba (CUB) 59 35 41 135
3  Brazil (BRA) 1 52 40 65 157
4  Canada (CAN) 39 44 55 138
5  Mexico (MEX) 18 24 31 73

Mascot[edit]

Cauê

The organization of the Rio 2007 Games has chosen the figure of the Sun to represent the event. And, in a decision never taken before, it has defined it as the single mascot of the Pan American and Parapan American Games, reinforcing thus the principles against prejudice and that, like the sun, sport is for all.

The character reflects the characteristics of the host city and harmonizes with the graphic work developed for the logo and the visual identity of both Games. The name was chosen through popular voting by Internet, cellular phone messages and public ballot boxes placed around the main Brazilian cities, causing great commotion. Over 1.2 million people participated in the election, and the name Cauê received almost half of the votes.

Traditionally used in large sport events, the mascot figure serves the purpose of cheering the event, enforcing the ludic aspect of sports and captivating spectators and athletes. The mascot's main choice is to transmit messages of peace, respect to the environment, friendship and brotherhood, which are intrinsic values to the Olympic Movement.[1]

Opening ceremony[edit]

The Opening ceremony. Fireworks forming the number 15, of fifteen editions of the games in Roman numerals.

The Opening Ceremony of the XV Pan American Games took place on July 13, 2007. Approximately 90,000 people packed Rio de Janeiro's Maracanã Stadium for the occasion. The ceremony included a cast of 7,000 and a multi-million dollar budget, being produced by Scott Givens. Over 800 people were part of the creative and production teams working on the Opening Ceremony, Team Welcome Ceremonies, Sports Production, the presentation of 2,252 medals, Sports Production, the Closing Ceremony and ParaPan ceremonies.

The show began at 05:30 pm (local time, UTC-3) and lasted for two and a half hours. The theme of the show was based on the theme of the Rio 2007 Games: Viva Essa Energia (Share the Energy) and the oath of the athletes was performed by Brazilian Taekwondo athlete Natália Falavigna.[2] Also, a very abbreviated version of the Olympic Anthem was played.

Contrary to plan, the games were not opened by Brazil's head of state, President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, but by the head of the Brazilian Olympic Committee, Carlos Nuzman. Prior to the official opening, Lula had been constantly booed whenever the in-stadium camera showed his image or when his name was mentioned.[3]

Venues[edit]

The competitions were carried through in a ray of 25 km, spread for four polar regions in the city.[4]

Main construction work of the 2007 Pan American Games, the João Havelange Olympic Stadium hosted the athletics and football competitions. The stadium is one of the major Games' legacies to the city of Rio de Janeiro, which can since then count on a modern stadium with full capacity to be used for sports and cultural events.[5] The City of Sports Complex counts on modern constructions such as the Rio Olympic Arena, where the Games' basketball and artistic gymnastics competitions were held; the Maria Lenk Aquatic Park, venue for the swimming, synchronized swimming and diving competitions; and the Barra Velodrome, where the cycling (track) and speed skating events took place.[6] Riocentro Convention Center is the largest expositions and fairs center of Latin America, for the 2007 Games, the complex held temporary facilities for staging several sport disciplines, including in the Parapan American Games.[7] The Miécimo da Silva Sports Complex is the largest sports complex that is owned by a City Government (City Hall) in Brazil. Several large sports events took place at this venue, such as the basketball exhibition game between the teams of American Magic Johnson and Brazilian Oscar Schmidt, in addition to several matches of the Brazilian Futsal team.[8] The Deodoro Military Club is a traditional Brazilian Army sport facility in Rio de Janeiro, will host the Rio 2007 Games equestrian, field hockey, modern pentathlon, sport shooting and archery competitions.[9]

The Maracanã Stadium was built for the 1950 FIFA World Cup, the Mario Filho Stadium (internationally known as Maracanã) is one of the most famous stadiums in the world, receiving a great number of Brazilian and foreign tourists annually. The stadium staged the Opening and Closing Ceremonies and football matches, including the finals. The Maracanãzinho Gymnasium is the house of the Rio 2007 volleyball competitions. The Julio Delamare Water Park is the stage for the water polo tournament in the Games. The Maracanã Sports Complex also includes the Celio de Barros Athletics Stadium, and it is administered by the Rio de Janeiro State Government.[10]

Also known as Aterro do Flamengo, the Flamengo Park is the largest leisure area of the city. Besides Marina da Glória, the main venue for the Rio 2007 sailing competitions. During the Games, the marathon (men’s and women’s) arrival points set up at the Flamengo Park, which will also stage the race walking and cycling road competitions.[11]

Sports[edit]

For the 2007 Games Futsal was added to the program for the first (and as of 2011 only time) while racquetball and basque pelota were dropped.[12]

Participating nations[edit]

