2007 in Iraq

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Events in the year 2007 in Iraq.

Incumbents[edit]

Events[edit]

January[edit]

  • January 6 – Battle of Haifa Street begins; in the next three days more than 120 people are killed, mostly insurgents.
  • January 10 –
  • January 15 – Awad Hamed al-Bandar, former head of Iraq's Revolutionary Court; and Barzan Ibrahim, Saddam's half brother and former intelligence chief, were both executed by hanging before dawn in Baghdad. Ibrahim was beheaded by the noose, sparking anger from Sunnis who claim his body was "mutilated."[11]
  • January 16 – Sixty-five people are killed in a suicide car bomb explosion outside the Baghdad's Al-Mustansiriya University, one of a series of attacks across Iraq that killed at least 109, the deadliest day in weeks.[12]
  • January 18 – The first in the series of 2007 chlorine bombings in Iraq; a failed chemical attack results in 16 deaths from explosives.
  • January 20 –
    • The third deadliest day for US troops in Iraq occurred, with at least 25 US soldiers killed. Twelve were killed when a US helicopter was shot down northeast of Baghdad, four more were killed in Anbar province, and three were killed in separate roadside bombings.
    • Five of the soldiers were killed during the Karbala provincial headquarters raid, in which about a dozen militiamen—who spoke English, wore US military uniforms, carried US-issued arms and drove vehicles used by dignitaries—attacked the governor's compound and kidnapped and later executed some of the American soldiers located inside in what is considered one of the most sophisticated attacks of the war.[13][14][15]
  • January 21 – Moqtada al-Sadr announces his political bloc will return to parliament, ending his two-month boycott.[16]
  • January 22 – Two powerful car bombs ripped through a market in central Baghdad, killing at least 88 people and wounding 160 others. The blasts at the Baghdad market were aimed at a Shiite area and seemed timed to inflict maximum damage, occurring at noon local time, one of the busiest times of day. In addition to the market attacks, a bombing in a Shiite town north of Baghdad killed 15 people. Later same day, a Sunni mosque in the Dura section of Baghdad was blown up; there were no reports of casualties.[2][17]
  • January 23 – Five US civilians working for Blackwater USA are killed in Baghdad when their helicopter came under fire and crashed. The helicopter was coming to the aid of a US Embassy convoy that had come under fire, a US diplomatic official said. NBC News reports that four of the contractors were shot execution style. Two Sunni insurgent groups claimed responsibility for the attack.[18]
  • January 25 – Two mortars slam into the Green Zone and a suicide car bomb detonates in a Shiite neighborhood in Baghdad, killing at least 26 and injuring 54. A second explosion in Baghdad occurred later. The attacks came hours after a pledge from Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki that the upcoming security crackdown in Baghdad will track down militants and make the city safer.[19]
  • January 28 –

February[edit]

  • February 2 – National Intelligence Estimate on Iraq released by U.S. intelligence.[20]
  • February 3 – A large truck bomb exploded in a busy market in the Iraqi capital of Baghdad. The suicide attack killed at least 135 people and injured a further 339 others. The bomb brought down at least 10 buildings and coffee shops and obliterated market stalls in a largely Shiite enclave less than a half a mile from the Tigris River.[21]
  • February 5 – A car bomb in Baghdad at a petrol station killed 15 people and wounded 65 in the Saidiya district.
  • February 6 –
    • A Chinook helicopter crashes in western Iraq, killing 7; the fifth US helicopter to crash in two weeks.[22]
    • A car bomb at a market in Fallujah killed 10 people, including two children, and injured 30 others.
  • February 7 –
    • The much-awaited security crackdown was implemented in Baghdad.
    • A car bomb killed 20 and injured 45 others at a market in Aziziya.
  • February 12 – Three car bombs explode in Baghdad, killing about 76 and wounding some 150 people. The bombings coincided with the first anniversary, according to the Muslim lunar calendar, of the destruction of the Shiite Golden Dome Mosque in Samarra.[23]
  • February 14 – Operation Law and Order, a joint Coalition-Iraqi security plan conducted throughout Baghdad, begins.
  • February 15 – Operation Shurta Nasir, the attack on the town of Hīt by Iraqi and U.S. troops, begins and ends in an allied victory.[3]
  • February 18 –

