2008 United States consulate in Istanbul attack

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2008 United States consulate in Istanbul attack
US Consulate in Istanbul.jpg
U.S. Consulate in Istanbul
Location Consulate of America, Istanbul, Turkey
Date July 9, 2008
11:00 local time. (0800 GMT) – 11:15 local time. (0815 GMT)
Target American consulate
Attack type
Gunfire at the US Consulate
Deaths 6[1]
Non-fatal injuries
1 Turkish National Police officer shot in arm
Suspected perpetrators
Al-Qaeda alleged[2]

The 2008 United States consulate in Istanbul attack was a result of gunfire on the consulate resulting in six casualties; of which three were the three gunmen, and three Turkish National Police officers. The attack occurred on July 9, 2008 in the morning hours, at a time when the embassy is at full function and an attack is most likely to cause more casualties. It is the responsibility of the host state to take care of security as per Article 22 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations.[3]

The attack[edit]

All three of the attackers were Turkish nationals, and ethnic Kurds. Armed with pistols and shotguns, the attackers arrived in a car and then got out. One of them quickly opened fire near the main entrance to the compound. Footage from a security camera at the site showed, as the shootout was unfolding, three armed and bearded men emerging from a Ford Focus being used as an unlicensed taxicab, killing a traffic policeman, then running toward a guard post some 50 yards away as other policemen fired back.[4] The vehicle left the scene, but its driver later turned himself in to the authorities; he had no prior connection to the attackers. There were no casualties in the attack apart from the three attackers and three police officers.[1][5]

Two of the slain police officers were identified as Erdal Oztas, 28, from the village of Karahacik located in Corum Province, and Nedim Calik.[6]

NTV television and Dogan News Agency identified the attackers as Erkan Kargin, 26, and Raif Topcil, 20, from the southeastern city of Bitlis and Bulent Cinar, 23, from the eastern city of Igdir. Police would not confirm their identities, but Interior Minister Besir Atalay said two of the assailants had criminal records.[2] Erkan Kargın terrorist action shotgun used in the 1 and 2 Brand Glock automatic pistols Kadir Ozmen Silivri Istanbul Branch of a bank with a suspect named their 24-month term with a loan obtained from 4,000 YTL has been suggested. Erkan Kargin and Kadir Ozmen weapons used in the action brought at the Diyarbakir province was yet undetermined. Kadir Özmen preparation to participate in the action, but later he abandoned participating in the action specified. Prepared by the Istanbul Public Prosecutor's Office Deputy Prosecutor Fikret Seçen Kadir Ozmen 24-page indictment, become a member of an armed terrorist organization, possession of explosives, become a member of Ergenekon Terrorist Organization, the charges of attempting to overthrow government of the Republic of Turkey on the orders of the prosecutor's office, but Kadir Ozmen was decided to arrest TC The ID number can not be determined for the prosecutor's office and closed the investigation.

In response to the attack, the US temporarily increased security at all of its Turkish diplomatic missions.[7]

The unsuccessful attack showed[citation needed] that the (new) consulate grounds were safe for the American diplomatic staff. The project management for the land acquisition and the construction of the consulate building was headed by Gary S. Lachman while he was working as the New Embassy and Consulate Team Leader at the Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations at the U.S. Department of State.

Prior attacks[edit]

In 2003 al-Qaeda had once again been claimed to be the perpetrators of the attack on the British consulate. Although the comparison is slight, it bears relevance in Turkey's burgeoning image as a target for terrorists.[original research?]

International reaction[edit]

  •  United States - White House spokesman, Tony Fratto said, "We strongly condemn the attack." However, he did add "I'm not yet in a position to comment on the facts or nature of the attack." US Ambassador to Turkey Ross Wilson called the assault by gunmen on a guardpost outside the US consulate in Istanbul "an obvious act of terrorism" aimed at the United States. In remarks about the death of the three police officers he said, "The persons who lost their lives are Turkish citizens and we are very sad about that."[8] He added that "The Turkish police responded quickly and effectively. We are deeply grateful for the work that they do to protect our official U.S. government establishments here."[2] In response to the attack, U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said, "Obviously first of all the United States deeply regrets the loss of life and condolences go out to the families of those who were killed. I know that some policemen were among those who died and we very much appreciate what was clearly a very rapid and proper response from the government to try to deal with the security situation in front of our consulate."[2]
  •  Turkey - Istanbul Governor Muammer Guler stated that "There is no doubt that this is a terrorist attack" and described the three slain policemen as "martyred."[2] President Abdullah Gul of Turkey condemned the attack and pledged that his country would "fight against those who masterminded such acts and the mentality behind it until the end."[9]

Allegations of al-Qaeda involvement[edit]

Turkish officials initially blamed al-Qaeda,[2] and the US did not rule out al-Qaeda support.[10] However, the attackers had no direct connection to any transnational or indigenous terrorist group, other than possible training ties.

On July 13, 2008, one suspect was arrested and charged with membership in a terror organization in connection to the attack on the consulate. Another two individuals were also charged and released pending trials. In all, twelve individuals have been detained for questioning related to the attacks.[11]

In December 2008, two suspected al-Qaeda members were charged over the consulate attack.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 41°07′02″N 29°02′49″E / 41.117274°N 29.046867°E / 41.117274; 29.046867