2008 Kashgar attack

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4 August 2008 Kashgar attack
Part of Xinjiang conflict
Xinjiang Kashgar.svg
Kashgar is located in the northeast part of Kashgar Prefecture.
Location near Kashgar, Xinjiang,
 China
Date August 4, 2008
0800 (0000 GMT) –
Target Policemen
Attack type
Vehicular, IED and knife attack against police
Deaths 16
Non-fatal injuries
16
Perpetrators Two Uyghur men
Suspected perpetrators
East Turkestan Islamic Movement

The 2008 Kashgar attack (Chinese: 2008年喀什袭击事件) occurred on the morning of 4 August, 2008 in the city of Kashgar in the Western Chinese province of Xinjiang. According to Chinese government sources, it was a terrorist attack perpetrated by two men with suspected ties to the Uyghur separatist movement. The men reportedly drove a truck into a group of approximately 70 jogging police officers, and proceeded to attack them with grenades and machetes, resulting in the death of sixteen officers. Foreign tourists who witnessed the scene provided a divergent account of events, saying that the attackers appeared to be machete-wielding paramilitary officers.[1]

Background[edit]

The Uyghurs are the largest ethnic group in ethnically diverse Xinjiang, making up just over 45% of the population. The Uyghur movement's use of militant separatism has resulted in it being described as a potentially dangerous movement.[2] In particular, the Eastern Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM) is a proscribed terrorist organisation according to classification by the United Nations. Among other incidents, East Turkestan independence movement organisations have claimed responsibility for the 2008 Kunming bus bombings; however, China denied that the group was responsible.[3] The Uyghur Human Rights project alleges that China often exaggerates these threats to justify repression of the Uyghur people.[4]

Details[edit]

Two attackers were involved in the incident near the western city of Kashgar. The Xinhua News Agency said the attack happened at about 08:00 (00:00 GMT). One of the men drove a dump truck into a group of border patrol police officers as they were jogging on a street. The attacker then got out of the truck and started attacking other officers with homemade explosives. The explosives went off prematurely and blew off one of his arms. The other attacker threw improvised explosive devices at a nearby police office. He then went into the building with a knife, but was subdued by police officers inside the complex. Both perpetrators were captured during the raid. Fourteen policemen died at the scene and two died on the way to hospital; another 16 policemen were hurt, Xinhua state news agency reported.[5] The attackers were later identified as males, taxi driver Kurbanjan Hemit, 28, and vegetable vendor Abdurahman Azat, 33.[6] They are members of the Uyghur ethnic group, and it was suspected that the attack was a terrorist action by Eastern Turkistan separatists.[7]

The news agency Xinhua claimed in their English-language version that the incident was a terrorist attack; on the other side, in their Chinese-language version, the incident was only labeled as a violent crime.[8] Police investigators later claimed that they had found documents calling for a holy war, a homemade firearm, and nine explosives.[9] Furthermore, the police claimed that the design of these explosives was very similar to the explosives made by the ETIM when Chinese police raided their training facility in January 2007.[10] Xinjiang's regional public security department also claimed that it had received intelligence that the East Turkestan independence movement planned to carry out terrorist attacks during the week before the opening ceremonies of the Olympic games. This incident happened four days before the Beijing Olympics, after repeated warnings in recent months from the Chinese government that militants from the restive Xinjiang region were planning to stage attacks to disrupt the Games.[11]

In September 2008, the New York Times reported that three tourists who witnessed the events disputed central details of the official story. According to the eyewitnesses, no explosions were heard and the attackers appeared to be machete-wielding police officers attacking other uniformed men.[1]

Reactions[edit]

The exiled Uyghur Muslims leader and human rights activist Rebiya Kadeer condemned the reported attack and stated that "China is using the 2008 Olympics as an opportunity to further demonise the Uighur people's legitimate and peaceful struggle and justify its heavy-handed repression in the region." The Chinese government reacted with a clampdown in Kashgar and Xinjiang, increasing security checks and restricting independent news coverage.[12][13][14]

Detention of media[edit]

On the night of August 4, a Tokyo Shimbun cameraman and a Japanese TV reporter, along with two Hong Kong reporters making reports near the police post were detained by People's Armed Police. The two Hong Kong reporters were not harmed; however, the Japanese reporters were beaten and punched. All four were released after two hours of detainment.[15] The Japanese government protests the Chinese actions, although it has made no formal statement as there was no confirmation.[16] Chinese officials and police in Kashgar have apologised for the incident, but accused the two men of breaking rules.[3]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wong, Edward (2008-09-29). "Doubt arises in account of an attack in China". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 2008-09-29. 
  2. ^ "Q&A: China and the Uighurs". BBC News. 2008-08-04. Retrieved 2008-08-05. 
  3. ^ a b "China confident of safe Olympics". BBC News. 2008-08-05. Retrieved 2008-08-05. 
  4. ^ "Rebiya Kadeer expresses her wish for a peaceful Beijing Olympics, and urges Beijing to cease its harsh repression of Uyghurs" (Press release). Uyghur Human Rights Project. 2008-07-18. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  5. ^ "Chinese border assault kills 16". BBC News. 2008-08-04. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  6. ^ Jihad in China's Far West - TIME
  7. ^ "Terrorist plot suspected in violent attack on police in west China's Xinjiang". Xinhua News Agency. 2008-08-04. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  8. ^ Avery, Nerys (2008-08-04). "Xinjiang Border Patrol Attacked, 16 Dead, Xinhua Says". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  9. ^ "喀什恐怖襲擊部署一個月". Ming Pao (in Chinese) (Hong Kong). 2008-08-05. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  10. ^ "China tightens security following deadly attack". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Associated Press. 2008-08-05. Retrieved 2008-08-05. 
  11. ^ Delabroye, Caroline; Le Belzic, Sébastien (2008-08-04). "At least 16 policemen reportedly killed in bomb attack". France 24. Retrieved 2008-08-05. 
  12. ^ "Clampdown in China Muslim region after bloody attack on police". Google News. AFP. 2008-08-04. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  13. ^ Foreman, William (2008-08-06). "China tries to shrug off deadly attack". Google News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  14. ^ Sharp, Peter (2008-08-05). "Olympics: Clampdown After Attack". Sky News. Retrieved 2008-08-07. [dead link]
  15. ^ "取材中の邦人記者2人に暴行=武装警察がおわび-中国・新疆テロ事件". Yahoo! Japan (in Japanese) (SoftBank). 2008-08-05. Archived from the original on August 9, 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-09. 
  16. ^ "日本不滿武警毆打日記者". Ming Pao (in Chinese) (Hong Kong). 2008-08-05. Retrieved 2008-08-09.