March[edit]

  • March 1 – At Amaryit al Fallujuh, a village in western Anbar province where local tribes had opposed al Qaeda, Iraqi forces killed some 80 militants and arrested 50 more.[25]
  • March 5 –
    • A suicide car bomber blew himself up in a crowded book market in Mutanabbi Street, Baghdad killing at least 38 people and injuring 105.
    • Thirty bullet-ridden bodies showing signs of torture were found across Baghdad. Blamed on Shiite death squads, the figure was the highest in weeks.
  • March 6 –
    • Two suicide bombers blew themselves up in a crowd of Shiite pilgrims streaming toward the holy city of Karbala killing at least 120 people and injuring more than 190.
    • As many as 300 al Qaeda-led militants attacked Mosul's Badoush prison and freed up to 140 prisoners, mostly believed to be insurgents.
    • Twelve US soldiers were killed in one of the deadliest days suffered by American forces in Iraq since the start of the war.[26]
  • March 7 –
    • A March 7, 2007 survey of more than 2,000 Iraqis commissioned by the BBC and three other news organizations found that 51% of the population consider attacks on coalition forces "acceptable," up from 17% in 2004 and 35% in 2006. Also:
      • 64% described their family's economic situation as being somewhat or very bad, up from 30% in 2005.
      • 88% described the availability of electricity as being either somewhat or very bad, up from 65% in 2004.
      • 69% described the availability of clean water as somewhat or very bad, up from 48% in 2004.
      • 88% described the availability of fuel for cooking and driving as being somewhat or very bad.
      • 58% described reconstruction efforts in the area in which they live as either somewhat or very ineffective, and 9% described them as being totally nonexistent.[4]
  • March 11 – Three blasts in Baghdad aimed at the returning Shiite pilgrims killed at least 47 people and injured 35. In the most deadly attack, a suicide car bomber hit a flatbed truck killing at least 32 and injuring 24. This latest violence occurred just one day after Baghdad hosted a conference on security, attended by the US, Syria and Iran.[27]
  • March 16 – Three suicide truck bombers detonated their chlorine-laden vehicles in Al Anbar province, killing two policemen and leaving 350 civilians and six US soldiers sick from poisoning.[28]
  • March 22 – Insurgents attempt to assassinate United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon during his visit in Baghdad. The rocket attack caused no injuries but rattled the heavily guarded Green Zone. It struck right after Prime Minister al-Maliki, standing next to Ban, had finished telling reporters that Ban's visit was a sign that Iraq was on the road to stability.
  • March 27 – Insurgents have blown up two trucks in the Iraqi town of Talafar, killing 85 people and injuring 183. It was one of the largest attacks in Talafar since US President George Bush used the town to illustrate progress in Iraq. [29]
  • March 28 – Gunmen are reported to have killed at least 70 Sunni men in the north-western Iraqi border town of Talafar, in reprisal for the forementioned bombings on March 27.
  • March 29 –
    • A series of deadly bomb attacks kills more than 100 people in Shia areas of Baghdad and the town of Khalis. Earlier, more than 40 people died and 80 were injured in three co-ordinated blasts in Khalis.
    • The US Congress passed supplemental funding authorization bills to pay $122 billion for emergency war operations in Afghanistan and Iraq, including requirements that the US withdraw its troops from Iraq by August 2008. Bush threatened to veto any bill including such a withdraw provision.[5]
  • March 30 – The United States Senate approved on March 30, 2007 the goal, not a requirement, of getting all combat soldiers out by March 31, 2008.[6]

April[edit]