Country Athletes Appearances Flagbearer [13]
 Antigua and Barbuda (ANT) 9 7 Jerry Williams
 Argentina (ARG) 441 14 Luciana Aymar
 Aruba (ARU) 25 5 Charlene De Cuba
 Bahamas (BAH) 86 14 Jeremy Knowles
 Barbados (BAR) 65 14 Vera Angela Jones
 Belize (BIZ) 7 10 Alfonso Martínez
 Bermuda (BER) 19 11 Kiera Aitken
 Bolivia (BOL) 43 14 Giovana Irusta
 Brazil (BRA) 659 14 Vanderlei Cordeiro de Lima
 British Virgin Islands (IVB) 10 6 Dean Greenaway
 Canada (CAN) 495 14 Susan Nattrass
 Cayman Islands (CAY) 12 7 Christopher Jackson
 Chile (CHI) 229 14 Marco Arriagada
 Colombia (COL) 307 14 Leydi Solís
 Costa Rica (CRC) 14 Katherine Alvarado Araya
 Cuba (CUB) 470 14 Driulis González
 Dominica (DMA) 13 3 Hubert Joseph
 Dominican Republic (DOM) 171 14 Yuderqui Contreras
 Ecuador (ECU) 150 14 Seledina Nieve
 El Salvador (ESA) 86 13 Eva María Dimas
 Grenada (GRN) 15 5 Jewel Lewis
 Guatemala (GUA) 164 14 Kevin Cordón
 Guyana (GUY) 14 14 Cleveland Forde
 Haiti (HAI) 38 11 Ange Marcie
 Honduras (HON) 60 8 Luis Alonso Morán
 Jamaica (JAM) 147 14 Alia Atkinson
 Mexico (MEX) 400 14 Iridia Salazar
 Netherlands Antilles (AHO) 52 13 Rodion Davelaar
 Nicaragua (NCA) 55 11 Christian Villacencio
 Panama (PAN) 70 14 Irving Saladino
 Paraguay (PAR) 71 14 Fabiana Aluan
 Peru (PER) 93 14 Víctor Aspillaga
 Puerto Rico (PUR) 209 14 Henry Soto
 Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN) 29 3 Roatter Johnson
 Saint Lucia (LCA) 14 3 Henry Bailey
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VIN) 14 4 Wayne Williams
 Suriname (SUR) 18 10 Chinyere Pigot
 Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 75 14 Kwadwane Brown
 United States (USA) 595 14 Danielle Scott-Arruda
 Virgin Islands (ISV) 50 5 Josh Laban
 Uruguay (URU) 173 10 Andrés Silva
 Venezuela (VEN) 382 14 Silvio Fernández

Broadcasting[edit]

Competition schedule[edit]

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony
July 12
Thu
13
Fri
14
Sat
15
Sun
16
Mon
17
Tue
18
Wed
19
Thu
20
Fri
21
Sat
22
Sun
23
Mon
24
Tue
25
Wed
26
Thu
27
Fri
28
Sat
29
Sun
Events
Ceremonies OC CC
Archery 1 1 2 4
Athletics 3 5 6 9 10 13 1 47
Badminton 2 3 5
Baseball 1 1
Basketball 1 1 2
Bowling 2 2 4
Boxing 5 6 11
Canoeing 6 6 12
Cycling 2 4 1 5 4 2 18
Diving 2 2 2 2 8
Equestrian 2 1 1 1 1 6
Fencing 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 10
Field hockey 1 1 2
Football 1 1 2
Futsal 1 1
Gymnastics 2 1 1 10 2 8 24
Handball 1 1 2
Judo 2 4 4 4 14
Karate 3 3 3 9
Modern pentathlon 1 1 2
Roller skating 2 4 6
Rowing 5 4 4 13
Sailing 9 9
Shooting 3 3 3 1 3 2 15
Softball 1 2
Squash 2 2 4
Swimming 2 4 7 4 6 4 7 34
Synchronized swimming 1 1 2
Table tennis 1 1 1 1 4
Taekwondo 2 2 2 2 8
Tennis 2 2 4
Triathlon 2 2
Volleyball 2 2 4
Water polo 1 1 2
Water skiing 3 4 7
Weightlifting 3 3 3 3 3 15
Wrestling 4 3 4 4 3 18
Total Events 12 18 13 29 24 26 12 16 21 9 20 23 14 37 57 3 334
July 12
Thu
13
Fri
14
Sat
15
Sun
16
Mon
17
Tue
18
Wed
19
Thu
20
Fri
21
Sat
22
Sun
23
Mon
24
Tue
25
Wed
26
Thu
27
Fri
28
Sat
29
Sun
Events

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mascot of the Games". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on 11 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  2. ^ "Cerimônia de abertura para ficar na história". Gazeta Esportiva. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-07-18. 
  3. ^ "Pan American Games open with extravaganza in Rio". Star Publications. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  4. ^ "Venues". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on 15 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  5. ^ "João Havelange Stadium". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on 21 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  6. ^ "City of Sports Complex". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on 11 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  7. ^ "Riocentro Complex (IBC/MPC)". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on 20 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  8. ^ "Miécimo da Silva Complex". Rio 2007 Games official website. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  9. ^ "Deodoro Military Club". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on 20 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  10. ^ "Maracanã Stadium". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on 18 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  11. ^ "Flamengo Park". Rio 2007 Games official website. Archived from the original on 11 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  12. ^ Futsal, karate and bowling among sports included in 2007 Pan Am Games in Rio
  13. ^ h (2007-07-13). "Deportes - Luciana Aymar y Vanderlei Cordeiro de Lima, figuras ilustres en el desfile". ADN.es. Retrieved 2011-05-20. 

External links[edit]