  • April 1 – Iraqi President Jalal Talabani says the Shia militia known as the Mehdi Army has stopped its activities on the orders of its leader, Moqtada al-Sadr.[30]
  • April 3 – Matthew Dowd, chief strategist for George W. Bush's re-election campaign in 2004,[7] told The New York Times that his son was about to be deployed to Iraq, and partly for that reason he now opposed U.S. policy there and backs a withdrawal. Bush dismissed Dowd's opinion in an April press conference, calling him "obviously intensified" and "emotional."[8]
  • April 11 – In April, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates announced that all active-duty Army soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan will serve for sixteen months, instead of the twelve month tours they expected. "Without this action, we would have had to deploy five Army active-duty brigades sooner than the 12-month at-home goal", Gates said.[9] Statistics released in April indicated that more and more soldiers have been deserting their duty, a sharp rise from the years before.[10]
  • April 12 –
    • Suicide truck bombs destroyed the al-Sarafiya bridge over the Tigris River, killing at least 10. The bridge was reportedly over 75 years old and constructed by the British. [31]
    • A suicide bomber detonated a bomb inside a cafeteria outside the Iraqi Parliament chamber, killing one member of Parliament (down from eight killed including three members of Parliament as previously reported), and wounding 22 in the 2007 Iraqi Parliament Bombing. Seven of the wounded were members of Parliament. The building where the bombing occurred was inside the heavily fortified Green Zone.[32][33]
  • April 14 –
    • Insurgents detonated a car bomb inside at a bus station in Karbala, killing at least 37 and wounding more than 150.[34]
    • A bomb detonated on a bridge in Baghdad spanning the Tigris River, killing 10, the second in two days. The bridge was only slightly damaged.[35]
  • April 16 – Moqtada al-Sadr's Parliament bloc resigns again in protest of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's refusal to set a timetable for US troop withdrawal.[36]
  • April 18 – Four bombings occur in Baghdad, killing at least 198 in the April 18, 2007 Baghdad bombings.[37]

May[edit]

  • May 6 – Roadside bombs killed eight American soldiers in separate attacks in Diyala province and Baghdad as sectarian tension rises. In all, at least 95 Iraqis were killed or found dead nationwide.[11]
  • May 8 – More than half of the members of Iraq's parliament rejected the continuing occupation of their country for the first time. 144 of the 275 lawmakers signed onto a legislative petition that would require the Iraqi government to seek approval from parliament before it requests an extension of the U.N. mandate for foreign forces to be in Iraq expiring at the end of 2007. It also calls for a timetable for the troop withdrawal and a freeze on the size of the foreign forces. The U.N. Security Council mandate for U.S.-led forces in Iraq will terminate "if requested by the government of Iraq."[12] Under Iraqi law, the speaker must present a resolution called for by a majority of lawmakers.[13] 59% of those polled in the U.S. support a timetable for withdrawal.[14]
  • May 9 – Vice President Cheney began his tour of the Middle East with a previously unannounced visit to Baghdad, his second since the invasion. In 12 hours of meetings with Prime Minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki and other leaders, he urged the Iraqis to act decisively on issues that have divided Shiites, Sunnis and Kurds, and he told them that political progress in Baghdad is essential if American military support is to be sustained in the face of strong Congressional and popular opposition in the United States. (NY Times)
  • May 10 – Moderate Republicans gave President Bush a blunt warning on his Iraq policy at a private White House meeting this week, telling the president that conditions needed to improve markedly by fall or more Republicans would desert him on the war. Participants in the Tuesday meeting between Mr. Bush, senior administration officials and 11 members of a moderate bloc of House Republicans said the lawmakers were unusually candid with the president, telling him that public support for the war was crumbling in their swing districts. (NY Times)
  • May 25 – On May 24, 2007, the US congress passed H.R. 2206, a supplemental funding authorisation bill to pay almost $95 billion for emergency war operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. The bill established benchmarks for the Iraqi government, but continued U.S. military spending is not tied to these benchmarks. Bush signed the bill on May 25.[15]

June[edit]

  • June 3 – British forces accused of releasing large numbers of man eating badgers in the vicinity of Basra.[16][17]

July[edit]

  • July 12 – July 12, 2007, Baghdad airstrike, (associated with WikiLeaks in 2010), in which two Reuters photographers were killed
  • July 18 – A bill in the US Senate falls eight votes short of the required 60 votes to pass it, with a 52–47 vote. The vote came after an all-night debate session, and would have required all US troops to be out of Iraq by April 30, 2008. The vote was primarily along party lines; only four Republicans voted to advance the bill.[18]

August[edit]

  • August 14 - Bombings targeting the Kurdish Yazidi community in the towns of Kahtaniya and Jazeera (Siba Sheikh Khidir), near Mosul. Iraqi Red Crescent's estimates say the bombs killed 796 and wounded 1,562 people. [19]
  • August 27 – Karbla fallen in chaos and clashes between unknown gunmen and the authority of the city during the pilgrimage of Shias to Imam Al-Hussien Tomb in the mid sha'ban rituals .

September[edit]

  • September 3 – The British Army garrison in Basra completes a planned withdrawal from the city to an out-of-town airport, leaving the Iraqi security forces in command of the city.[20]
  • September 10 – General David Petraeus and Ambassador Ryan Crocker issue the Report to Congress on the Situation in Iraq and testify before Congress.
  • September 13 – Abdul Sattar Buzaigh al-Rishawi(is a Sunni leader in the Al-Anbar province one of the leader in a movement of Sunni tribesmen, the Anbar Salvation Council.)was killed along with two of his bodyguards by a roadside bomb near his home in Ramadi, Anbar, Iraq.
  • September 19 – The US private security firm Blackwater claim they acted "lawfully and appropriately" in a shooting incident which left 11 Iraqi civilians dead.[21]

October[edit]

  • October 8 – Gordon Brown announces that British troop numbers in Iraq will be reduced to 2500 by the spring of 2008.[22]
  • October 13 – Retired US military commander Ricardo Sanchez warns that Iraq is "a nightmare with no end in sight".[23]
  • October 18 – Turkish MPs give the government permission to fight Kurdish rebels in Iraqi territory.[24]
  • October 21 – 12 Turkish soldiers die in clashes with the Kurdish PKK guerrilla group near the border with Iraq, raising fears that Turkey will launch incursions into northern Iraq.[25]

November[edit]

  • November 1 – Statistics for October suggest that violence in Iraq has dropped dramatically since the beginning of the US "surge".[26]
  • November 2 – The US declares the Kurdist separatist organisation PKK "a common enemy" in an attempt to prevent Turkey invading northern Iraq.[27]
  • November 7 – 2007 becomes the most deadly year for American troops in Iraq.[28]
  • November 30 – Australian prime minister-elect Kevin Rudd declares that the country's 550 combat troops will withdraw from Iraq by Summer 2008.[29]

December[edit]

  • December 6 – In the wake of the Blackwater affair, new rules are issued by the US for private security firms in Iraq.[30]
  • December 9 – Gordon Brown announces that the province of Basra will be handed over to Iraqi Control within the next two weeks.[31]
  • December 16 –
    • British troops hand control of Basra over to Iraqi authorities.[32] A BBC survey finds that 86% of local residents think the presence of British troops since 2003 has had an overall negative effect on the province.[33]
    • Turkey launches air strikes against Kurdish rebel positions inside Iraq for the first time.[34]
  • December 17 – US Lt. Gen. Ray Odierno claims that violence in Iraq has decreased to the lowest level since the first year of the occupation.[35]
  • December 18 –

Notable deaths[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ CNN, 8:27 CST
  2. ^ Santora, Marc (January 23, 2007). "Login required". New York Times. Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  3. ^ Doyle, Bill: Behind Enemy Lines
  4. ^ Iraq Poll conducted by D3 Systems for the BBC, ABC News, ARD German TV and USA Today. More than 2,000 people were questioned in more than 450 neighbourhoods and villages across all 18 provinces of Iraq between February 25 and March 5, 2007. The margin of error is + or – 2.5%.
  5. ^ Senate OKs Iraq Troop Withdrawal Bill, Associated Press March 29, 2007
  6. ^ Senate approves '08 goal to bring troops home, Reuters March 30, 2007
  7. ^ NPR: Matthew Dowd, Turning Sour on Bush
  8. ^ Editor and Publisher (April 3, 2007) "Bush Notes Dowd's 'Emotional' Critique of War – With His Son About to Join Fight."
  9. ^ Internet Broadcasting Systems, Inc. and The Associated Press (April 11, 2007) "Gates Extends Iraq, Afghanistan Duty Tours"
  10. ^ Associated Press (April 10, 2007) "Army Statistics Show More Soldiers Are Deserting Their Duty," FOXNews.com
  11. ^ ABC News (May 6, 2007) "Bombs Kill 8 U.S. Troops in Iraq"
  12. ^ Abdul-Zahra, Q. (May 10, 2007) "Iraqi Bill on Troop Pullout Discussed" Washington Post accessed May 10, 2007
  13. ^ Jarrar, R. and Holland, J. (May 9, 2007) "Majority of Iraqi Lawmakers Now Reject Occupation" AlterNet.org retrieved May 10, 2007
  14. ^ Saad, L. (May 9, 2007) "Americans Favor Iraq Timetable, Don't Foresee Increased Terrorism" USA Today/Gallup poll retrieved May 10, 2007
  15. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20070525/ap_on_go_co/us_iraq
  16. ^ "British blamed for Basra badgers". BBC News. July 12, 2007. Retrieved July 12, 2007. 
  17. ^ Ratel#The Killer Badger
  18. ^ NPR "Senate Republicans Block Iraq Troop Pullout"
  19. ^ James, James. "Toll in Iraq Bombings Is Raised to More Than 500". http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/22/world/middleeast/22iraq-top.html?_r=1&hp&oref=login. 
  20. ^ Troops complete Basra withdrawal BBC News retrieved September 3, 2007
  21. ^ Iraqis angry at Blackwater shooting BBC News retrieved December 14, 2007
  22. ^ UK Iraq troops to be cut to 2,500 BBC News retrieved December 14, 2007
  23. ^ US general damns Iraq nightmare BBC News retrieved December 14, 2007
  24. ^ Turkish MPs back attacks in Iraq BBC News retrieved December 14, 2007
  25. ^ Dozens die in Turkey border clash BBC News retrieved December 14, 2007
  26. ^ Deaths in Iraq continue to fall BBC News retrieved December 14, 2007
  27. ^ US declares PKK a common enemy BBC News retrieved December 14, 2007
  28. ^ Most deadly year for US in Iraq BBC News retrieved December 14, 2007
  29. ^ Iraq pledge by Australia PM-elect BBC News retrieved December 14, 2007
  30. ^ New rules for Iraq security firms BBC News retrieved December 14, 2007
  31. ^ Iraq to be given control of Basra BBC News retrieved December 14, 2007
  32. ^ "UK troops return Basra to Iraqis". BBC News. December 16, 2007. 
  33. ^ "Basra residents blame UK troops". BBC News. December 14, 2007. 
  34. ^ "Turkey hits PKK in northern Iraq". CNN. December 16, 2007. 
  35. ^ "US General Says Iraq Violence Down". AP. December 17, 2007. [dead link]
  36. ^ a b "Rice pushes "roadmap" as Turkish troops enter Iraq". Reuters. December 18, 2007. 
  37. ^ "Security Council, 5808th Meeting" (Press release). United Nations. December 18, 2007. Retrieved June 12, 2008. 
  38. ^ a b "Witness: Executed man's 'head just snapped off'". Archived from the original on 2007-11-24. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  39. ^ "Football". The Guardian (London). February 10, 2008. [dead link]
  40. ^ [1]
  41. ^ Shaw, James (May 27, 2007). "Leading Muslim calligrapher shot". BBC News. 
  42. ^ Borden, Anthony (June 30, 2007). "Sahar Hussein al-Haideri". The Guardian (London). 
  43. ^ [2]
  44. ^ "Nazik Al-Malaika". The Washington Post. [dead link]
  45. ^ [3]
  46. ^ Burns, John F. (July 14, 2007). "In a Baghdad Killing, Questions That Haunt Iraq". The New York Times. 
  47. ^ [4]
  48. ^ [5]
  49. ^ [6]
  50. ^ [7]
  51. ^ [8]
  52. ^ [9]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]